Botox is a drug made from a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It's the same toxin that causes a life-threatening type of food poisoning called botulism. Doctors use it in small doses to treat health problems, including
- Temporary smoothing of facial wrinkles and improving your appearance
- Severe underarm sweating
- Cervical dystonia - a neurological disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder muscle contractions
- Blepharospasm - uncontrollable blinking
- Strabismus - misaligned eyes
- Chronic migraine
- Overactive bladder
Botox injections work by weakening or paralyzing certain muscles or by blocking certain nerves. The effects last about three to twelve months, depending on what you are treating. The most common side effects are pain, swelling, or bruising at the injection site. You could also have flu-like symptoms, headache, and upset stomach. Injections in the face may also cause temporary drooping eyelids. You should not use Botox if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Botox and Skin Elasticity (05/25/2015, HealthDay)
- Does Botox Actually Rejuvenate Skin? (05/21/2015, HealthDay)
- Botox Eases Overactive Bladder, 2 Studies Find (05/15/2015, HealthDay)
- Botox: an Rx for Irregular Heartbeat After Cardiac Surgery? (05/14/2015, HealthDay)
- Botox Injections (American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
- Fraudulent Versions of Botox Found in the United States (Food and Drug Administration)
- Botox (Botulinum Toxin) (Logical Images)
- Botulinum Neurotoxin Injections (Dystonia Medical Research Foundation)
- Botulinum Toxin Injections: A Treatment for Muscle Spasms (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- Botulinum Toxin Therapy (American Academy of Dermatology)
- Can Botox Injections Relieve Arthritis Pain? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Neuromodulators for Aging Skin (American Society for Dermatologic Surgery)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Botulinum Toxins (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: A Prospective, Split-Face, Randomized, Double-Blind Study Comparing OnabotulinumtoxinA to IncobotulinumtoxinA...
- Article: Tendon transfer surgery in upper-extremity cerebral palsy is more effective...
- Article: Botulinum-A Toxin's efficacy in the treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder.
- Botox -- see more articles