Skip navigation

Calcium


What is it?

Calcium is a mineral that is an essential part of bones and teeth. The heart, nerves, and blood-clotting systems also need calcium to work.

Calcium is used for treatment and prevention of low calcium levels and resulting bone conditions including osteoporosis (weak bones due to low bone density), rickets (a condition in children involving softening of the bones), and osteomalacia (a softening of bones involving pain). Calcium is also used for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), leg cramps in pregnancy, high blood pressure in pregnancy (pre-eclampsia), and reducing the risk of colon and rectal cancers.

Some people use calcium for complications after intestinal bypass surgery, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Lyme disease, to reduce high fluoride levels in children, and to reduce high lead levels.

Calcium carbonate is used as an antacid for “heartburn.” Calcium carbonate and calcium acetate are also used for reducing phosphate levels in people with kidney disease.

Calcium-rich foods include milk and dairy products, kale and broccoli, as well as the calcium-enriched citrus juices, mineral water, canned fish with bones, and soy products processed with calcium.

Calcium can interact with many prescription medications, but sometimes the effects can be minimized by taking calcium at a different time. See the section titled “Are there any interactions with medications?"

How effective is it?

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.

The effectiveness ratings for CALCIUM are as follows:

Effective for...

  • Raising calcium levels in people who have low calcium.
  • Preventing low calcium levels.
  • Reversing high potassium levels, when given intravenously (by IV).
  • Use as an antacid as calcium carbonate.
  • Reducing phosphate levels in people with kidney disease.

Likely effective for...

  • Treating osteoporosis (weak bones). Taking calcium by mouth is effective for preventing and treating bone loss and osteoporosis. Most bone growth occurs in the teenage years, and then bone strength in women remains about the same until age 30-40. After age 40, bone loss typically occurs at rates of 0.5% to 1% per year. In men, this occurs several decades later. There is more bone loss if less than the recommended amount of calcium is obtained from the diet. This is very common among Americans. Bone loss in women over 40 can be reduced by taking calcium supplements. Some researchers estimate that taking calcium for 30 years after menopause might result in a 10% improvement in bone strength, and a 50% overall reduction in bone break rates.
  • Preventing bone loss caused by insufficient calcium in the diet. This can reduce the risk of breaking bones.
  • Reducing symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). There seems to be a link between low dietary calcium intake and symptoms of PMS. Consuming calcium daily seems to significantly reduce mood swings, bloating, food cravings, and pain. Also, increasing calcium intake from food seems to prevent PMS. Women consuming an average of 1283 mg/day of calcium from foods seem to have about a 30% lower risk of developing PMS than women who consume an average of 529 mg/day of calcium. Taking calcium supplements, however, doesn’t seem to prevent PMS.
  • Increasing fetal bone density in pregnant women with low calcium intake.
  • Reducing bone loss in people taking drugs called corticosteroids, when used in combination with vitamin D.
  • Reducing thyroid hormone levels in people with kidney failure.

Possibly effective for...

  • Reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. Research suggests that high intake of dietary or supplemental calcium seems to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Research also shows that taking calcium supplements might help to keep colorectal cancer from returning.
  • High blood pressure. Taking calcium supplements seems to reduce blood pressure slightly (usually around 1-2 mmHg) in people with or without high blood pressure. Calcium seems to be more effective in salt-sensitive people and people who normally get very little calcium. Taking calcium by mouth also seems to be helpful for reducing blood pressure in people with serious kidney disease.
  • High blood pressure in pregnancy (pre-eclampsia). Taking 1-2 grams of calcium by mouth each day seems to reduce pregnancy-related high blood pressure. Calcium appears to reduce the risk of high blood pressure in pregnancy by about 50%. Calcium appears to have the greatest effect in high-risk women and women with low calcium levels.
  • High cholesterol. Taking calcium supplements along with a low-fat or low-calorie diet might modestly reduce cholesterol. Taking calcium alone, without the restricted diet, doesn’t seem to lower cholesterol.
  • Reducing weight and body fat while dieting. Adults and children with low calcium intake are more likely to gain weight, have a higher body mass index (BMI), and be overweight or obese compared to people with high calcium intake. So researchers have studied whether increasing calcium intake might help with weight loss. Some clinical research shows that increasing calcium consumption from dairy products such as yogurt seems to increase weight loss, lean body mass, and body fat loss in people on a low-calorie diet as well as people on a regular unrestricted-calorie diet.
  • Preventing stroke in women.
  • Preventing fluoride poisoning in children when taken with vitamins C and D.
  • Reducing tooth loss in elderly people.

Possibly ineffective for...

  • Preventing breast cancer in older (postmenopausal) women.
  • Reducing lead levels in breast-feeding women.

Insufficient evidence to rate effectiveness for...

  • Preventing falls. Evidence suggests that calcium plus vitamin D might help prevent falls by decreasing body sway and helping to keep blood pressure normal. Calcium alone doesn’t seem to have the same benefit. Interestingly, calcium plus vitamin D seems to prevent falls in women, but not in men.
  • Metabolic syndrome. Some evidence suggests that getting more calcium from diet and supplements, either alone or in combination with vitamin D, might lower the risk of developing metabolic syndrome.
  • Cancer. Research shows that healthy older women who take 1400-1500 mg/day of calcium plus 1100 IU/day of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) have a 60% lower risk for developing cancer of any type.
  • Pregnancy-related leg cramps. Limited evidence shows that calcium can help prevent leg cramps in the second half of pregnancy.
  • Diabetes. Some evidence suggests that getting more calcium from diet and supplements, either alone or in combination with vitamin D, might lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Lyme disease.
  • Seizures.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of calcium for these uses.

How does it work?

Return to top
The bones and teeth contain over 99% of the calcium in the human body. Calcium is also found in the blood, muscles, and other tissue. Calcium in the bones can be used as a reserve that can be released into the body as needed. The concentration of calcium in the body tends to decline as we age because it is released from the body through sweat, skin cells, and waste. In addition, as women age, absorption of calcium tends to decline due to reduced estrogen levels. Calcium absorption can vary depending on race, gender, and age.

Bones are always breaking down and rebuilding, and calcium is needed for this process. Taking extra calcium helps the bones rebuild properly and stay strong.

Are there safety concerns?

Return to top
Calcium is LIKELY SAFE for most people when taken appropriately in recommended doses. Calcium can cause some minor side effects such as belching or gas.

Avoid taking too much calcium. The Institute of Medicine sets the daily tolerable upper intake level (UL) for calcium based on age as follows: Age 0-6 months, 1000 mg; 6-12 months, 1500 mg; 1-3 years, 2500 mg; 9-18 years, 3000 mg; 19-50 years, 2500 mg; 51+ years, 2000 mg. Higher doses increase the chance of having serious side effects. Some recent research also suggests that doses over the recommended daily requirement of 1000-1300 mg daily for most adults might increase the chance of heart attack. This research is concerning, but it is still too soon to say for certain that calcium is truly the cause of heart attack. Until more is known, continue consuming adequate amounts of calcium to meet daily requirements, but not excessive amounts of calcium. Be sure to consider total calcium intake from both dietary and supplemental sources and try not to exceed 1000-1300 mg of calcium per day. To figure out dietary calcium, count 300 mg/day from non-dairy foods plus 300 mg/cup of milk or fortified orange juice.

Special precautions & warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Calcium is LIKELY SAFE when used in recommended amounts during pregnancy and breast-feeding.

High levels of phosphate in the blood (hyperphosphatemia) or low levels of phosphate in the blood (hypophosphatemia): Calcium and phosphate have to be in balance in the body. Taking too much calcium can throw this balance off and cause harm. Don’t take extra calcium without your health provider’s supervision.

Under-active thyroid (hypothyroidism): Calcium can interfere with thyroid hormone replacement treatment. Separate calcium and thyroid medications by at least 4 hours.

Too much calcium in the blood (as in parathyroid gland disorders and sarcoidosis): Calcium should be avoided if you have one of these conditions.

Are there interactions with medications?

Return to top

Major

Do not take this combination.

Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
Administering intravenous ceftriaxone (Rocephin) and calcium can result in life-threatening damage to the lungs and kidneys. Calcium should not be administered intravenously within 48 hours of intravenous ceftriaxone (Rocephin).

Moderate

Be cautious with this combination.

Antibiotics (Quinolone antibiotics)
Calcium might decrease how much antibiotic your body absorbs. Taking calcium along with some antibiotics known as "quinolones" might decrease their effectiveness. To avoid this interaction, take these drugs at least 2 hours before, or 4 to 6 hours after calcium supplements.

Some quinolone antibiotics that might interact with calcium include ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), gatifloxacin (Tequin), gemifloxacin (Factive), and others.

Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics)
Calcium can attach to some antibiotics called tetracyclines in the stomach. This decreases the amount of tetracyclines that can be absorbed. Taking calcium with tetracyclines might decrease the effectiveness of tetracyclines. To avoid this interaction, take calcium at least 2 hours before or 4 to 6 hours after taking tetracyclines.

Some tetracyclines include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin, and others).

Bisphosphonates
Calcium can decrease how much bisphosphate your body absorbs. Taking calcium along with bisphosphates can decrease the effectiveness of bisphosphate. To avoid this interaction, take bisphosphonate at least 30 minutes before calcium or, preferably, at a different time of day.

Some bisphosphonates include alendronate (Fosamax), etidronate (Didronel), ibandronate (Boniva), risedronate (Actonel), tiludronate (Skelid), and others.

Calcipotriene (Dovonex)
Calcipotriene (Dovonex) is a drug that is similar to vitamin D. Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. Taking calcium supplements along with calcipotriene (Dovonex) might cause the body to have too much calcium.

Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Calcium can affect your heart. Digoxin (Lanoxin) is used to help your heart beat stronger. Taking calcium along with digoxin (Lanoxin) might increase the effects of digoxin (Lanoxin) and lead to an irregular heartbeat. If you are taking digoxin (Lanoxin), talk to your doctor before taking calcium supplements.

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac)
Calcium can affect your heart. Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac) can also affect your heart. Taking large amounts of calcium along with diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac) might decrease the effectiveness of diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac).

Levothyroxine
Levothyroxine is used for low thyroid function. Calcium can decrease how much levothyroxine your body absorbs. Taking calcium along with levothyroxine might decrease the effectiveness of levothyroxine. Levothyroxine and calcium should be taken at least 4 hours apart.

Some brands that contain levothyroxine include Armour Thyroid, Eltroxin, Estre, Euthyrox, Levo-T, Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid, and others.

Sotalol (Betapace)
Taking calcium with sotalol (Betapace) can decrease how much sotalol (Betapace) your body absorbs. Taking calcium along with sotalol (Betapace) might decrease the effectiveness of sotalol (Betapace). To avoid this interaction, take calcium at least 2 hours before or 4 hours after taking sotalol (Betapace).

Verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan)
Calcium can affect your heart. Verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan) can also affect your heart. Do not take large amounts of calcium if you are taking verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan).

Water pills (Thiazide diuretics)
Some "water pills" increase the amount of calcium in your body. Taking large amounts of calcium with some "water pills" might cause there to be too much calcium in the body. This could cause serious side effects, including kidney problems.

Some of these "water pills" include chlorothiazide (Diuril), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL, Esidrix), indapamide (Lozol), metolazone (Zaroxolyn), and chlorthalidone (Hygroton).

Minor

Be watchful with this combination.

Estrogens
Estrogen helps your body absorb calcium. Taking estrogen pills along with large amounts of calcium might increase calcium in the body too much.

Estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.

Medications for high blood pressure (Calcium channel blockers)
Some medications for high blood pressure can affect calcium in your body. These medications are called calcium channel blockers. Getting calcium injections might decrease the effectiveness of these medications for high blood pressure.

Some medications for high blood pressure include nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia), verapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan), diltiazem (Cardizem), isradipine (DynaCirc), felodipine (Plendil), amlodipine (Norvasc), and others.

Are there interactions with herbs and supplements?

Return to top
Magnesium
Calcium supplements can decrease the absorption of dietary magnesium, but only at very high doses (2600 mg per day). However, in people who have enough magnesium stored in their bodies, taking calcium doesn't cause a problem over the long term. People at high risk for magnesium deficiency, however, should take calcium supplements at bedtime, instead of with meals, to avoid reducing dietary magnesium absorption.

Vitamin D
Taking vitamin D along with calcium increases absorption of calcium.

Are there interactions with foods?

Return to top
Caffeine
High caffeine intake from foods and beverages causes the body to remove calcium. Taking more than 300 mg of caffeine per day (three to four cups of coffee, or six 12-oz. cola drinks) is linked to increased bone loss and breaks in elderly women, especially when calcium intake is low. Be sure to get the amount of calcium from food and supplements that is recommended for your age and gender.

Fiber
Dietary fiber from certain sources can interfere with calcium absorption. These sources include wheat bran, spinach, rhubarb, and others. It's best not to eat fibrous foods within two hours of taking calcium supplements.

Iron
Calcium supplements may decrease the absorption of dietary iron. However, in people who have enough iron stored in their body, taking calcium doesn't cause a problem over the long term. People who are at high risk for iron deficiency should take calcium supplements at bedtime, instead of with meals, to avoid reducing the absorption of iron.

Magnesium
Calcium supplements may decrease the absorption of dietary magnesium. However, in people who have enough magnesium stored in their body, taking calcium doesn't cause a problem over the long term. People who are at high risk for magnesium deficiency should take calcium supplements at bedtime, instead of with meals, to avoid reducing the absorption of magnesium.

Sodium
Eating foods that contain a lot of sodium causes the body to remove calcium. A calcium intake of 1000 mg/day is needed to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women ingesting 2000 mg sodium chloride daily. About 1500 mg/day calcium is needed if sodium chloride intake is 3000 mg/day.

Zinc
Calcium supplements may decrease the absorption of dietary zinc. However, in people who have enough zinc stored in their body, taking calcium doesn't cause a problem over the long term. People who are at high risk for zinc deficiency should take calcium supplements at bedtime, instead of with meals, to avoid reducing the absorption of zinc.

What dose is used?

Return to top
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:
  • For preventing low calcium levels: 1 gram elemental calcium daily is typically used.
  • For heartburn: Calcium carbonate as an antacid is usually 0.5-1.5 grams as needed.
  • To reduce phosphates in adults with chronic renal failure: The initial dose of calcium acetate is 1.334 grams (338 mg elemental calcium) with each meal, increasing to 2-2.67 grams (500-680 mg elemental calcium) with each meal if necessary.
  • For prevention of weak bones (osteoporosis): Doses of 1-1.6 grams elemental calcium daily from foods and supplements. Osteoporosis treatment guidelines in North America currently recommend 1200 mg daily of calcium.
  • For prevention of bone loss in premenopausal women over 40: A dose of 1 gram.
  • For pregnant women with low dietary calcium intake: The dose for increasing fetal bone density ranges from 300-1300 mg/day beginning at gestation week 20-22.
  • For premenstrual syndrome (PMS): 1-1.2 grams calcium per day as calcium carbonate.
  • For reducing thyroid hormone levels in people with chronic renal failure: 2-21 grams calcium carbonate.
  • To prevent bone loss in people taking corticosteroid drugs: Divided daily doses of 1 gram of elemental calcium daily.
  • For high blood pressure: 1-1.5 grams calcium daily.
  • For preventing high blood pressure during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia): 1-2 grams elemental calcium daily as calcium carbonate.
  • For preventing colorectal cancer and recurrent colorectal benign tumors (adenomas): Calcium 1200-1600 mg/day.
  • For high cholesterol: 1200 mg daily with or without vitamin D 400 IU daily has been used in conjunction with a low-fat or calorie-restricted diet.
  • For preventing fluoride poisoning in children: Calcium 125 mg twice daily, in combination with ascorbic acid and vitamin D.
  • For weight loss, increasing calcium consumption from dairy products to total intake of 500-2400 mg/day in combination with a calorie-restricted diet has been used.
Calcium carbonate and calcium citrate are the two most commonly used forms of calcium.

Calcium supplements are usually divided into two doses daily in order to increase absorption. It’s best to take calcium with food in doses of 500 mg or less.

The Institute of Medicine publishes a recommended daily allowance (RDA) for calcium which is an estimate of the intake level necessary to meet the requirements of nearly all healthy individuals in the population. The current RDA was set in 2010. The RDA varies based on age as follows: Age 1-3 years, 700 mg; 4-8 years, 1000 mg; 9-18 years, 1300 mg; 19-50 years, 1000 mg; Men 51-70 years, 1000 mg; Women 51-70 years, 1200 mg; 70+ years, 1200 mg; Pregnant or Lactating (under 19 years), 1300 mg; Pregnant or Lactating (19-50 years), 1000 mg.

The Institute of Medicine also sets the daily tolerable upper intake level (UL) for calcium based on age as follows: Age 0-6 months, 1000 mg; 6-12 months, 1500 mg; 1-3 years, 2500 mg; 9-18 years, 3000 mg; 19-50 years, 2500 mg; 51+ years, 2000 mg. Doses above these levels should be avoided.

Doses over the recommended daily intake level of 1000-1300 mg/day for most adults have been associated with an increased risk of heart attack. Until more is known, continue consuming adequate amounts of calcium to meet daily requirements, but not excessive amounts of calcium. Be sure to consider total calcium intake from both dietary and supplemental sources and try not to exceed 1000-1300 mg of calcium per day. To figure out dietary calcium, count 300 mg/day from non-dairy foods plus 300 mg/cup of milk or fortified orange juice.

Other names

Return to top
Acétate de Calcium, Aspartate de Calcium, Bone Meal, Calcio, Calcium Acetate, Calcium Aspartate, Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Chelate, Calcium Chloride, Calcium Citrate, Calcium Citrate Malate, Calcium D-Gluconate, Calcium Disuccinate, Calcium Gluconate, Calcium Glycerophosphate, Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate, Calcium Hydroxyapatite, Calcium Lactate, Calcium Lactogluconate, Calcium Orotate, Calcium Phosphate, Calcium Sulfate, Carbonate de Calcium, Chélate de Calcium, Chlorure de Calcium, Citrate de Calcium, Citrate Malate de Calcium, Coquilles d’Huîtres Moulues, Coquilles d’œuf, Dicalcium Phosphate, Di-Calcium Phosphate, Dolomite, Egg Shell Calcium, Gluconate de Calcium, Glycérophosphate de Calcium, Heated Oyster Shell-Seaweed Calcium, Hydroxyapatite, Lactate de Calcium, Lactogluconate de Calcium, MCHA, MCHC, Microcrystalline Hydroxyapatite, Orotate de Calcium, Ossein Hydroxyapatite, Oyster Shell, Oyster Shell Calcium, Phosphate de Calcium, Phosphate de Calcium Hydrogène, Phosphate de di-Calcium, Phosphate Tricalcium, Poudre d’os, Sulfate de Calcium, Tricalcium Phosphate.

Methodology

Return to top
To learn more about how this article was written, please see the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database methodology.methodology (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/methodology.html).

References

Return to top
To see all references for the Calcium page, please go to http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/781.html.

  1. Charlwood C, Manning EMC, Robinson J, and et al. Comparison of pamidronate, calcitonin and cyclic etidronate in the treatment of osteoporosis associated with steroid therapy. J Bone Miner Res 1997;12(S1):S510.
  2. Bohning, W., Ringe, J. D., Welzel, D., and Bode, V. [Intranasal salmon calcitonin for the prophylaxis of bone mineral loss in steroid-treated chronic obstructive lung diseases ]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1990;40:1000-1003.
  3. Lakatos P, Kiss L, Horvath C, and et al. Glukokortikoidok okozla csontvestes merseklese alfacalcidollal (prevention of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis with alphacalcidol). Lege Artis Medicinae 1996;6:624-9.
  4. Emkey R, Shen V, Lyssy J, and et al. A prospective, randomized study of vitamin D and calcium in the treatment of steroid induced osteoporosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 1994;37:S183.
  5. Kenny, A. M., Biskup, B., Robbins, B., Marcella, G., and Burleson, J. A. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on strength, physical function, and health perception in older, community-dwelling men. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003;51:1762-1767.
  6. Nordal KP, Halse J, and Dahl E. The effect of nasal calcitonin on bone mineral density in renal transplant recipients [abstract]. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 1996;11:1212.
  7. Chaudhuri SK. Calcium deficiency and toxemia of pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol (India) 1969;19:313-316.
  8. Theobald GW. Effect of calcium and vitamins A and D on incidence of pregnancy toxemia. Lancet 1937;1:1397-1399.
  9. Levine, R. J., Hauth, J. C., Curet, L. B., Sibai, B. M., Catalano, P. M., Morris, C. D., DerSimonian, R., Esterlitz, J. R., Raymond, E. G., Bild, D. E., Clemens, J. D., and Cutler, J. A. Trial of calcium to prevent preeclampsia. N.Engl.J Med. 7-10-1997;337:69-76.
  10. Montanaro D, Boscutti G, Mioni G, and et al. Calcium supplementation decreases the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and pre-eclampsia. Presented at the Seventh World Congress of Hypertension in Pregnancy 1990;
  1. Sanchez-Ramos, L., Briones, D. K., Kaunitz, A. M., Delvalle, G. O., Gaudier, F. L., and Walker, C. D. Prevention of pregnancy-induced hypertension by calcium supplementation in angiotensin II-sensitive patients. Obstet Gynecol 1994;84:349-353.
  2. Zoccalli C, Mallamaci F, Delfino D, and et al. Long-term oral calcium supplementation in essential hypertension: A double-blind, randomized, crossover study. Journal of Hypertension 1986;4:S676-8.
  3. Sunderrajan S and Bauer JH. Oral calcium supplementation does not alter blood pressure or vascular response in normotensive men. Circulation 1984;70:11-130.
  4. Nowson C and Morgan T. Effect of calcium carbonate
  5. Waal-Manning HJ, McNab M, Paulin JM, and et al. Dietary interventions in treated hypertensives. NewZealand Med J 1987;100:252.
  6. Vinson JA, Mazur T, and Bose P. Comparison of different forms of calcium on blood pressure of normotensive young males. Nutr Rep Int 1987;36:497-505.
  7. Siani A, Strazzullo P, Guglielmi S, and et al. Clinical studies of the effects of different oral calcium intakes in essential hypertension. J Hypertens 1987;5:S311-S313.
  8. Morris CD, Karanja N, and McCarron DA. Dietary versus supplemental calcium to reduce blood pressure. Clinical Research 1988;36:A139.
  9. Garay Lillo J, Parreno J, González Y, and et al. Geminis: a prospective, multicentric, randomised study to evaluate the effect of tricalcium phosphate versus tricalcium phosphate plus 25(OH) Vitamin D on the risk of fractures in older women [Géminis: Estudio prospectivo, multicéntrico y aleatori para valorar el efecto del Fosfato Tricálcico versus Fosfato Tricálcico + 25(OH) Vitamina D sobre el riesgo de fracturas en mujerioes ancianas.]. Geriátrika 2011;13:24-28.
  10. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Rees JR, Grau MV, and et al. Effect of calcium supplementation on fracture risk: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res 2006;:S60.
  11. Chevalley T, Rizzoli R, Nydegger V, and et al. Effects of calcium supplements on femoral bone mineral density and vertebral fracture rate in vitamin-D-replete elderly patients. Osteoporosis Int 1994;4:2445-2452.
  12. Tremollieres F, Pouilles JM, Horlait S, and et al. The role of intranasal salmon calcitonin in the prevention of vertebral and femoral neck bone loss after early menopause. Third International Symposium on Osteoporosis Copenhagen, Denmark 1990;
  13. Stevenson JC, Lees B, and Ellerington MC. Postmenopausal osteoporosis: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Bone Miner Res 1992;7S:325.
  14. Meunier PJ, Gozzo I, Chaumet-Riffaud, and et al. Dose-effect on bone density and parathyroid function of intranasal salmon calcitonin when administered without calcium in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1992;7:S330.
  15. Gennari C, Chierichetti SM, Bigazzi S, and et al. Comparative effects on bone mineral content of calcium plus salmon calcitonin given in two different regimens in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Curr Ther Res. 1985;38:455-462.
  16. Campodarve I, Drinkwater BL, Insogna KL, and et al. Intranasal calcitonin 50-200 IU does not prevent bone loss in early postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 1994;9:S391.
  17. Ciria M, Perez-Edo L, Blanch J, and et al. Ossein-hydroxyapatite versus calcium carbonate effects in bone metabolism in primary senile osteoporosis [Abstract]. Bone 2005;36:S402.
  18. Lorenc RS, Tlustochowicz W, Hoszowski H, and et al. The importance of past history of calcium supplementation on therapeutic effect of ossein-hydroxyapatite compound in osteoporotic females [Abstract]. Paper presented at: the 4th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects in Osteoporosis 2001;
  19. Wang, XH, Zhou, B, Wang, ST, and et al. Effect of calcium supplementation on the bone mineral density of adolescent males with low dietary calcium intake. Chinese Journal of School Health 2000;21:365-6.
  20. Ma, GS, Zhang, Q, Hu, XQ, and et al. Calcium and vitamin D fortified milk supplementation on bone mineral accretion in pre-pubertal girls in Beijing. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica 2002;24:420-425.
  21. Wang S, Xue Y, Wang S, and et al. Effect of calcium supplmentation on bone mineral content in children accustomed to low calcium diet. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica 1996;18:97-102.
  22. Rodda C, Urdampilleta M, Hu J, and et al. Ethnic differences in effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in peripubertal girls in a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomised trial. Australian and New Zealand Bone Mineral Society 2004 Annual Scientific Meeting Final Program and Abstract Book 2004;50.
  23. Bonjour JP, Carrie AL, Clavien H, and et al. Calcium-fortified aliments selectively increase radial and femoral bone mass in prepubertal girls: a double-blind randomized trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 1995;10S(S152)
  24. Nelson, M, Mayer, A, Rutherford, O, and et al. Calcium intake, physical activity and bone mass in premenopausal women. J.Hum.Nutr.Diet. 1991;4:171-178.
  25. Garn SM, Solomon MA, and Friedl J. Calcium intake and bone quality in the elderly. Ecol Food Nutr 1981;10:133.
  26. Zhang Y, Xu Q, Trissel LA, and et al. Physical compatibility of calcium acetate and potassium phosphates in parenteral nutrition solutions containing AMINOSYN II. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding (INT J PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOUND) 1999;3:415-20.
  27. Donmez O, Yuce N, Ilcol YO, and et al. Urinary calcium excretion in healthy children [Turkish]. Turkish Pediatrics Archive / T?rk Pediatri Arsivi (TURK PEDIATRIARSIVI) 2009;44:131-4.
  28. Nikibakhsh A, Seyedzadeh A, Mahmoodzadeh H, and et al. Normal values for random urinary calcium to creatinine ratio in Iranian childre. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics (IRANIAN J PEDIATR) 2008;18:263-6.
  29. Hooman N, Derakhsh T, Samaii H, and et al. Blood level and urinary excretion of calcium in neonates with nonphysiological hyperbilirubinemia under phototherapy [Farsi]. Journal of Iran University of Medical Sciences (J IRAN UNIV MEDSCI) 2009;16:202.
  30. Teerakanjana N, Vanavanan S, and Chittamma A. Accuracy of corrected total calcium values derived from four formulas in critically ill patients... Critical and Point-of-Care Testing: Managing Technology for the Benefit of All Populations: 22nd International Symposium, September 17-20, 2008, Catalonia Barcelona Plaza Hotel, Barcelona, Spain. Point of Care (POINT CARE) 2008;7:162.
  31. Wang J. Comparison of breast milk calcium content between parturients with cesarean section and vaginal delivery [Chinese]. Shanxi Nursing Journal (SHANXI NURS J) 1998;12:69-70.
  32. Pradhan KR, Larson CJ, Mathiason MA, and et al. Calcium, parathormone, and vitamin D abnormalities among Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients. Bariatric Nursing & Surgical Patient Care (BARIATRIC NURS SURG PATIENT CARE) 2008;3:205-9.
  33. Kingusa E and Koshikawa S. Effects of PB-94 (sevelamer hydrochloride), a phosphate binder, on the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients-A randomized, open label, dose titration study of PB-94 versus Caltan tablet 500 (calcium carbonate). J Am Soc Nephrol 2001;12:755A.
  34. Nieto A, Herrera JA, Villar, and et al. Association between calcium intake, parathormone levels and blood pressure during pregnancy. Colombia Médica (COLOMBIA MEDICA) 2009;40:185-93.
  35. Murata T, Kuno T, Hozumi M, and et al. Inhibitory effect of calcium (derived from eggeshell)-supplemented chocolate on absorption of fat in human males. J Jpn Soc Nutr Food Sci 1998;51:165-171.
  36. Harrison-Hohner J, Coste S, Donato V, and et al. Prenatal calcium supplementation and postpartum depression: an ancillary study to a randomized trial of calcium for prevention of preeclampsia. Arch Women's Ment Health 2001;3:141-146.
  37. Bernecker PM, Neiger E, Pietschmann P, and et al. Cyclic clodronate versus continuous monofluoro-phosphate therapy for treatment of glucocorticoidinduced osteoporosis. Arthritis Rheum 1996;39:662.
  38. Diamond T, McGuigan L, Schonell M, and et al. A 2 year open randomized controlled trial comparing calcitriol to cyclic etidronate for the treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis [abstract]. J Bone Miner Res 1997;12:S511.
  39. Christensen RS, Alex NH, Perloff JJ, and et al. Coherence therapy for steroid-induced osteoporosis, one year report [abstract]. 77th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society 1995;
  40. Sambrook PN, Marshall G, Henderson K, and et al. Effect of calcitriol in the prevention of bone loss after cardiac or lung transplantation [abstract]. J Bone Miner Res 1997;12:S400.
  41. Schaadt OP and Bohr HH. Alfacalcidol in prednisone treatment-a controlled study of effect on bone mineral content in lumbar spine, femoral neck and shaft [abstract]. Calcif Tissue Int 1986;39(A58)
  42. Popescu M, Morris J, and Hillman L. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation in CF children [abstract]. Pediatric Pulmonology 1998;26:359.
  43. Brown SA, Aris RM, Leigh MW, and et al. Baseline BMD status in children and young adults with CF: calcitriol intervention study [abstract]. Pediatric Pulmonology 2005;40:354.
  44. Brazier M, Kamel S, Lorget F, and et al. Biological effects of supplementation with vitamin D and calcium in postmenopausal women with low bone mass receiving alendronate. Clinical Drug Investigation 2002;22:849-57.
  45. Fuleihan GEH, Nabulsi M, Tamim H, and et al. Effect of vitamin D replacement on musculoskeletal parameters in school children: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:405-412.
  46. Psimenou E, Konstantinidou E, Giapraka N, and et al. Randomized controlled study of calcitonin and etidronate in the treatment of osteoporosis in renal transplant patients [abstract]. XIXth International Congress of the Transplantation Society 2002;
  47. Eid P, Scuderi G, Aroldi A, and et al. Bone loss after renal transplantation: HRT versus calcitriol in postmenopausal recipients [abstract]. Osteoporosis International 1996;6:294.
  48. Klaus G, Hinderer J, Lingens B, and et al. Comparison of intermittent and continuous (daily) oral calcitriol for treatment of renal hyperparathyroidism in children on dialysis [abstract]. Pediatric Nephrology 1995;9:C75.
  49. Suzuki Y, Itoh Y, Hayashi Y, and et al. Calcium supplementation to prevent gestational hypertension. Program and abstracts of the International Society Study on Hypertension in Pregnancy 1996;
  50. Montanaro D, Boscutti G, Antonucci F, and et al. Prevention of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia by oral calcium supplementation: preliminary result. Miner Metab Res (Italy) 1986;7:121-124.
  51. Cong KJ, Chi SL, and Liu CR. Calcium and pregnancy induced hypertension. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;28:1-10.
  52. Felix C, Jacome P, Lopez A, and et al. The hypotensive effect of calcium supplementation during normal pregnancy in Andean women is not related to vascular production of prostacyclin by umbilical arteries. J Obstet Gynaecol 1991;11:93-96.
  53. Lasaridis AN, Kaisis CN, Zananiri Kl, and et al. Oral calcium supplementation promotes renal sodium excretion in essential hypertension. Journal of Hypertension 1987;5:S307-309.
  54. Resnick LM, DiFabio B, Marion R, and et al. Dietary calcium modifies the pressor effects of dietary salt intake in essential hypertension. J Hypertens 1986;4:S679-S681.
  55. Zoccali C, Mallamaci F, Delfino D, and et al. Does calcium have a dual effect on arterial pressure? response to 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 and calcium supplements in essential hypertension. J Hypertens 1987;5:S267-S269.
  56. Nowson C and Morgan T. Effect of calcium carbonate on blood pressure. J Hypertens 1986;4:673-675.
  57. Kulier, R., de, Onis M., Gulmezoglu, A. M., and Villar, J. Nutritional interventions for the prevention of maternal morbidity. Int J Gynaecol.Obstet. 1998;63:231-246. View abstract.
  58. Chertow, G. M., Dillon, M., Burke, S. K., Steg, M., Bleyer, A. J., Garrett, B. N., Domoto, D. T., Wilkes, B. M., Wombolt, D. G., and Slatopolsky, E. A randomized trial of sevelamer hydrochloride (RenaGel) with and without supplemental calcium. Strategies for the control of hyperphosphatemia and hyperparathyroidism in hemodialysis patients. Clin Nephrol 1999;51:18-26. View abstract.
  59. Bostick, R. M., Kushi, L. H., Wu, Y., Meyer, K. A., Sellers, T. A., and Folsom, A. R. Relation of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy food intake to ischemic heart disease mortality among postmenopausal women. Am J Epidemiol. 1-15-1999;149:151-161. View abstract.
  60. Adams, J., Andersen, P., Everts, E., and Cohen, J. Early postoperative calcium levels as predictors of hypocalcemia. Laryngoscope 1998;108:1829-1831. View abstract.
  61. Arad, Y., Spadaro, L. A., Roth, M., Scordo, J., Goodman, K., Sherman, S., Lerner, G., Newstein, D., and Guerci, A. D. Serum concentration of calcium, 1,25 vitamin D and parathyroid hormone are not correlated with coronary calcifications. An electron beam computed tomography study. Coron.Artery Dis. 1998;9:513-518. View abstract.
  62. Kung, A. W., Luk, K. D., Chu, L. W., and Chiu, P. K. Age-related osteoporosis in Chinese: an evaluation of the response of intestinal calcium absorption and calcitropic hormones to dietary calcium deprivation. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:1291-1297. View abstract.
  63. Marcus, P. M. and Newcomb, P. A. The association of calcium and vitamin D, and colon and rectal cancer in Wisconsin women. Int J Epidemiol. 1998;27:788-793. View abstract.
  64. Summerbell, C. D., Watts, C., Higgins, J. P., and Garrow, J. S. Randomised controlled trial of novel, simple, and well supervised weight reducing diets in outpatients. BMJ. 11-28-1998;317:1487-1489. View abstract.
  65. Grotz, W. H., Rump, L. C., Niessen, A., Schmidt-Gayk, H., Reichelt, A., Kirste, G., Olschewski, M., and Schollmeyer, P. J. Treatment of osteopenia and osteoporosis after kidney transplantation. Transplantation 10-27-1998;66:1004-1008. View abstract.
  66. van, Walraven C., Stiell, I. G., Wells, G. A., Hebert, P. C., and Vandemheen, K. Do advanced cardiac life support drugs increase resuscitation rates from in-hospital cardiac arrest? The OTAC Study Group. Ann.Emerg.Med 1998;32:544-553. View abstract.
  67. Singh, P. N. and Fraser, G. E. Dietary risk factors for colon cancer in a low-risk population. Am J Epidemiol. 10-15-1998;148:761-774. View abstract.
  68. Kerstetter, J. E., O'Brien, K. O., and Insogna, K. L. Dietary protein affects intestinal calcium absorption. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:859-865. View abstract.
  69. Ortega, R. M., Martinez, R. M., Quintas, M. E., Lopez-Sobaler, A. M., and Andres, P. Calcium levels in maternal milk: relationships with calcium intake during the third trimester of pregnancy. Br.J Nutr 1998;79:501-507. View abstract.
  70. Villar, J., Gulmezoglu, A. M., and de, Onis M. Nutritional and antimicrobial interventions to prevent preterm birth: an overview of randomized controlled trials. Obstet.Gynecol.Surv. 1998;53:575-585. View abstract.
  71. Salusky, I. B., Kuizon, B. D., Belin, T. R., Ramirez, J. A., Gales, B., Segre, G. V., and Goodman, W. G. Intermittent calcitriol therapy in secondary hyperparathyroidism: a comparison between oral and intraperitoneal administration. Kidney Int 1998;54:907-914. View abstract.
  72. Krause, R., Buhring, M., Hopfenmuller, W., Holick, M. F., and Sharma, A. M. Ultraviolet B and blood pressure. Lancet 8-29-1998;352:709-710. View abstract.
  73. Pitt, P., Li, F., Todd, P., Webber, D., Pack, S., and Moniz, C. A double blind placebo controlled study to determine the effects of intermittent cyclical etidronate on bone mineral density in patients on long-term oral corticosteroid treatment. Thorax 1998;53:351-356. View abstract.
  74. Birkett, N. J. Comments on a meta-analysis of the relation between dietary calcium intake and blood pressure. Am J Epidemiol. 8-1-1998;148:223-228. View abstract.
  75. Saag, K. G., Emkey, R., Schnitzer, T. J., Brown, J. P., Hawkins, F., Goemaere, S., Thamsborg, G., Liberman, U. A., Delmas, P. D., Malice, M. P., Czachur, M., and Daifotis, A. G. Alendronate for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis Intervention Study Group. N.Engl.J Med. 7-30-1998;339:292-299. View abstract.
  76. Hsing, A. W., McLaughlin, J. K., Chow, W. H., Schuman, L. M., Co Chien, H. T., Gridley, G., Bjelke, E., Wacholder, S., and Blot, W. J. Risk factors for colorectal cancer in a prospective study among U.S. white men. Int J Cancer 8-12-1998;77:549-553. View abstract.
  77. Fardellone, P., Brazier, M., Kamel, S., Gueris, J., Graulet, A. M., Lienard, J., and Sebert, J. L. Biochemical effects of calcium supplementation in postmenopausal women: influence of dietary calcium intake. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:1273-1278. View abstract.
  78. Lems, W. F., Jacobs, W. G., Bijlsma, J. W., Croone, A., Haanen, H. C., Houben, H. H., Gerrits, M. I., and van Rijn, H. J. Effect of sodium fluoride on the prevention of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int 1997;7:575-582. View abstract.
  79. Herrala, J., Puolijoki, H., Liippo, K., Raitio, M., Impivaara, O., Tala, E., and Nieminen, M. M. Clodronate is effective in preventing corticosteroid-induced bone loss among asthmatic patients. Bone 1998;22:577-582. View abstract.
  80. Berkelhammer, C., Wood, R. J., and Sitrin, M. D. Inorganic phosphorus reduces hypercalciuria during total parenteral nutrition by enhancing renal tubular calcium absorption. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 1998;22:142-146. View abstract.
  81. Roux, C., Oriente, P., Laan, R., Hughes, R. A., Ittner, J., Goemaere, S., Di, Munno O., Pouilles, J. M., Horlait, S., and Cortet, B. Randomized trial of effect of cyclical etidronate in the prevention of corticosteroid-induced bone loss. Ciblos Study Group. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998;83:1128-1133. View abstract.
  82. Ritchie, L. D., Fung, E. B., Halloran, B. P., Turnlund, J. R., Van Loan, M. D., Cann, C. E., and King, J. C. A longitudinal study of calcium homeostasis during human pregnancy and lactation and after resumption of menses. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:693-701. View abstract.
  83. Grigoriou, O., Papoulias, I., Vitoratos, N., Papadias, C., Konidaris, S., Antoniou, G., and Chryssikopoulos, A. Effects of nasal administration of calcitonin in oophorectomized women: 2-year controlled double-blind study. Maturitas 12-15-1997;28:147-151. View abstract.
  84. Zheng, W., Anderson, K. E., Kushi, L. H., Sellers, T. A., Greenstein, J., Hong, C. P., Cerhan, J. R., Bostick, R. M., and Folsom, A. R. A prospective cohort study of intake of calcium, vitamin D, and other micronutrients in relation to incidence of rectal cancer among postmenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 1998;7:221-225. View abstract.
  85. Skingle, S. J., Moore, D. J., and Crisp, A. J. Cyclical etidronate increases lumbar spine bone density in patients on long-term glucocorticosteroid therapy. Int J Clin Pract. 1997;51:364-367. View abstract.
  86. Kelley, G. A. Exercise and regional bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a meta-analytic review of randomized trials. Am J Phys.Med.Rehabil. 1998;77:76-87. View abstract.
  87. de Souza, A. R., Buhrnheim, P. F., and Lima, C. S. [Report of a case of latrodectism occurring in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil]. Rev.Soc Bras.Med Trop. 1998;31:95-98. View abstract.
  88. Bro, S., Rasmussen, R. A., Handberg, J., Olgaard, K., and Feldt-Rasmussen, B. Randomized crossover study comparing the phosphate-binding efficacy of calcium ketoglutarate versus calcium carbonate in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 1998;31:257-262. View abstract.
  89. Mann, J. I., Appleby, P. N., Key, T. J., and Thorogood, M. Dietary determinants of ischaemic heart disease in health conscious individuals. Heart 1997;78:450-455. View abstract.
  90. Cadogan, J., Eastell, R., Jones, N., and Barker, M. E. Milk intake and bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls: randomised, controlled intervention trial. BMJ 11-15-1997;315:1255-1260. View abstract.
  91. Kapetanos, G., Symeonides, P. P., Dimitriou, C., Karakatsanis, K., and Potoupnis, M. A double blind study of intranasal calcitonin for established postmenopausal osteoporosis. Acta Orthop.Scand.Suppl 1997;275:108-111. View abstract.
  92. De, Stefani E., Mendilaharsu, M., Deneo-Pellegrini, H., and Ronco, A. Influence of dietary levels of fat, cholesterol, and calcium on colorectal cancer. Nutr Cancer 1997;29:83-89. View abstract.
  93. Kato, I., Akhmedkhanov, A., Koenig, K., Toniolo, P. G., Shore, R. E., and Riboli, E. Prospective study of diet and female colorectal cancer: the New York University Women's Health Study. Nutr Cancer 1997;28:276-281. View abstract.
  94. Suleiman, S., Nelson, M., Li, F., Buxton-Thomas, M., and Moniz, C. Effect of calcium intake and physical activity level on bone mass and turnover in healthy, white, postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;66:937-943. View abstract.
  95. Boutsen, Y., Jamart, J., Esselinckx, W., Stoffel, M., and Devogelaer, J. P. Primary prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis with intermittent intravenous pamidronate: a randomized trial. Calcif Tissue Int 1997;61:266-271. View abstract.
  96. Ghadirian, P., Lacroix, A., Maisonneuve, P., Perret, C., Potvin, C., Gravel, D., Bernard, D., and Boyle, P. Nutritional factors and colon carcinoma: a case-control study involving French Canadians in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Cancer 9-1-1997;80:858-864. View abstract.
  97. Cumming, R. G. and Nevitt, M. C. Calcium for prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1997;12:1321-1329. View abstract.
  98. Ekman, A., Mallmin, H., Michaelsson, K., and Ljunghall, S. External hip protectors to prevent osteoporotic hip fractures. Lancet 8-23-1997;350:563-564. View abstract.
  99. Martin, A. D., Bailey, D. A., McKay, H. A., and Whiting, S. Bone mineral and calcium accretion during puberty. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;66:611-615. View abstract.
  100. Belizan, J. M., Villar, J., Bergel, E., del, Pino A., Di, Fulvio S., Galliano, S. V., and Kattan, C. Long-term effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the blood pressure of offspring: follow up of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ 8-2-1997;315:281-285. View abstract.
  101. Jackman, L. A., Millane, S. S., Martin, B. R., Wood, O. B., McCabe, G. P., Peacock, M., and Weaver, C. M. Calcium retention in relation to calcium intake and postmenarcheal age in adolescent females. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;66:327-333. View abstract.
  102. Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Delgado, F., Jacome, P., Teran, E., Ruano, C., and Rivera, J. Calcium supplementation and the risk of preeclampsia in Ecuadorian pregnant teenagers. Obstet.Gynecol. 1997;90:162-167. View abstract.
  103. Adachi, J. D., Bensen, W. G., Brown, J., Hanley, D., Hodsman, A., Josse, R., Kendler, D. L., Lentle, B., Olszynski, W., Ste-Marie, L. G., Tenenhouse, A., and Chines, A. A. Intermittent etidronate therapy to prevent corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. N.Engl.J Med. 8-7-1997;337:382-387. View abstract.
  104. Nowson, C. A., Green, R. M., Hopper, J. L., Sherwin, A. J., Young, D., Kaymakci, B., Guest, C. S., Smid, M., Larkins, R. G., and Wark, J. D. A co-twin study of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density during adolescence. Osteoporos.Int 1997;7:219-225. View abstract.
  105. Lee, W. T., Leung, S. S., Leung, D. M., Wang, S. H., Xu, Y. C., Zeng, W. P., and Cheng, J. C. Bone mineral acquisition in low calcium intake children following the withdrawal of calcium supplement. Acta Paediatr. 1997;86:570-576. View abstract.
  106. Gurlek, A., Bayraktar, M., and Gedik, O. Comparison of calcitriol treatment with etidronate-calcitriol and calcitonin-calcitriol combinations in Turkish women with postmenopausal osteoporosis: a prospective study. Calcif Tissue Int 1997;61:39-43. View abstract.
  107. Chen, J. T., Shiraki, M., Hasumi, K., Tanaka, N., Katase, K., Kato, T., Hirai, Y., Nakamura, T., and Ogata, E. 1-alpha-Hydroxyvitamin D3 treatment decreases bone turnover and modulates calcium-regulating hormones in early postmenopausal women. Bone 1997;20:557-562. View abstract.
  108. Pannemans, D. L., Schaafsma, G., and Westerterp, K. R. Calcium excretion, apparent calcium absorption and calcium balance in young and elderly subjects: influence of protein intake. Br.J Nutr 1997;77:721-729. View abstract.
  109. Cumming, R. G., Cummings, S. R., Nevitt, M. C., Scott, J., Ensrud, K. E., Vogt, T. M., and Fox, K. Calcium intake and fracture risk: results from the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 5-15-1997;145:926-934. View abstract.
  110. Adachi, J. D., Bensen, W. G., Bell, M. J., Bianchi, F. A., Cividino, A. A., Craig, G. L., Sturtridge, W. C., Sebaldt, R. J., Steele, M., Gordon, M., Themeles, E., Tugwell, P., Roberts, R., and Gent, M. Salmon calcitonin nasal spray in the prevention of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Br.J Rheumatol. 1997;36:255-259. View abstract.
  111. Horsman, A., Gallagher, J. C., Simpson, M., and Nordin, B. E. Prospective trial of oestrogen and calcium in postmenopausal women. Br.Med.J 9-24-1977;2:789-792. View abstract.
  112. Flicker, L., Hopper, J. L., Larkins, R. G., Lichtenstein, M., Buirski, G., and Wark, J. D. Nandrolone decanoate and intranasal calcitonin as therapy in established osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int 1997;7:29-35. View abstract.
  113. Appel, L. J., Moore, T. J., Obarzanek, E., Vollmer, W. M., Svetkey, L. P., Sacks, F. M., Bray, G. A., Vogt, T. M., Cutler, J. A., Windhauser, M. M., Lin, P. H., and Karanja, N. A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. DASH Collaborative Research Group. N.Engl.J Med 4-17-1997;336:1117-1124. View abstract.
  114. Sato, Y., Maruoka, H., and Oizumi, K. Amelioration of hemiplegia-associated osteopenia more than 4 years after stroke by 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 and calcium supplementation. Stroke 1997;28:736-739. View abstract.
  115. Curhan, G. C., Willett, W. C., Speizer, F. E., Spiegelman, D., and Stampfer, M. J. Comparison of dietary calcium with supplemental calcium and other nutrients as factors affecting the risk for kidney stones in women. Ann.Intern.Med. 4-1-1997;126:497-504. View abstract.
  116. Bonjour, J. P., Carrie, A. L., Ferrari, S., Clavien, H., Slosman, D., Theintz, G., and Rizzoli, R. Calcium-enriched foods and bone mass growth in prepubertal girls: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Invest 3-15-1997;99:1287-1294. View abstract.
  117. Gaard, M., Tretli, S., and Loken, E. B. Dietary factors and risk of colon cancer: a prospective study of 50,535 young Norwegian men and women. Eur.J Cancer Prev. 1996;5:445-454. View abstract.
  118. Wolfhagen, F. H., van Buuren, H. R., den Ouden, J. W., Hop, W. C., van Leeuwen, J. P., Schalm, S. W., and Pols, H. A. Cyclical etidronate in the prevention of bone loss in corticosteroid-treated primary biliary cirrhosis. A prospective, controlled pilot study. J Hepatol. 1997;26:325-330. View abstract.
  119. Garcia-Delgado, I., Prieto, S., Gil-Fraguas, L., Robles, E., Rufilanchas, J. J., and Hawkins, F. Calcitonin, etidronate, and calcidiol treatment in bone loss after cardiac transplantation. Calcif Tissue Int 1997;60:155-159. View abstract.
  120. Sanchez, M., de la Sierra, A., Coca, A., Poch, E., Giner, V., and Urbano-Marquez, A. Oral calcium supplementation reduces intraplatelet free calcium concentration and insulin resistance in essential hypertensive patients. Hypertension 1997;29(1 Pt 2):531-536. View abstract.
  121. Lewis, R. and Sibai, B. Recent advances in the management of preeclampsia. J Matern.Fetal Med. 1997;6:6-15. View abstract.
  122. Shikari, M., Kushida, K., Yamazaki, K., Nagai, T., Inoue, T., and Orimo, H. Effects of 2 years' treatment of osteoporosis with 1 alpha-hydroxy vitamin D3 on bone mineral density and incidence of fracture: a placebo-controlled, double-blind prospective study. Endocr.J 1996;43:211-220. View abstract.
  123. McCarron, D. A., Oparil, S., Chait, A., Haynes, R. B., Kris-Etherton, P., Stern, J. S., Resnick, L. M., Clark, S., Morris, C. D., Hatton, D. C., Metz, J. A., McMahon, M., Holcomb, S., Snyder, G. W., and Pi-Sunyer, F. X. Nutritional management of cardiovascular risk factors. A randomized clinical trial. Arch.Intern.Med 1-27-1997;157:169-177. View abstract.
  124. Milne, J. S. and Lonergan, M. E. A five-year follow-up study of bone mass in older people. Ann.Hum.Biol. 1977;4:243-252. View abstract.
  125. Meyer, H. E., Pedersen, J. I., Loken, E. B., and Tverdal, A. Dietary factors and the incidence of hip fracture in middle-aged Norwegians. A prospective study. Am J Epidemiol. 1-15-1997;145:117-123. View abstract.
  126. Healey, J. H., Paget, S. A., Williams-Russo, P., Szatrowski, T. P., Schneider, R., Spiera, H., Mitnick, H., Ales, K., and Schwartzberg, P. A randomized controlled trial of salmon calcitonin to prevent bone loss in corticosteroid-treated temporal arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. Calcif Tissue Int 1996;58:73-80. View abstract.
  127. Davis, I. J., Grim, C., Dwyer, K., Nicholson, L., and Dwyer, J. The effects of calcium supplementation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. J Natl.Med.Assoc. 1996;88:774-778. View abstract.
  128. Recker, R. R., Hinders, S., Davies, K. M., Heaney, R. P., Stegman, M. R., Lappe, J. M., and Kimmel, D. B. Correcting calcium nutritional deficiency prevents spine fractures in elderly women. J Bone Miner Res 1996;11:1961-1966. View abstract.
  129. Talalaj, M., Gradowska, L., Marcinowska-Suchowierska, E., Durlik, M., Gaciong, Z., and Lao, M. Efficiency of preventive treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis with 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and calcium in kidney transplant patients. Transplant.Proc. 1996;28:3485-3487. View abstract.
  130. Cheung, P. Y. Normalization of priming solution ionized calcium concentration improves hemodynamic stability of neonates receiving venovenous ECMO. ASAIO J 1996;42:1033-1034. View abstract.
  131. Anderson, J. J. and Rondano, P. A. Peak bone mass development of females: can young adult women improve their peak bone mass? J Am Coll.Nutr 1996;15:570-574. View abstract.
  132. Kotaniemi, A., Piirainen, H., Paimela, L., Leirisalo-Repo, M., Uoti-Reilama, K., Lahdentausta, P., Ruotsalainen, P., Kataja, M., Vaisanen, E., and Kurki, P. Is continuous intranasal salmon calcitonin effective in treating axial bone loss in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis receiving low dose glucocorticoid therapy? J Rheumatol. 1996;23:1875-1879. View abstract.
  133. Pritchard, R. S., Baron, J. A., and Gerhardsson, de, V. Dietary calcium, vitamin D, and the risk of colorectal cancer in Stockholm, Sweden. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 1996;5:897-900. View abstract.
  134. Bergsma-Kadijk, J. A., van, 't, V, Kampman, E., and Burema, J. Calcium does not protect against colorectal neoplasia. Epidemiology 1996;7:590-597. View abstract.
  135. Dwyer, J. H., Li, L., Dwyer, K. M., Curtin, L. R., and Feinleib, M. Dietary calcium, alcohol, and incidence of treated hypertension in the NHANES I epidemiologic follow-up study. Am J Epidemiol. 11-1-1996;144:828-838. View abstract.
  136. Lloyd, T., Martel, J. K., Rollings, N., Andon, M. B., Kulin, H., Demers, L. M., Eggli, D. F., Kieselhorst, K., and Chinchilli, V. M. The effect of calcium supplementation and Tanner stage on bone density, content and area in teenage women. Osteoporos.Int 1996;6:276-283. View abstract.
  137. Blanchard, J., Schwartz, J. A., and Byrne, D. M. Effects of agitation on size distribution of particulate matter in large-volume parenterals. J Pharm.Sci. 1977;66:935-938. View abstract.
  138. Thamsborg, G., Jensen, J. E., Kollerup, G., Hauge, E. M., Melsen, F., and Sorensen, O. H. Effect of nasal salmon calcitonin on bone remodeling and bone mass in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Bone 1996;18:207-212. View abstract.
  139. Shannon, J., White, E., Shattuck, A. L., and Potter, J. D. Relationship of food groups and water intake to colon cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 1996;5:495-502. View abstract.
  140. Martinez, M. E., Giovannucci, E. L., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Hunter, D. J., Speizer, F. E., Wing, A., and Willett, W. C. Calcium, vitamin D, and the occurrence of colorectal cancer among women. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 10-2-1996;88:1375-1382. View abstract.
  141. Lippuner, K., Haller, B., Casez, J. P., Montandon, A., and Jaeger, P. Effect of disodium monofluorophosphate, calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in patients chronically treated with glucocorticosteroids: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Miner Electrolyte Metab 1996;22:207-213. View abstract.
  142. Lagerkvist, B. J., Ekesrydh, S., Englyst, V., Nordberg, G. F., Soderberg, H. A., and Wiklund, D. E. Increased blood lead and decreased calcium levels during pregnancy: a prospective study of Swedish women living near a smelter. Am J Public Health 1996;86:1247-1252. View abstract.
  143. Lijnen, P. and Petrov, V. Blood pressure and cationic transport systems during combined calcium channel blocker and calcium administration in males. Methods Find.Exp.Clin Pharmacol. 1996;18:287-294. View abstract.
  144. Melis, G. B., Cagnacci, A., Bruni, V., Falsetti, L., Jasonni, V. M., Nappi, C., Polatti, F., and Volpe, A. Salmon calcitonin plus intravaginal estriol: an effective treatment for the menopause. Maturitas 1996;24(1-2):83-90. View abstract.
  145. Perez-Jaraiz, M. D., Revilla, M., Alvarez de los Heros JI, Villa, L. F., and Rico, H. Prophylaxis of osteoporosis with calcium, estrogens and/or eelcatonin: comparative longitudinal study of bone mass. Maturitas 1996;23:327-332. View abstract.
  146. MacKay, M. W., Fitzgerald, K. A., and Jackson, D. The solubility of calcium and phosphate in two specialty amino acid solutions. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 1996;20:63-66. View abstract.
  147. Chan, H. H., Lau, E. M., Woo, J., Lin, F., Sham, A., and Leung, P. C. Dietary calcium intake, physical activity and the risk of vertebral fracture in Chinese. Osteoporos.Int 1996;6:228-232. View abstract.
  148. Govers, M. J., Termont, D. S., Lapre, J. A., Kleibeuker, J. H., Vonk, R. J., and Van der Meer, R. Calcium in milk products precipitates intestinal fatty acids and secondary bile acids and thus inhibits colonic cytotoxicity in humans. Cancer Res 7-15-1996;56:3270-3275. View abstract.
  149. Mitchell, A. and Jones, N. Striving to prevent falls in an acute care setting--action to enhance quality. J Clin Nurs. 1996;5:213-220. View abstract.
  150. Guaydier-Souquieres, G., Kotzki, P. O., Sabatier, J. P., Basse-Cathalinat, B., and Loeb, G. In corticosteroid-treated respiratory diseases, monofluorophosphate increases lumbar bone density: a double-masked randomized study. Osteoporos.Int 1996;6:171-177. View abstract.
  151. Boutron, M. C., Faivre, J., Marteau, P., Couillault, C., Senesse, P., and Quipourt, V. Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, dairy products and colorectal carcinogenesis: a French case--control study. Br.J Cancer 1996;74:145-151. View abstract.
  152. Lee, W. T., Leung, S. S., Leung, D. M., and Cheng, J. C. A follow-up study on the effects of calcium-supplement withdrawal and puberty on bone acquisition of children. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64:71-77. View abstract.
  153. Weaver, C. M., Peacock, M., Martin, B. R., Plawecki, K. L., and McCabe, G. P. Calcium retention estimated from indicators of skeletal status in adolescent girls and young women. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64:67-70. View abstract.
  154. Ellerington, M. C., Hillard, T. C., Whitcroft, S. I., Marsh, M. S., Lees, B., Banks, L. M., Whitehead, M. I., and Stevenson, J. C. Intranasal salmon calcitonin for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue Int 1996;59:6-11. View abstract.
  155. Capezuti, E., Evans, L., Strumpf, N., and Maislin, G. Physical restraint use and falls in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc 1996;44:627-633. View abstract.
  156. Tzonou, A., Lipworth, L., Kalandidi, A., Trichopoulou, A., Gamatsi, I., Hsieh, C. C., Notara, V., and Trichopoulos, D. Dietary factors and the risk of endometrial cancer: a case--control study in Greece. Br.J Cancer 1996;73:1284-1290. View abstract.
  157. Abbott, R. D., Curb, J. D., Rodriguez, B. L., Sharp, D. S., Burchfiel, C. M., and Yano, K. Effect of dietary calcium and milk consumption on risk of thromboembolic stroke in older middle-aged men. The Honolulu Heart Program. Stroke 1996;27:813-818. View abstract.
  158. Ascherio, A., Hennekens, C., Willett, W. C., Sacks, F., Rosner, B., Manson, J., Witteman, J., and Stampfer, M. J. Prospective study of nutritional factors, blood pressure, and hypertension among US women. Hypertension 1996;27:1065-1072. View abstract.
  159. Schnelle, J. F., MacRae, P. G., Giacobassi, K., MacRae, H. S., Simmons, S. F., and Ouslander, J. G. Exercise with physically restrained nursing home residents: maximizing benefits of restraint reduction. J Am Geriatr Soc 1996;44:507-512. View abstract.
  160. Itoh, R. and Suyama, Y. Sodium excretion in relation to calcium and hydroxyproline excretion in a healthy Japanese population. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:735-740. View abstract.
  161. Kearney, J., Giovannucci, E., Rimm, E. B., Ascherio, A., Stampfer, M. J., Colditz, G. A., Wing, A., Kampman, E., and Willett, W. C. Calcium, vitamin D, and dairy foods and the occurrence of colon cancer in men. Am J Epidemiol. 5-1-1996;143:907-917. View abstract.
  162. Negri, E., La, Vecchia C., Franceschi, S., Levi, F., and Parazzini, F. Intake of selected micronutrients and the risk of endometrial carcinoma. Cancer 3-1-1996;77:917-923. View abstract.
  163. Mortensen, L. and Charles, P. Bioavailability of calcium supplements and the effect of Vitamin D: comparisons between milk, calcium carbonate, and calcium carbonate plus vitamin D. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:354-357. View abstract.
  164. Bucher, H. C., Guyatt, G. H., Cook, R. J., Hatala, R., Cook, D. J., Lang, J. D., and Hunt, D. Effect of calcium supplementation on pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 4-10-1996;275:1113-1117. View abstract.
  165. O'Brien, K. O., Abrams, S. A., Liang, L. K., Ellis, K. J., and Gagel, R. F. Increased efficiency of calcium absorption during short periods of inadequate calcium intake in girls. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:579-583. View abstract.
  166. Trinidad, T. P., Wolever, T. M., and Thompson, L. U. Effect of acetate and propionate on calcium absorption from the rectum and distal colon of humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:574-578. View abstract.
  167. Kalkwarf, H. J., Specker, B. L., Heubi, J. E., Vieira, N. E., and Yergey, A. L. Intestinal calcium absorption of women during lactation and after weaning. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:526-531. View abstract.
  168. Tavani, A., Negri, E., and La, Vecchia C. Calcium, dairy products, and the risk of hip fracture in women in northern Italy. Epidemiology 1995;6:554-557. View abstract.
  169. Michaelsson, K., Holmberg, L., Mallmin, H., Sorensen, S., Wolk, A., Bergstrom, R., and Ljunghall, S. Diet and hip fracture risk: a case-control study. Study Group of the Multiple Risk Survey on Swedish Women for Eating Assessment. Int J Epidemiol. 1995;24:771-782. View abstract.
  170. Denke, M. A., Fox, M. M., and Schulte, M. C. Short-term dietary calcium fortification increases fecal saturated fat content and reduces serum lipids in men. J Nutr. 1993;123:1047-1053. View abstract.
  171. Perry, H. M., III, Miller, D. K., Morley, J. E., Horowitz, M., Kaiser, F. E., Perry, H. M., Jr., Jensen, J., Bentley, J., Boyd, S., and Kraenzle, D. A preliminary report of vitamin D and calcium metabolism in older African Americans. J Am Geriatr Soc 1993;41:612-616. View abstract.
  172. Barbone, F., Austin, H., and Partridge, E. E. Diet and endometrial cancer: a case-control study. Am J Epidemiol. 2-15-1993;137:393-403. View abstract.
  173. Galloe, A. M., Graudal, N., Moller, J., Bro, H., Jorgensen, M., and Christensen, H. R. Effect of oral calcium supplementation on blood pressure in patients with previously untreated hypertension: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. J Hum.Hypertens 1993;7:43-45. View abstract.
  174. Jespersen, B., Brock, A., and Pedersen, E. B. Lack of effect of calcium carbonate supplementation on 24h blood pressure, angiotensin II reactivity and PTH(1-84) in essential hypertension. J Hum.Hypertens 1993;7:103-104. View abstract.
  175. Steinmetz, K. A. and Potter, J. D. Food-group consumption and colon cancer in the Adelaide Case-Control Study. II. Meat, poultry, seafood, dairy foods and eggs. Int J Cancer 3-12-1993;53:720-727. View abstract.
  176. Curhan, G. C., Willett, W. C., Rimm, E. B., and Stampfer, M. J. A prospective study of dietary calcium and other nutrients and the risk of symptomatic kidney stones. N.Engl.J Med. 3-25-1993;328:833-838. View abstract.
  177. Reid, I. R., Ames, R. W., Evans, M. C., Gamble, G. D., and Sharpe, S. J. Effect of calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. N.Engl.J Med. 2-18-1993;328:460-464. View abstract.
  178. Lapre, J. A., De Vries, H. T., Termont, D. S., Kleibeuker, J. H., De Vries, E. G., and Van der Meer, R. Mechanism of the protective effect of supplemental dietary calcium on cytolytic activity of fecal water. Cancer Res 1-15-1993;53:248-253. View abstract.
  179. Komar, L., Nieves, J., Cosman, F., Rubin, A., Shen, V., and Lindsay, R. Calcium homeostasis of an elderly population upon admission to a nursing home. J Am Geriatr Soc 1993;41:1057-1064. View abstract.
  180. Meyer, F. and White, E. Alcohol and nutrients in relation to colon cancer in middle-aged adults. Am J Epidemiol. 8-15-1993;138:225-236. View abstract.
  181. Meschia, M., Brincat, M., Barbacini, P., Crossignani, P. G., and Albisetti, W. A clinical trial on the effects of a combination of elcatonin (carbocalcitonin) and conjugated estrogens on vertebral bone mass in early postmenopausal women. Calcif Tissue Int 1993;53:17-20. View abstract.
  182. Ring, T., Nielsen, C., Andersen, S. P., Behrens, J. K., Sodemann, B., and Kornerup, H. J. Calcium acetate versus calcium carbonate as phosphorus binders in patients on chronic haemodialysis: a controlled study. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 1993;8:341-346. View abstract.
  183. Thomas, M. G., Thomson, J. P., and Williamson, R. C. Oral calcium inhibits rectal epithelial proliferation in familial adenomatous polyposis. Br.J Surg. 1993;80:499-501. View abstract.
  184. Singh, R. B., Rastogi, S. S., Singh, N. K., Ghosh, S., Gupta, S., and Niaz, M. A. Can guava fruit intake decrease blood pressure and blood lipids? J Hum.Hypertens 1993;7:33-38. View abstract.
  185. Little, J., Logan, R. F., Hawtin, P. G., Hardcastle, J. D., and Turner, I. D. Colorectal adenomas and diet: a case-control study of subjects participating in the Nottingham faecal occult blood screening programme. Br.J Cancer 1993;67:177-184. View abstract.
  186. Metz, J. A., Anderson, J. J., and Gallagher, P. N., Jr. Intakes of calcium, phosphorus, and protein, and physical-activity level are related to radial bone mass in young adult women. Am J Clin Nutr 1993;58:537-542. View abstract.
  187. Benito, E., Cabeza, E., Moreno, V., Obrador, A., and Bosch, F. X. Diet and colorectal adenomas: a case-control study in Majorca. Int J Cancer 9-9-1993;55:213-219. View abstract.
  188. Jaglal, S. B., Kreiger, N., and Darlington, G. Past and recent physical activity and risk of hip fracture. Am J Epidemiol. 7-15-1993;138:107-118. View abstract.
  189. Lloyd, T., Andon, M. B., Rollings, N., Martel, J. K., Landis, J. R., Demers, L. M., Eggli, D. F., Kieselhorst, K., and Kulin, H. E. Calcium supplementation and bone mineral density in adolescent girls. JAMA 8-18-1993;270:841-844. View abstract.
  190. Looker, A. C., Harris, T. B., Madans, J. H., and Sempos, C. T. Dietary calcium and hip fracture risk: the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study. Osteoporos.Int 1993;3:177-184. View abstract.
  191. Hu, J. F., Zhao, X. H., Jia, J. B., Parpia, B., and Campbell, T. C. Dietary calcium and bone density among middle-aged and elderly women in China. Am J Clin Nutr 1993;58:219-227. View abstract.
  192. Bostick, R. M., Potter, J. D., Sellers, T. A., McKenzie, D. R., Kushi, L. H., and Folsom, A. R. Relation of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy food intake to incidence of colon cancer among older women. The Iowa Women's Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 6-15-1993;137:1302-1317. View abstract.
  193. Cong, K. J. [Calcium and pregnancy induced hypertension]. Zhonghua.Fu.Chan Ke.Za.Zhi. 1993;28:657-9, 700. View abstract.
  194. Ramsdale, S. J., Bassey, E. J., and Pye, D. J. Dietary calcium intake relates to bone mineral density in premenopausal women. Br.J Nutr 1994;71:77-84. View abstract.
  195. Mulrow, C. D., Gerety, M. B., Kanten, D., Cornell, J. E., DeNino, L. A., Chiodo, L., Aguilar, C., O'Neil, M. B., Rosenberg, J., and Solis, R. M. A randomized trial of physical rehabilitation for very frail nursing home residents. JAMA 2-16-1994;271:519-524. View abstract.
  196. Kampman, E., Giovannucci, E., van, 't, V, Rimm, E., Stampfer, M. J., Colditz, G. A., Kok, F. J., and Willett, W. C. Calcium, vitamin D, dairy foods, and the occurrence of colorectal adenomas among men and women in two prospective studies. Am J Epidemiol. 1-1-1994;139:16-29. View abstract.
  197. Aloia, J. F., Vaswani, A., Yeh, J. K., Ross, P. L., Flaster, E., and Dilmanian, F. A. Calcium supplementation with and without hormone replacement therapy to prevent postmenopausal bone loss. Ann.Intern.Med. 1-15-1994;120:97-103. View abstract.
  198. Kampman, E., Goldbohm, R. A., van den Brandt, P. A., and van, 't, V. Fermented dairy products, calcium, and colorectal cancer in The Netherlands Cohort Study. Cancer Res 6-15-1994;54:3186-3190. View abstract.
  199. Pan, W. H., Wang, C. Y., Li, L. A., Kao, L. S., and Yeh, S. H. No significant effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure and calcium metabolism in elderly Chinese. Chin J Physiol 1993;36:85-94. View abstract.
  200. Chapuy, M. C., Arlot, M. E., Delmas, P. D., and Meunier, P. J. Effect of calcium and cholecalciferol treatment for three years on hip fractures in elderly women. BMJ 4-23-1994;308:1081-1082. View abstract.
  201. Cumming, R. G. and Klineberg, R. J. Case-control study of risk factors for hip fractures in the elderly. Am J Epidemiol. 3-1-1994;139:493-503. View abstract.
  202. Reginster, J. Y., Denis, D., Deroisy, R., Lecart, M. P., de, Longueville M., Zegels, B., Sarlet, N., Noirfalisse, P., and Franchimont, P. Long-term (3 years) prevention of trabecular postmenopausal bone loss with low-dose intermittent nasal salmon calcitonin. J Bone Miner Res 1994;9:69-73. View abstract.
  203. Chan, J. C., McEnery, P. T., Chinchilli, V. M., Abitbol, C. L., Boineau, F. G., Friedman, A. L., Lum, G. M., Roy, S., III, Ruley, E. J., and Strife, C. F. A prospective, double-blind study of growth failure in children with chronic renal insufficiency and the effectiveness of treatment with calcitriol versus dihydrotachysterol. The Growth Failure in Children with Renal Diseases Investigators. J Pediatr. 1994;124:520-528. View abstract.
  204. Olsen, J., Kronborg, O., Lynggaard, J., and Ewertz, M. Dietary risk factors for cancer and adenomas of the large intestine. A case-control study within a screening trial in Denmark. Eur.J Cancer 1994;30A:53-60. View abstract.
  205. Dumas, P., Tremblay, J., and Hamet, P. Stress modulation by electrolytes in salt-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive rats. Am J Med.Sci. 1994;307 Suppl 1:S130-S137. View abstract.
  206. Menczel, J., Foldes, J., Steinberg, R., Leichter, I., Shalita, B., Bdolah-Abram, T., Kadosh, S., Mazor, Z., and Ladkani, D. Alfacalcidol (alpha D3) and calcium in osteoporosis. Clin Orthop.Relat Res 1994;:241-247. View abstract.
  207. Steinbach, G., Morotomi, M., Nomoto, K., Lupton, J., Weinstein, I. B., and Holt, P. R. Calcium reduces the increased fecal 1,2-sn-diacylglycerol content in intestinal bypass patients: a possible mechanism for altering colonic hyperproliferation. Cancer Res 3-1-1994;54:1216-1219. View abstract.
  208. Kollerup, G., Hermann, A. P., Brixen, K., Lindblad, B. E., Mosekilde, L., and Sorensen, O. H. Effects of salmon calcitonin suppositories on bone mass and turnover in established osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue Int 1994;54:12-15. View abstract.
  209. Specker, B. L., Vieira, N. E., O'Brien, K. O., Ho, M. L., Heubi, J. E., Abrams, S. A., and Yergey, A. L. Calcium kinetics in lactating women with low and high calcium intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;59:593-599. View abstract.
  210. Lauritzen, J. B., Petersen, M. M., and Lund, B. Effect of external hip protectors on hip fractures. Lancet 1-2-1993;341:11-13. View abstract.
  211. Levine, B. S., Rodman, J. S., Wienerman, S., Bockman, R. S., Lane, J. M., and Chapman, D. S. Effect of calcium citrate supplementation on urinary calcium oxalate saturation in female stone formers: implications for prevention of osteoporosis. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:592-596. View abstract.
  212. Rico, H., Revilla, M., Villa, L. F., Alvarez de, Buergo M., and Arribas, I. Longitudinal study of the effect of calcium pidolate on bone mass in eugonadal women. Calcif Tissue Int 1994;54:477-480. View abstract.
  213. Burtis, W. J., Gay, L., Insogna, K. L., Ellison, A., and Broadus, A. E. Dietary hypercalciuria in patients with calcium oxalate kidney stones. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:424-429. View abstract.
  214. Zeghoud, F., Ben-Mekhbi, H., Djeghri, N., and Garabedian, M. Vitamin D prophylaxis during infancy: comparison of the long-term effects of three intermittent doses (15, 5, or 2.5 mg) on 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:393-396. View abstract.
  215. Centonze, S., Boeing, H., Leoci, C., Guerra, V., and Misciagna, G. Dietary habits and colorectal cancer in a low-risk area. Results from a population-based case-control study in southern Italy. Nutr Cancer 1994;21:233-246. View abstract.
  216. Valimaki, M. J., Karkkainen, M., Lamberg-Allardt, C., Laitinen, K., Alhava, E., Heikkinen, J., Impivaara, O., Makela, P., Palmgren, J., Seppanen, R., and . Exercise, smoking, and calcium intake during adolescence and early adulthood as determinants of peak bone mass. Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study Group. BMJ 7-23-1994;309:230-235. View abstract.
  217. Ho, S. C., Leung, P. C., Swaminathan, R., Chan, C., Chan, S. S., Fan, Y. K., and Lindsay, R. Determinants of bone mass in Chinese women aged 21-40 years. II. Pattern of dietary calcium intake and association with bone mineral density. Osteoporos.Int 1994;4:167-175. View abstract.
  218. Hansen, M. A. Assessment of age and risk factors on bone density and bone turnover in healthy premenopausal women. Osteoporos.Int 1994;4:123-128. View abstract.
  219. Ejaz, F. K., Jones, J. A., and Rose, M. S. Falls among nursing home residents: an examination of incident reports before and after restraint reduction programs. J Am Geriatr Soc 1994;42:960-964. View abstract.
  220. Orimo, H., Shiraki, M., Hayashi, Y., Hoshino, T., Onaya, T., Miyazaki, S., Kurosawa, H., Nakamura, T., and Ogawa, N. Effects of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 on lumbar bone mineral density and vertebral fractures in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue Int 1994;54:370-376. View abstract.
  221. Sanchez-Ramos, L., Briones, D. K., Kaunitz, A. M., Delvalle, G. O., Gaudier, F. L., and Walker, C. D. Prevention of pregnancy-induced hypertension by calcium supplementation in angiotensin II-sensitive patients. Obstet.Gynecol. 1994;84:349-353. View abstract.
  222. Worth, H., Stammen, D., and Keck, E. Therapy of steroid-induced bone loss in adult asthmatics with calcium, vitamin D, and a diphosphonate. Am J Respir.Crit Care Med. 1994;150:394-397. View abstract.
  223. Zhou, C., Fan, S., Zhou, L., Ni, Y., Huang, T., and Shi, Y. Clinical observation of treatment of hypertension with calcium. Am J Hypertens 1994;7(4 Pt 1):363-367. View abstract.
  224. Warady, B. D., Lindsley, C. B., Robinson, F. G., and Lukert, B. P. Effects of nutritional supplementation on bone mineral status of children with rheumatic diseases receiving corticosteroid therapy. J Rheumatol. 1994;21:530-535. View abstract.
  225. Mayo, N. E., Gloutney, L., and Levy, A. R. A randomized trial of identification bracelets to prevent falls among patients in a rehabilitation hospital. Arch Phys.Med.Rehabil. 1994;75:1302-1308. View abstract.
  226. Horowitz, M., Wishart, J. M., Goh, D., Morris, H. A., Need, A. G., and Nordin, B. E. Oral calcium suppresses biochemical markers of bone resorption in normal men. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:965-968. View abstract.
  227. Ferraroni, M., La, Vecchia C., D'Avanzo, B., Negri, E., Franceschi, S., and Decarli, A. Selected micronutrient intake and the risk of colorectal cancer. Br.J Cancer 1994;70:1150-1155. View abstract.
  228. Almirall, J., Veciana, L., and Llibre, J. Calcium acetate versus calcium carbonate for the control of serum phosphorus in hemodialysis patients. Am J Nephrol 1994;14:192-196. View abstract.
  229. Overgaard, K. Effect of intranasal salmon calcitonin therapy on bone mass and bone turnover in early postmenopausal women: a dose-response study. Calcif Tissue Int 1994;55:82-86. View abstract.
  230. Abrams, S. A. and Stuff, J. E. Calcium metabolism in girls: current dietary intakes lead to low rates of calcium absorption and retention during puberty. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:739-743. View abstract.
  231. Elders, P. J., Lips, P., Netelenbos, J. C., van Ginkel, F. C., Khoe, E., van der Vijgh, W. J., and van der Stelt, P. F. Long-term effect of calcium supplementation on bone loss in perimenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1994;9:963-970. View abstract.
  232. Welten, D. C., Kemper, H. C., Post, G. B., Van, Mechelen W., Twisk, J., Lips, P., and Teule, G. J. Weight-bearing activity during youth is a more important factor for peak bone mass than calcium intake. J Bone Miner Res 1994;9:1089-1096. View abstract.
  233. Kampman, E., van, 't, V, Hiddink, G. J., van Aken-Schneijder, P., Kok, F. J., and Hermus, R. J. Fermented dairy products, dietary calcium and colon cancer: a case-control study in The Netherlands. Int J Cancer 10-15-1994;59:170-176. View abstract.
  234. Jones, C. L., Vieth, R., Spino, M., Ledermann, S., Kooh, S. W., Balfe, J., and Balfe, J. W. Comparisons between oral and intraperitoneal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 therapy in children treated with peritoneal dialysis. Clin Nephrol 1994;42:44-49. View abstract.
  235. Weaver, C. M., Martin, B. R., Plawecki, K. L., Peacock, M., Wood, O. B., Smith, D. L., and Wastney, M. E. Differences in calcium metabolism between adolescent and adult females. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:577-581. View abstract.
  236. Cross, N. A., Hillman, L. S., Allen, S. H., Krause, G. F., and Vieira, N. E. Calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism during pregnancy, lactation, and postweaning: a longitudinal study. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:514-523. View abstract.
  237. Cummings, S. R., Nevitt, M. C., Browner, W. S., Stone, K., Fox, K. M., Ensrud, K. E., Cauley, J., Black, D., and Vogt, T. M. Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N.Engl.J Med 3-23-1995;332:767-773. View abstract.
  238. Ito, M., Koyama, H., Ohshige, A., Maeda, T., Yoshimura, T., and Okamura, H. Prevention of preeclampsia with calcium supplementation and vitamin D3 in an antenatal protocol. Int.J Gynaecol Obstet 1994;47:115-120. View abstract.
  239. Welberg, J. W., Monkelbaan, J. F., De Vries, E. G., Muskiet, F. A., Cats, A., Oremus, E. T., Boersma-van, Ek W., van, Rijsbergen H., Van der Meer, R., Mulder, N. H., and . Effects of supplemental dietary calcium on quantitative and qualitative fecal fat excretion in man. Ann.Nutr.Metab 1994;38:185-191. View abstract.
  240. Luengo, M., Pons, F., Martinez de Osaba, M. J., and Picado, C. Prevention of further bone mass loss by nasal calcitonin in patients on long term glucocorticoid therapy for asthma: a two year follow up study. Thorax 1994;49:1099-1102. View abstract.
  241. Rudnicki, M., Hyldstrup, L., Petersen, L. J., Hojsted, J., and Transbol, I. Effect of oral calcium on noninvasive indices of bone formation and bone mass in hemodialysis patients: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Miner Electrolyte Metab 1994;20:130-134. View abstract.
  242. Chevalley, T., Rizzoli, R., Nydegger, V., Slosman, D., Rapin, C. H., Michel, J. P., Vasey, H., and Bonjour, J. P. Effects of calcium supplements on femoral bone mineral density and vertebral fracture rate in vitamin-D-replete elderly patients. Osteoporos.Int 1994;4:245-252. View abstract.
  243. Pflanz, S., Henderson, I. S., McElduff, N., and Jones, M. C. Calcium acetate versus calcium carbonate as phosphate-binding agents in chronic haemodialysis. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 1994;9:1121-1124. View abstract.
  244. Sanchez-Ramos, L., Adair, C. D., Kaunitz, A. M., Briones, D. K., Del Valle, G. O., and Delke, I. Calcium supplementation in mild preeclampsia remote from term: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol 1995;85:915-918. View abstract.
  245. Rico, H., Revilla, M., Hernandez, E. R., Villa, L. F., and Alvarez de, Buergo M. Total and regional bone mineral content and fracture rate in postmenopausal osteoporosis treated with salmon calcitonin: a prospective study. Calcif Tissue Int 1995;56:181-185. View abstract.
  246. Reginster, J. Y., Deroisy, R., Lecart, M. P., Sarlet, N., Zegels, B., Jupsin, I., de, Longueville M., and Franchimont, P. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding trial of intermittent nasal salmon calcitonin for prevention of postmenopausal lumbar spine bone loss. Am J Med. 1995;98:452-458. View abstract.
  247. Dawson-Hughes, B., Harris, S. S., Krall, E. A., Dallal, G. E., Falconer, G., and Green, C. L. Rates of bone loss in postmenopausal women randomly assigned to one of two dosages of vitamin D. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:1140-1145. View abstract.
  248. Abellan, Perez M., Bayina Garcia, F. J., Calabozo, M., Carpintero, Benitez P., Figueroa, Pedrosa M., Fernandez, Crisostomo C., Garcia, Lopez A., Garcia, Perez S., Mesa, Ramos M., Paulino, Tevar J., and . [Multicenter comparative study of synthetic salmon calcitonin administered nasally in the treatment of established postmenopausal osteoporosis]. An.Med.Interna 1995;12:12-16. View abstract.
  249. Dickersin, K., Scherer, R., and Lefebvre, C. Identifying relevant studies for systematic reviews. BMJ 11-12-1994;309:1286-1291. View abstract.
  250. Reuben, D. B., Borok, G. M., Wolde-Tsadik, G., Ershoff, D. H., Fishman, L. K., Ambrosini, V. L., Liu, Y., Rubenstein, L. Z., and Beck, J. C. A randomized trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment in the care of hospitalized patients. N.Engl.J Med. 5-18-1995;332:1345-1350. View abstract.
  251. Tinetti, M. E., Inouye, S. K., Gill, T. M., and Doucette, J. T. Shared risk factors for falls, incontinence, and functional dependence. Unifying the approach to geriatric syndromes. JAMA 5-3-1995;273:1348-1353. View abstract.
  252. Ooms, M. E., Roos, J. C., Bezemer, P. D., van der Vijgh, W. J., Bouter, L. M., and Lips, P. Prevention of bone loss by vitamin D supplementation in elderly women: a randomized double-blind trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1995;80:1052-1058. View abstract.
  253. Reid, I. R., Ames, R. W., Evans, M. C., Gamble, G. D., and Sharpe, S. J. Long-term effects of calcium supplementation on bone loss and fractures in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Med. 1995;98:331-335. View abstract.
  254. Rizzoli, R., Chevalley, T., Slosman, D. O., and Bonjour, J. P. Sodium monofluorophosphate increases vertebral bone mineral density in patients with corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int 1995;5:39-46. View abstract.
  255. Ruegsegger, P., Keller, A., and Dambacher, M. A. Comparison of the treatment effects of ossein-hydroxyapatite compound and calcium carbonate in osteoporotic females. Osteoporos.Int 1995;5:30-34. View abstract.
  256. Klein, C. J., Moser-Veillon, P. B., Douglass, L. W., Ruben, K. A., and Trocki, O. A longitudinal study of urinary calcium, magnesium, and zinc excretion in lactating and nonlactating postpartum women. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:779-786. View abstract.
  257. Sambrook, P., Birmingham, J., Kelly, P., Kempler, S., Nguyen, T., Pocock, N., and Eisman, J. Prevention of corticosteroid osteoporosis. A comparison of calcium, calcitriol, and calcitonin. N.Engl.J Med. 6-17-1993;328:1747-1752. View abstract.
  258. Reginster, J. Y., Jupsin, I., Deroisy, R., Biquet, I., Franchimont, N., and Franchimont, P. Prevention of postmenopausal bone loss by rectal calcitonin. Calcif Tissue Int 1995;56:539-542. View abstract.
  259. Gillman, M. W., Hood, M. Y., Moore, L. L., Nguyen, U. S., Singer, M. R., and Andon, M. B. Effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure in children. J Pediatr. 1995;127:186-192. View abstract.
  260. Lee, W. T., Leung, S. S., Wang, S. H., Xu, Y. C., Zeng, W. P., Lau, J., Oppenheimer, S. J., and Cheng, J. C. Double-blind, controlled calcium supplementation and bone mineral accretion in children accustomed to a low-calcium diet. Am J Clin Nutr 1994;60:744-750. View abstract.
  261. Prentice, A., Jarjou, L. M., Cole, T. J., Stirling, D. M., Dibba, B., and Fairweather-Tait, S. Calcium requirements of lactating Gambian mothers: effects of a calcium supplement on breast-milk calcium concentration, maternal bone mineral content, and urinary calcium excretion. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62:58-67. View abstract.
  262. Cappuccio, F. P., Elliott, P., Allender, P. S., Pryer, J., Follman, D. A., and Cutler, J. A. Epidemiologic association between dietary calcium intake and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of published data. Am J Epidemiol. 11-1-1995;142:935-945. View abstract.
  263. Devine, A., Criddle, R. A., Dick, I. M., Kerr, D. A., and Prince, R. L. A longitudinal study of the effect of sodium and calcium intakes on regional bone density in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62:740-745. View abstract.
  264. Lee, W. T., Leung, S. S., Leung, D. M., Tsang, H. S., Lau, J., and Cheng, J. C. A randomized double-blind controlled calcium supplementation trial, and bone and height acquisition in children. Br.J Nutr 1995;74:125-139. View abstract.
  265. Meyer, H. E., Henriksen, C., Falch, J. A., Pedersen, J. I., and Tverdal, A. Risk factors for hip fracture in a high incidence area: a case-control study from Oslo, Norway. Osteoporos.Int 1995;5:239-246. View abstract.
  266. Couzy, F., Kastenmayer, P., Vigo, M., Clough, J., Munoz-Box, R., and Barclay, D. V. Calcium bioavailability from a calcium- and sulfate-rich mineral water, compared with milk, in young adult women. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62:1239-1244. View abstract.
  267. Fairweather-Tait, S., Prentice, A., Heumann, K. G., Jarjou, L. M., Stirling, D. M., Wharf, S. G., and Turnlund, J. R. Effect of calcium supplements and stage of lactation on the calcium absorption efficiency of lactating women accustomed to low calcium intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62:1188-1192. View abstract.
  268. Sacks, F. M., Brown, L. E., Appel, L., Borhani, N. O., Evans, D., and Whelton, P. Combinations of potassium, calcium, and magnesium supplements in hypertension. Hypertension. 1995;26(6 Pt 1):950-956. View abstract.
  269. Prince, R., Devine, A., Dick, I., Criddle, A., Kerr, D., Kent, N., Price, R., and Randell, A. The effects of calcium supplementation (milk powder or tablets) and exercise on bone density in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1995;10:1068-1075. View abstract.
  270. Welten, D. C., Kemper, H. C., Post, G. B., and van Staveren, W. A. A meta-analysis of the effect of calcium intake on bone mass in young and middle aged females and males. J Nutr 1995;125:2802-2813. View abstract.
  271. Lund, B., Badskjaer, J., Lund, B., and Soerensen, O. H. Vitamin D and ischaemic heart disease. Horm.Metab Res 1978;10:553-556. View abstract.
  272. Heaney, R. P., Recker, R. R., and Saville, P. D. Menopausal changes in calcium balance performance. J Lab Clin Med. 1978;92:953-963. View abstract.
  273. Nordin, B. E., Horsman, A., Crilly, R. G., Marshall, D. H., and Simpson, M. Treatment of spinal osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Br.Med J 2-16-1980;280:451-454. View abstract.
  274. Smith, E. L., Jr., Reddan, W., and Smith, P. E. Physical activity and calcium modalities for bone mineral increase in aged women. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 1981;13:60-64. View abstract.
  275. Kaplan, P. E., Gandhavadi, B., Richards, L., and Goldschmidt, J. Calcium balance in paraplegic patients: influence of injury duration and ambulation. Arch Phys.Med.Rehabil. 1978;59:447-450. View abstract.
  276. Jensen, G. F., Christiansen, C., and Transbol, I. Treatment of post menopausal osteoporosis. A controlled therapeutic trial comparing oestrogen/gestagen, 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 and calcium. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1982;16:515-524. View abstract.
  277. Black-Sandler, R., LaPorte, R. E., Sashin, D., Kuller, L. H., Sternglass, E., Cauley, J. A., and Link, M. M. Determinants of bone mass in menopause. Prev.Med. 1982;11:269-280. View abstract.
  278. Belizan, J. M., Villar, J., Zalazar, A., Rojas, L., Chan, D., and Bryce, G. F. Preliminary evidence of the effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure in normal pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 5-15-1983;146:175-180. View abstract.
  279. Stueven, H., Thompson, B. M., Aprahamian, C., and Darin, J. C. Use of calcium in prehospital cardiac arrest. Ann.Emerg.Med 1983;12:136-139. View abstract.
  280. Christiansen, C., Christensen, M. S., Rodbro, P., Hagen, C., and Transbol, I. Effect of 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 in itself or combined with hormone treatment in preventing postmenopausal osteoporosis. Eur.J Clin Invest 1981;11:305-309. View abstract.
  281. Claus-Walker, J. and Halstead, L. S. Increased urine calcium during hyperalimentation in quadriplegia: report of 2 cases. Arch Phys.Med.Rehabil. 1981;62:347-349. View abstract.
  282. Harrison, E. E. and Amey, B. D. The use of calcium in cardiac resuscitation. Am.J Emerg.Med 1983;1:267-273. View abstract.
  283. Aloia, J. F., Vaswani, A. N., Yeh, J. K., Ross, P., Ellis, K., and Cohn, S. H. Determinants of bone mass in postmenopausal women. Arch Intern.Med. 1983;143:1700-1704. View abstract.
  284. Snowdon, D. A., Phillips, R. L., and Fraser, G. E. Meat consumption and fatal ischemic heart disease. Prev.Med. 1984;13:490-500. View abstract.
  285. Johnell, O. and Nilsson, B. E. Life-style and bone mineral mass in perimenopausal women. Calcif Tissue Int 1984;36:354-356. View abstract.
  286. Nilas, L., Christiansen, C., and Rodbro, P. Calcium supplementation and postmenopausal bone loss. Br.Med J (Clin Res Ed) 10-27-1984;289:1103-1106. View abstract.
  287. Caniggia, A., Delling, G., Nuti, R., Lore, F., and Vattimo, A. Clinical, biochemical and histological results of a double-blind trial with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, estradiol and placebo in post-menopausal osteoporosis. Acta Vitaminol.Enzymol. 1984;6:117-128. View abstract.
  288. Stueven, H. A., Thompson, B. M., Aprahamian, C., and Tonsfeldt, D. J. Calcium chloride: reassessment of use in asystole. Ann.Emerg.Med 1984;13(9 Pt 2):820-822. View abstract.
  289. Rauber, A. Black widow spider bites. J Toxicol.Clin Toxicol. 1983;21(4-5):473-485. View abstract.
  290. Neubauer, E., Neubauer, N., Ritz, E., Dreikorn, K., and Krause, K. H. Bone mineral content after renal transplantation. Placebo-controlled prospective study with 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3. Klin.Wochenschr. 1-16-1984;62:93-96. View abstract.
  291. Eke, F. U. and Winterborn, M. H. Effect of low dose 1 alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol on glomerular filtration rate in moderate renal failure. Arch Dis.Child 1983;58:810-813. View abstract.
  292. Inkovaara, J., Gothoni, G., Halttula, R., Heikinheimo, R., and Tokola, O. Calcium, vitamin D and anabolic steroid in treatment of aged bones: double-blind placebo-controlled long-term clinical trial. Age Ageing 1983;12:124-130. View abstract.
  293. Belizan, J. M., Villar, J., Pineda, O., Gonzalez, A. E., Sainz, E., Garrera, G., and Sibrian, R. Reduction of blood pressure with calcium supplementation in young adults. JAMA 3-4-1983;249:1161-1165. View abstract.
  294. Dykman, T. R., Haralson, K. M., Gluck, O. S., Murphy, W. A., Teitelbaum, S. L., Hahn, T. J., and Hahn, B. H. Effect of oral 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and calcium on glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia in patients with rheumatic diseases. Arthritis Rheum 1984;27:1336-1343. View abstract.
  295. Riggs, B. L., Seeman, E., Hodgson, S. F., Taves, D. R., and O'Fallon, W. M. Effect of the fluoride/calcium regimen on vertebral fracture occurrence in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Comparison with conventional therapy. N.Engl.J Med 2-25-1982;306:446-450. View abstract.
  296. Christiansen, C., Christensen, M. S., McNair, P., Hagen, C., Stocklund, K. E., and Transbol, I. Prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss: controlled 2-year study in 315 normal females. Eur.J Clin Invest 1980;10:273-279. View abstract.
  297. Garn, S. M., Rohmann, C. G., and Wagner, B. Bone loss as a general phenomenon in man. Fed.Proc. 1967;26:1729-1736. View abstract.
  298. Bhattacharyya, A. K., Thera, C., Anderson, J. T., Grande, F., and Keys, A. Dietary calcium and fat. Effect on serum lipids and fecal excretion of cholesterol and its degradation products in man. Am.J Clin.Nutr. 1969;22:1161-1174. View abstract.
  299. Hurxthal, L. M. and Vose, G. P. The relationship of dietary calcium intake to radiographic bone density in normal and osteoporotic persons. Calcif Tissue Res 1969;4:245-256. View abstract.
  300. Wootton, R., Brereton, P. J., Clark, M. B., Hesp, R., Hodkinson, H. M., Klenerman, L., Reeve, J., Slavin, G., and Tellez-Yudilevich, M. Fractured neck of femur in the elderly: an attempt to identify patients at risk. Clin Sci (Lond) 1979;57:93-101. View abstract.
  301. Exton-Smith, A. N., Hodkinson, H. M., and Stanton, B. R. Nutrition and metabolic bone disease in old age. Lancet 11-5-1966;2:999-1001. View abstract.
  302. Evers, S. E., Orchard, J. W., and Haddad, R. G. Bone density in postmenopausal North American Indian and Caucasian females. Hum.Biol. 1985;57:719-726. View abstract.
  303. Burnett, J. W., Calton, G. J., and Morgan, R. J. Latrodectism: black widow spider bites. Cutis 1985;36:121. View abstract.
  304. Fassler, C. A., Rodriguez, R. M., Badesch, D. B., Stone, W. J., and Marini, J. J. Magnesium toxicity as a cause of hypotension and hypoventilation. Occurrence in patients with normal renal function. Arch Intern.Med 1985;145:1604-1606. View abstract.
  305. Stueven, H. A., Thompson, B., Aprahamian, C., Tonsfeldt, D. J., and Kastenson, E. H. The effectiveness of calcium chloride in refractory electromechanical dissociation. Ann.Emerg.Med 1985;14:626-629. View abstract.
  306. Johnson, N. E., Smith, E. L., and Freudenheim, J. L. Effects on blood pressure of calcium supplementation of women. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;42:12-17. View abstract.
  307. Corless, D., Dawson, E., Fraser, F., Ellis, M., Evans, S. J., Perry, J. D., Reisner, C., Silver, C. P., Beer, M., Boucher, B. J., and . Do vitamin D supplements improve the physical capabilities of elderly hospital patients? Age Ageing 1985;14:76-84. View abstract.
  308. Heilbrun, L. K., Hankin, J. H., Nomura, A. M., and Stemmermann, G. N. Colon cancer and dietary fat, phosphorus, and calcium in Hawaiian-Japanese men. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;43:306-309. View abstract.
  309. Mak, R. H., Turner, C., Thompson, T., Powell, H., Haycock, G. B., and Chantler, C. Suppression of secondary hyperparathyroidism in children with chronic renal failure by high dose phosphate binders: calcium carbonate versus aluminium hydroxide. Br.Med.J (Clin Res Ed) 9-7-1985;291:623-627. View abstract.
  310. McCarron, D. A. and Morris, C. D. Blood pressure response to oral calcium in persons with mild to moderate hypertension. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Ann.Intern.Med. 1985;103(6 ( Pt 1)):825-831. View abstract.
  311. Stueven, H. A., Thompson, B., Aprahamian, C., Tonsfeldt, D. J., and Kastenson, E. H. Lack of effectiveness of calcium chloride in refractory asystole. Ann.Emerg.Med 1985;14:630-632. View abstract.
  312. Jensen, G. F., Meinecke, B., Boesen, J., and Transbol, I. Does 1,25(OH)2D3 accelerate spinal bone loss? A controlled therapeutic trial in 70-year-old women. Clin Orthop.Relat Res 1985;:215-221. View abstract.
  313. Sowers, M., Wallace, R. B., and Lemke, J. H. Correlates of forearm bone mass among women during maximal bone mineralization. Prev.Med 1985;14:585-596. View abstract.
  314. Hodson, E. M., Evans, R. A., Dunstan, C. R., Hills, E., Wong, S. Y., Rosenberg, A. R., and Roy, L. P. Treatment of childhood renal osteodystrophy with calcitriol or ergocalciferol. Clin Nephrol 1985;24:192-200. View abstract.
  315. Yano, K., Heilbrun, L. K., Wasnich, R. D., Hankin, J. H., and Vogel, J. M. The relationship between diet and bone mineral content of multiple skeletal sites in elderly Japanese-American men and women living in Hawaii. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;42:877-888. View abstract.
  316. Sowers, M. R., Wallace, R. B., and Lemke, J. H. The association of intakes of vitamin D and calcium with blood pressure among women. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;42:135-142. View abstract.
  317. Sowers, M. R., Wallace, R. B., and Lemke, J. H. Correlates of mid-radius bone density among postmenopausal women: a community study. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;41:1045-1053. View abstract.
  318. Phillips, R. L. and Snowdon, D. A. Dietary relationships with fatal colorectal cancer among Seventh-Day Adventists. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 1985;74:307-317. View abstract.
  319. Sandler, R. B., Slemenda, C. W., LaPorte, R. E., Cauley, J. A., Schramm, M. M., Barresi, M. L., and Kriska, A. M. Postmenopausal bone density and milk consumption in childhood and adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;42:270-274. View abstract.
  320. Recker, R. R. and Heaney, R. P. The effect of milk supplements on calcium metabolism, bone metabolism and calcium balance. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;41:254-263. View abstract.
  321. Lyle, R. M., Melby, C. L., Hyner, G. C., Edmondson, J. W., Miller, J. Z., and Weinberger, M. H. Blood pressure and metabolic effects of calcium supplementation in normotensive white and black men. JAMA 4-3-1987;257:1772-1776. View abstract.
  322. Ettinger, B., Genant, H. K., and Cann, C. E. Postmenopausal bone loss is prevented by treatment with low-dosage estrogen with calcium. Ann.Intern.Med. 1987;106:40-45. View abstract.
  323. van Beresteyn, E. C., Schaafsma, G., and de, Waard H. Oral calcium and blood pressure: a controlled intervention trial. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;44:883-888. View abstract.
  324. Strazzullo, P., Siani, A., Gugliemi, S., Di, Carlo A., Galletti, F., Cirillo, M., and Mancini, M. Controlled trial of long-term oral calcium supplementation in essential hypertension. Hypertension 1986;8:1084-1088. View abstract.
  325. Cappuccio, F. P., Markandu, N. D., Beynon, G. W., Shore, A. C., and MacGregor, G. A. Effect of increasing calcium intake on urinary sodium excretion in normotensive subjects. Clin Sci.(Lond) 1986;71:453-456. View abstract.
  326. Dawson-Hughes, B., Jacques, P., and Shipp, C. Dietary calcium intake and bone loss from the spine in healthy postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1987;46:685-687. View abstract.
  327. Riggs, B. L., Wahner, H. W., Melton, L. J., III, Richelson, L. S., Judd, H. L., and O'Fallon, W. M. Dietary calcium intake and rates of bone loss in women. J Clin Invest 1987;80:979-982. View abstract.
  328. Marya, R. K., Rathee, S., and Manrow, M. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on toxaemia of pregnancy. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1987;24:38-42. View abstract.
  329. Wu, A. H., Paganini-Hill, A., Ross, R. K., and Henderson, B. E. Alcohol, physical activity and other risk factors for colorectal cancer: a prospective study. Br.J Cancer 1987;55:687-694. View abstract.
  330. Bloomfield, R. L., Young, L. D., Zurek, G., Felts, J. H., and Straw, M. K. Effects of oral calcium carbonate on blood pressure in subjects with mildly elevated arterial pressure. J Hypertens Suppl 1986;4:S351-S354. View abstract.
  331. Lamke, B., Sjoberg, H. E., and Sylven, M. Bone mineral content in women with Colles' fracture: effect of calcium supplementation. Acta Orthop.Scand. 1978;49:143-146. View abstract.
  332. Riis, B., Thomsen, K., and Christiansen, C. Does calcium supplementation prevent postmenopausal bone loss? A double-blind, controlled clinical study. N.Engl.J Med. 1-22-1987;316:173-177. View abstract.
  333. Luft, F. C., Aronoff, G. R., Sloan, R. S., Fineberg, N. S., and Weinberger, M. H. Short-term augmented calcium intake has no effect on sodium homeostasis. Clin Pharmacol.Ther 1986;39:414-419. View abstract.
  334. Orimo, H., Shiraki, M., Hayashi, T., and Nakamura, T. Reduced occurrence of vertebral crush fractures in senile osteoporosis treated with 1 alpha (OH)-vitamin D3. Bone Miner 1987;3:47-52. View abstract.
  335. Freudenheim, J. L., Johnson, N. E., and Smith, E. L. Relationships between usual nutrient intake and bone-mineral content of women 35-65 years of age: longitudinal and cross-sectional analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;44:863-876. View abstract.
  336. Lips, P., Wiersinga, A., van Ginkel, F. C., Jongen, M. J., Netelenbos, J. C., Hackeng, W. H., Delmas, P. D., and van der Vijgh, W. J. The effect of vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status and parathyroid function in elderly subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1988;67:644-650. View abstract.
  337. Bierenbaum, M. L., Wolf, E., Bisgeier, G., and Maginnis, W. P. Dietary calcium. A method of lowering blood pressure. Am J Hypertens 1988;1(3 Pt 3):149S-152S. View abstract.
  338. Slattery, M. L., Sorenson, A. W., and Ford, M. H. Dietary calcium intake as a mitigating factor in colon cancer. Am J Epidemiol. 1988;128:504-514. View abstract.
  339. Tylavsky, F. A. and Anderson, J. J. Dietary factors in bone health of elderly lactoovovegetarian and omnivorous women. Am J Clin Nutr 1988;48(3 Suppl):842-849. View abstract.
  340. Young, T. B. and Wolf, D. A. Case-control study of proximal and distal colon cancer and diet in Wisconsin. Int J Cancer 8-15-1988;42:167-175. View abstract.
  341. Geusens, P. and Dequeker, J. Long-term effect of nandrolone decanoate, 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 or intermittent calcium infusion therapy on bone mineral content, bone remodeling and fracture rate in symptomatic osteoporosis: a double-blind controlled study. Bone Miner 1986;1:347-357. View abstract.
  342. Thomsen, K., Riis, B., and Christiansen, C. Effect of estrogen/gestagen and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 therapy on bone formation in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1986;1:503-507. View abstract.
  343. Polley, K. J., Nordin, B. E., Baghurst, P. A., Walker, C. J., and Chatterton, B. E. Effect of calcium supplementation on forearm bone mineral content in postmenopausal women: a prospective, sequential controlled trial. J Nutr 1987;117:1929-1935. View abstract.
  344. Meese, R. B., Gonzales, D. G., Casparian, J. M., Ram, C. V., Pak, C. M., and Kaplan, N. M. The inconsistent effects of calcium supplements upon blood pressure in primary hypertension. Am J Med.Sci. 1987;294:219-224. View abstract.
  345. Thomsen, K., Nilas, L., and Christiansen, C. Dietary calcium intake and blood pressure in normotensive subjects. Acta Med.Scand. 1987;222:51-56. View abstract.
  346. Villar, J., Repke, J., Belizan, J. M., and Pareja, G. Calcium supplementation reduces blood pressure during pregnancy: results of a randomized controlled clinical trial. Obstet.Gynecol. 1987;70(3 Pt 1):317-322. View abstract.
  347. Cappuccio, F. P., Markandu, N. D., Singer, D. R., Smith, S. J., Shore, A. C., and MacGregor, G. A. Does oral calcium supplementation lower high blood pressure? A double blind study. J Hypertens 1987;5:67-71. View abstract.
  348. Siani, A., Strazzullo, P., Guglielmi, S., Pacioni, D., Giacco, A., Iacone, R., and Mancini, M. Controlled trial of low calcium versus high calcium intake in mild hypertension. J Hypertens 1988;6:253-256. View abstract.
  349. Aloia, J. F., Vaswani, A., Yeh, J. K., Ellis, K., Yasumura, S., and Cohn, S. H. Calcitriol in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Am J Med. 1988;84(3 Pt 1):401-408. View abstract.
  350. Stevenson, J. C., Whitehead, M. I., Padwick, M., Endacott, J. A., Sutton, C., Banks, L. M., Freemantle, C., Spinks, T. J., and Hesp, R. Dietary intake of calcium and postmenopausal bone loss. BMJ 7-2-1988;297:15-17. View abstract.
  351. Watson, A. R., Kooh, S. W., Tam, C. S., Reilly, B. J., Balfe, J. W., and Vieth, R. Renal osteodystrophy in children on CAPD: a prospective trial of 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol therapy. Child Nephrol Urol. 1988;9:220-227. View abstract.
  352. Rizzato, G., Tosi, G., Schiraldi, G., Montemurro, L., Zanni, D., and Sisti, S. Bone protection with salmon calcitonin (sCT) in the long-term steroid therapy of chronic sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis. 1988;5:99-103. View abstract.
  353. Kanders, B., Dempster, D. W., and Lindsay, R. Interaction of calcium nutrition and physical activity on bone mass in young women. J Bone Miner Res 1988;3:145-149. View abstract.
  354. Picard, D., Ste-Marie, L. G., Coutu, D., Carrier, L., Chartrand, R., Lepage, R., Fugere, P., and D'Amour, P. Premenopausal bone mineral content relates to height, weight and calcium intake during early adulthood. Bone Miner 1988;4:299-309. View abstract.
  355. Angus, R. M., Sambrook, P. N., Pocock, N. A., and Eisman, J. A. Dietary intake and bone mineral density. Bone Miner 1988;4:265-277. View abstract.
  356. Bijlsma, J. W., Raymakers, J. A., Mosch, C., Hoekstra, A., Derksen, R. H., Baart, de la Faille, and Duursma, S. A. Effect of oral calcium and vitamin D on glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia. Clin Exp.Rheumatol. 1988;6:113-119. View abstract.
  357. Cooper, C., Barker, D. J., and Wickham, C. Physical activity, muscle strength, and calcium intake in fracture of the proximal femur in Britain. BMJ 12-3-1988;297:1443-1446. View abstract.
  358. Lau, E., Donnan, S., Barker, D. J., and Cooper, C. Physical activity and calcium intake in fracture of the proximal femur in Hong Kong. BMJ 12-3-1988;297:1441-1443. View abstract.
  359. Nordin, B. E. and Polley, K. J. Metabolic consequences of the menopause. A cross-sectional, longitudinal, and intervention study on 557 normal postmenopausal women. Calcif Tissue Int 1987;41 Suppl 1:S1-59. View abstract.
  360. Hansson, T. and Roos, B. The effect of fluoride and calcium on spinal bone mineral content: a controlled, prospective (3 years) study. Calcif Tissue Int 1987;40:315-317. View abstract.
  361. Lukert, B. P., Carey, M., McCarty, B., Tiemann, S., Goodnight, L., Helm, M., Hassanein, R., Stevenson, C., Stoskopf, M., and Doolan, L. Influence of nutritional factors on calcium-regulating hormones and bone loss. Calcif Tissue Int 1987;40:119-125. View abstract.
  362. Riis, B. J., Thomsen, K., and Christiansen, C. Does 24R,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 prevent postmenopausal bone loss? Calcif Tissue Int 1986;39:128-132. View abstract.
  363. Zoccali, C., Mallamaci, F., Delfino, D., Ciccarelli, M., Parlongo, S., Iellamo, D., Moscato, D., and Maggiore, Q. Double-blind randomized, crossover trial of calcium supplementation in essential hypertension. J Hypertens 1988;6:451-455. View abstract.
  364. Macquart-Moulin, G., Riboli, E., Cornee, J., Kaaks, R., and Berthezene, P. Colorectal polyps and diet: a case-control study in Marseilles. Int J Cancer 8-15-1987;40:179-188. View abstract.
  365. Falch, J. A., Odegaard, O. R., Finnanger, A. M., and Matheson, I. Postmenopausal osteoporosis: no effect of three years treatment with 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol. Acta Med.Scand. 1987;221:199-204. View abstract.
  366. Kune, S., Kune, G. A., and Watson, L. F. Case-control study of dietary etiological factors: the Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study. Nutr Cancer 1987;9:21-42. View abstract.
  367. Margetts, B. M., Beilin, L. J., Vandongen, R., and Armstrong, B. K. Vegetarian diet in mild hypertension: a randomised controlled trial. Br.Med.J (Clin Res Ed) 12-6-1986;293:1468-1471. View abstract.
  368. Macquart-Moulin, G., Riboli, E., Cornee, J., Charnay, B., Berthezene, P., and Day, N. Case-control study on colorectal cancer and diet in Marseilles. Int J Cancer 8-15-1986;38:183-191. View abstract.
  369. Rouse, I. L., Beilin, L. J., Mahoney, D. P., Margetts, B. M., Armstrong, B. K., Record, S. J., Vandongen, R., and Barden, A. Nutrient intake, blood pressure, serum and urinary prostaglandins and serum thromboxane B2 in a controlled trial with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet. J Hypertens 1986;4:241-250. View abstract.
  370. Shiraki, M., Orimo, H., Ito, H., Akiguchi, I., Nakao, J., Takahashi, R., and Ishizuka, S. Long-term treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with active vitamin D3, 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol (1 alpha-OHD3) and 1, 24 Dihydroxycholecalciferol (1, 24(OH)2D3). Endocrinol Jpn. 1985;32:305-315. View abstract.
  371. Halioua, L. and Anderson, J. J. Lifetime calcium intake and physical activity habits: independent and combined effects on the radial bone of healthy premenopausal Caucasian women. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49:534-541. View abstract.
  372. Saito, K., Sano, H., Furuta, Y., and Fukuzaki, H. Effect of oral calcium on blood pressure response in salt-loaded borderline hypertensive patients. Hypertension 1989;13:219-226. View abstract.
  373. Ott, S. M. and Chesnut, C. H., III. Calcitriol treatment is not effective in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Ann.Intern.Med. 2-15-1989;110:267-274. View abstract.
  374. Holbrook, T. L., Barrett-Connor, E., and Wingard, D. L. Dietary calcium and risk of hip fracture: 14-year prospective population study. Lancet 11-5-1988;2:1046-1049. View abstract.
  375. Reid, I. R., King, A. R., Alexander, C. J., and Ibbertson, H. K. Prevention of steroid-induced osteoporosis with (3-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene)-1,1-bisphosphonate (APD). Lancet 1-23-1988;1:143-146. View abstract.
  376. Grobbee, D. E. and Hofman, A. Effect of calcium supplementation on diastolic blood pressure in young people with mild hypertension. Lancet 9-27-1986;2:703-707. View abstract.
  377. Heilbrun, L. K., Nomura, A., Hankin, J. H., and Stemmermann, G. N. Dietary vitamin D and calcium and risk of colorectal cancer. Lancet 4-20-1985;1:925. View abstract.
  378. Garland, C., Shekelle, R. B., Barrett-Connor, E., Criqui, M. H., Rossof, A. H., and Paul, O. Dietary vitamin D and calcium and risk of colorectal cancer: a 19-year prospective study in men. Lancet. 2-9-1985;1:307-309. View abstract.
  379. Graham, S., Marshall, J., Haughey, B., Mittelman, A., Swanson, M., Zielezny, M., Byers, T., Wilkinson, G., and West, D. Dietary epidemiology of cancer of the colon in western New York. Am J Epidemiol. 1988;128:490-503. View abstract.
  380. Tuyns, A. J., Haelterman, M., and Kaaks, R. Colorectal cancer and the intake of nutrients: oligosaccharides are a risk factor, fats are not. A case-control study in Belgium. Nutr Cancer 1987;10:181-196. View abstract.
  381. Michel, B. A., Bloch, D. A., and Fries, J. F. Weight-bearing exercise, overexercise, and lumbar bone density over age 50 years. Arch Intern.Med. 1989;149:2325-2329. View abstract.
  382. Smith, E. L., Gilligan, C., Smith, P. E., and Sempos, C. T. Calcium supplementation and bone loss in middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;50:833-842. View abstract.
  383. Di, Munno O., Beghe, F., Favini, P., Di, Giuseppe P., Pontrandolfo, A., Occhipinti, G., and Pasero, G. Prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia: effect of oral 25-hydroxyvitamin D and calcium. Clin Rheumatol. 1989;8:202-207. View abstract.
  384. Hakala, P. and Karvetti, R. L. Weight reduction on lactovegetarian and mixed diets. Changes in weight, nutrient intake, skinfold thicknesses and blood pressure. Eur.J Clin.Nutr. 1989;43:421-430. View abstract.
  385. Gallagher, J. C., Riggs, B. L., Recker, R. R., and Goldgar, D. The effect of calcitriol on patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis with special reference to fracture frequency. Proc.Soc Exp.Biol.Med. 1989;191:287-292. View abstract.
  386. Nowson, C. and Morgan, T. Effect of calcium carbonate on blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive people. Hypertension 1989;13(6 Pt 1):630-639. View abstract.
  387. Lee, H. P., Gourley, L., Duffy, S. W., Esteve, J., Lee, J., and Day, N. E. Colorectal cancer and diet in an Asian population--a case-control study among Singapore Chinese. Int J Cancer 6-15-1989;43:1007-1016. View abstract.
  388. Orwoll, E. S., McClung, M. R., Oviatt, S. K., Recker, R. R., and Weigel, R. M. Histomorphometric effects of calcium or calcium plus 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 therapy in senile osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res 1989;4:81-88. View abstract.
  389. Cappuccio, F. P., Siani, A., and Strazzullo, P. Oral calcium supplementation and blood pressure: an overview of randomized controlled trials. J Hypertens 1989;7:941-946. View abstract.
  390. Overgaard, K., Riis, B. J., Christiansen, C., Podenphant, J., and Johansen, J. S. Nasal calcitonin for treatment of established osteoporosis. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1989;30:435-442. View abstract.
  391. Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Narvaez, M., Weigel, R. M., and Yepez, R. Calcium supplementation reduces the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension in an Andes population. Br J Obstet.Gynaecol. 1989;96:648-655. View abstract.
  392. Binder, L. S. Acute arthropod envenomation. Incidence, clinical features and management. Med.Toxicol.Adverse Drug Exp. 1989;4:163-173. View abstract.
  393. Repke, J. T., Villar, J., Anderson, C., Pareja, G., Dubin, N., and Belizan, J. M. Biochemical changes associated with blood pressure reduction induced by calcium supplementation during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;160:684-690. View abstract.
  394. Wickham, C. A., Walsh, K., Cooper, C., Barker, D. J., Margetts, B. M., Morris, J., and Bruce, S. A. Dietary calcium, physical activity, and risk of hip fracture: a prospective study. BMJ 10-7-1989;299:889-892. View abstract.
  395. Tylavsky, F. A., Bortz, A. D., Hancock, R. L., and Anderson, J. J. Familial resemblance of radial bone mass between premenopausal mothers and their college-age daughters. Calcif Tissue Int 1989;45:265-272. View abstract.
  396. Overgaard, K., Riis, B. J., Christiansen, C., and Hansen, M. A. Effect of salcatonin given intranasally on early postmenopausal bone loss. BMJ 8-19-1989;299:477-479. View abstract.
  397. Stevenson, J. C., Lees, B., Devenport, M., Cust, M. P., and Ganger, K. F. Determinants of bone density in normal women: risk factors for future osteoporosis? BMJ 4-8-1989;298:924-928. View abstract.
  398. Olivan, Martinez J., Perez, Cano R., Miranda Garcia, M. J., Montoya Garcia, M. J., Moruno, Garcia R., Cuenca, Lopez L., and Garrido, Peralta M. [Effect of an oral calcium supplement in the treatment of slight-to- moderate essential arterial hypertension]. An.Med.Interna 1989;6:192-196. View abstract.
  399. Honkanen, R., Alhava, E., Parviainen, M., Talasniemi, S., and Monkkonen, R. The necessity and safety of calcium and vitamin D in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc 1990;38:862-866. View abstract.
  400. Negri, E., La, Vecchia C., D'Avanzo, B., and Franceschi, S. Calcium, dairy products, and colorectal cancer. Nutr Cancer 1990;13:255-262. View abstract.
  401. Whittemore, A. S., Wu-Williams, A. H., Lee, M., Zheng, S., Gallagher, R. P., Jiao, D. A., Zhou, L., Wang, X. H., Chen, K., Jung, D., and . Diet, physical activity, and colorectal cancer among Chinese in North America and China. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 6-6-1990;82:915-926. View abstract.
  402. Ursin, G., Bjelke, E., Heuch, I., and Vollset, S. E. Milk consumption and cancer incidence: a Norwegian prospective study. Br.J Cancer 1990;61:454-459. View abstract.
  403. Stemmermann, G. N., Nomura, A., and Chyou, P. H. The influence of dairy and nondairy calcium on subsite large-bowel cancer risk. Dis.Colon Rectum 1990;33:190-194. View abstract.
  404. McCulloch, R. G., Bailey, D. A., Houston, C. S., and Dodd, B. L. Effects of physical activity, dietary calcium intake and selected lifestyle factors on bone density in young women. CMAJ. 2-1-1990;142:221-227. View abstract.
  405. Benito, E., Obrador, A., Stiggelbout, A., Bosch, F. X., Mulet, M., Munoz, N., and Kaldor, J. A population-based case-control study of colorectal cancer in Majorca. I. Dietary factors. Int J Cancer 1-15-1990;45:69-76. View abstract.
  406. Baran, D., Sorensen, A., Grimes, J., Lew, R., Karellas, A., Johnson, B., and Roche, J. Dietary modification with dairy products for preventing vertebral bone loss in premenopausal women: a three-year prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1990;70:264-270. View abstract.
  407. Scragg, R., Jackson, R., Holdaway, I. M., Lim, T., and Beaglehole, R. Myocardial infarction is inversely associated with plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels: a community-based study. Int J Epidemiol. 1990;19:559-563. View abstract.
  408. Van Beresteijn, E. C., van, Schaik M., and Schaafsma, G. Milk: does it affect blood pressure? A controlled intervention study. J Intern.Med. 1990;228:477-482. View abstract.
  409. Lutz, J. and Tesar, R. Mother-daughter pairs: spinal and femoral bone densities and dietary intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;52:872-877. View abstract.
  410. Gallagher, J. C. and Goldgar, D. Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with high doses of synthetic calcitriol. A randomized controlled study. Ann.Intern.Med. 11-1-1990;113:649-655. View abstract.
  411. Villar, J. and Repke, J. T. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy may reduce preterm delivery in high-risk populations. Am J Obstet.Gynecol. 1990;163(4 Pt 1):1124-1131. View abstract.
  412. Dawson-Hughes, B., Dallal, G. E., Krall, E. A., Sadowski, L., Sahyoun, N., and Tannenbaum, S. A controlled trial of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in postmenopausal women. N.Engl.J Med. 9-27-1990;323:878-883. View abstract.
  413. Luengo, M., Picado, C., Del, Rio L., Guanabens, N., Montserrat, J. M., and Setoain, J. Treatment of steroid-induced osteopenia with calcitonin in corticosteroid-dependent asthma. A one-year follow-up study. Am Rev.Respir.Dis. 1990;142:104-107. View abstract.
  414. Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., Colditz, G. A., Rosner, B. A., and Speizer, F. E. Relation of meat, fat, and fiber intake to the risk of colon cancer in a prospective study among women. N.Engl.J Med. 12-13-1990;323:1664-1672. View abstract.
  415. Orwoll, E. S. and Oviatt, S. Relationship of mineral metabolism and long-term calcium and cholecalciferol supplementation to blood pressure in normotensive men. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;52:717-721. View abstract.
  416. Belluzzo, M., Monti, F., and Pizzolato, G. A case of hypocalcemia-related epilepsia partialis continua. Seizure. 5-26-2011; View abstract.
  417. Freudenheim, J. L., Graham, S., Marshall, J. R., Haughey, B. P., and Wilkinson, G. A case-control study of diet and rectal cancer in western New York. Am J Epidemiol. 1990;131:612-624. View abstract.
  418. Orwoll, E. S., Oviatt, S. K., McClung, M. R., Deftos, L. J., and Sexton, G. The rate of bone mineral loss in normal men and the effects of calcium and cholecalciferol supplementation. Ann.Intern.Med. 1-1-1990;112:29-34. View abstract.
  419. Cumming, R. G. Calcium intake and bone mass: a quantitative review of the evidence. Calcif Tissue Int 1990;47:194-201. View abstract.
  420. Cutler, J. A. and Brittain, E. Calcium and blood pressure. An epidemiologic perspective. Am J Hypertens 1990;3(8 Pt 2):137S-146S. View abstract.
  421. Ross, A. C., Manson, J. E., Abrams, S. A., Aloia, J. F., Brannon, P. M., Clinton, S. K., Durazo-Arvizu, R. A., Gallagher, J. C., Gallo, R. L., Jones, G., Kovacs, C. S., Mayne, S. T., Rosen, C. J., and Shapses, S. A. The 2011 Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D: what dietetics practitioners need to know. J Am Diet Assoc. 2011;111:524-527. View abstract.
  422. Rubenstein, L. Z., Robbins, A. S., Josephson, K. R., Schulman, B. L., and Osterweil, D. The value of assessing falls in an elderly population. A randomized clinical trial. Ann.Intern.Med. 8-15-1990;113:308-316. View abstract.
  423. Astrup, A. Calcium reduces risk of pre-eclampsia. Lancet 12-11-2010;376:1986-1987. View abstract.
  424. Einstein, A. J., Johnson, L. L., Bokhari, S., Son, J., Thompson, R. C., Bateman, T. M., Hayes, S. W., and Berman, D. S. Agreement of visual estimation of coronary artery calcium from low-dose CT attenuation correction scans in hybrid PET/CT and SPECT/CT with standard Agatston score. J Am Coll.Cardiol. 11-30-2010;56:1914-1921. View abstract.
  425. Schmermund, A., Elsasser, A., Behl, M., Magedanz, A., Schmidt, M., Nowak, B., and Voigtlander, T. Comparison of prognostic usefulness (three years) of computed tomographic angiography versus 64-slice computed tomographic calcium scanner in subjects without significant coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol. 12-1-2010;106:1574-1579. View abstract.
  426. Milman, S. and Epstein, E. J. Proton pump inhibitor-induced hypocalcemic seizure in a patient with hypoparathyroidism. Endocr.Pract. 2011;17:104-107. View abstract.
  427. Salama, M. M. and El-Sakka, A. S. Hypocalcemic seizures in breastfed infants with rickets secondary to severe maternal vitamin D deficiency. Pak.J Biol.Sci. 5-1-2010;13:437-442. View abstract.
  428. Thacher, T. D. and Abrams, S. A. Relationship of calcium absorption with 25(OH)D and calcium intake in children with rickets. Nutr Rev. 2010;68:682-688. View abstract.
  429. Neumar, R. W., Otto, C. W., Link, M. S., Kronick, S. L., Shuster, M., Callaway, C. W., Kudenchuk, P. J., Ornato, J. P., McNally, B., Silvers, S. M., Passman, R. S., White, R. D., Hess, E. P., Tang, W., Davis, D., Sinz, E., and Morrison, L. J. Part 8: adult advanced cardiovascular life support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation 11-2-2010;122(18 Suppl 3):S729-S767. View abstract.
  430. Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Dawson-Hughes, B., Baron, J. A., Kanis, J. A., Orav, E. J., Staehelin, H. B., Kiel, D. P., Burckhardt, P., Henschkowski, J., Spiegelman, D., Li, R., Wong, J. B., Feskanich, D., and Willett, W. C. Milk intake and risk of hip fracture in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. J Bone Miner Res 2011;26:833-839. View abstract.
  431. Neelamegam, P., Jamaludeen, A. S., Ragendran, A., and Murugrananthan, K. Microcontroller-based system for estimate of calcium in serum samples. Biomed.Instrum.Technol. 2010;44:433-439. View abstract.
  432. Stockton, K. A., Mengersen, K., Paratz, J. D., Kandiah, D., and Bennell, K. L. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Osteoporos.Int 2011;22:859-871. View abstract.
  433. Arthur, R. S., Piraino, B., Candib, D., Cooperstein, L., Chen, T., West, C., and Puschett, J. Effect of low-dose calcitriol and calcium therapy on bone histomorphometry and urinary calcium excretion in osteopenic women. Miner Electrolyte Metab 1990;16:385-390. View abstract.
  434. Noordzij, M., Cranenburg, E. M., Engelsman, L. F., Hermans, M. M., Boeschoten, E. W., Brandenburg, V. M., Bos, W. J., Kooman, J. P., Dekker, F. W., Ketteler, M., Schurgers, L. J., Krediet, R. T., and Korevaar, J. C. Progression of aortic calcification is associated with disorders of mineral metabolism and mortality in chronic dialysis patients. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 2011;26:1662-1669. View abstract.
  435. Graff, A. T., Miller, F. R., Roehm, C. E., and Prihoda, T. J. Predicting hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy: parathyroid hormone level vs. serial calcium levels. Ear Nose Throat J 2010;89:462-465. View abstract.
  436. Heiss, G., Hsia, J., Pettinger, M., Howard, B. V., and Anderson, G. Calcium and heart attacks. No evidence for increased risk. BMJ 2010;341:c4995. View abstract.
  437. Bohning, W., Ringe, J. D., Welzel, D., and Bode, V. [Intranasal salmon calcitonin for the prophylaxis of bone mineral loss in steroid-treated chronic obstructive lung diseases ]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1990;40:1000-1003. View abstract.
  438. Sanabria, A., Dominguez, L. C., Vega, V., Osorio, C., and Duarte, D. Routine postoperative administration of vitamin D and calcium after total thyroidectomy: a meta-analysis. Int J Surg. 2011;9:46-51. View abstract.
  439. Cao, J. J. and Nielsen, F. H. Acid diet (high-meat protein) effects on calcium metabolism and bone health. Curr Opin.Clin Nutr Metab Care 2010;13:698-702. View abstract.
  440. Hofmeyr, G. J., Lawrie, T. A., Atallah, A. N., and Duley, L. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2010;:CD001059. View abstract.
  441. Carroll, C., Cooper, K., Papaioannou, D., Hind, D., Pilgrim, H., and Tappenden, P. Supplemental calcium in the chemoprevention of colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Ther 2010;32:789-803. View abstract.
  442. Chung, M., Balk, E. M., Brendel, M., Ip, S., Lau, J., Lee, J., Lichtenstein, A., Patel, K., Raman, G., Tatsioni, A., Terasawa, T., and Trikalinos, T. A. Vitamin D and calcium: a systematic review of health outcomes. Evid.Rep Technol.Assess.(Full.Rep) 2009;:1-420. View abstract.
  443. Toriola, A. T., Surcel, H. M., Calypse, A., Grankvist, K., Luostarinen, T., Lukanova, A., Pukkala, E., and Lehtinen, M. Independent and joint effects of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and calcium on ovarian cancer risk: a prospective nested case-control study. Eur.J Cancer 2010;46:2799-2805. View abstract.
  444. Noda, K., Sato, Y., Miura, T., Katayama, K., and Kojima, R. Development of novel measurement assay for calcium in serum by the chlorophosphonazo-III vanadate method. Ann.Clin Biochem. 2010;47(Pt 5):440-446. View abstract.
  445. Kalyani, R. R., Stein, B., Valiyil, R., Manno, R., Maynard, J. W., and Crews, D. C. Vitamin D treatment for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc 2010;58:1299-1310. View abstract.
  446. Thamsborg, G., Storm, T. L., Sykulski, R., Brinch, E., Nielsen, H. K., and Sorensen, O. H. Effect of different doses of nasal salmon calcitonin on bone mass. Calcif Tissue Int 1991;48:302-307. View abstract.
  447. Tanji, J. L., Lew, E. Y., Wong, G. Y., Treguboff, C., Ward, J. A., and Amsterdam, E. A. Dietary calcium supplementation as a treatment for mild hypertension. J Am Board Fam.Pract. 1991;4:145-150. View abstract.
  448. Gotch, F. A., Kotanko, P., Thijssen, S., and Levin, N. W. The KDIGO guideline for dialysate calcium will result in an increased incidence of calcium accumulation in hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int 2010;78:343-350. View abstract.
  449. Dalemo, S., Hjerpe, P., Ohlsson, H., Eggertsen, R., Merlo, J., and Bostrom, K. B. Variation in plasma calcium analysis in primary care in Sweden--a multilevel analysis. BMC.Fam.Pract. 2010;11:43. View abstract.
  450. Slev, P. R., Bunker, A. M., Owen, W. E., and Roberts, W. L. Pediatric reference intervals for random urine calcium, phosphorus and total protein. Pediatr.Nephrol 2010;25:1707-1710. View abstract.
  451. Gupta, R., Sharma, U., Gupta, N., Kalaivani, M., Singh, U., Guleria, R., Jagannathan, N. R., and Goswami, R. Effect of cholecalciferol and calcium supplementation on muscle strength and energy metabolism in vitamin D-deficient Asian Indians: a randomized, controlled trial. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2010;73:445-451. View abstract.
  452. Querques, M. and Manunta, P. Hypertension in hemodialysis patients. Minerva Urol.Nefrol. 2010;62:41-50. View abstract.
  453. Zhang, Q., Li, M., Lu, Y., Li, H., Gu, Y., Hao, C., and Chen, J. Meta-analysis comparing sevelamer and calcium-based phosphate binders on cardiovascular calcification in hemodialysis patients. Nephron Clin Pract. 2010;115:c259-c267. View abstract.
  454. Emamghorashi, F., Davami, M. H., and Rohi, R. Hypercalciuria in Jahrom's school-age children: what is normal calcium-creatinine ratio? Iran J Kidney Dis. 2010;4:112-115. View abstract.
  455. White, H. D., Joshi, A. A., Ahmad, A. M., Durham, B. H., Vora, J. P., and Fraser, W. D. Correlation of serum-adjusted calcium with ionized calcium over a 24-h period in patients with adult growth hormone deficiency before and after growth hormone replacement. Ann.Clin Biochem. 2010;47(Pt 3):212-216. View abstract.
  456. Janssen, H. C., Samson, M. M., and Verhaar, H. J. Muscle strength and mobility in vitamin D-insufficient female geriatric patients: a randomized controlled trial on vitamin D and calcium supplementation. Aging Clin Exp.Res 2010;22:78-84. View abstract.
  457. Bergman, G. J., Fan, T., McFetridge, J. T., and Sen, S. S. Efficacy of vitamin D3 supplementation in preventing fractures in elderly women: a meta-analysis. Curr Med.Res Opin. 2010;26:1193-1201. View abstract.
  458. Emmett, M., Sirmon, M. D., Kirkpatrick, W. G., Nolan, C. R., Schmitt, G. W., and Cleveland, M. B. Calcium acetate control of serum phosphorus in hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis. 1991;17:544-550. View abstract.
  459. Barnard, K. and Colon-Emeric, C. Extraskeletal effects of vitamin D in older adults: cardiovascular disease, mortality, mood, and cognition. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2010;8:4-33. View abstract.
  460. McDonnell, N. J., Muchatuta, N. A., and Paech, M. J. Acute magnesium toxicity in an obstetric patient undergoing general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2010;19:226-231. View abstract.
  461. Shaper, A. G., Wannamethee, G., and Walker, M. Milk, butter, and heart disease. BMJ 3-30-1991;302:785-786. View abstract.
  462. Paganini-Hill, A., Chao, A., Ross, R. K., and Henderson, B. E. Exercise and other factors in the prevention of hip fracture: the Leisure World study. Epidemiology 1991;2:16-25. View abstract.
  463. Nelson, M. E., Fisher, E. C., Dilmanian, F. A., Dallal, G. E., and Evans, W. J. A 1-y walking program and increased dietary calcium in postmenopausal women: effects on bone. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:1304-1311. View abstract.
  464. Akat, K., Kaden, J. J., Schmitz, F., Ewering, S., Anton, A., Klomfass, S., Hoffmann, R., and Ortlepp, J. R. Calcium metabolism in adults with severe aortic valve stenosis and preserved renal function. Am J Cardiol. 3-15-2010;105:862-864. View abstract.
  465. Wang, L., Manson, J. E., Song, Y., and Sesso, H. D. Systematic review: Vitamin D and calcium supplementation in prevention of cardiovascular events. Ann.Intern.Med. 3-2-2010;152:315-323. View abstract.
  466. Recker, R. R., Saville, P. D., and Heaney, R. P. Effect of estrogens and calcium carbonate on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Ann.Intern.Med. 1977;87:649-655. View abstract.
  467. Geary, D. F., Hodson, E. M., and Craig, J. C. Interventions for bone disease in children with chronic kidney disease. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2010;:CD008327. View abstract.
  468. Patient level pooled analysis of 68 500 patients from seven major vitamin D fracture trials in US and Europe. BMJ 2010;340:b5463. View abstract.
  469. Sprague, B. L., Skinner, H. G., Trentham-Dietz, A., Lee, K. E., Klein, B. E., and Klein, R. Serum calcium and breast cancer risk in a prospective cohort study. Ann.Epidemiol. 2010;20:82-85. View abstract.
  470. Munkvik, M., Rehn, T. A., Slettalokken, G., Hasic, A., Hallen, J., Sjaastad, I., Sejersted, O. M., and Lunde, P. K. Training effects on skeletal muscle calcium handling in human chronic heart failure. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 2010;42:847-855. View abstract.
  471. Haron, H., Shahar, S., O'Brien, K. O., Ismail, A., Kamaruddin, N., and Rahman, S. A. Absorption of calcium from milk and tempeh consumed by postmenopausal Malay women using the dual stable isotope technique. Int J Food Sci.Nutr 2010;61:125-137. View abstract.
  472. Meier, D. E., Luckey, M. M., Wallenstein, S., Clemens, T. L., Orwoll, E. S., and Waslien, C. I. Calcium, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone status in young white and black women: association with racial differences in bone mass. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1991;72:703-710. View abstract.
  473. Mitchell, D. M. and Juppner, H. Regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism in the fetus and neonate. Curr Opin.Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2010;17:25-30. View abstract.
  474. Paccou, J., Viget, N., Legrout-Gerot, I., Yazdanpanah, Y., and Cortet, B. Bone loss in patients with HIV infection. Joint Bone Spine 2009;76:637-641. View abstract.
  475. Datta, P. and Dasgupta, A. New method for calcium on the ADVIA analyzer is free from interference of gadolinium-type contrast agents. J Clin Lab Anal. 2009;23:399-403. View abstract.
  476. Whelan, A. M., Jurgens, T. M., and Naylor, H. Herbs, vitamins and minerals in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review. Can.J.Clin.Pharmacol. 2009;16:e407-e429. View abstract.
  477. Salusky, I. B., Foley, J., Nelson, P., and Goodman, W. G. Aluminum accumulation during treatment with aluminum hydroxide and dialysis in children and young adults with chronic renal disease. N.Engl.J Med. 2-21-1991;324:527-531. View abstract.
  478. McGarvey, S. T., Zinner, S. H., Willett, W. C., and Rosner, B. Maternal prenatal dietary potassium, calcium, magnesium, and infant blood pressure. Hypertension 1991;17:218-224. View abstract.
  479. Reid, I. R., Ames, R., Mason, B., Bolland, M. J., Bacon, C. J., Reid, H. E., Kyle, C., Gamble, G. D., Grey, A., and Horne, A. Effects of calcium supplementation on lipids, blood pressure, and body composition in healthy older men: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;91:131-139. View abstract.
  480. Bhakta, M., Bruce, C., Messika-Zeitoun, D., Bielak, L., Sheedy, P. F., Peyser, P., and Sarano, M. Oral calcium supplements do not affect the progression of aortic valve calcification or coronary artery calcification. J Am Board Fam.Med. 2009;22:610-616. View abstract.
  481. Gupta, A., Su, M., Greller, H., Majlesi, N., and Hoffman, R. S. Digoxin and calcium: the verdict is still out. J Emerg.Med. 2010;39:102-103. View abstract.
  482. Chen, P., Hu, P., Xie, D., Qin, Y., Wang, F., and Wang, H. Meta-analysis of vitamin D, calcium and the prevention of breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010;121:469-477. View abstract.
  483. Mazess, R. B. and Barden, H. S. Bone density in premenopausal women: effects of age, dietary intake, physical activity, smoking, and birth-control pills. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:132-142. View abstract.
  484. Ferguson, J. H. and Chang, A. B. Vitamin D supplementation for cystic fibrosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2009;:CD007298. View abstract.
  485. Kemi, V. E., Karkkainen, M. U., Rita, H. J., Laaksonen, M. M., Outila, T. A., and Lamberg-Allardt, C. J. Low calcium:phosphorus ratio in habitual diets affects serum parathyroid hormone concentration and calcium metabolism in healthy women with adequate calcium intake. Br.J Nutr 2010;103:561-568. View abstract.
  486. Gupta, K., Girdhar, K. K., Manchanda, G., Goel, N., and Anand, R. Should serum calcium levels be measured preoperatively in all multiparous, lactating females? Anaesth.Intensive Care 2009;37:866. View abstract.
  487. Baecker, N., Frings-Meuthen, P., Smith, S. M., and Heer, M. Short-term high dietary calcium intake during bedrest has no effect on markers of bone turnover in healthy men. Nutrition 2010;26:522-527. View abstract.
  488. Jones, A. N., Blank, R. D., Lindstrom, M. J., Penniston, K. L., and Hansen, K. E. Adjustment for body mass index and calcitrophic hormone levels improves the diagnostic accuracy of the spot urine calcium-to-creatinine ratio. Osteoporos.Int 2010;21:1417-1425. View abstract.
  489. Okamura, T., Sekikawa, A., Kadowaki, T., El-Saed, A., Abbott, R. D., Curb, J. D., Edmundowicz, D., Nakamura, Y., Murata, K., Kashiwagi, A., Sutton-Tyrrell, K., Evans, R. W., Zmuda, J. M., Maegawa, H., Hozawa, A., Mitsunami, K., Nishio, Y., Miljkovic-Gacic, I., Horie, M., Miyamatsu, N., Murakami, Y., Kuller, L. H., and Ueshima, H. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein, coronary calcium, and intima-media thickness of the carotid artery in middle-age Japanese men. Am J Cardiol. 9-15-2009;104:818-822. View abstract.
  490. Moreira-Pfrimer, L. D., Pedrosa, M. A., Teixeira, L., and Lazaretti-Castro, M. Treatment of vitamin D deficiency increases lower limb muscle strength in institutionalized older people independently of regular physical activity: a randomized double-blind controlled trial. Ann.Nutr Metab 2009;54:291-300. View abstract.
  491. Sodi, R., Bailey, L. B., Glaysher, J., Allars, L., Roberts, N. B., Marks, E. M., and Fraser, W. D. Acidification and urine calcium: is it a preanalytical necessity? Ann.Clin Biochem. 2009;46(Pt 6):484-487. View abstract.
  492. Deogenov, V. A., Zorbas, Y. G., Kakuris, K. K., and Federenko, Y. F. The impact of physical exercise on calcium balance in healthy subjects during prolonged hypokinesia. Nutrition 2009;25:1029-1034. View abstract.
  493. Navaneethan, S. D., Palmer, S. C., Craig, J. C., Elder, G. J., and Strippoli, G. F. Benefits and harms of phosphate binders in CKD: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009;54:619-637. View abstract.
  494. Mehanna, H. M., Jain, A., Randeva, H., Watkinson, J., and Shaha, A. Postoperative hypocalcemia--the difference a definition makes. Head Neck 2010;32:279-283. View abstract.
  495. Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Narvaez, M., Felix, C., and Lopez, A. Dietary calcium supplementation and prevention of pregnancy hypertension. Lancet 2-3-1990;335:293. View abstract.
  496. Jamal, S. A., Fitchett, D., Lok, C. E., Mendelssohn, D. C., and Tsuyuki, R. T. The effects of calcium-based versus non-calcium-based phosphate binders on mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease: a meta-analysis. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 2009;24:3168-3174. View abstract.
  497. Ginde, A. A., Scragg, R., Schwartz, R. S., and Camargo, C. A., Jr. Prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level, cardiovascular disease mortality, and all-cause mortality in older U.S. adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2009;57:1595-1603. View abstract.
  498. Yanovski, J. A., Parikh, S. J., Yanoff, L. B., Denkinger, B. I., Calis, K. A., Reynolds, J. C., Sebring, N. G., and McHugh, T. Effects of calcium supplementation on body weight and adiposity in overweight and obese adults: a randomized trial. Ann.Intern.Med. 6-16-2009;150:821-826. View abstract.
  499. Lacey, J. M., Anderson, J. J., Fujita, T., Yoshimoto, Y., Fukase, M., Tsuchie, S., and Koch, G. G. Correlates of cortical bone mass among premenopausal and postmenopausal Japanese women. J Bone Miner Res 1991;6:651-659. View abstract.
  500. Migita, T., Mukaida, K., Hamada, H., Kobayashi, M., Nishino, I., Yuge, O., and Kawamoto, M. Effects of propofol on calcium homeostasis in human skeletal muscle. Anaesth.Intensive Care 2009;37:415-425. View abstract.
  501. Christensen, R., Lorenzen, J. K., Svith, C. R., Bartels, E. M., Melanson, E. L., Saris, W. H., Tremblay, A., and Astrup, A. Effect of calcium from dairy and dietary supplements on faecal fat excretion: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obes.Rev. 2009;10:475-486. View abstract.
  502. Nemoseck, T. and Kern, M. The effects of high-impact and resistance exercise on urinary calcium excretion. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc.Metab 2009;19:162-171. View abstract.
  503. Nordin, B. E. The effect of calcium supplementation on bone loss in 32 controlled trials in postmenopausal women. Osteoporos.Int 2009;20:2135-2143. View abstract.
  504. Inoue, D. [Vitamin D and calcium for the treatment of osteoporosis]. Nippon Rinsho 2009;67:967-974. View abstract.
  505. Castelo-Branco, C., Ciria-Recasens, M., Cancelo-Hidalgo, M. J., Palacios, S., Haya-Palazuelos, J., Carbonell-Abello, J., Blanch-Rubio, J., Martinez-Zapata, M. J., Manasanch, J., and Perez-Edo, L. Efficacy of ossein-hydroxyapatite complex compared with calcium carbonate to prevent bone loss: a meta-analysis. Menopause. 2009;16:984-991. View abstract.
  506. Pentti, K., Tuppurainen, M. T., Honkanen, R., Sandini, L., Kroger, H., Alhava, E., and Saarikoski, S. Use of calcium supplements and the risk of coronary heart disease in 52-62-year-old women: The Kuopio Osteoporosis Risk Factor and Prevention Study. Maturitas 5-20-2009;63:73-78. View abstract.
  507. Buell, J. S., Scott, T. M., Dawson-Hughes, B., Dallal, G. E., Rosenberg, I. H., Folstein, M. F., and Tucker, K. L. Vitamin D is associated with cognitive function in elders receiving home health services. J Gerontol A Biol.Sci.Med.Sci. 2009;64:888-895. View abstract.
  508. Ford, E. S. and Cooper, R. S. Risk factors for hypertension in a national cohort study. Hypertension 1991;18:598-606. View abstract.
  509. Hopkins, B. and Steward, D. Outpatient thyroid surgery and the advances making it possible. Curr Opin.Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 2009;17:95-99. View abstract.
  510. Avenell, A., Gillespie, W. J., Gillespie, L. D., and O'Connell, D. Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures associated with involutional and post-menopausal osteoporosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2009;:CD000227. View abstract.
  511. Zittermann, A., Schleithoff, S. S., Frisch, S., Gotting, C., Kuhn, J., Koertke, H., Kleesiek, K., Tenderich, G., and Koerfer, R. Circulating calcitriol concentrations and total mortality. Clin Chem. 2009;55:1163-1170. View abstract.
  512. Sikora, P., Zajaczkowska, M., and Hoppe, B. Assessment of crystallization risk formulas in pediatric calcium stone-formers. Pediatr.Nephrol 2009;24:1997-2003. View abstract.
  513. Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Willett, W. C., Wong, J. B., Stuck, A. E., Staehelin, H. B., Orav, E. J., Thoma, A., Kiel, D. P., and Henschkowski, J. Prevention of nonvertebral fractures with oral vitamin D and dose dependency: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern.Med. 3-23-2009;169:551-561. View abstract.
  514. Rajapakse, S. Management of yellow oleander poisoning. Clin Toxicol.(Phila) 2009;47:206-212. View abstract.
  515. Hunt, J. R., Johnson, L. K., and Fariba Roughead, Z. K. Dietary protein and calcium interact to influence calcium retention: a controlled feeding study. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;89:1357-1365. View abstract.
  516. van, Vliet P., Oleksik, A. M., Mooijaart, S. P., de Craen, A. J., and Westendorp, R. G. APOE genotype modulates the effect of serum calcium levels on cognitive function in old age. Neurology 3-3-2009;72:821-828. View abstract.
  517. Park, Y., Leitzmann, M. F., Subar, A. F., Hollenbeck, A., and Schatzkin, A. Dairy food, calcium, and risk of cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Arch Intern.Med. 2-23-2009;169:391-401. View abstract.
  518. Wheadon, M., Goulding, A., Barbezat, G. O., and Campbell, A. J. Lactose malabsorption and calcium intake as risk factors for osteoporosis in elderly New Zealand women. N.Z.Med J 10-9-1991;104:417-419. View abstract.
  519. Belizan, J. M., Villar, J., Gonzalez, L., Campodonico, L., and Bergel, E. Calcium supplementation to prevent hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. N.Engl.J Med. 11-14-1991;325:1399-1405. View abstract.
  520. Prince, R. L., Smith, M., Dick, I. M., Price, R. I., Webb, P. G., Henderson, N. K., and Harris, M. M. Prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. A comparative study of exercise, calcium supplementation, and hormone-replacement therapy. N.Engl.J Med. 10-24-1991;325:1189-1195. View abstract.
  521. LaCroix, A. Z., Kotchen, J., Anderson, G., Brzyski, R., Cauley, J. A., Cummings, S. R., Gass, M., Johnson, K. C., Ko, M., Larson, J., Manson, J. E., Stefanick, M. L., and Wactawski-Wende, J. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and mortality in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative calcium-vitamin D randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol.Sci.Med.Sci. 2009;64:559-567. View abstract.
  522. Darwish, A. M., Mohamad, S. N., Gamal Al-Din, H. R., Elsayed, Y. A., and Ahmad, S. I. Prevalence and predictors of deficient dietary calcium intake during the third trimester of pregnancy: the experience of a developing country. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2009;35:106-112. View abstract.
  523. Levine, M., Nikkanen, H., and Pallin, D. J. The effects of intravenous calcium in patients with digoxin toxicity. J Emerg.Med. 2011;40:41-46. View abstract.
  524. Chi, I. and Pun, K. K. Dietary calcium intake and other risk factors: study of the fractured patients in Hong Kong. J Nutr Elder. 1991;10:73-87. View abstract.
  525. Singh, H., Dumas, G. J., Silvestri, A. P., Young, S., Martin, C. R., Bistrian, B. R., and Driscoll, D. F. Physical compatibility of neonatal total parenteral nutrition admixtures containing organic calcium and inorganic phosphate salts in a simulated infusion at 37 degrees C. Pediatr.Crit Care Med. 2009;10:213-216. View abstract.
  526. Ettinger, A. S., Lamadrid-Figueroa, H., Tellez-Rojo, M. M., Mercado-Garcia, A., Peterson, K. E., Schwartz, J., Hu, H., and Hernandez-Avila, M. Effect of calcium supplementation on blood lead levels in pregnancy: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Environ.Health Perspect. 2009;117:26-31. View abstract.
  527. Daly, R. M. and Nowson, C. A. Long-term effect of calcium-vitamin D fortified milk on blood pressure and serum lipid concentrations in healthy older men. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2009;63:993-1000. View abstract.
  528. Dodig, S., Vlasic, Z., Cepelak, I., Zrinski, Topic R., Turkalj, M., and Nogalo, B. Magnesium and calcium in exhaled breath condensate of children with asthma and gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Clin Lab Anal. 2009;23:34-39. View abstract.
  529. Bjorkman, M. P., Sorva, A. J., and Tilvis, R. S. Calculated serum calcium is an insufficient surrogate for measured ionized calcium. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2009;49:348-350. View abstract.
  530. Jones, B. J. and Twomey, P. J. Requesting patterns for serum calcium concentration in patients on long-term lithium therapy. Int J Clin Pract. 2009;63:170-172. View abstract.
  531. Roh, J. L., Park, J. Y., and Park, C. I. Prevention of postoperative hypocalcemia with routine oral calcium and vitamin D supplements in patients with differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma undergoing total thyroidectomy plus central neck dissection. Cancer 1-15-2009;115:251-258. View abstract.
  532. Huncharek, M., Muscat, J., and Kupelnick, B. Colorectal cancer risk and dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy products: a meta-analysis of 26,335 cases from 60 observational studies. Nutr Cancer 2009;61:47-69. View abstract.
  533. Larsson, S. C., Bergkvist, L., and Wolk, A. Long-term dietary calcium intake and breast cancer risk in a prospective cohort of women. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;89:277-282. View abstract.
  534. Carrasco, R., Lovell, D. J., Giannini, E. H., Henderson, C. J., Huang, B., Kramer, S., Ranz, J., Heubi, J., and Glass, D. Biochemical markers of bone turnover associated with calcium supplementation in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention trial. Arthritis Rheum 2008;58:3932-3940. View abstract.
  535. Scifres, C. M., Iams, J. D., Klebanoff, M., and Macones, G. A. Metaanalysis vs large clinical trials: which should guide our management? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2009;200:484-485. View abstract.
  536. Alcazar, Arroyo R. [Electrolyte and acid-base balance disorders in advanced chronic kidney disease]. Nefrologia. 2008;28 Suppl 3:87-93. View abstract.
  537. Kuroda, T., Shiraki, M., Tanaka, S., and Ohta, H. Contributions of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, co-morbidities and bone mass to mortality in Japanese postmenopausal women. Bone 2009;44:168-172. View abstract.
  538. Barreto, D. V., Barreto, Fde C., de Carvalho, A. B., Cuppari, L., Draibe, S. A., Dalboni, M. A., Moyses, R. M., Neves, K. R., Jorgetti, V., Miname, M., Santos, R. D., and Canziani, M. E. Phosphate binder impact on bone remodeling and coronary calcification--results from the BRiC study. Nephron Clin Pract. 2008;110:c273-c283. View abstract.
  539. Reid, I. R., Ames, R., Mason, B., Reid, H. E., Bacon, C. J., Bolland, M. J., Gamble, G. D., Grey, A., and Horne, A. Randomized controlled trial of calcium supplementation in healthy, nonosteoporotic, older men. Arch Intern.Med. 11-10-2008;168:2276-2282. View abstract.
  540. Shigematsu, T. Multicenter prospective randomized, double-blind comparative study between lanthanum carbonate and calcium carbonate as phosphate binders in Japanese hemodialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia. Clin Nephrol 2008;70:404-410. View abstract.
  541. O'Donnell, S., Moher, D., Thomas, K., Hanley, D. A., and Cranney, A. Systematic review of the benefits and harms of calcitriol and alfacalcidol for fractures and falls. J Bone Miner Metab 2008;26:531-542. View abstract.
  542. Kukuljan, S., Nowson, C. A., Bass, S. L., Sanders, K., Nicholson, G. C., Seibel, M. J., Salmon, J., and Daly, R. M. Effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium-vitamin-D3-fortified milk on bone mineral density in older men: a randomised controlled trial. Osteoporos.Int 2009;20:1241-1251. View abstract.
  543. Bacchetta, J., Harambat, J., and Cochat, P. [Long-term steroid therapy in children: is adjunct therapy relevant in nephrotic syndrome?]. Arch Pediatr. 2008;15:1685-1692. View abstract.
  544. Bakker, R., Rifas-Shiman, S. L., Kleinman, K. P., Lipshultz, S. E., and Gillman, M. W. Maternal calcium intake during pregnancy and blood pressure in the offspring at age 3 years: a follow-up analysis of the Project Viva cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 12-15-2008;168:1374-1380. View abstract.
  545. Hoffmann, U., Massaro, J. M., Fox, C. S., Manders, E., and O'Donnell, C. J. Defining normal distributions of coronary artery calcium in women and men (from the Framingham Heart Study). Am J Cardiol. 11-1-2008;102:1136-41, 1141. View abstract.
  546. Kramer, C. K., von, Muhlen D., Gross, J. L., Laughlin, G. A., and Barrett-Connor, E. Blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose rather than metabolic syndrome predict coronary artery calcium progression: the Rancho Bernardo Study. Diabetes Care 2009;32:141-146. View abstract.
  547. Kumar, A., Devi, S. G., Batra, S., Singh, C., and Shukla, D. K. Calcium supplementation for the prevention of pre-eclampsia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2009;104:32-36. View abstract.
  548. Montenegro, J. [Phosphorus (P) chelant in dialysis: efficacy and cost. Peritoneal dialysis solutions]. Nefrologia. 2008;28 Suppl 5:53-57. View abstract.
  549. Tunca, F., Senyurek, Y. G., Terzioglu, T., Tanakol, R., and Tezelman, S. Impact of total versus subtotal thyroidectomy on calcium metabolism and bone mineral density in premenopausal women. J Laryngol.Otol. 2009;123:434-438. View abstract.
  550. Forsythe, R. M., Wessel, C. B., Billiar, T. R., Angus, D. C., and Rosengart, M. R. Parenteral calcium for intensive care unit patients. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2008;:CD006163. View abstract.
  551. Bendsen, N. T., Hother, A. L., Jensen, S. K., Lorenzen, J. K., and Astrup, A. Effect of dairy calcium on fecal fat excretion: a randomized crossover trial. Int.J Obes.(Lond.) 2008;32:1816-1824. View abstract.
  552. Forman, J. P., Curhan, G. C., and Taylor, E. N. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of incident hypertension among young women. Hypertension 2008;52:828-832. View abstract.
  553. Dawson-Hughes, B., Dallal, G. E., Krall, E. A., Harris, S., Sokoll, L. J., and Falconer, G. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on wintertime and overall bone loss in healthy postmenopausal women. Ann.Intern.Med. 10-1-1991;115:505-512. View abstract.
  554. Alexander, S. A., Kerr, M. E., Balzer, J., Horowitz, M., Kassam, A., Kim, Y., Hoffman, L., and Conley, Y. P. Cerebrospinal fluid apolipoprotein E, calcium and cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Biol.Res Nurs. 2008;10:102-112. View abstract.
  555. Barbour, M. E., Shellis, R. P., Parker, D. M., Allen, G. C., and Addy, M. Inhibition of hydroxyapatite dissolution by whole casein: the effects of pH, protein concentration, calcium, and ionic strength. Eur.J Oral Sci. 2008;116:473-478. View abstract.
  556. Hillman, L. S., Cassidy, J. T., Chanetsa, F., Hewett, J. E., Higgins, B. J., and Robertson, J. D. Percent true calcium absorption, mineral metabolism, and bone mass in children with arthritis: effect of supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium. Arthritis Rheum 2008;58:3255-3263. View abstract.
  557. Evenepoel, P., Selgas, R., Caputo, F., Foggensteiner, L., Heaf, J. G., Ortiz, A., Kelly, A., Chasan-Taber, S., Duggal, A., and Fan, S. Efficacy and safety of sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium acetate in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 2009;24:278-285. View abstract.
  558. Reijo, T., Mikko, B., Antti, S., and Timo, S. Serum calcium and prediction of cognitive decline in old age. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008;56:1573-1574. View abstract.
  559. Jorde, R., Sneve, M., Figenschau, Y., Svartberg, J., and Waterloo, K. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on symptoms of depression in overweight and obese subjects: randomized double blind trial. J Intern.Med. 2008;264:599-609. View abstract.
  560. Cox, M. L., Khan, S. A., Gau, D. W., Cox, S. A., and Hodkinson, H. M. Determinants of forearm bone density in premenopausal women: a study in one general practice. Br.J Gen.Pract. 1991;41:194-196. View abstract.
  561. Brunner, R. L., Cochrane, B., Jackson, R. D., Larson, J., Lewis, C., Limacher, M., Rosal, M., Shumaker, S., and Wallace, R. Calcium, vitamin D supplementation, and physical function in the Women's Health Initiative. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108:1472-1479. View abstract.
  562. Elders, P. J., Netelenbos, J. C., Lips, P., van Ginkel, F. C., Khoe, E., Leeuwenkamp, O. R., Hackeng, W. H., and van der Stelt, P. F. Calcium supplementation reduces vertebral bone loss in perimenopausal women: a controlled trial in 248 women between 46 and 55 years of age. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1991;73:533-540. View abstract.
  563. Hemingway, C. A., Shellis, R. P., Parker, D. M., Addy, M., and Barbour, M. E. Inhibition of hydroxyapatite dissolution by ovalbumin as a function of pH, calcium concentration, protein concentration and acid type. Caries Res 2008;42:348-353. View abstract.
  564. Bacsi, K., Kosa, J. P., Lazary, A., Balla, B., Horvath, H., Kis, A., Nagy, Z., Takacs, I., Lakatos, P., and Speer, G. LCT 13910 C/T polymorphism, serum calcium, and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Osteoporos.Int 2009;20:639-645. View abstract.
  565. Pilz, S., Marz, W., Wellnitz, B., Seelhorst, U., Fahrleitner-Pammer, A., Dimai, H. P., Boehm, B. O., and Dobnig, H. Association of vitamin D deficiency with heart failure and sudden cardiac death in a large cross-sectional study of patients referred for coronary angiography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:3927-3935. View abstract.
  566. Schaefer, K., Scheer, J., Asmus, G., Umlauf, E., Hagemann, J., and von, Herrath D. The treatment of uraemic hyperphosphataemia with calcium acetate and calcium carbonate: a comparative study. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 1991;6:170-175. View abstract.
  567. Bueno, M. B., Cesar, C. L., Martini, L. A., and Fisberg, R. M. Dietary calcium intake and overweight: an epidemiologic view. Nutrition 2008;24(11-12):1110-1115. View abstract.
  568. Pfeifer, M., Begerow, B., Minne, H. W., Suppan, K., Fahrleitner-Pammer, A., and Dobnig, H. Effects of a long-term vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls and parameters of muscle function in community-dwelling older individuals. Osteoporos.Int 2009;20:315-322. View abstract.
  569. Almquist, M., Bondeson, A. G., Bondeson, L., Halthur, C., Malm, J., and Manjer, J. Reproductive history, lifestyle factors and season as determinants for serum calcium concentrations in women. Scand.J Clin Lab Invest 2008;68:777-785. View abstract.
  570. Shahrabi, M., Nikfarjam, J., Alikhani, A., Akhoundi, N., Ashtiani, M., and Seraj, B. A comparison of salivary calcium, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase in children with severe, moderate caries, and caries free in Tehran's kindergartens. J Indian Soc Pedod.Prev.Dent. 2008;26:74-77. View abstract.
  571. Huncharek, M., Muscat, J., and Kupelnick, B. Dairy products, dietary calcium and vitamin D intake as risk factors for prostate cancer: a meta-analysis of 26,769 cases from 45 observational studies. Nutr Cancer 2008;60:421-441. View abstract.
  572. Nakamura, K., Kurahashi, N., Ishihara, J., Inoue, M., and Tsugane, S. Calcium intake and the 10-year incidence of self-reported vertebral fractures in women and men: the Japan Public Health Centre-based Prospective Study. Br.J Nutr 2009;101:285-294. View abstract.
  573. Huncharek, M., Muscat, J., and Kupelnick, B. Impact of dairy products and dietary calcium on bone-mineral content in children: results of a meta-analysis. Bone 2008;43:312-321. View abstract.
  574. Tentori, F., Blayney, M. J., Albert, J. M., Gillespie, B. W., Kerr, P. G., Bommer, J., Young, E. W., Akizawa, T., Akiba, T., Pisoni, R. L., Robinson, B. M., and Port, F. K. Mortality risk for dialysis patients with different levels of serum calcium, phosphorus, and PTH: the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS). Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;52:519-530. View abstract.
  575. Hoogendijk, W. J., Lips, P., Dik, M. G., Deeg, D. J., Beekman, A. T., and Penninx, B. W. Depression is associated with decreased 25-hydroxyvitamin D and increased parathyroid hormone levels in older adults. Arch Gen.Psychiatry 2008;65:508-512. View abstract.
  576. Meyer, H. A., Tolle, A., Jung, M., Fritzsche, F. R., Haendler, B., Kristiansen, I., Gaspert, A., Johannsen, M., Jung, K., and Kristiansen, G. Identification of stanniocalcin 2 as prognostic marker in renal cell carcinoma. Eur.Urol. 2009;55:669-678. View abstract.
  577. Takei, T., Otsubo, S., Uchida, K., Matsugami, K., Mimuro, T., Kabaya, T., Akiba, T., and Nitta, K. Effects of sevelamer on the progression of vascular calcification in patients on chronic haemodialysis. Nephron Clin Pract. 2008;108:c278-c283. View abstract.
  578. Qunibi, W., Moustafa, M., Muenz, L. R., He, D. Y., Kessler, P. D., Diaz-Buxo, J. A., and Budoff, M. A 1-year randomized trial of calcium acetate versus sevelamer on progression of coronary artery calcification in hemodialysis patients with comparable lipid control: the Calcium Acetate Renagel Evaluation-2 (CARE-2) study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;51:952-965. View abstract.
  579. Li, X., He, G. P., Zhang, B., Chen, Y. M., and Su, Y. X. Interactions of interleukin-6 gene polymorphisms with calcium intake and physical activity on bone mass in pre-menarche Chinese girls. Osteoporos.Int 2008;19:1629-1637. View abstract.
  580. Kurahashi, N., Inoue, M., Iwasaki, M., Sasazuki, S., and Tsugane, A. S. Dairy product, saturated fatty acid, and calcium intake and prostate cancer in a prospective cohort of Japanese men. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2008;17:930-937. View abstract.
  581. Taylor, A. J., Bindeman, J., Feuerstein, I., Le, T., Bauer, K., Byrd, C., Wu, H., and O'Malley, P. G. Community-based provision of statin and aspirin after the detection of coronary artery calcium within a community-based screening cohort. J Am Coll.Cardiol. 4-8-2008;51:1337-1341. View abstract.
  582. Amarasena, N., Yoshihara, A., Hirotomi, T., Takano, N., and Miyazaki, H. Association between serum calcium and periodontal disease progression in non-institutionalized elderly. Gerodontology. 2008;25:245-250. View abstract.
  583. Reid, I. R., Bolland, M. J., and Grey, A. Effect of calcium supplementation on hip fractures. Osteoporos.Int 2008;19:1119-1123. View abstract.
  584. Kamo, M. and Nagai, T. An application of the biotic ligand model to predict the toxic effects of metal mixtures. Environ.Toxicol.Chem. 2008;27:1479-1487. View abstract.
  585. Wang, L., Manson, J. E., Buring, J. E., Lee, I. M., and Sesso, H. D. Dietary intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin D and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women. Hypertension 2008;51:1073-1079. View abstract.
  586. Aloia, J. F., Arunabh-Talwar, S., Pollack, S., and Yeh, J. K. The remodeling transient and the calcium economy. Osteoporos.Int 2008;19:1001-1009. View abstract.
  587. Ferreira, A., Frazao, J. M., Monier-Faugere, M. C., Gil, C., Galvao, J., Oliveira, C., Baldaia, J., Rodrigues, I., Santos, C., Ribeiro, S., Hoenger, R. M., Duggal, A., and Malluche, H. H. Effects of sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium carbonate on renal osteodystrophy in hemodialysis patients. J Am Soc Nephrol 2008;19:405-412. View abstract.
  588. Zorbas, Y. G., Kakuris, K. K., Deogenov, V. A., and Yerullis, K. B. Inadequacy of calcium supplements to normalize muscle calcium deficiency in healthy subjects during prolonged hypokinesia. Nutrition 2008;24:217-223. View abstract.
  589. Judd, S. E., Nanes, M. S., Ziegler, T. R., Wilson, P. W., and Tangpricha, V. Optimal vitamin D status attenuates the age-associated increase in systolic blood pressure in white Americans: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Clin Nutr 2008;87:136-141. View abstract.
  590. McCullough, M. L., Bandera, E. V., Moore, D. F., and Kushi, L. H. Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to risk of endometrial cancer: a systematic review of the literature. Prev.Med. 2008;46:298-302. View abstract.
  591. Zhu, K., Devine, A., Dick, I. M., Wilson, S. G., and Prince, R. L. Effects of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on hip bone mineral density and calcium-related analytes in elderly ambulatory Australian women: a five-year randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:743-749. View abstract.
  592. Suki, W. N. Effects of sevelamer and calcium-based phosphate binders on mortality in hemodialysis patients: results of a randomized clinical trial. J Ren Nutr 2008;18:91-98. View abstract.
  593. Cranney, A., Horsley, T., O'Donnell, S., Weiler, H., Puil, L., Ooi, D., Atkinson, S., Ward, L., Moher, D., Hanley, D., Fang, M., Yazdi, F., Garritty, C., Sampson, M., Barrowman, N., Tsertsvadze, A., and Mamaladze, V. Effectiveness and safety of vitamin D in relation to bone health. Evid.Rep Technol.Assess.(Full.Rep) 2007;:1-235. View abstract.
  594. MacLean, C., Newberry, S., Maglione, M., McMahon, M., Ranganath, V., Suttorp, M., Mojica, W., Timmer, M., Alexander, A., McNamara, M., Desai, S. B., Zhou, A., Chen, S., Carter, J., Tringale, C., Valentine, D., Johnsen, B., and Grossman, J. Systematic review: comparative effectiveness of treatments to prevent fractures in men and women with low bone density or osteoporosis. Ann.Intern.Med. 2-5-2008;148:197-213. View abstract.
  595. Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Dawson-Hughes, B., Baron, J. A., Burckhardt, P., Li, R., Spiegelman, D., Specker, B., Orav, J. E., Wong, J. B., Staehelin, H. B., O'Reilly, E., Kiel, D. P., and Willett, W. C. Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:1780-1790. View abstract.
  596. Park, Y., Mitrou, P. N., Kipnis, V., Hollenbeck, A., Schatzkin, A., and Leitzmann, M. F. Calcium, dairy foods, and risk of incident and fatal prostate cancer: the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 12-1-2007;166:1270-1279. View abstract.
  597. Smith, H., Anderson, F., Raphael, H., Maslin, P., Crozier, S., and Cooper, C. Effect of annual intramuscular vitamin D on fracture risk in elderly men and women--a population-based, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Rheumatology.(Oxford) 2007;46:1852-1857. View abstract.
  598. Trowman, R., Dumville, J. C., Torgerson, D. J., and Cranny, G. The impact of trial baseline imbalances should be considered in systematic reviews: a methodological case study. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60:1229-1233. View abstract.
  599. Schram, M. T., Trompet, S., Kamper, A. M., de Craen, A. J., Hofman, A., Euser, S. M., Breteler, M. M., and Westendorp, R. G. Serum calcium and cognitive function in old age. J Am Geriatr Soc 2007;55:1786-1792. View abstract.
  600. Mosekilde, L., Langdahl, B. L., Nielsen, L. R., and Vestergaard, P. [The usefulness of calcium and vitamin D supplementation after the Women's Health Initiative trial]. Ugeskr.Laeger 9-24-2007;169:3273-3276. View abstract.
  601. Park, S. Y., Murphy, S. P., Wilkens, L. R., Stram, D. O., Henderson, B. E., and Kolonel, L. N. Calcium, vitamin D, and dairy product intake and prostate cancer risk: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol. 12-1-2007;166:1259-1269. View abstract.
  602. Hunt, C. D. and Johnson, L. K. Calcium requirements: new estimations for men and women by cross-sectional statistical analyses of calcium balance data from metabolic studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:1054-1063. View abstract.
  603. McGrath, J., Scragg, R., Chant, D., Eyles, D., Burne, T., and Obradovic, D. No association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level and performance on psychometric tests in NHANES III. Neuroepidemiology 2007;29(1-2):49-54. View abstract.
  604. Russo, D., Miranda, I., Ruocco, C., Battaglia, Y., Buonanno, E., Manzi, S., Russo, L., Scafarto, A., and Andreucci, V. E. The progression of coronary artery calcification in predialysis patients on calcium carbonate or sevelamer. Kidney Int 2007;72:1255-1261. View abstract.
  605. Martin, B. R., Davis, S., Campbell, W. W., and Weaver, C. M. Exercise and calcium supplementation: effects on calcium homeostasis in sportswomen. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc. 2007;39:1481-1486. View abstract.
  606. Suki, W. N., Zabaneh, R., Cangiano, J. L., Reed, J., Fischer, D., Garrett, L., Ling, B. N., Chasan-Taber, S., Dillon, M. A., Blair, A. T., and Burke, S. K. Effects of sevelamer and calcium-based phosphate binders on mortality in hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int 2007;72:1130-1137. View abstract.
  607. Vestergaard, P. and Mosekilde, L. [No effect of calcium supplementation on bone mineral density in children. Survey of a Cochrane review]. Ugeskr.Laeger 6-25-2007;169:2512-2515. View abstract.
  608. Tang, B. M., Eslick, G. D., Nowson, C., Smith, C., and Bensoussan, A. Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent fractures and bone loss in people aged 50 years and older: a meta-analysis. Lancet 8-25-2007;370:657-666. View abstract.
  609. Li, N., Wang, Y., and Yin, S. A. [Evaluation of milk intake and calcium supplement on bone mineral density and growth in children through Meta-analysis]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 2007;41:172-175. View abstract.
  610. Qin, L. Q., Xu, J. Y., Wang, P. Y., Tong, J., and Hoshi, K. Milk consumption is a risk factor for prostate cancer in Western countries: evidence from cohort studies. Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr 2007;16:467-476. View abstract.
  611. Burleigh, E., McColl, J., and Potter, J. Does vitamin D stop inpatients falling? A randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing 2007;36:507-513. View abstract.
  612. Palmer, S. C., McGregor, D. O., and Strippoli, G. F. Interventions for preventing bone disease in kidney transplant recipients. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;:CD005015. View abstract.
  613. Berkemeyer, S., Bhargava, A., and Bhargava, U. Urinary phosphorus rather than urinary calcium possibly increases renal stone formation in a sample of Asian Indian, male stone-formers. Br.J Nutr 2007;98:1224-1228. View abstract.
  614. Bonnick, S., Broy, S., Kaiser, F., Teutsch, C., Rosenberg, E., DeLucca, P., and Melton, M. Treatment with alendronate plus calcium, alendronate alone, or calcium alone for postmenopausal low bone mineral density. Curr Med.Res Opin. 2007;23:1341-1349. View abstract.
  615. Scragg, R., Sowers, M., and Bell, C. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, ethnicity, and blood pressure in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Hypertens 2007;20:713-719. View abstract.
  616. Soilu-Hanninen, M., Laaksonen, M., Laitinen, I., Eralinna, J. P., Lilius, E. M., and Mononen, I. A longitudinal study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and intact parathyroid hormone levels indicate the importance of vitamin D and calcium homeostasis regulation in multiple sclerosis. J Neurol.Neurosurg.Psychiatry 2008;79:152-157. View abstract.
  617. Braun, M., Palacios, C., Wigertz, K., Jackman, L. A., Bryant, R. J., McCabe, L. D., Martin, B. R., McCabe, G. P., Peacock, M., and Weaver, C. M. Racial differences in skeletal calcium retention in adolescent girls with varied controlled calcium intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:1657-1663. View abstract.
  618. Snijder, M. B., Lips, P., Seidell, J. C., Visser, M., Deeg, D. J., Dekker, J. M., and Van Dam, R. M. Vitamin D status and parathyroid hormone levels in relation to blood pressure: a population-based study in older men and women. J Intern.Med. 2007;261:558-565. View abstract.
  619. Kesse-Guyot, E., Bertrais, S., Duperray, B., Arnault, N., Bar-Hen, A., Galan, P., and Hercberg, S. Dairy products, calcium and the risk of breast cancer: results of the French SU.VI.MAX prospective study. Ann.Nutr Metab 2007;51:139-145. View abstract.
  620. Greenbaum, L. A., Benador, N., Goldstein, S. L., Paredes, A., Melnick, J. Z., Mattingly, S., Amdahl, M., Williams, L. A., and Salusky, I. B. Intravenous paricalcitol for treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in children on hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007;49:814-823. View abstract.
  621. Lecerf, J. M., Lamotte, C., Boukandoura, B., Cayzeele, A., Libersa, C., Delannoy, C., and Borgies, B. Effects of two marine dietary supplements with high calcium content on calcium metabolism and biochemical marker of bone resorption. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2008;62:879-884. View abstract.
  622. Dickerson, R. N., Henry, N. Y., Miller, P. L., Minard, G., and Brown, R. O. Low serum total calcium concentration as a marker of low serum ionized calcium concentration in critically ill patients receiving specialized nutrition support. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007;22:323-328. View abstract.
  623. Dhingra, R., Sullivan, L. M., Fox, C. S., Wang, T. J., D'Agostino, R. B., Sr., Gaziano, J. M., and Vasan, R. S. Relations of serum phosphorus and calcium levels to the incidence of cardiovascular disease in the community. Arch Intern.Med. 5-14-2007;167:879-885. View abstract.
  624. Cheng, V. Y., Lepor, N. E., Madyoon, H., Eshaghian, S., Naraghi, A. L., and Shah, P. K. Presence and severity of noncalcified coronary plaque on 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography in patients with zero and low coronary artery calcium. Am J Cardiol. 5-1-2007;99:1183-1186. View abstract.
  625. Lyons, R. A., Johansen, A., Brophy, S., Newcombe, R. G., Phillips, C. J., Lervy, B., Evans, R., Wareham, K., and Stone, M. D. Preventing fractures among older people living in institutional care: a pragmatic randomised double blind placebo controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation. Osteoporos.Int 2007;18:811-818. View abstract.
  626. Takagi, Y., Fukase, M., Takata, S., Fujimi, T., and Fujita, T. Calcium treatment of essential hypertension in elderly patients evaluated by 24 H monitoring. Am J Hypertens 1991;4(10 Pt 1):836-839. View abstract.
  627. Dickerson, R. N., Morgan, L. M., Croce, M. A., Minard, G., and Brown, R. O. Treatment of moderate to severe acute hypocalcemia in critically ill trauma patients. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 2007;31:228-233. View abstract.
  628. Rizk, D. E., Agarwal, M. M., Pathan, J. Y., and Obineche, E. N. Predicting proteinuria in hypertensive pregnancies with urinary protein-creatinine or calcium-creatinine ratio. J Perinatol. 2007;27:272-277. View abstract.
  629. Giovannucci, E., Liu, Y., Platz, E. A., Stampfer, M. J., and Willett, W. C. Risk factors for prostate cancer incidence and progression in the health professionals follow-up study. Int J Cancer 10-1-2007;121:1571-1578. View abstract.
  630. Dyke, P. C., Yates, A. R., Cua, C. L., Hoffman, T. M., Hayes, J., Feltes, T. F., Springer, M. A., and Taeed, R. Increased calcium supplementation is associated with morbidity and mortality in the infant postoperative cardiac patient. Pediatr.Crit Care Med. 2007;8:254-257. View abstract.
  631. Bergel, E. and Barros, A. J. Effect of maternal calcium intake during pregnancy on children's blood pressure: a systematic review of the literature. BMC.Pediatr. 2007;7:15. View abstract.
  632. Forman, J. P., Giovannucci, E., Holmes, M. D., Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Tworoger, S. S., Willett, W. C., and Curhan, G. C. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of incident hypertension. Hypertension 2007;49:1063-1069. View abstract.
  633. Hiller, J. E., Crowther, C. A., Moore, V. A., Willson, K., and Robinson, J. S. Calcium supplementation in pregnancy and its impact on blood pressure in children and women: follow up of a randomised controlled trial. Aust.N.Z.J Obstet Gynaecol 2007;47:115-121. View abstract.
  634. Izaks, G. J. Fracture prevention with vitamin D supplementation: considering the inconsistent results. BMC.Musculoskelet.Disord. 2007;8:26. View abstract.
  635. Bucur, I. J. and Obasi, O. E. Spider bite envenomation in Al Baha Region, Saudi Arabia. Ann.Saudi.Med 1999;19:15-19. View abstract.
  636. Lambrecht, F. Y., Kavukcu, S., Kasap, B., Soylu, A., Yucesoy, M., Turkmen, M., Esen, N., and Unak, P. The role of calcium utilization of intestinal flora in urinary calcium excretion. J Ren Nutr 2007;17:148-150. View abstract.
  637. Rohrmann, S., Platz, E. A., Kavanaugh, C. J., Thuita, L., Hoffman, S. C., and Helzlsouer, K. J. Meat and dairy consumption and subsequent risk of prostate cancer in a US cohort study. Cancer Causes Control 2007;18:41-50. View abstract.
  638. Bidoli, E., Franceschi, S., Talamini, R., Barra, S., and La, Vecchia C. Food consumption and cancer of the colon and rectum in north-eastern Italy. Int J Cancer 1-21-1992;50:223-229. View abstract.
  639. Holloway, L., Moynihan, S., Abrams, S. A., Kent, K., Hsu, A. R., and Friedlander, A. L. Effects of oligofructose-enriched inulin on intestinal absorption of calcium and magnesium and bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women. Br.J Nutr 2007;97:365-372. View abstract.
  640. Tilyard, M. W., Spears, G. F., Thomson, J., and Dovey, S. Treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with calcitriol or calcium. N.Engl.J Med. 2-6-1992;326:357-362. View abstract.
  641. Przybelski, R. J. and Binkley, N. C. Is vitamin D important for preserving cognition? A positive correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration with cognitive function. Arch Biochem.Biophys. 4-15-2007;460:202-205. View abstract.
  642. Vemgal, P. and Ohlsson, A. Interventions for non-oliguric hyperkalaemia in preterm neonates. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;:CD005257. View abstract.
  643. Bolton-Smith, C., McMurdo, M. E., Paterson, C. R., Mole, P. A., Harvey, J. M., Fenton, S. T., Prynne, C. J., Mishra, G. D., and Shearer, M. J. Two-year randomized controlled trial of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) and vitamin D3 plus calcium on the bone health of older women. J.Bone Miner.Res. 2007;22:509-519. View abstract.
  644. Chen, Y. M., Teucher, B., Tang, X. Y., Dainty, J. R., Lee, K. K., Woo, J. L., and Ho, S. C. Calcium absorption in postmenopausal Chinese women: a randomized crossover intervention study. Br.J Nutr 2007;97:160-166. View abstract.
  645. Kilpack, V., Boehm, J., Smith, N., and Mudge, B. Using research-based interventions to decrease patient falls. Appl.Nurs.Res 1991;4:50-55. View abstract.
  646. Block, G. A., Raggi, P., Bellasi, A., Kooienga, L., and Spiegel, D. M. Mortality effect of coronary calcification and phosphate binder choice in incident hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int 2007;71:438-441. View abstract.
  647. Sutherland, S. Several therapies may prevent or reduce the severity of oral mucositis associated with cancer treatment. Evid.Based.Dent. 2006;7:104-105. View abstract.
  648. Oliver, D., Connelly, J. B., Victor, C. R., Shaw, F. E., Whitehead, A., Genc, Y., Vanoli, A., Martin, F. C., and Gosney, M. A. Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ 1-13-2007;334:82. View abstract.
  649. Pfitzenmeyer, P., Martin, I., d'Athis, P., Grumbach, Y., Delmestre, M. C., Blonde-Cynober, F., Derycke, B., and Brondel, L. A new formula for correction of total calcium level into ionized serum calcium values in very elderly hospitalized patients. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2007;45:151-157. View abstract.
  650. Wilkins, C. H., Sheline, Y. I., Roe, C. M., Birge, S. J., and Morris, J. C. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with low mood and worse cognitive performance in older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2006;14:1032-1040. View abstract.
  651. Kelly, C., Gunn, I. R., Gaffney, D., and Devgun, M. S. Serum calcium, urine calcium and polymorphisms of the calcium sensing receptor gene. Ann.Clin Biochem. 2006;43(Pt 6):503-506. View abstract.
  652. Koh, K. A., Sesso, H. D., Paffenbarger, R. S., Jr., and Lee, I. M. Dairy products, calcium and prostate cancer risk. Br.J Cancer 12-4-2006;95:1582-1585. View abstract.
  653. Levin, A., Bakris, G. L., Molitch, M., Smulders, M., Tian, J., Williams, L. A., and Andress, D. L. Prevalence of abnormal serum vitamin D, PTH, calcium, and phosphorus in patients with chronic kidney disease: results of the study to evaluate early kidney disease. Kidney Int 2007;71:31-38. View abstract.
  654. Metz, M. P. Determining urinary calcium/creatinine cut-offs for the paediatric population using published data. Ann.Clin Biochem. 2006;43(Pt 5):398-401. View abstract.
  655. Shin, A., Li, H., Shu, X. O., Yang, G., Gao, Y. T., and Zheng, W. Dietary intake of calcium, fiber and other micronutrients in relation to colorectal cancer risk: Results from the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Int J Cancer 12-15-2006;119:2938-2942. View abstract.
  656. Van Dam, R. M., Hu, F. B., Rosenberg, L., Krishnan, S., and Palmer, J. R. Dietary calcium and magnesium, major food sources, and risk of type 2 diabetes in U.S. black women. Diabetes Care 2006;29:2238-2243. View abstract.
  657. Winzenberg, T., Shaw, K., Fryer, J., and Jones, G. Effects of calcium supplementation on bone density in healthy children: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 10-14-2006;333:775. View abstract.
  658. Lin, S. H., Chu, P., Cheng, C. J., Chu, S. J., Hung, Y. J., and Lin, Y. F. Early diagnosis of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis: spot urine calcium to phosphate ratio. Crit Care Med. 2006;34:2984-2989. View abstract.
  659. Mataix, J., Aranda, P., Lopez-Jurado, M., Sanchez, C., Planells, E., and Llopis, J. Factors influencing the intake and plasma levels of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium in southern Spain. Eur.J Nutr 2006;45:349-354. View abstract.
  660. Visser, M., Deeg, D. J., Puts, M. T., Seidell, J. C., and Lips, P. Low serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in older persons and the risk of nursing home admission. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:616-622. View abstract.
  661. Reid, I. R., Mason, B., Horne, A., Ames, R., Reid, H. E., Bava, U., Bolland, M. J., and Gamble, G. D. Randomized controlled trial of calcium in healthy older women. Am J Med. 2006;119:777-785. View abstract.
  662. Dalemo, S., Hjerpe, P., and Bostrom, Bengtsson K. Diagnosis of patients with raised serum calcium level in primary care, Sweden. Scand.J Prim.Health Care 2006;24:160-165. View abstract.
  663. Dellegrottaglie, S., Saran, R., Gillespie, B., Zhang, X., Chung, S., Finkelstein, F., Kiser, M., Sanz, J., Eisele, G., Hinderliter, A. L., Kuhlmann, M., Levin, N. W., and Rajagopalan, S. Prevalence and predictors of cardiovascular calcium in chronic kidney disease (from the Prospective Longitudinal RRI-CKD Study). Am J Cardiol. 9-1-2006;98:571-576. View abstract.
  664. Heaney, R. P. Absorbability and utility of calcium in mineral waters. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;84:371-374. View abstract.
  665. Haris, A., Sherrard, D. J., and Hercz, G. Reversal of adynamic bone disease by lowering of dialysate calcium. Kidney Int 2006;70:931-937. View abstract.
  666. Ovbiagele, B., Liebeskind, D. S., Starkman, S., Sanossian, N., Kim, D., Razinia, T., and Saver, J. L. Are elevated admission calcium levels associated with better outcomes after ischemic stroke? Neurology 7-11-2006;67:170-173. View abstract.
  667. Martyn-St, James M. and Carroll, S. High-intensity resistance training and postmenopausal bone loss: a meta-analysis. Osteoporos.Int 2006;17:1225-1240. View abstract.
  668. Liu, S., Choi, H. K., Ford, E., Song, Y., Klevak, A., Buring, J. E., and Manson, J. E. A prospective study of dairy intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care 2006;29:1579-1584. View abstract.
  669. Bunout, D., Barrera, G., Leiva, L., Gattas, V., de la Maza, M. P., Avendano, M., and Hirsch, S. Effects of vitamin D supplementation and exercise training on physical performance in Chilean vitamin D deficient elderly subjects. Exp.Gerontol 2006;41:746-752. View abstract.
  670. Viljakainen, H. T., Natri, A. M., Karkkainen, M., Huttunen, M. M., Palssa, A., Jakobsen, J., Cashman, K. D., Molgaard, C., and Lamberg-Allardt, C. A positive dose-response effect of vitamin D supplementation on site-specific bone mineral augmentation in adolescent girls: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled 1-year intervention. J Bone Miner Res 2006;21:836-844. View abstract.
  671. Howanitz, J. H. and Howanitz, P. J. Evaluation of total serum calcium critical values. Arch Pathol.Lab Med. 2006;130:828-830. View abstract.
  672. Melamed, M. L., Eustace, J. A., Plantinga, L., Jaar, B. G., Fink, N. E., Coresh, J., Klag, M. J., and Powe, N. R. Changes in serum calcium, phosphate, and PTH and the risk of death in incident dialysis patients: a longitudinal study. Kidney Int 2006;70:351-357. View abstract.
  673. De Santo, N. G., Frangiosa, A., Anastasio, P., Marino, A., Correale, G., Perna, A., Di, Stazio E., Stellato, D., Santoro, D., Di, Meglio E., Iacono, G., Ciacci, C., Savica, V., and Cirillo, M. Sevelamer worsens metabolic acidosis in hemodialysis patients. J Nephrol 2006;19 Suppl 9:S108-S114. View abstract.
  674. Mehta, N., Watts, N. B., Welge, J. A., and Steward, D. Comparison of serum calcium change following thyroid and nonthyroid neck surgery. Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 2006;134:901-906. View abstract.
  675. Le, T. Q., Gochin, M., Featherstone, J. D., Li, W., and DenBesten, P. K. Comparative calcium binding of leucine-rich amelogenin peptide and full-length amelogenin. Eur.J Oral Sci. 2006;114 Suppl 1:320-326. View abstract.
  676. Law, M., Withers, H., Morris, J., and Anderson, F. Vitamin D supplementation and the prevention of fractures and falls: results of a randomised trial in elderly people in residential accommodation. Age Ageing 2006;35:482-486. View abstract.
  677. Prince, R. L., Devine, A., Dhaliwal, S. S., and Dick, I. M. Effects of calcium supplementation on clinical fracture and bone structure: results of a 5-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in elderly women. Arch Intern.Med. 4-24-2006;166:869-875. View abstract.
  678. Taylor, E. N., Mount, D. B., Forman, J. P., and Curhan, G. C. Association of prevalent hypertension with 24-hour urinary excretion of calcium, citrate, and other factors. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006;47:780-789. View abstract.
  679. Winzenberg, T. M., Shaw, K., Fryer, J., and Jones, G. Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;:CD005119. View abstract.
  680. Dickinson, H. O., Nicolson, D. J., Cook, J. V., Campbell, F., Beyer, F. R., Ford, G. A., and Mason, J. Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;:CD004639. View abstract.
  681. Spasovski, G. B., Sikole, A., Gelev, S., Masin-Spasovska, J., Freemont, T., Webster, I., Gill, M., Jones, C., De Broe, M. E., and D'Haese, P. C. Evolution of bone and plasma concentration of lanthanum in dialysis patients before, during 1 year of treatment with lanthanum carbonate and after 2 years of follow-up. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 2006;21:2217-2224. View abstract.
  682. Pieper, A. K., Haffner, D., Hoppe, B., Dittrich, K., Offner, G., Bonzel, K. E., John, U., Frund, S., Klaus, G., Stubinger, A., Duker, G., and Querfeld, U. A randomized crossover trial comparing sevelamer with calcium acetate in children with CKD. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006;47:625-635. View abstract.
  683. Al, Sarakbi W., Salhab, M., and Mokbel, K. Dairy products and breast cancer risk: a review of the literature. Int J Fertil.Womens Med. 2005;50:244-249. View abstract.
  684. Benito, E., Stiggelbout, A., Bosch, F. X., Obrador, A., Kaldor, J., Mulet, M., and Munoz, N. Nutritional factors in colorectal cancer risk: a case-control study in Majorca. Int J Cancer 9-9-1991;49:161-167. View abstract.
  685. Larsson, S. C., Bergkvist, L., Rutegard, J., Giovannucci, E., and Wolk, A. Calcium and dairy food intakes are inversely associated with colorectal cancer risk in the Cohort of Swedish Men. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:667-673. View abstract.
  686. Jarjou, L. M., Prentice, A., Sawo, Y., Laskey, M. A., Bennett, J., Goldberg, G. R., and Cole, T. J. Randomized, placebo-controlled, calcium supplementation study in pregnant Gambian women: effects on breast-milk calcium concentrations and infant birth weight, growth, and bone mineral accretion in the first year of life. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:657-666. View abstract.
  687. Villar, J., Abdel-Aleem, H., Merialdi, M., Mathai, M., Ali, M. M., Zavaleta, N., Purwar, M., Hofmeyr, J., Nguyen, T. N., Campodonico, L., Landoulsi, S., Carroli, G., and Lindheimer, M. World Health Organization randomized trial of calcium supplementation among low calcium intake pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006;194:639-649. View abstract.
  688. Brazier, M., Grados, F., Kamel, S., Mathieu, M., Morel, A., Maamer, M., Sebert, J. L., and Fardellone, P. Clinical and laboratory safety of one year's use of a combination calcium + vitamin D tablet in ambulatory elderly women with vitamin D insufficiency: results of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Clin Ther 2005;27:1885-1893. View abstract.
  689. Pittas, A. G., Dawson-Hughes, B., Li, T., Van Dam, R. M., Willett, W. C., Manson, J. E., and Hu, F. B. Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care 2006;29:650-656. View abstract.
  690. Murakami, K., Okubo, H., and Sasaki, S. No relation between intakes of calcium and dairy products and body mass index in Japanese women aged 18 to 20 y. Nutrition 2006;22:490-495. View abstract.
  691. Genkinger, J. M., Hunter, D. J., Spiegelman, D., Anderson, K. E., Arslan, A., Beeson, W. L., Buring, J. E., Fraser, G. E., Freudenheim, J. L., Goldbohm, R. A., Hankinson, S. E., Jacobs, D. R., Jr., Koushik, A., Lacey, J. V., Jr., Larsson, S. C., Leitzmann, M., McCullough, M. L., Miller, A. B., Rodriguez, C., Rohan, T. E., Schouten, L. J., Shore, R., Smit, E., Wolk, A., Zhang, S. M., and Smith-Warner, S. A. Dairy products and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15:364-372. View abstract.
  692. O'Brien, K. O., Donangelo, C. M., Zapata, C. L., Abrams, S. A., Spencer, E. M., and King, J. C. Bone calcium turnover during pregnancy and lactation in women with low calcium diets is associated with calcium intake and circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:317-323. View abstract.
  693. Hamada, J., Tamai, K., Ono, W., and Saotome, K. Does the nature of deposited basic calcium phosphate crystals determine clinical course in calcific periarthritis of the shoulder? J Rheumatol. 2006;33:326-332. View abstract.
  694. Shiraki, M. and Orimo, H. [The effect of estrogen and, sex-steroids and thyroid hormone preparation on bone mineral density in senile osteoporosis--a comparative study of the effect of 1 alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol (1 alpha-OHD3) on senile osteoporosis]. Nippon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi 2-20-1991;67:84-95. View abstract.
  695. Iscovich, J. M., L'Abbe, K. A., Castelleto, R., Calzona, A., Bernedo, A., Chopita, N. A., Jmelnitzsky, A. C., and Kaldor, J. Colon cancer in Argentina. I: Risk from intake of dietary items. Int J Cancer 7-30-1992;51:851-857. View abstract.
  696. Mastaglia, S. R., Mautalen, C. A., Parisi, M. S., and Oliveri, B. Vitamin D2 dose required to rapidly increase 25OHD levels in osteoporotic women. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2006;60:681-687. View abstract.
  697. McClelland, R. L., Chung, H., Detrano, R., Post, W., and Kronmal, R. A. Distribution of coronary artery calcium by race, gender, and age: results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Circulation 1-3-2006;113:30-37. View abstract.
  698. McCullough, M. L., Rodriguez, C., Diver, W. R., Feigelson, H. S., Stevens, V. L., Thun, M. J., and Calle, E. E. Dairy, calcium, and vitamin D intake and postmenopausal breast cancer risk in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2005;14:2898-2904. View abstract.
  699. Gao, X., LaValley, M. P., and Tucker, K. L. Prospective studies of dairy product and calcium intakes and prostate cancer risk: a meta-analysis. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 12-7-2005;97:1768-1777. View abstract.
  700. Villar, M. T., Hill, P., Inskip, H., Thompson, P., and Cooper, C. Will elderly rest home residents wear hip protectors? Age Ageing 1998;27:195-198. View abstract.
  701. Boath, E., Bradley, E., and Henshaw, C. The prevention of postnatal depression: a narrative systematic review. J Psychosom.Obstet Gynaecol 2005;26:185-192. View abstract.
  702. Nuti, R., Bianchi, G., Brandi, M. L., Caudarella, R., D'Erasmo, E., Fiore, C., Isaia, G. C., Luisetto, G., Muratore, M., Oriente, P., and Ortolani, S. Superiority of alfacalcidol compared to vitamin D plus calcium in lumbar bone mineral density in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Rheumatol.Int 2006;26:445-453. View abstract.
  703. Jorde, R., Waterloo, K., Saleh, F., Haug, E., and Svartberg, J. Neuropsychological function in relation to serum parathyroid hormone and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. The Tromso study. J Neurol. 2006;253:464-470. View abstract.
  704. Cheng, S., Lyytikainen, A., Kroger, H., Lamberg-Allardt, C., Alen, M., Koistinen, A., Wang, Q. J., Suuriniemi, M., Suominen, H., Mahonen, A., Nicholson, P. H., Ivaska, K. K., Korpela, R., Ohlsson, C., Vaananen, K. H., and Tylavsky, F. Effects of calcium, dairy product, and vitamin D supplementation on bone mass accrual and body composition in 10-12-y-old girls: a 2-y randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:1115-1126. View abstract.
  705. Alonso, A., Beunza, J. J., Delgado-Rodriguez, M., Martinez, J. A., and Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A. Low-fat dairy consumption and reduced risk of hypertension: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:972-979. View abstract.
  706. Avenell, A., Grant, A. M., McGee, M., McPherson, G., Campbell, M. K., and McGee, M. A. The effects of an open design on trial participant recruitment, compliance and retention--a randomized controlled trial comparison with a blinded, placebo-controlled design. Clin Trials 2004;1:490-498. View abstract.
  707. Nieves, J. W., Grisso, J. A., and Kelsey, J. L. A case-control study of hip fracture: evaluation of selected dietary variables and teenage physical activity. Osteoporos.Int 1992;2:122-127. View abstract.
  708. El-Hajj, Fuleihan G., Nabulsi, M., Tamim, H., Maalouf, J., Salamoun, M., Khalife, H., Choucair, M., Arabi, A., and Vieth, R. Effect of vitamin D replacement on musculoskeletal parameters in school children: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:405-412. View abstract.
  709. Flicker, L., MacInnis, R. J., Stein, M. S., Scherer, S. C., Mead, K. E., Nowson, C. A., Thomas, J., Lowndes, C., Hopper, J. L., and Wark, J. D. Should older people in residential care receive vitamin D to prevent falls? Results of a randomized trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:1881-1888. View abstract.
  710. Salazar-Martinez, E., Lazcano-Ponce, E., Sanchez-Zamorano, L. M., Gonzalez-Lira, G., Escudero-DE Los, Rios P., and Hernandez-Avila, M. Dietary factors and endometrial cancer risk. Results of a case-control study in Mexico. Int.J Gynecol.Cancer 2005;15:938-945. View abstract.
  711. Block, G. A., Spiegel, D. M., Ehrlich, J., Mehta, R., Lindbergh, J., Dreisbach, A., and Raggi, P. Effects of sevelamer and calcium on coronary artery calcification in patients new to hemodialysis. Kidney Int 2005;68:1815-1824. View abstract.
  712. Galetta, F., Cupisti, A., Franzoni, F., Femia, F. R., Rossi, M., Barsotti, G., and Santoro, G. Left ventricular function and calcium phosphate plasma levels in uraemic patients. J Intern.Med. 2005;258:378-384. View abstract.
  713. Forman, J. P., Bischoff-Ferrari, H. A., Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., and Curhan, G. C. Vitamin D intake and risk of incident hypertension: results from three large prospective cohort studies. Hypertension 2005;46:676-682. View abstract.
  714. Checa, M. A., Garrido, A., Prat, M., Conangla, M., Rueda, C., and Carreras, R. A comparison of raloxifene and calcium plus vitamin D on vaginal atrophy after discontinuation of long-standing postmenopausal hormone therapy in osteoporotic women. A randomized, masked-evaluator, one-year, prospective study. Maturitas 9-16-2005;52:70-77. View abstract.
  715. Payne, R. J., Tewfik, M. A., Hier, M. P., Tamilia, M., Mac, Namara E., Young, J., and Black, M. J. Benefits resulting from 1- and 6-hour parathyroid hormone and calcium levels after thyroidectomy. Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 2005;133:386-390. View abstract.
  716. Ho, S. C., Guldan, G. S., Woo, J., Yu, R., Tse, M. M., Sham, A., and Cheng, J. A prospective study of the effects of 1-year calcium-fortified soy milk supplementation on dietary calcium intake and bone health in Chinese adolescent girls aged 14 to 16. Osteoporos.Int 2005;16:1907-1916. View abstract.
  717. Iwamoto, J., Takeda, T., and Sato, Y. Prevention and treatment of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Yonsei Med.J 8-31-2005;46:456-463. View abstract.
  718. Perrone, G., Galoppi, P., Valente, M., Capri, O., D'Ubaldo, C., Anelli, G., and Zichella, L. Intranasal salmon calcitonin in postmenopausal osteoporosis: effect of different therapeutic regimens on vertebral and peripheral bone density. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1992;33:168-171. View abstract.
  719. Lau, E. M., Woo, J., Leung, P. C., Swaminathan, R., and Leung, D. The effects of calcium supplementation and exercise on bone density in elderly Chinese women. Osteoporos.Int 1992;2:168-173. View abstract.
  720. Koiwa, F., Onoda, N., Kato, H., Tokumoto, A., Okada, T., Fukagawa, M., and Shigematsu, T. Prospective randomized multicenter trial of sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium carbonate for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients in Japan. Ther Apher.Dial. 2005;9:340-346. View abstract.
  721. Mughal, M. Z., Eelloo, J. A., Roberts, S. A., Sibartie, S., Maresh, M., Sibley, C. P., and Adams, J. E. Intrauterine programming of urinary calcium and magnesium excretion in children born to mothers with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Arch Dis.Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2005;90:F332-F336. View abstract.
  722. Weingarten, M. A., Zalmanovici, A., and Yaphe, J. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2005;:CD003548. View abstract.
  723. Johnston, C. C., Jr., Miller, J. Z., Slemenda, C. W., Reister, T. K., Hui, S., Christian, J. C., and Peacock, M. Calcium supplementation and increases in bone mineral density in children. N.Engl.J Med. 7-9-1992;327:82-87. View abstract.
  724. Normen, L., Arnaud, M. J., Carlsson, N. G., and Andersson, H. Small bowel absorption of magnesium and calcium sulphate from a natural mineral water in subjects with ileostomy. Eur.J Nutr 2006;45:105-112. View abstract.
  725. Hambidge, K. M., Krebs, N. F., Westcott, J. L., Sian, L., Miller, L. V., Peterson, K. L., and Raboy, V. Absorption of calcium from tortilla meals prepared from low-phytate maize. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:84-87. View abstract.
  726. Ditscheid, B., Keller, S., and Jahreis, G. Cholesterol metabolism is affected by calcium phosphate supplementation in humans. J Nutr. 2005;135:1678-1682. View abstract.
  727. Frederick, I. O., Williams, M. A., Dashow, E., Kestin, M., Zhang, C., and Leisenring, W. M. Dietary fiber, potassium, magnesium and calcium in relation to the risk of preeclampsia. J Reprod.Med. 2005;50:332-344. View abstract.
  728. Boon, N., Koppes, L. L., Saris, W. H., and Van, Mechelen W. The relation between calcium intake and body composition in a Dutch population: The Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study. Am.J Epidemiol. 7-1-2005;162:27-32. View abstract.
  729. Moselewski, F., O'Donnell, C. J., Achenbach, S., Ferencik, M., Massaro, J., Nguyen, A., Cury, R. C., Abbara, S., Jang, I. K., Brady, T. J., and Hoffmann, U. Calcium concentration of individual coronary calcified plaques as measured by multidetector row computed tomography. Circulation 6-21-2005;111:3236-3241. View abstract.
  730. Hirota, T., Nara, M., Ohguri, M., Manago, E., and Hirota, K. Effect of diet and lifestyle on bone mass in Asian young women. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:1168-1173. View abstract.
  731. Salusky, I. B., Goodman, W. G., Sahney, S., Gales, B., Perilloux, A., Wang, H. J., Elashoff, R. M., and Juppner, H. Sevelamer controls parathyroid hormone-induced bone disease as efficiently as calcium carbonate without increasing serum calcium levels during therapy with active vitamin D sterols. J Am Soc Nephrol 2005;16:2501-2508. View abstract.
  732. Stevenson, M., Jones, M. L., De, Nigris E., Brewer, N., Davis, S., and Oakley, J. A systematic review and economic evaluation of alendronate, etidronate, risedronate, raloxifene and teriparatide for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Health Technol.Assess. 2005;9:1-160. View abstract.
  733. Courteix, D., Jaffre, C., Lespessailles, E., and Benhamou, L. Cumulative effects of calcium supplementation and physical activity on bone accretion in premenarchal children: a double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial. Int J Sports Med. 2005;26:332-338. View abstract.
  734. Heaney, R. P., Rafferty, K., Dowell, M. S., and Bierman, J. Calcium fortification systems differ in bioavailability. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:807-809. View abstract.
  735. Choi, H. K., Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., Rimm, E., and Hu, F. B. Dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men: a prospective study. Arch Intern.Med. 5-9-2005;165:997-1003. View abstract.
  736. Bellinger, D. C. Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2005;73:409-420. View abstract.
  737. Kesse, E., Boutron-Ruault, M. C., Norat, T., Riboli, E., and Clavel-Chapelon, F. Dietary calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, dairy products and the risk of colorectal adenoma and cancer among French women of the E3N-EPIC prospective study. Int J Cancer 10-20-2005;117:137-144. View abstract.
  738. Weisman, S. M. and Matkovic, V. Potential use of biochemical markers of bone turnover for assessing the effect of calcium supplementation and predicting fracture risk. Clin Ther 2005;27:299-308. View abstract.
  739. The effects of nonpharmacologic interventions on blood pressure of persons with high normal levels. Results of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, Phase I. JAMA 3-4-1992;267:1213-1220. View abstract.
  740. O'Brien, K. D., Probstfield, J. L., Caulfield, M. T., Nasir, K., Takasu, J., Shavelle, D. M., Wu, A. H., Zhao, X. Q., and Budoff, M. J. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and change in aortic valve calcium. Arch Intern.Med. 4-25-2005;165:858-862. View abstract.
  741. Palmer, S., McGregor, D. O., and Strippoli, G. F. Interventions for preventing bone disease in kidney transplant recipients. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2005;:CD005015. View abstract.
  742. Mahoney, B. A., Smith, W. A., Lo, D. S., Tsoi, K., Tonelli, M., and Clase, C. M. Emergency interventions for hyperkalaemia. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2005;:CD003235. View abstract.
  743. Caravaca, F., Santos, I., Cubero, J. J., Esparrago, J. F., Arrobas, M., Pizarro, J. L., Robles, R., and Sanchez-Casado, E. Calcium acetate versus calcium carbonate as phosphate binders in hemodialysis patients. Nephron 1992;60:423-427. View abstract.
  744. Ceylan, K., Topal, C., Erkoc, R., Sayarlioglu, H., Can, S., Yilmaz, Y., Dogan, E., Algun, E., and Gonulalan, H. Effect of indapamide on urinary calcium excretion in patients with and without urinary stone disease. Ann.Pharmacother. 2005;39:1034-1038. View abstract.
  745. Wigertz, K., Palacios, C., Jackman, L. A., Martin, B. R., McCabe, L. D., McCabe, G. P., Peacock, M., Pratt, J. H., and Weaver, C. M. Racial differences in calcium retention in response to dietary salt in adolescent girls. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:845-850. View abstract.
  746. Hutchison, A. J., Maes, B., Vanwalleghem, J., Asmus, G., Mohamed, E., Schmieder, R., Backs, W., Jamar, R., and Vosskuhler, A. Efficacy, tolerability, and safety of lanthanum carbonate in hyperphosphatemia: a 6-month, randomized, comparative trial versus calcium carbonate. Nephron Clin Pract. 2005;100:c8-19. View abstract.
  747. Palmer, S. C., Strippoli, G. F., and McGregor, D. O. Interventions for preventing bone disease in kidney transplant recipients: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Am J Kidney Dis. 2005;45:638-649. View abstract.
  748. Lin, J., Zhang, S. M., Cook, N. R., Manson, J. E., Lee, I. M., and Buring, J. E. Intakes of calcium and vitamin D and risk of colorectal cancer in women. Am J Epidemiol. 4-15-2005;161:755-764. View abstract.
  749. Greenbaum, L. A., Grenda, R., Qiu, P., Restaino, I., Wojtak, A., Paredes, A., Benador, N., Melnick, J. Z., Williams, L. A., and Salusky, I. B. Intravenous calcitriol for treatment of hyperparathyroidism in children on hemodialysis. Pediatr.Nephrol 2005;20:622-630. View abstract.
  750. Vestergaard, P. Prevalence and pathogenesis of osteoporosis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Minerva Med. 2004;95:469-480. View abstract.
  751. Lau, E. M. [Calcium and bone health in Asians]. Clin.Calcium. 2001;11:168-172. View abstract.
  752. Moyer-Mileur, L. J., Xie, B., Ball, S. D., and Pratt, T. Bone mass and density response to a 12-month trial of calcium and vitamin D supplement in preadolescent girls. J Musculoskelet.Neuronal.Interact. 2003;3:63-70. View abstract.
  753. Chevalley, T., Bonjour, J. P., Ferrari, S., Hans, D., and Rizzoli, R. Skeletal site selectivity in the effects of calcium supplementation on areal bone mineral density gain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in prepubertal boys. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005;90:3342-3349. View abstract.
  754. Prentice, A., Ginty, F., Stear, S. J., Jones, S. C., Laskey, M. A., and Cole, T. J. Calcium supplementation increases stature and bone mineral mass of 16- to 18-year-old boys. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005;90:3153-3161. View abstract.
  755. Lanou, A. J., Berkow, S. E., and Barnard, N. D. Calcium, dairy products, and bone health in children and young adults: a reevaluation of the evidence. Pediatrics 2005;115:736-743. View abstract.
  756. Gennari, C., Agnusdei, D., Montagnani, M., Gonnelli, S., and Civitelli, R. An effective regimen of intranasal salmon calcitonin in early postmenopausal bone loss. Calcif Tissue Int 1992;50:381-383. View abstract.
  757. Wissing, K. M., Broeders, N., Moreno-Reyes, R., Gervy, C., Stallenberg, B., and Abramowicz, D. A controlled study of vitamin D3 to prevent bone loss in renal-transplant patients receiving low doses of steroids. Transplantation 1-15-2005;79:108-115. View abstract.
  758. Kelsey, J. L., Browner, W. S., Seeley, D. G., Nevitt, M. C., and Cummings, S. R. Risk factors for fractures of the distal forearm and proximal humerus. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Am J Epidemiol. 3-1-1992;135:477-489. View abstract.
  759. Haworth, C. S., Jones, A. M., Adams, J. E., Selby, P. L., and Webb, A. K. Randomised double blind placebo controlled trial investigating the effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density and bone metabolism in adult patients with cystic fibrosis. J Cyst.Fibros. 2004;3:233-236. View abstract.
  760. Jacobsen, R., Lorenzen, J. K., Toubro, S., Krog-Mikkelsen, I., and Astrup, A. Effect of short-term high dietary calcium intake on 24-h energy expenditure, fat oxidation, and fecal fat excretion. Int.J Obes.(Lond.) 2005;29:292-301. View abstract.
  761. Yoneda, S., Ibara, S., Kobayashi, K., Kato, E., Maruyama, Y., Maruyama, H., Sumida, Y., Sunami, R., Sakai, M., Ikenoue, T., and Saito, S. Low adjusted serum ionized calcium concentration shortly after birth predicts poor outcome in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2005;31:57-64. View abstract.
  762. Palacios, S., Castelo-Branco, C., Cifuentes, I., von, Helde S., Baro, L., Tapia-Ruano, C., Menendez, C., and Rueda, C. Changes in bone turnover markers after calcium-enriched milk supplementation in healthy postmenopausal women: a randomized, double-blind, prospective clinical trial. Menopause. 2005;12:63-68. View abstract.
  763. Flood, A., Peters, U., Chatterjee, N., Lacey, J. V., Jr., Schairer, C., and Schatzkin, A. Calcium from diet and supplements is associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer in a prospective cohort of women. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2005;14:126-132. View abstract.
  764. Sandler, R. S. Calcium supplements to prevent colorectal adenomas. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100:395-396. View abstract.
  765. Shaukat, A., Scouras, N., and Schunemann, H. J. Role of supplemental calcium in the recurrence of colorectal adenomas: a metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005;100:390-394. View abstract.
  766. Vaidyanathan, S., Watson, I. D., Jonsson, O., Buczynski, A. Z., Grases, F., Heilberg, I. P., Yasui, T., Wyndaele, J. J., Tozawa, K., Kohri, K., Schurch, B., Hughes, P. L., Singh, G., Soni, B. M., Sett, P., and Fraser, W. D. Recurrent vesical calculi, hypercalciuria, and biochemical evidence of increased bone resorption in an adult male with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury: is there a role for intermittent oral disodium etidronate therapy for prevention of calcium phosphate bladder stones? Spinal Cord. 2005;43:269-277. View abstract.
  767. Matkovic, V., Goel, P. K., Badenhop-Stevens, N. E., Landoll, J. D., Li, B., Ilich, J. Z., Skugor, M., Nagode, L. A., Mobley, S. L., Ha, E. J., Hangartner, T. N., and Clairmont, A. Calcium supplementation and bone mineral density in females from childhood to young adulthood: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:175-188. View abstract.
  768. Davidsson, L., Ziegler, E., Zeder, C., Walczyk, T., and Hurrell, R. Sodium iron EDTA [NaFe(III)EDTA] as a food fortificant: erythrocyte incorporation of iron and apparent absorption of zinc, copper, calcium, and magnesium from a complementary food based on wheat and soy in healthy infants. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:104-109. View abstract.
  769. Weisberg, P., Scanlon, K. S., Li, R., and Cogswell, M. E. Nutritional rickets among children in the United States: review of cases reported between 1986 and 2003. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80(6 Suppl):1697S-1705S. View abstract.
  770. Orimo, H. [Calcium intake and osteoporosis]. Clin Calcium 2004;14:108-110. View abstract.
  771. El-Husseini, A. A., El-Agroudy, A. E., El-Sayed, M., Sobh, M. A., and Ghoneim, M. A. A prospective randomized study for the treatment of bone loss with vitamin d during kidney transplantation in children and adolescents. Am J Transplant. 2004;4:2052-2057. View abstract.
  772. Kojima, M., Wakai, K., Tamakoshi, K., Tokudome, S., Toyoshima, H., Watanabe, Y., Hayakawa, N., Suzuki, K., Hashimoto, S., Ito, Y., and Tamakoshi, A. Diet and colorectal cancer mortality: results from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Nutr Cancer 2004;50:23-32. View abstract.
  773. Morley, R., Carlin, J. B., and Dwyer, T. Maternal calcium supplementation and cardiovascular risk factors in twin offspring. Int J Epidemiol. 2004;33:1304-1309. View abstract.
  774. Gibbons, M. J., Gilchrist, N. L., Frampton, C., Maguire, P., Reilly, P. H., March, R. L., and Wall, C. R. The effects of a high calcium dairy food on bone health in pre-pubertal children in New Zealand. Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr 2004;13:341-347. View abstract.
  775. Molgaard, C., Thomsen, B. L., and Michaelsen, K. F. Effect of habitual dietary calcium intake on calcium supplementation in 12-14-y-old girls. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:1422-1427. View abstract.
  776. Gulson, B. L., Mizon, K. J., Palmer, J. M., Korsch, M. J., Taylor, A. J., and Mahaffey, K. R. Blood lead changes during pregnancy and postpartum with calcium supplementation. Environ.Health Perspect. 2004;112:1499-1507. View abstract.
  777. Lin, J., Zhang, S. M., Cook, N. R., Lee, I. M., and Buring, J. E. Dietary fat and fatty acids and risk of colorectal cancer in women. Am J Epidemiol. 11-15-2004;160:1011-1022. View abstract.
  778. Chevalley, T., Rizzoli, R., Hans, D., Ferrari, S., and Bonjour, J. P. Interaction between calcium intake and menarcheal age on bone mass gain: an eight-year follow-up study from prepuberty to postmenarche. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005;90:44-51. View abstract.
  779. Kanis, J. A., Johansson, H., Oden, A., De, Laet C., Johnell, O., Eisman, J. A., Mc, Closkey E., Mellstrom, D., Pols, H., Reeve, J., Silman, A., and Tenenhouse, A. A meta-analysis of milk intake and fracture risk: low utility for case finding. Osteoporos.Int 2005;16:799-804. View abstract.
  780. Knight, K. B. and Keith, R. E. Calcium supplementation on normotensive and hypertensive pregnant women. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:891-895. View abstract.
  781. Chuang, H. Y., Tsai, S. Y., Chao, K. Y., Lian, C. Y., Yang, C. Y., Ho, C. K., and Wu, T. N. The influence of milk intake on the lead toxicity to the sensory nervous system in lead workers. Neurotoxicology 2004;25:941-949. View abstract.
  782. Cameron, M. A., Paton, L. M., Nowson, C. A., Margerison, C., Frame, M., and Wark, J. D. The effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in premenarcheal females: a co-twin approach. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004;89:4916-4922. View abstract.
  783. Ishida, Y. and Kawai, S. Comparative efficacy of hormone replacement therapy, etidronate, calcitonin, alfacalcidol, and vitamin K in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: The Yamaguchi Osteoporosis Prevention Study. Am.J.Med. 10-15-2004;117:549-555. View abstract.
  784. Gillman, M. W., Rifas-Shiman, S. L., Kleinman, K. P., Rich-Edwards, J. W., and Lipshultz, S. E. Maternal calcium intake and offspring blood pressure. Circulation 10-5-2004;110:1990-1995. View abstract.
  785. Nordin, B. E., Need, A. G., Morris, H. A., O'Loughlin, P. D., and Horowitz, M. Effect of age on calcium absorption in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:998-1002. View abstract.
  786. Davies, K. M., Rafferty, K., and Heaney, R. P. Determinants of endogenous calcium entry into the gut. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:919-923. View abstract.
  787. Van der Vijver, L. P., van der Waal, M. A., Weterings, K. G., Dekker, J. M., Schouten, E. G., and Kok, F. J. Calcium intake and 28-year cardiovascular and coronary heart disease mortality in Dutch civil servants. Int J Epidemiol. 1992;21:36-39. View abstract.
  788. Dyer, C. A., Taylor, G. J., Reed, M., Dyer, C. A., Robertson, D. R., and Harrington, R. Falls prevention in residential care homes: a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing 2004;33:596-602. View abstract.
  789. O'Halloran, P. D., Cran, G. W., Beringer, T. R., Kernohan, G., O'Neill, C., Orr, J., Dunlop, L., and Murray, L. J. A cluster randomised controlled trial to evaluate a policy of making hip protectors available to residents of nursing homes. Age Ageing 2004;33:582-588. View abstract.
  790. Chan, D. K., Hillier, G., Coore, M., Cooke, R., Monk, R., Mills, J., and Hung, W. T. Effectiveness and acceptability of a newly designed hip protector: a pilot study. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2000;30:25-34. View abstract.
  791. Campbell, I. A., Douglas, J. G., Francis, R. M., Prescott, R. J., and Reid, D. M. Five year study of etidronate and/or calcium as prevention and treatment for osteoporosis and fractures in patients with asthma receiving long term oral and/or inhaled glucocorticoids. Thorax 2004;59:761-768. View abstract.
  792. Vargas Zapata, C. L., Donangelo, C. M., Woodhouse, L. R., Abrams, S. A., Spencer, E. M., and King, J. C. Calcium homeostasis during pregnancy and lactation in Brazilian women with low calcium intakes: a longitudinal study. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:417-422. View abstract.
  793. El-Husseini, A. A., El-Agroudy, A. E., El-Sayed, M. F., Sobh, M. A., and Ghoneim, M. A. Treatment of osteopenia and osteoporosis in renal transplant children and adolescents. Pediatr.Transplant. 2004;8:357-361. View abstract.
  794. Vieth, R., Kimball, S., Hu, A., and Walfish, P. G. Randomized comparison of the effects of the vitamin D3 adequate intake versus 100 mcg (4000 IU) per day on biochemical responses and the wellbeing of patients. Nutr J 7-19-2004;3:8. View abstract.
  795. Peters, R. K., Pike, M. C., Garabrant, D., and Mack, T. M. Diet and colon cancer in Los Angeles County, California. Cancer Causes Control 1992;3:457-473. View abstract.
  796. Slattery, M. L., Neuhausen, S. L., Hoffman, M., Caan, B., Curtin, K., Ma, K. N., and Samowitz, W. Dietary calcium, vitamin D, VDR genotypes and colorectal cancer. Int J Cancer 9-20-2004;111:750-756. View abstract.
  797. Gando, S., Tedo, I., Tujinaga, H., and Kubota, M. Variation in serum ionized calcium on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. J Anesth. 9-1-1988;2:154-160. View abstract.
  798. Meier, C., Woitge, H. W., Witte, K., Lemmer, B., and Seibel, M. J. Supplementation with oral vitamin D3 and calcium during winter prevents seasonal bone loss: a randomized controlled open-label prospective trial. J Bone Miner Res 2004;19:1221-1230. View abstract.
  799. Du, X., Zhu, K., Trube, A., Zhang, Q., Ma, G., Hu, X., Fraser, D. R., and Greenfield, H. School-milk intervention trial enhances growth and bone mineral accretion in Chinese girls aged 10-12 years in Beijing. Br.J Nutr 2004;92:159-168. View abstract.
  800. Qin, L. Q., Xu, J. Y., Wang, P. Y., Kaneko, T., Hoshi, K., and Sato, A. Milk consumption is a risk factor for prostate cancer: meta-analysis of case-control studies. Nutr Cancer 2004;48:22-27. View abstract.
  801. Shaheen, F. A., Akeel, N. M., Badawi, L. S., and Souqiyyeh, M. Z. Efficacy and safety of sevelamer. Comparison with calcium carbonate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients. Saudi.Med.J 2004;25:785-791. View abstract.
  802. Healey, F., Monro, A., Cockram, A., Adams, V., and Heseltine, D. Using targeted risk factor reduction to prevent falls in older in-patients: a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing 2004;33:390-395. View abstract.
  803. Dickerson, R. N., Alexander, K. H., Minard, G., Croce, M. A., and Brown, R. O. Accuracy of methods to estimate ionized and "corrected" serum calcium concentrations in critically ill multiple trauma patients receiving specialized nutrition support. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 2004;28:133-141. View abstract.
  804. Winters-Stone, K. M. and Snow, C. M. One year of oral calcium supplementation maintains cortical bone density in young adult female distance runners. Int.J Sport.Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2004;14:7-17. View abstract.
  805. Elwood, P. C., Pickering, J. E., Hughes, J., Fehily, A. M., and Ness, A. R. Milk drinking, ischaemic heart disease and ischaemic stroke II. Evidence from cohort studies. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2004;58:718-724. View abstract.
  806. Elwood, P. C., Pickering, J. E., Fehily, A. M., Hughes, J., and Ness, A. R. Milk drinking, ischaemic heart disease and ischaemic stroke I. Evidence from the Caerphilly cohort. Eur.J Clin Nutr 2004;58:711-717. View abstract.
  807. Ward, R. T., Colton, D. M., Meade, P. C., Henry, J. C., Contreras, L. M., Wilson, O. M., and Fleming, A. W. Serum levels of calcium and albumin in survivors versus nonsurvivors after critical injury. J Crit Care 2004;19:54-64. View abstract.
  808. Lau, E. M., Lynn, H., Chan, Y. H., Lau, W., and Woo, J. Benefits of milk powder supplementation on bone accretion in Chinese children. Osteoporos.Int 2004;15:654-658. View abstract.
  809. Narva, M., Nevala, R., Poussa, T., and Korpela, R. The effect of Lactobacillus helveticus fermented milk on acute changes in calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women. Eur.J Nutr 2004;43:61-68. View abstract.
  810. Kerse, N., Butler, M., Robinson, E., and Todd, M. Fall prevention in residential care: a cluster, randomized, controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004;52:524-531. View abstract.
  811. Xu, L., McElduff, P., D'Este, C., and Attia, J. Does dietary calcium have a protective effect on bone fractures in women? A meta-analysis of observational studies. Br.J Nutr 2004;91:625-634. View abstract.
  812. Matsumoto, T. [New guideline for the treatment of osteoporosis]. Nippon Rinsho 2004;62 Suppl 2:387-391. View abstract.
  813. Haines, T. P., Bennell, K. L., Osborne, R. H., and Hill, K. D. Effectiveness of targeted falls prevention programme in subacute hospital setting: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 3-20-2004;328:676. View abstract.
  814. Fehily, A. M., Coles, R. J., Evans, W. D., and Elwood, P. C. Factors affecting bone density in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;56:579-586. View abstract.
  815. Rovensky, J., Stancikova, M., Masaryk, P., Svik, K., and Istok, R. Eggshell calcium in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Int J Clin Pharmacol.Res 2003;23(2-3):83-92. View abstract.
  816. Simon, J. A., Murtaugh, M. A., Gross, M. D., Loria, C. M., Hulley, S. B., and Jacobs, D. R., Jr. Relation of ascorbic acid to coronary artery calcium: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Epidemiol. 3-15-2004;159:581-588. View abstract.
  817. Satia-Abouta, J., Galanko, J. A., Martin, C. F., Ammerman, A., and Sandler, R. S. Food groups and colon cancer risk in African-Americans and Caucasians. Int J Cancer 5-1-2004;109:728-736. View abstract.
  818. Matkovic, V., Landoll, J. D., Badenhop-Stevens, N. E., Ha, E. Y., Crncevic-Orlic, Z., Li, B., and Goel, P. Nutrition influences skeletal development from childhood to adulthood: a study of hip, spine, and forearm in adolescent females. J Nutr 2004;134:701S-705S. View abstract.
  819. Bowen, J., Noakes, M., and Clifton, P. M. A high dairy protein, high-calcium diet minimizes bone turnover in overweight adults during weight loss. J Nutr. 2004;134:568-573. View abstract.
  820. Vassallo, M., Vignaraja, R., Sharma, J. C., Hallam, H., Binns, K., Briggs, R., Ross, I., and Allen, S. The effect of changing practice on fall prevention in a rehabilitative hospital: the Hospital Injury Prevention Study. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004;52:335-339. View abstract.
  821. Harrington, M., Bennett, T., Jakobsen, J., Ovesen, L., Brot, C., Flynn, A., and Cashman, K. D. The effect of a high-protein, high-sodium diet on calcium and bone metabolism in postmenopausal women and its interaction with vitamin D receptor genotype. Br.J Nutr 2004;91:41-51. View abstract.
  822. Torres, A., Garcia, S., Gomez, A., Gonzalez, A., Barrios, Y., Concepcion, M. T., Hernandez, D., Garcia, J. J., Checa, M. D., Lorenzo, V., and Salido, E. Treatment with intermittent calcitriol and calcium reduces bone loss after renal transplantation. Kidney Int 2004;65:705-712. View abstract.
  823. Lewiecki, E. M. Nonresponders to osteoporosis therapy. J Clin Densitom. 2003;6:307-314. View abstract.
  824. Harwood, R. H., Sahota, O., Gaynor, K., Masud, T., and Hosking, D. J. A randomised, controlled comparison of different calcium and vitamin D supplementation regimens in elderly women after hip fracture: The Nottingham Neck of Femur (NONOF) Study. Age Ageing 2004;33:45-51. View abstract.
  825. Fujita, T., Ohue, M., Fujii, Y., Miyauchi, A., and Takagi, Y. Reappraisal of Katsuragi calcium study, a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of active absorbable algal calcium (AAACa) on vertebral deformity and fracture. J Bone Miner Metab 2004;22:32-38. View abstract.
  826. Kreiger, N., Gross, A., and Hunter, G. Dietary factors and fracture in postmenopausal women: a case-control study. Int J Epidemiol. 1992;21:953-958. View abstract.
  827. O'Brien, K. O., Nathanson, M. S., Mancini, J., and Witter, F. R. Calcium absorption is significantly higher in adolescents during pregnancy than in the early postpartum period. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;78:1188-1193. View abstract.
  828. Schulze, K. J., O'Brien, K. O., Germain-Lee, E. L., Baer, D. J., Leonard, A. L., and Rosenstein, B. J. Endogenous fecal losses of calcium compromise calcium balance in pancreatic-insufficient girls with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 2003;143:765-771. View abstract.
  829. Jeffery, J. R., Leslie, W. D., Karpinski, M. E., Nickerson, P. W., and Rush, D. N. Prevalence and treatment of decreased bone density in renal transplant recipients: a randomized prospective trial of calcitriol versus alendronate. Transplantation 11-27-2003;76:1498-1502. View abstract.
  830. Vezzoli, G., Rubinacci, A., Bianchin, C., Arcidiacono, T., Giambona, S., Mignogna, G., Fochesato, E., Terranegra, A., Cusi, D., and Soldati, L. Intestinal calcium absorption is associated with bone mass in stone-forming women with idiopathic hypercalciuria. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003;42:1177-1183. View abstract.
  831. Fioretti, P., Gambacciani, M., Taponeco, F., Melis, G. B., Capelli, N., and Spinetti, A. Effects of continuous and cyclic nasal calcitonin administration in ovariectomized women. Maturitas 1992;15:225-232. View abstract.
  832. Kanis, J. A., Johnell, O., Gullberg, B., Allander, E., Dilsen, G., Gennari, C., Lopes Vaz, A. A., Lyritis, G. P., Mazzuoli, G., Miravet, L., and . Evidence for efficacy of drugs affecting bone metabolism in preventing hip fracture. BMJ 11-7-1992;305:1124-1128. View abstract.
  833. Hoffman, S. B., Powell-Cope, G., MacClellan, L., and Bero, K. BedSAFE. A bed safety project for frail older adults. J Gerontol Nurs. 2003;29:34-42. View abstract.
  834. Reaven, P. D., Thurmond, D., Domb, A., Gerkin, R., Budoff, M. J., and Goldman, S. Comparison of frequency of coronary artery calcium in healthy Hispanic versus non-Hispanic white men by electron beam computed tomography. Am J Cardiol. 11-15-2003;92:1198-1200. View abstract.
  835. Grados, F., Brazier, M., Kamel, S., Mathieu, M., Hurtebize, N., Maamer, M., Garabedian, M., Sebert, J. L., and Fardellone, P. Prediction of bone mass density variation by bone remodeling markers in postmenopausal women with vitamin D insufficiency treated with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:5175-5179. View abstract.
  836. Rozen, G. S., Rennert, G., Dodiuk-Gad, R. P., Rennert, H. S., Ish-Shalom, N., Diab, G., Raz, B., and Ish-Shalom, S. Calcium supplementation provides an extended window of opportunity for bone mass accretion after menarche. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;78:993-998. View abstract.
  837. Cesur, Y., Caksen, H., Gundem, A., Kirimi, E., and Odabas, D. Comparison of low and high dose of vitamin D treatment in nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets. J Pediatr.Endocrinol Metab 2003;16:1105-1109. View abstract.
  838. Shea, B., Wells, G., Cranney, A., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Griffith, L., Hamel, C., Ortiz, Z., Peterson, J., Adachi, J., Tugwell, P., and Guyatt, G. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2003;:CD004526. View abstract.
  839. El-Agroudy, A. E., El-Husseini, A. A., El-Sayed, M., and Ghoneim, M. A. Preventing bone loss in renal transplant recipients with vitamin D. J Am Soc Nephrol 2003;14:2975-2979. View abstract.
  840. Hatton, D. C., Harrison-Hohner, J., Coste, S., Reller, M., and McCarron, D. Gestational calcium supplementation and blood pressure in the offspring. Am J Hypertens 2003;16:801-805. View abstract.
  841. Kynast-Gales, S. A. and Massey, L. K. Effects of dietary calcium from dairy products on ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive men. J Am Diet Assoc. 1992;92:1497-1501. View abstract.
  842. Coco, M., Glicklich, D., Faugere, M. C., Burris, L., Bognar, I., Durkin, P., Tellis, V., Greenstein, S., Schechner, R., Figueroa, K., McDonough, P., Wang, G., and Malluche, H. Prevention of bone loss in renal transplant recipients: a prospective, randomized trial of intravenous pamidronate. J Am Soc Nephrol 2003;14:2669-2676. View abstract.
  843. SMITH, R. W., Jr. and FRAME, B. CONCURRENT AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR OSTEOPOROSIS: ITS RELATION TO CALCIUM CONSUMPTION. N.Engl.J Med 7-8-1965;273:73-78. View abstract.
  844. LUTWAK, L., LASTER, L., GITELMAN, H. J., FOX, M., and WHEDON, G. D. EFFECTS OF HIGH DIETARY CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS ON CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, NITROGEN AND FAT METABOLISM IN CHILDREN. Am.J Clin.Nutr. 1964;14:76-82. View abstract.
  845. Lyle, R. M. Does baseline serum total calcium level influence the blood pressure response to calcium supplementation? A double-blind study. Neth.J Med. 1992;41(1-2):48-55. View abstract.
  846. Recker, R. R., Davies, K. M., Hinders, S. M., Heaney, R. P., Stegman, M. R., and Kimmel, D. B. Bone gain in young adult women. JAMA 11-4-1992;268:2403-2408. View abstract.
  847. Overgaard, K., Hansen, M. A., Jensen, S. B., and Christiansen, C. Effect of salcatonin given intranasally on bone mass and fracture rates in established osteoporosis: a dose-response study. BMJ 9-5-1992;305:556-561. View abstract.
  848. Genereau, T. and Cabane, J. [Benefits of corticosteroids in the treatment of Horton's disease and rhizomelic pseudopolyarthritis: advantages and inconveniences. A meta-analysis]. Rev.Med.Interne 1992;13:387-391. View abstract.
  849. Ascherio, A., Rimm, E. B., Giovannucci, E. L., Colditz, G. A., Rosner, B., Willett, W. C., Sacks, F., and Stampfer, M. J. A prospective study of nutritional factors and hypertension among US men. Circulation 1992;86:1475-1484. View abstract.
  850. Almustafa, M., Doyle, F. H., Gutteridge, D. H., Hand, D. J., Davis, T. M., Spinks, T. J., Freemantle, C., and Joplin, G. F. Effects of treatments by calcium and sex hormones on vertebral fracturing in osteoporosis. Q.J Med 1992;83:283-294. View abstract.
  851. Arbman, G., Axelson, O., Ericsson-Begodzki, A. B., Fredriksson, M., Nilsson, E., and Sjodahl, R. Cereal fiber, calcium, and colorectal cancer. Cancer 4-15-1992;69:2042-2048. View abstract.
  852. Bronner, F., Salle, B. L., Putet, G., Rigo, J., and Senterre, J. Net calcium absorption in premature infants: results of 103 metabolic balance studies. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;56:1037-1044. View abstract.
  853. Satia-Abouta, J., Galanko, J. A., Martin, C. F., Potter, J. D., Ammerman, A., and Sandler, R. S. Associations of micronutrients with colon cancer risk in African Americans and whites: results from the North Carolina Colon Cancer Study. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2003;12:747-754. View abstract.
  854. Chee, W. S., Suriah, A. R., Chan, S. P., Zaitun, Y., and Chan, Y. M. The effect of milk supplementation on bone mineral density in postmenopausal Chinese women in Malaysia. Osteoporos.Int. 2003;14:828-834. View abstract.
  855. DeLucia, M. C., Mitnick, M. E., and Carpenter, T. O. Nutritional rickets with normal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D: a call for reexamining the role of dietary calcium intake in North American infants. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:3539-3545. View abstract.
  856. Rodriguez, C., McCullough, M. L., Mondul, A. M., Jacobs, E. J., Fakhrabadi-Shokoohi, D., Giovannucci, E. L., Thun, M. J., and Calle, E. E. Calcium, dairy products, and risk of prostate cancer in a prospective cohort of United States men. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2003;12:597-603. View abstract.
  857. Dagnelie, P. C. [Nutrition and health--potential health benefits and risks of vegetarianism and limited consumption of meat in the Netherlands]. Ned.Tijdschr.Geneeskd. 7-5-2003;147:1308-1313. View abstract.
  858. Lindsay, R. M., Alhejaili, F., Nesrallah, G., Leitch, R., Clement, L., Heidenheim, A. P., and Kortas, C. Calcium and phosphate balance with quotidian hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003;42(1 Suppl):24-29. View abstract.
  859. Torregrosa, J. V., Moreno, A., Gutierrez, A., Vidal, S., and Oppenheimer, F. Alendronate for treatment of renal transplant patients with osteoporosis. Transplant.Proc. 2003;35:1393-1395. View abstract.
  860. Grados, F., Brazier, M., Kamel, S., Duver, S., Heurtebize, N., Maamer, M., Mathieu, M., Garabedian, M., Sebert, J. L., and Fardellone, P. Effects on bone mineral density of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in elderly women with vitamin D deficiency. Joint Bone Spine 2003;70:203-208. View abstract.
  861. Kelly, K. E., Phillips, C. L., Cain, K. C., Polissar, N. L., and Kelly, P. B. Evaluation of a nonintrusive monitor to reduce falls in nursing home patients. J Am Med.Dir.Assoc. 2002;3:377-382. View abstract.
  862. Haumschild, M. J., Karfonta, T. L., Haumschild, M. S., and Phillips, S. E. Clinical and economic outcomes of a fall-focused pharmaceutical intervention program. Am J Health Syst.Pharm. 5-15-2003;60:1029-1032. View abstract.
  863. Slomp, J., van der Voort, P. H., Gerritsen, R. T., Berk, J. A., and Bakker, A. J. Albumin-adjusted calcium is not suitable for diagnosis of hyper- and hypocalcemia in the critically ill. Crit Care Med. 2003;31:1389-1393. View abstract.
  864. Zhang, Q., Hu, X. Q., Ma, G. S., Du, X. Q., Zhu, K., Zhang, X., Tong, R., and Ge, K. Y. [Effects of calcium and vitamin D-fortified milk on physical development in school girls aged 10 to 12 years]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 2003;37:12-15. View abstract.
  865. D'Haese, P. C., Spasovski, G. B., Sikole, A., Hutchison, A., Freemont, T. J., Sulkova, S., Swanepoel, C., Pejanovic, S., Djukanovic, L., Balducci, A., Coen, G., Sulowicz, W., Ferreira, A., Torres, A., Curic, S., Popovic, M., Dimkovic, N., and De Broe, M. E. A multicenter study on the effects of lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) and calcium carbonate on renal bone disease in dialysis patients. Kidney Int Suppl 2003;:S73-S78. View abstract.
  866. Hervas, J. G., Prados, D., and Cerezo, S. Treatment of hyperphosphatemia with sevelamer hydrochloride in hemodialysis patients: a comparison with calcium acetate. Kidney Int Suppl 2003;:S69-S72. View abstract.
  867. Jensen, J., Nyberg, L., Gustafson, Y., and Lundin-Olsson, L. Fall and injury prevention in residential care--effects in residents with higher and lower levels of cognition. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003;51:627-635. View abstract.
  868. Specker, B. and Binkley, T. Randomized trial of physical activity and calcium supplementation on bone mineral content in 3- to 5-year-old children. J Bone Miner Res 2003;18:885-892. View abstract.
  869. Cooper, L., Clifton-Bligh, P. B., Nery, M. L., Figtree, G., Twigg, S., Hibbert, E., and Robinson, B. G. Vitamin D supplementation and bone mineral density in early postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:1324-1329. View abstract.
  870. McCullough, M. L., Robertson, A. S., Rodriguez, C., Jacobs, E. J., Chao, A., Carolyn, J., Calle, E. E., Willett, W. C., and Thun, M. J. Calcium, vitamin D, dairy products, and risk of colorectal cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort (United States). Cancer Causes Control 2003;14:1-12. View abstract.
  871. van Schoor, N. M., Smit, J. H., Twisk, J. W., Bouter, L. M., and Lips, P. Prevention of hip fractures by external hip protectors: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 4-16-2003;289:1957-1962. View abstract.
  872. Papas, A. S., Clark, R. E., Martuscelli, G., O'Loughlin, K. T., Johansen, E., and Miller, K. B. A prospective, randomized trial for the prevention of mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow.Transplant. 2003;31:705-712. View abstract.
  873. Schmitt, C. P., Ardissino, G., Testa, S., Claris-Appiani, A., and Mehls, O. Growth in children with chronic renal failure on intermittent versus daily calcitriol. Pediatr.Nephrol 2003;18:440-444. View abstract.
  874. Stear, S. J., Prentice, A., Jones, S. C., and Cole, T. J. Effect of a calcium and exercise intervention on the bone mineral status of 16-18-y-old adolescent girls. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:985-992. View abstract.
  875. Chiu, B. C., Ji, B. T., Dai, Q., Gridley, G., McLaughlin, J. K., Gao, Y. T., Fraumeni, J. F., Jr., and Chow, W. H. Dietary factors and risk of colon cancer in Shanghai, China. Cancer Epidemiol.Biomarkers Prev. 2003;12:201-208. View abstract.
  876. Haas, M., Leko-Mohr, Z., Roschger, P., Kletzmayr, J., Schwarz, C., Mitterbauer, C., Steininger, R., Grampp, S., Klaushofer, K., Delling, G., and Oberbauer, R. Zoledronic acid to prevent bone loss in the first 6 months after renal transplantation. Kidney Int 2003;63:1130-1136. View abstract.
  877. Woo, J., Sum, C., Yiu, H. H., Ip, K., Chung, L., and Ho, L. Efficacy of a specially designed hip protector for hip fracture prevention and compliance with use in elderly Hong Kong Chinese. Clin Rehabil. 2003;17:203-205. View abstract.
  878. Becker, C., Kron, M., Lindemann, U., Sturm, E., Eichner, B., Walter-Jung, B., and Nikolaus, T. Effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention on falls in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003;51:306-313. View abstract.
  879. Latham, N. K., Anderson, C. S., Lee, A., Bennett, D. A., Moseley, A., and Cameron, I. D. A randomized, controlled trial of quadriceps resistance exercise and vitamin D in frail older people: the Frailty Interventions Trial in Elderly Subjects (FITNESS). J Am Geriatr Soc 2003;51:291-299. View abstract.
  880. Sadek, T., Mazouz, H., Bahloul, H., Oprisiu, R., El, Esper N., El, Esper, I, Boitte, F., Brazier, M., Moriniere, P., and Fournier, A. Sevelamer hydrochloride with or without alphacalcidol or higher dialysate calcium vs calcium carbonate in dialysis patients: an open-label, randomized study. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 2003;18:582-588. View abstract.
  881. Hauselmann, H. J. and Rizzoli, R. A comprehensive review of treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int 2003;14:2-12. View abstract.
  882. Beck, A. B., Bugel, S., Sturup, S., Jensen, M., Molgaard, C., Hansen, M., Krogsgaard, O. W., and Sandstrom, B. A novel dual radio- and stable-isotope method for measuring calcium absorption in humans: comparison with the whole-body radioisotope retention method. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:399-405. View abstract.
  883. Meyer, G., Warnke, A., Bender, R., and Muhlhauser, I. Effect on hip fractures of increased use of hip protectors in nursing homes: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1-11-2003;326:76. View abstract.
  884. Shaw, F. E., Bond, J., Richardson, D. A., Dawson, P., Steen, I. N., McKeith, I. G., and Kenny, R. A. Multifactorial intervention after a fall in older people with cognitive impairment and dementia presenting to the accident and emergency department: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1-11-2003;326:73. View abstract.
  885. Iuliano-Burns, S., Saxon, L., Naughton, G., Gibbons, K., and Bass, S. L. Regional specificity of exercise and calcium during skeletal growth in girls: a randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res 2003;18:156-162. View abstract.
  886. Husein, M., Hier, M. P., Al-Abdulhadi, K., and Black, M. Predicting calcium status post thyroidectomy with early calcium levels. Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 2002;127:289-293. View abstract.
  887. Phelps, K. R., Stern, M., Slingerland, A., Heravi, M., Strogatz, D. S., and Haqqie, S. S. Metabolic and skeletal effects of low and high doses of calcium acetate in patients with preterminal chronic renal failure. Am J Nephrol 2002;22(5-6):445-454. View abstract.
  888. Koch, S. M., Warters, R. D., and Mehlhorn, U. The simultaneous measurement of ionized and total calcium and ionized and total magnesium in intensive care unit patients. J Crit Care 2002;17:203-205. View abstract.
  889. Koc, M., Tuglular, S., Arikan, H., Ozener, C., and Akoglu, E. Alendronate increases bone mineral density in long-term renal transplant recipients. Transplant.Proc. 2002;34:2111-2113. View abstract.
  890. Terry, P., Vainio, H., Wolk, A., and Weiderpass, E. Dietary factors in relation to endometrial cancer: a nationwide case-control study in Sweden. Nutr Cancer 2002;42:25-32. View abstract.
  891. Whitford, G. M., Wasdin, J. L., Schafer, T. E., and Adair, S. M. Plaque fluoride concentrations are dependent on plaque calcium concentrations. Caries Res 2002;36:256-265. View abstract.
  892. Shin, M. H., Holmes, M. D., Hankinson, S. E., Wu, K., Colditz, G. A., and Willett, W. C. Intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin d and risk of breast cancer. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 9-4-2002;94:1301-1311. View abstract.
  893. Cranney, A., Guyatt, G., Griffith, L., Wells, G., Tugwell, P., and Rosen, C. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. IX: Summary of meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:570-578. View abstract.
  894. Shea, B., Wells, G., Cranney, A., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Griffith, L., Ortiz, Z., Peterson, J., Adachi, J., Tugwell, P., and Guyatt, G. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. VII. Meta-analysis of calcium supplementation for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:552-559. View abstract.
  895. Cranney, A., Tugwell, P., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Weaver, B., Shea, B., Wells, G., Adachi, J., Waldegger, L., and Guyatt, G. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. VI. Meta-analysis of calcitonin for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:540-551. View abstract.
  896. Wells, G., Tugwell, P., Shea, B., Guyatt, G., Peterson, J., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Henry, D., O'Connell, D., and Cranney, A. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. V. Meta-analysis of the efficacy of hormone replacement therapy in treating and preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:529-539. View abstract.
  897. Cranney, A., Tugwell, P., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Weaver, B., Adachi, J., Wells, G., Shea, B., and Guyatt, G. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. IV. Meta-analysis of raloxifene for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:524-528. View abstract.
  898. Cranney, A., Tugwell, P., Adachi, J., Weaver, B., Zytaruk, N., Papaioannou, A., Robinson, V., Shea, B., Wells, G., and Guyatt, G. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. III. Meta-analysis of risedronate for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:517-523. View abstract.
  899. Cranney, A., Wells, G., Willan, A., Griffith, L., Zytaruk, N., Robinson, V., Black, D., Adachi, J., Shea, B., Tugwell, P., and Guyatt, G. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. II. Meta-analysis of alendronate for the treatment of postmenopausal women. Endocr.Rev. 2002;23:508-516. View abstract.
  900. Dibba, B., Prentice, A., Ceesay, M., Mendy, M., Darboe, S., Stirling, D. M., Cole, T. J., and Poskitt, E. M. Bone mineral contents and plasma osteocalcin concentrations of Gambian children 12 and 24 mo after the withdrawal of a calcium supplement. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:681-686. View abstract.
  901. Wang, S., McDonnell, E. H., Sedor, F. A., and Toffaletti, J. G. pH effects on measurements of ionized calcium and ionized magnesium in blood. Arch Pathol.Lab Med. 2002;126:947-950. View abstract.
  902. Amin, S., LaValley, M. P., Simms, R. W., and Felson, D. T. The comparative efficacy of drug therapies used for the management of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis: a meta-regression. J Bone Miner Res 2002;17:1512-1526. View abstract.
  903. Reddy, S. T., Wang, C. Y., Sakhaee, K., Brinkley, L., and Pak, C. Y. Effect of low-carbohydrate high-protein diets on acid-base balance, stone-forming propensity, and calcium metabolism. Am J Kidney Dis. 2002;40:265-274. View abstract.
  904. Abrams, S. A., Griffin, I. J., and Davila, P. M. Calcium and zinc absorption from lactose-containing and lactose-free infant formulas. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:442-446. View abstract.
  905. Holt, P. R., Wolper, C., Moss, S. F., Yang, K., and Lipkin, M. Comparison of calcium supplementation or low-fat dairy foods on epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Nutr Cancer 2001;41(1-2):150-155. View abstract.
  906. Chertow, G. M., Burke, S. K., and Raggi, P. Sevelamer attenuates the progression of coronary and aortic calcification in hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int 2002;62:245-252. View abstract.
  907. Schaafsma, A., van Doormaal, J. J., Muskiet, F. A., Hofstede, G. J., Pakan, I., and van, der, V. Positive effects of a chicken eggshell powder-enriched vitamin-mineral supplement on femoral neck bone mineral density in healthy late post-menopausal Dutch women. Br.J Nutr 2002;87:267-275. View abstract.
  908. De Sevaux, R. G., Hoitsma, A. J., Corstens, F. H., and Wetzels, J. F. Treatment with vitamin D and calcium reduces bone loss after renal transplantation: a randomized study. J Am Soc Nephrol 2002;13:1608-1614. View abstract.
  909. Jensen, J., Lundin-Olsson, L., Nyberg, L., and Gustafson, Y. Fall and injury prevention in older people living in residential care facilities. A cluster randomized trial. Ann.Intern.Med. 5-21-2002;136:733-741. View abstract.
  910. Tavani, A., Gallus, S., Negri, E., and La, Vecchia C. Milk, dairy products, and coronary heart disease. J Epidemiol.Community Health 2002;56:471-472. View abstract.
  911. Mauskop, A., Altura, B. T., and Altura, B. M. Serum ionized magnesium levels and serum ionized calcium/ionized magnesium ratios in women with menstrual migraine. Headache 2002;42:242-248. View abstract.
  912. Pereira, M. A., Jacobs, D. R., Jr., Van, Horn L., Slattery, M. L., Kartashov, A. I., and Ludwig, D. S. Dairy consumption, obesity, and the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: the CARDIA Study. JAMA 4-24-2002;287:2081-2089. View abstract.
  913. Neuhofel, A. L., Wilton, J. H., Victory, J. M., Hejmanowsk, L. G., and Amsden, G. W. Lack of bioequivalence of ciprofloxacin when administered with calcium-fortified orange juice: a new twist on an old interaction. J Clin Pharmacol. 2002;42:461-466. View abstract.
  914. Wu, K., Willett, W. C., Fuchs, C. S., Colditz, G. A., and Giovannucci, E. L. Calcium intake and risk of colon cancer in women and men. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 3-20-2002;94:437-446. View abstract.
  915. Reid, I. R., Mason, B., Horne, A., Ames, R., Clearwater, J., Bava, U., Orr-Walker, B., Wu, F., Evans, M. C., and Gamble, G. D. Effects of calcium supplementation on serum lipid concentrations in normal older women: a randomized controlled trial. Am.J Med 4-1-2002;112:343-347. View abstract.
  916. Trotter, A., Maier, L., and Pohlandt, F. Calcium and phosphorus balance of extremely preterm infants with estradiol and progesterone replacement. Am J Perinatol. 2002;19:23-29. View abstract.
  917. Oliver, D., Martin, F., and Seed, P. Preventing patient falls. Age Ageing 2002;31:75-76. View abstract.
  918. Serra-Majem, L., Ribas, L., Ngo, J., Aranceta, J., Garaulet, M., Carazo, E., Mataix, J., Perez-Rodrigo, C., Quemada, M., Tojo, R., and Vazquez, C. Risk of inadequate intakes of vitamins A, B1, B6, C, E, folate, iron and calcium in the Spanish population aged 4 to 18. Int J Vitam.Nutr Res 2001;71:325-331. View abstract.
  919. Savage, T. and Matheis-Kraft, C. Fall occurrence in a geriatric psychiatry setting before and after a fall prevention program. J Gerontol Nurs. 2001;27:49-53. View abstract.
  920. Cameron, I. D., Venman, J., Kurrle, S. E., Lockwood, K., Birks, C., Cumming, R. G., Quine, S., and Bashford, G. Hip protectors in aged-care facilities: a randomized trial of use by individual higher-risk residents. Age Ageing 2001;30:477-481. View abstract.
  921. Ushiroyama, T., Ikeda, A., Sakai, M., Higashiyama, T., and Ueki, M. Effects of the combined use of calcitonin and 1 alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol on vertebral bone loss and bone turnover in women with postmenopausal osteopenia and osteoporosis: a prospective study of long-term and continuous administration with low dose calcitonin. Maturitas 12-14-2001;40:229-238. View abstract.
  922. Stiell, I. G., Wells, G. A., Hebert, P. C., Laupacis, A., and Weitzman, B. N. Association of drug therapy with survival in cardiac arrest: limited role of advanced cardiac life support drugs. Acad.Emerg.Med 1995;2:264-273. View abstract.
  923. Giannini, S., D'Angelo, A., Carraro, G., Nobile, M., Rigotti, P., Bonfante, L., Marchini, F., Zaninotto, M., Dalle, Carbonare L., Sartori, L., and Crepaldi, G. Alendronate prevents further bone loss in renal transplant recipients. J Bone Miner Res 2001;16:2111-2117. View abstract.
  924. Kuschel, C. A. and Harding, J. E. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infants. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2001;:CD003310. View abstract.
  925. Cleghorn, D. B., O'Loughlin, P. D., Schroeder, B. J., and Nordin, B. E. An open, crossover trial of calcium-fortified milk in prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss. Med J Aust. 9-3-2001;175:242-245. View abstract.
  926. Chan, J. M., Stampfer, M. J., Ma, J., Gann, P. H., Gaziano, J. M., and Giovannucci, E. L. Dairy products, calcium, and prostate cancer risk in the Physicians' Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:549-554. View abstract.
  927. Ma, J., Giovannucci, E., Pollak, M., Chan, J. M., Gaziano, J. M., Willett, W., and Stampfer, M. J. Milk intake, circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-I, and risk of colorectal cancer in men. J Natl.Cancer Inst. 9-5-2001;93:1330-1336. View abstract.
  928. Chilibeck, P. D., Davison, K. S., Sale, D. G., Webber, C. E., and Faulkner, R. A. Effect of physical activity on bone mineral density assessed by limb dominance across the lifespan. Am.J Hum.Biol. 2000;12:633-637. View abstract.
  929. Bihl, G. and Meyers, A. Recurrent renal stone disease-advances in pathogenesis and clinical management. Lancet 8-25-2001;358:651-656. View abstract.
  930. Karkkainen, M. U., Lamberg-Allardt, C. J., Ahonen, S., and Valimaki, M. Does it make a difference how and when you take your calcium? The acute effects of calcium on calcium and bone metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:335-342. View abstract.
  931. Gallagher, J. C., Fowler, S. E., Detter, J. R., and Sherman, S. S. Combination treatment with estrogen and calcitriol in the prevention of age-related bone loss. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001;86:3618-3628. View abstract.
  932. Barry, E., Laffoy, M., Matthews, E., and Carey, D. Preventing accidental falls among older people in long stay units. Ir.Med.J 2001;94:172, 174-172, 176. View abstract.
  933. Pidcock, E. and Moore, G. R. Structural characteristics of protein binding sites for calcium and lanthanide ions. J Biol.Inorg.Chem. 2001;6(5-6):479-489. View abstract.
  934. Hall, W. D., Pettinger, M., Oberman, A., Watts, N. B., Johnson, K. C., Paskett, E. D., Limacher, M. C., and Hays, J. Risk factors for kidney stones in older women in the southern United States. Am J Med.Sci. 2001;322:12-18. View abstract.
  935. Grotz, W., Nagel, C., Poeschel, D., Cybulla, M., Petersen, K. G., Uhl, M., Strey, C., Kirste, G., Olschewski, M., Reichelt, A., and Rump, L. C. Effect of ibandronate on bone loss and renal function after kidney transplantation. J Am Soc Nephrol 2001;12:1530-1537. View abstract.
  936. Shetty, A. K., Carlin, J., and Mughal, M. Z. Urinary calcium excretion in enterally fed disabled children. Arch Dis.Child 2001;85:58-59. View abstract.
  937. Sumaya, I. C., Rienzi, B. M., Deegan, J. F., and Moss, D. E. Bright light treatment decreases depression in institutionalized older adults: a placebo-controlled crossover study. J Gerontol A Biol.Sci.Med.Sci. 2001;56:M356-M360. View abstract.
  938. Albrecht, H. H., Bendich, A., and Krusinka, E. M. Meta-analysis of calcium bioavailability. Am J Ther 2001;8:74-77. View abstract.
  939. Heaney, R. P. Meta-analysis of calcium bioavailability. Am J Ther 2001;8:73-74. View abstract.
  940. Ness, A. R., Smith, G. D., and Hart, C. Milk, coronary heart disease and mortality. J Epidemiol.Community Health 2001;55:379-382. View abstract.
  941. Pfeifer, M., Begerow, B., Minne, H. W., Nachtigall, D., and Hansen, C. Effects of a short-term vitamin D and calcium supplementation on blood pressure and parathyroid hormone levels in elderly women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001;86:1633-1637. View abstract.
  942. Yosipovitch, G., Hoon, T. S., and Leok, G. C. Suggested rationale for prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced bone loss in dermatologic patients. Arch Dermatol. 2001;137:477-481. View abstract.
  943. Henderson, K., Eisman, J., Keogh, A., MacDonald, P., Glanville, A., Spratt, P., and Sambrook, P. Protective effect of short-tem calcitriol or cyclical etidronate on bone loss after cardiac or lung transplantation. J Bone Miner Res 2001;16:565-571. View abstract.
  944. Ioannidis, J. and Lau, J. Evolution of treatment effects over time: empirical insight from recursive cumulative metaanalyses. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A 1-30-2001;98:831-836. View abstract.
  945. Vieth, R., Chan, P. C., and MacFarlane, G. D. Efficacy and safety of vitamin D3 intake exceeding the lowest observed adverse effect level. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;73:288-294. View abstract.
  946. Shahkhalili, Y., Murset, C., Meirim, I., Duruz, E., Guinchard, S., Cavadini, C., and Acheson, K. Calcium supplementation of chocolate: effect on cocoa butter digestibility and blood lipids in humans. Am.J Clin.Nutr. 2001;73:246-252. View abstract.
  947. Kerr, D., Ackland, T., Maslen, B., Morton, A., and Prince, R. Resistance training over 2 years increases bone mass in calcium-replete postmenopausal women. J Bone.Miner Res 2001;16:175-181. View abstract.
  948. Jensen, L. B., Kollerup, G., Quaade, F., and Sorensen, O. H. Bone minerals changes in obese women during a moderate weight loss with and without calcium supplementation. J Bone.Miner Res 2001;16:141-147. View abstract.
  949. d'Almeida Filho, E. J., da Cruz, E. A., Hoette, M., Ruzany, F., Keen, L. N., and Lugon, J. R. Calcium acetate versus calcium carbonate in the control of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients. Sao Paulo Med.J 11-9-2000;118:179-184. View abstract.
  950. Nam, J. H., Moon, J. I., Chung, S. S., Kim, S. I., Park, K. I., Song, Y. D., Kim, K. R., Lee, H. C., Huh, K., and Lim, S. K. Pamidronate and calcitriol trial for the prevention of early bone loss after renal transplantation. Transplant.Proc. 2000;32:1876. View abstract.
  951. Kannus, P., Parkkari, J., Niemi, S., Pasanen, M., Palvanen, M., Jarvinen, M., and Vuori, I. Prevention of hip fracture in elderly people with use of a hip protector. N.Engl.J Med. 11-23-2000;343:1506-1513. View abstract.
  952. Bemben, D. A., Fetters, N. L., Bemben, M. G., Nabavi, N., and Koh, E. T. Musculoskeletal responses to high- and low-intensity resistance training in early postmenopausal women. Med Sci.Sports.Exerc. 2000;32:1949-1957. View abstract.
  953. Sellers, R. S., Schuller, D. E., Sharma, P. K., Tannehill-Gregg, S. H., Capen, C. C., and Rosol, T. J. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: measurement of plasma parathyroid hormone-related protein and serum and urine calcium concentrations. Otolaryngol.Head Neck Surg. 2000;123:558-562. View abstract.
  954. Borrego, J., Perez del, Barrio P., Serrano, P., Garcia Cortes, M. J., Sanchez Perales, M. C., Borrego, F. J., Liebana, A., Gil Cunquero, J. M., and Perez, Banasco, V. [A comparison of phosphorus-chelating effect of calcium carbonate versus calcium acetate before dialysis]. Nefrologia. 2000;20:348-354. View abstract.
  955. Schneider, B., Weber, B., Frensch, A., Stein, J., and Fritz, J. Vitamin D in schizophrenia, major depression and alcoholism. J Neural Transm. 2000;107:839-842. View abstract.
  956. Peacock, M., Liu, G., Carey, M., McClintock, R., Ambrosius, W., Hui, S., and Johnston, C. C. Effect of calcium or 25OH vitamin D3 dietary supplementation on bone loss at the hip in men and women over the age of 60. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:3011-3019. View abstract.
  957. Chesnut, C. H., III, Silverman, S., Andriano, K., Genant, H., Gimona, A., Harris, S., Kiel, D., LeBoff, M., Maricic, M., Miller, P., Moniz, C., Peacock, M., Richardson, P., Watts, N., and Baylink, D. A randomized trial of nasal spray salmon calcitonin in postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis: the prevent recurrence of osteoporotic fractures study. PROOF Study Group. Am J Med. 2000;109:267-276. View abstract.
  958. Hilary, Green J., Richards, J. K., and Bunning, R. L. Blood pressure responses to high-calcium skim milk and potassium-enriched high-calcium skim milk. J Hypertens 2000;18:1331-1339. View abstract.
  959. Garza, M. A. and Losavio, K. Unions gain ground in EMS. JEMS. 1999;24:20-21. View abstract.
  960. Sambrook, P., Henderson, N. K., Keogh, A., MacDonald, P., Glanville, A., Spratt, P., Bergin, P., Ebeling, P., and Eisman, J. Effect of calcitriol on bone loss after cardiac or lung transplantation. J Bone Miner Res 2000;15:1818-1824. View abstract.
  961. Turner, M. A., Goldwater, D., and David, T. J. Oxalate and calcium excretion in cystic fibrosis. Arch Dis.Child 2000;83:244-247. View abstract.
  962. Vallecillo, G., Diez, A., Carbonell, J., and Gonzalez, Macias J. [Treatment of osteoporosis with calcium and vitamin D. Systematic review]. Med.Clin (Barc.) 6-10-2000;115:46-51. View abstract.
  963. Barr, S. I., McCarron, D. A., Heaney, R. P., Dawson-Hughes, B., Berga, S. L., Stern, J. S., and Oparil, S. Effects of increased consumption of fluid milk on energy and nutrient intake, body weight, and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy older adults. J Am Diet Assoc. 2000;100:810-817. View abstract.
  964. Ardissino, G., Schmitt, C. P., Testa, S., Claris-Appiani, A., and Mehls, O. Calcitriol pulse therapy is not more effective than daily calcitriol therapy in controlling secondary hyperparathyroidism in children with chronic renal failure. European Study Group on Vitamin D in Children with Renal Failure. Pediatr.Nephrol 2000;14:664-668. View abstract.
  965. Reid, D. M., Hughes, R. A., Laan, R. F., Sacco-Gibson, N. A., Wenderoth, D. H., Adami, S., Eusebio, R. A., and Devogelaer, J. P. Efficacy and safety of daily risedronate in the treatment of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis in men and women: a randomized trial. European Corticosteroid-Induced Osteoporosis Treatment Study. J Bone Miner Res 2000;15:1006-1013. View abstract.
  966. Ugur, A., Guvener, N., Isiklar, I., Karakayali, H., and Erdal, R. Efficiency of preventive treatment for osteoporosis after renal transplantation. Transplant.Proc. 2000;32:556-557. View abstract.
  967. Albanese, A. A., Edelson, A. H., Lorenze, E. J., Jr., Woodhull, M. L., and Wein, E. H. Problems of bone health in elderly. Ten-year study. N.Y.State J Med. 1975;75:326-336. View abstract.
  968. Bijlsma, J. W. Supplementation of vitamin D plus calcium is effective in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis management. Clin Exp.Rheumatol. 2000;18:3-4. View abstract.
  969. Franceschi, S. Nutrients and food groups and large bowel cancer in Europe. Eur.J Cancer Prev. 1999;8 Suppl 1:S49-S52. View abstract.
  970. Donald, I. P., Pitt, K., Armstrong, E., and Shuttleworth, H. Preventing falls on an elderly care rehabilitation ward. Clin Rehabil. 2000;14:178-185. View abstract.
  971. Howanitz, P. J. and Cembrowski, G. S. Postanalytical quality improvement: a College of American Pathologists Q-Probes study of elevated calcium results in 525 institutions. Arch Pathol.Lab Med. 2000;124:504-510. View abstract.
  972. Blank, R. D. and Bockman, R. S. A review of clinical trials of therapies for osteoporosis using fracture as an end point. J Clin Densitom. 1999;2:435-452. View abstract.
  973. Nishino, M., Malloy, M. J., Naya-Vigne, J., Russell, J., Kane, J. P., and Redberg, R. F. Lack of association of lipoprotein(a) levels with coronary calcium deposits in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. J Am Coll.Cardiol. 2000;35:314-320. View abstract.
  974. McMurdo, M. E., Millar, A. M., and Daly, F. A randomized controlled trial of fall prevention strategies in old peoples' homes. Gerontology 2000;46:83-87. View abstract.
  975. Bostick, R. M., Fosdick, L., Grandits, G. A., Grambsch, P., Gross, M., and Louis, T. A. Effect of calcium supplementation on serum cholesterol and blood pressure. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. Arch Fam.Med. 2000;9:31-38. View abstract.
  976. Fan, S. L., Almond, M. K., Ball, E., Evans, K., and Cunningham, J. Pamidronate therapy as prevention of bone loss following renal transplantation. Kidney Int 2000;57:684-690. View abstract.
  977. Dibba, B., Prentice, A., Ceesay, M., Stirling, D. M., Cole, T. J., and Poskitt, E. M. Effect of calcium supplementation on bone mineral accretion in gambian children accustomed to a low-calcium diet. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:544-549. View abstract.
  978. Ng, S. Y. Hair calcium and magnesium levels in patients with fibromyalgia: a case center study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1999;22:586-593. View abstract.
  979. Krieg, M. A., Jacquet, A. F., Bremgartner, M., Cuttelod, S., Thiebaud, D., and Burckhardt, P. Effect of supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium on quantitative ultrasound of bone in elderly institutionalized women: a longitudinal study. Osteoporos.Int 1999;9:483-488. View abstract.
  980. Hizmetli, S., Elden, H., Kaptanoglu, E., Nacitarhan, V., and Kocagil, S. The effect of different doses of calcitonin on bone mineral density and fracture risk in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Int J Clin Pract. 1998;52:453-455. View abstract.
  981. Brandis, S. A collaborative occupational therapy and nursing approach to falls prevention in hospital inpatients. J Qual.Clin Pract. 1999;19:215-220. View abstract.
  982. Pearle, M. S., Roehrborn, C. G., and Pak, C. Y. Meta-analysis of randomized trials for medical prevention of calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. J Endourol. 1999;13:679-685. View abstract.
  983. Cohen, S., Levy, R. M., Keller, M., Boling, E., Emkey, R. D., Greenwald, M., Zizic, T. M., Wallach, S., Sewell, K. L., Lukert, B. P., Axelrod, D. W., and Chines, A. A. Risedronate therapy prevents corticosteroid-induced bone loss: a twelve-month, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. Arthritis Rheum 1999;42:2309-2318. View abstract.
  984. Pietinen, P., Malila, N., Virtanen, M., Hartman, T. J., Tangrea, J. A., Albanes, D., and Virtamo, J. Diet and risk of colorectal cancer in a cohort of Finnish men. Cancer Causes Control 1999;10:387-396. View abstract.
  985. Heaney, R. P., McCarron, D. A., Dawson-Hughes, B., Oparil, S., Berga, S. L., Stern, J. S., Barr, S. I., and Rosen, C. J. Dietary changes favorably affect bone remodeling in older adults. J Am.Diet Assoc. 1999;99:1228-1233. View abstract.
  986. DerSimonian, R. and Levine, R. J. Resolving discrepancies between a meta-analysis and a subsequent large controlled trial. JAMA 8-18-1999;282:664-670. View abstract.
  987. Kinjo, Y., Beral, V., Akiba, S., Key, T., Mizuno, S., Appleby, P., Yamaguchi, N., Watanabe, S., and Doll, R. Possible protective effect of milk, meat and fish for cerebrovascular disease mortality in Japan. J Epidemiol. 1999;9:268-274. View abstract.
  988. Duplechin, R. Y., Nadkarni, M., and Schwartz, R. P. Hypocalcemic tetany in a toddler with undiagnosed rickets. Ann.Emerg.Med. 1999;34:399-402. View abstract.
  989. Thacher, T. D., Fischer, P. R., Pettifor, J. M., Lawson, J. O., Isichei, C. O., Reading, J. C., and Chan, G. M. A comparison of calcium, vitamin D, or both for nutritional rickets in Nigerian children. N.Engl.J Med. 8-19-1999;341:563-568. View abstract.
  990. Amin, S., LaValley, M. P., Simms, R. W., and Felson, D. T. The role of vitamin D in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis: a meta-analytic approach. Arthritis Rheum 1999;42:1740-1751. View abstract.
  991. Jantti, P. O., Aho, H. J., Maki-Jokela, P. L., and Heikinheimo, R. J. Hip protectors and hip fractures. Age Ageing 1998;27:758-759. View abstract.
  992. Ames, S. K., Gorham, B. M., and Abrams, S. A. Effects of high compared with low calcium intake on calcium absorption and incorporation of iron by red blood cells in small children. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;70:44-48. View abstract.
  993. Birck, R., Zimmermann, E., Wassmer, S., Nowack, R., and van der Woude, F. J. Calcium ketoglutarate versus calcium acetate for treatment of hyperphosphataemia in patients on maintenance haemodialysis: a cross-over study. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 1999;14:1475-1479. View abstract.
  994. Jenkins, E. A., Walker-Bone, K. E., Wood, A., McCrae, F. C., Cooper, C., and Cawley, M. I. The prevention of corticosteroid-induced bone loss with intermittent cyclical etidronate. Scand.J Rheumatol. 1999;28:152-156. View abstract.
  995. Gorai, I., Chaki, O., Taguchi, Y., Nakayama, M., Osada, H., Suzuki, N., Katagiri, N., Misu, Y., and Minaguchi, H. Early postmenopausal bone loss is prevented by estrogen and partially by 1alpha-OH-vitamin D3: therapeutic effects of estrogen and/or 1alpha-OH-vitamin D3. Calcif Tissue Int 1999;65:16-22. View abstract.
  996. Reginster, J. Y., Kuntz, D., Verdickt, W., Wouters, M., Guillevin, L., Menkes, C. J., and Nielsen, K. Prophylactic use of alfacalcidol in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporos.Int 1999;9:75-81. View abstract.
  997. Schuurman, A. G., van den Brandt, P. A., Dorant, E., and Goldbohm, R. A. Animal products, calcium and protein and prostate cancer risk in The Netherlands Cohort Study. Br.J Cancer 1999;80:1107-1113. View abstract.
  998. Singh, H. J., Mohammad, N. H., and Nila, A. Serum calcium and parathormone during normal pregnancy in Malay women. J Matern.Fetal Med. 1999;8:95-100. View abstract.
  999. Hanger, H. C., Ball, M. C., and Wood, L. A. An analysis of falls in the hospital: can we do without bedrails? J Am Geriatr Soc 1999;47:529-531. View abstract.
  1000. Castelo-Branco, C., Martinez de Osaba, M. J., Pons, F., Casals, E., Sanjuan, A., Vicente, J. J., and Vanrell, J. A. Ossein-hydroxyapatite compounds for preventing postmenopausal bone loss. Coadjuvant use with hormone replacement therapy. J Reprod.Med 1999;44:241-246. View abstract.
  1001. Bleyer, A. J., Burke, S. K., Dillon, M., Garrett, B., Kant, K. S., Lynch, D., Rahman, S. N., Schoenfeld, P., Teitelbaum, I., Zeig, S., and Slatopolsky, E. A comparison of the calcium-free phosphate binder sevelamer hydrochloride with calcium acetate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999;33:694-701. View abstract.
  1002. Boyd, J. L., Delost, M. E., and Holcomb, J. P. Calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase values of elderly subjects. Clin Lab Sci. 1998;11:223-227. View abstract.
  1003. Levi, F., Pasche, C., La, Vecchia C., Lucchini, F., and Franceschi, S. Food groups and colorectal cancer risk. Br.J Cancer 1999;79(7-8):1283-1287. View abstract.
  1004. Komulainen, M. H., Kroger, H., Tuppurainen, M. T., Heikkinen, A. M., Alhava, E., Honkanen, R., and Saarikoski, S. HRT and Vit D in prevention of non-vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women; a 5 year randomized trial. Maturitas 11-30-1998;31:45-54. View abstract.
  1005. Geusens, P., Dequeker, J., Vanhoof, J., Stalmans, R., Boonen, S., Joly, J., Nijs, J., and Raus, J. Cyclical etidronate increases bone density in the spine and hip of postmenopausal women receiving long term corticosteroid treatment. A double blind, randomised placebo controlled study. Ann.Rheum Dis. 1998;57:724-727. View abstract.
  1006. Komulainen, M., Kroger, H., Tuppurainen, M. T., Heikkinen, A. M., Alhava, E., Honkanen, R., Jurvelin, J., and Saarikoski, S. Prevention of femoral and lumbar bone loss with hormone replacement therapy and vitamin D3 in early postmenopausal women: a population-based 5-year randomized trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1999;84:546-552. View abstract.
  1007. Hunt, C. D., Herbel, J. L., and Nielsen, F. H. Metabolic responses of postmenopausal women to supplemental dietary boron and aluminum during usual and low magnesium intake: boron, calcium, and magnesium absorption and retention and blood mineral concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65:803-813. View abstract.
  1008. Gramenzi, A., Gentile, A., Fasoli, M., Negri, E., Parazzini, F., and La, Vecchia C. Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women. BMJ 3-24-1990;300:771-773. View abstract.
  1009. Hofstad, B., Almendingen, K., Vatn, M., Andersen, S. N., Owen, R. W., Larsen, S., and Osnes, M. Growth and recurrence of colorectal polyps: a double-blind 3-year intervention with calcium and antioxidants. Digestion 1998;59:148-156. View abstract.
  1010. Cooper, K., Squires, H., Carroll, C., Papaioannou, D., Booth, A., Logan, R. F., Maguire, C., Hind, D., and Tappenden, P. Chemoprevention of colorectal cancer: systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol.Assess. 2010;14:1-206. View abstract.
  1011. Worthington, H. V., Clarkson, J. E., and Eden, O. B. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2006;:CD000978. View abstract.
  1012. Massey, L. K. and Kynast-Gales, S. A. Substituting milk for apple juice does not increase kidney stone risk in most normocalciuric adults who form calcium oxalate stones. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98:303-308. View abstract.
  1013. Bell, J. A. and Whiting, S. J. Effect of fruit on net acid and urinary calcium excretion in an acute feeding trial of women. Nutrition 2004;20:492-493. View abstract.
  1014. Worthington, H. V., Clarkson, J. E., and Eden, O. B. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;:CD000978. View abstract.
  1015. National Osteoporosis Foundation. 2010 Clinician's Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. www.nof.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/NOF_ClinicianGuide2009_v7.pdf.
  1016. Warensjo E, Byberg L, Melhus H, et al. Dietary calcium intake and risk of fracture and osteoporosis: prospective longitudinal cohort study. BMJ 2011;342:d1473. View abstract.
  1017. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Institute of Medicine, November 30, 2010. Available at: http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-for-Calcium-and-Vitamin-D/Vitamin%20D%20and%20Calcium%202010%20Report%20Brief.pdf.
  1018. Manson JE, Allison MA, Carr JJ, et al. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and coronary artery calcification. Menopause 2010;17:683-91. View abstract.
  1019. Calcium supplementation and vascular events. Pharmacist's Letter / Prescriber's Letter 2008;24:240306.
  1020. Bolland MJ, Avenell A, Baron JA, et al. Effect of calcium supplements on risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular events: meta-analysis. BMJ 2010;341:c3691. View abstract.
  1021. Aloia JF, Talwar SA, Pollack S, Yeh J. A randomized controlled trial of vitamin D3 supplementation in African American women. Arch Intern Med 2005;165:1618-23. View abstract.
  1022. Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, et al. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2007;100:1581-91. View abstract.
  1023. Margolis KL, Ray RM, Van Horn L, et al. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial. Hypertension 2008;52:847-55. View abstract.
  1024. Pittas AG, Lau J, Hu FB, Dawson-Hughes B. The role of vitamin d and calcium in type 2 diabetes. A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92:2017-29. View abstract.
  1025. Schleithoff SS, Zittermann A, Tenderich G, et al. Vitamin D supplementation improves cytokine profiles in patients with congestive heart failure: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:754-9. View abstract.
  1026. Melamed ML, Michos ED, Post W, Astor B. 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the risk of mortality in the general population. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:1629-37. View abstract.
  1027. Dobnig H, Pilz S, Scharnagl H, et al. Independent association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:1340-49. View abstract.
  1028. Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Hollis BW, Rimm EB. 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of myocardial infarction in men. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:1174-80. View abstract.
  1029. Hsia J, Heiss G, Ren H, et al. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and cardiovascular events. Circulation 2007;115;846-54. View abstract.
  1030. Wang TJ, Pencina MJ, Booth SL, et al. Vitamin D deficiency and risk of cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2008;117;503-11. View abstract.
  1031. Prince RL, Austin N, Devine A, et al. Effects of ergocalciferol added to calcium on the risk of falls in elderly high-risk women. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:103-8. View abstract.
  1032. Bolland MJ, Barber PA, Doughty RN, et al. Vascular events in healthy older women receiving calcium supplementation: randomised control trial. BMJ 2008;336:262-6. View abstract.
  1033. Autier P, Gandini S. Vitamin D supplementation and total mortality: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:1730-7. View abstract.
  1034. Rocephin (ceftriaxone) and calcium interaction. Pharmacist's Letter / Prescriber's Letter 2007;23:231005.
  1035. Boonen S, Lips P, Bouillon R, et al. Need for additional calcium to reduce the risk of hip fracture with vitamin D supplementation: evidence from a comparative metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92:1415-23. View abstract.
  1036. Lin J, Manson JE, Lee IM, et al. Intakes of calcium and vitamin D and breast cancer risk in women. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:1050-9. View abstract.
  1037. Lappe JM, Travers-Gustafson D, Davies KM, et al. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces cancer risk: results of a randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:1586-91. View abstract.
  1038. Broe KE, Chen TC, Weinberg J, et al. A higher dose of vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in nursing home residents: a randomized, multiple-dose study. J Am Geriatr Soc 2007;55:234-9. View abstract.
  1039. Trowman R, Dumville JC, Hahn S, Torgerson DJ. A systematic review of the effects of calcium supplementation on body weight. Br J Nutr. 2006;95:1033-8. View abstract.
  1040. Caan B, Neuhouser M, Aragaki A, et al. Calcium plus vitamin d supplementation and the risk of postmenopausal weight gain. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:893-902. View abstract.
  1041. Rajpathak SN, Rimm EB, Rosner B, et al. Calcium and dairy intakes in relation to long-term weight gain in US men. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:559-66. View abstract.
  1042. Gonzalez AJ, White E, Kristal A, Littman AJ. Calcium intake and 10-year weight change in middle-aged adults. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006l;106:1066-73. View abstract.
  1043. Major GC, Alarie F, Dore J, et al. Supplementation with calcium + vitamin D enhances the beneficial effect of weight loss on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:54-9. View abstract.
  1044. Thompson WG, Rostad Holdman N, Janzow DJ, et al. Effect of energy-reduced diets high in dairy products and fiber on weight loss in obese adults. Obes Res 2005;13:1344-53. View abstract.
  1045. Gunther CW, Legowski PA, Lyle RM, et al. Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:751-6. View abstract.
  1046. Zemel MB, Richards J, Mathis S, et al. Dairy augmentation of total and central fat loss in obese subjects. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2005;29:391-7. View abstract.
  1047. Bowen J, Noakes M, Clifton PM. Effect of calcium and dairy foods in high protein, energy-restricted diets on weight loss and metabolic parameters in overweight adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2005;29:957-65. View abstract.
  1048. Heaney RP, Dowell MS, Bierman J, et al. Absorbability and cost effectiveness in calcium supplementation. J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:239-46. View abstract.
  1049. Bo-Linn GW, Davis GR, Buddrus DJ, et al. An evaluation of the importance of gastric acid secretion in the absorption of dietary calcium. J Clin Invest 1984;73:640-7. View abstract.
  1050. Recker RR. Calcium absorption and achlorhydria. N Engl J Med 1985;313:70-3. View abstract.
  1051. Grau MV, Baron JA, Sandler RS, et al. Prolonged effect of calcium supplementation on risk of colorectal adenomas in a randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst 2007;99:129-36. View abstract.
  1052. Hofmeyr GJ, Atallah AN, Duley L. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;3:CD001059. View abstract.
  1053. Zemel MB, Richards J, Milstead A, Campbell P. Effects of calcium and dairy on body composition and weight loss in African-American adults. Obes Res 2005;13:1218-25. View abstract.
  1054. van Mierlo LA, Arends LR, Streppel MT, et al. Blood pressure response to calcium supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hum Hypertens 2006;20:571-80. View abstract.
  1055. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Orav EJ, Dawson-Hughes B. Effect of Cholecalciferol plus calcium on falling in ambulatory older men and women: a 3-year randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:424-30. View abstract.
  1056. Wactawski-Wende J, Kotchen JM, Anderson GL. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 2006;354:684-96. View abstract.
  1057. Lorenzen JK, Molgaard C, Michaelsen KF, Astrup A. Calcium supplementation for 1 y does not reduce body weight or fat mass in young girls. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83:18-23. View abstract.
  1058. Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Gass M. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures. N Engl J Med 2006;354:669-83. View abstract.
  1059. Liu S, Song Y, Ford ES, et al. Dietary calcium, vitamin D, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older US women. Diabetes Care 2005;28:2926-32. View abstract.
  1060. Dagnelie PC, Schuurman AG, Goldbohm RA, Van den Brandt PA. Diet, anthropometric measures and prostate cancer risk: a review of prospective cohort and intervention studies. BJU Int 2004;93:1139-50. View abstract.
  1061. Baron JA, Beach M, Wallace K, et al. Risk of prostate cancer in a randomized clinical trial of calcium supplementation. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2005;14:586-9. View abstract.
  1062. Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. A prospective study of calcium intake and incident and fatal prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2006;15:203-10. View abstract.
  1063. Tavani A, Bertuccio P, Bosetti C, et al. Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer. Eur Urol 2005;48:27-33. View abstract.
  1064. Larsson SC, Bergkvist L, Wolk A. High-fat dairy food and conjugated linoleic acid intakes in relation to colorectal cancer incidence in the Swedish Mammography Cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:894-900. View abstract.
  1065. Reid IR, Horne A, Mason B, Ames R, Bava U, Gamble GD. Effects of calcium supplementation on body weight and blood pressure in normal older women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005;90:3824-9. View abstract.
  1066. Bertone-Johnson ER, Hankinson SE, Bendich A, et al. Calcium and vitamin D intake and risk of incident premenstrual syndrome. Arch Intern Med 2005;165:1246-52. View abstract.
  1067. The RECORD Trial Group. Oral vitamin D3 and calcium for secondary prevention of low-trauma fractures in elderly people (Randomised Evaluation of Calcium Or vitamin D, RECORD): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2005;365:1621-8. View abstract.
  1068. Papadimitropoulos E, Wells G, Shea B, et al. Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. VIII: Meta-analysis of the efficacy of vitamin D treatment in preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Endocr Rev 2002;23:560-9. View abstract.
  1069. Rizzato G. Clinical impact of bone and calcium metabolism changes in sarcoidosis. Thorax 1998;53:425-9. View abstract.
  1070. Weingarten MA, Zalmanovici A, Yaphe J. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;:CD003548. View abstract.
  1071. Tseng M, Breslow RA, Graubard BI, Ziegler RG. Dairy, calcium, and vitamin D intakes and prostate cancer risk in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Epidemiologic Follow-up Study cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:1147-54. View abstract.
  1072. Akerstrom G, Hellman P, Hessman O, et al. Parathyroid glands in calcium regulation and human disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2005;1040:53-8. View abstract.
  1073. Bania TC, Blaufeux B, Hughes S, et al. Calcium and digoxin vs. calcium alone for severe verapamil toxicity. Acad Emerg Med 2000;7:1089-96. View abstract.
  1074. Ahee P, Crowe AV. The management of hyperkalaemia in the emergency department. J Accid Emerg Med 2000;17:188-91. View abstract.
  1075. Homik J, Suarez-Almazor ME, Shea B, et al. Calcium and vitamin D for corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000;:CD000952. View abstract.
  1076. Emmett M. A comparison of clinically useful phosphorus binders for patients with chronic kidney failure. Kidney Int Suppl 2004;90:S25-32. View abstract.
  1077. Qunibi WY, Hootkins RE, McDowell LL, et al. Treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients: The Calcium Acetate Renagel Evaluation (CARE Study). Kidney Int 2004;65:1914-26. View abstract.
  1078. James WP, Branch WJ, Southgate DA. Calcium binding by dietary fibre. Lancet 1978;1:638-9. View abstract.
  1079. Vella A, Gerber TC, Hayes DL, Reeder GS. Digoxin, hypercalcaemia, and cardiac conduction. Postgrad Med J 1999;75:554-6. View abstract.
  1080. Gueguen L, Pointillart A. The bioavailability of dietary calcium. J Am Coll Nutr 2000;19:119s-136s. View abstract.
  1081. Bourke JF, Mumford R, Whittaker P, et al. The effects of topical calcipotriol on systemic calcium homeostasis in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol 1997;37:929-34. View abstract.
  1082. Peters ML, Leonard M, Licata AA. Role of alendronate and risedronate in preventing and treating osteoporosis. Cleve Clin J Med 2001;68:945-51. View abstract.
  1083. Simoneau G. Absence of rebound effect with calcium carbonate. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet 1996;21:351-7. View abstract.
  1084. Decktor DL, Robinson M, Maton PN, et al. Effects of aluminum/magnesium hydroxide and calcium carbonate on esophageal and gastric pH in subjects with heartburn. Am J Ther 1995;2:546-52. View abstract.
  1085. Boonen S, Body JJ, Boutsen Y, et al. Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: a consensus document of the Belgian Bone Club. Osteoporos Int 2005;16:239-54. View abstract.
  1086. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Wong JB, et al. Fracture prevention with vitamin D supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 2005;293:2257-64. View abstract.
  1087. Shea B, Wells G, Cranney A, et al. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;:CD004526. View abstract.
  1088. Sambrook P. Vitamin D and fractures: quo vadis? Lancet 2005;365:1599-600. View abstract.
  1089. Larsen ER, Mosekilde L, Foldspang A. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation prevents osteoporotic fractures in elderly community dwelling residents: a pragmatic population-based 3-year intervention study. J Bone Miner Res 2004;19:370-8. View abstract.
  1090. Porthouse J, Cockayne S, King C, et al. Randomised controlled trial of calcium and supplementation with cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) for prevention of fractures in primary care. BMJ 2005;330:1003. View abstract.
  1091. Ariyan CE, Sosa JA. Assessment and management of patients with abnormal calcium. Crit Care Med 2004;32:S146-54. View abstract.
  1092. National Osteoporosis Foundation. Physician's Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. Universal Recommendations for All Patients. Available at: http://www.nof.org/physguide/univeral_recommendations.htm#adequate. (Accessed 14 May 2005).
  1093. Zemel MB, Thompson W, Milstead A, et al. Calcium and dairy acceleration of weight and fat loss during energy restriction in obese adults. Obes Res 2004;12:582–90. View abstract.
  1094. Davies KM, Heaney RP, Recker RR, et al. Calcium intake and body weight. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:4635-8. View abstract.
  1095. Jacqmain M, Doucet E, Després JP, et al. Calcium intake, body composition, and lipoprotein-lipid concentrations in adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:1448–52. View abstract.
  1096. Tanasescu M, Ferris AM, Himmelgreen DA, et al. Biobehavioral factors are associated with obesity in Puerto Rican children. J Nutr 2000;130:1734–42. View abstract.
  1097. Buchowski MS, Semenya J, Johnson AO. Dietary calcium intake in lactose maldigesting intolerant and tolerant African-American women. J Am Coll Nutr 2002;21:47-54. View abstract.
  1098. McCarron DA. Calcium and magnesium nutrition in human hypertension. Ann Intern Med 1983;98:800-5. View abstract.
  1099. Zemel MB, Shi H, Greer B, et al. Regulation of adiposity by dietary calcium. FASEB J 2000;14:1132-8. View abstract.
  1100. Cho E, Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, et al. Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004;96:1015-22. View abstract.
  1101. Zemel MB, Miller SL. Dietary calcium and dairy modulation of adiposity and obesity risk. Nutr Rev 2004;62:125-31. View abstract.
  1102. Grau MV, Baron JA, Sandler RS, et al. Vitamin D, calcium supplementation, and colorectal adenomas: results of a randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst 2003;95:1765-71. View abstract.
  1103. Cifuentes M, Riedt CS, Brolin RE, et al. Weight loss and calcium intake influence calcium absorption in overweight postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:123–30. View abstract.
  1104. Shapses SA, Heshka S, Heymsfield SB. Effect of calcium supplementation on weight and fat loss in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004;89:632-7. View abstract.
  1105. Zemel MB. Role of calcium and dairy products in energy partitioning and weight management. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;79:907S-12S. View abstract.
  1106. L'Abbe MR, Whiting SJ, Hanley DA. The Canadian health claim for calcium, vitamin D and osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr 2004;23:303-8. . View abstract.
  1107. Bischoff HA, Stahelin HB, Dick W, et al. Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on falls: a randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res 2003;18:343-51.. View abstract.
  1108. Dukas L, Bischoff HA, Lindpaintner LS, et al. Alfacalcidol reduces the number of fallers in a community-dwelling elderly population with a minimum calcium intake of more than 500 mg daily. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004;52:230-6.. View abstract.
  1109. Trivedi DP, Doll R, Khaw KT. Effect of four monthly oral vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) supplementation on fractures and mortality in men and women living in the community: randomised double blind controlled trial. BMJ 2003;326:469.. View abstract.
  1110. Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F, et al. Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women. N Engl J Med 1992;327:1637-42.. View abstract.
  1111. Lips P, Graafmans WC, Ooms ME, et al. Vitamin D supplementation and fracture incidence in elderly persons. A randomized, placebo- controlled clinical trial. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:400-6. . View abstract.
  1112. Meyer HE, Smedshaug GB, Kvaavik E, et al. Can vitamin D supplementation reduce the risk of fracture in the elderly? A randomized controlled trial. J Bone Miner Res 2002;17:709-15. . View abstract.
  1113. Graafmans WC, Ooms ME, Hofstee HM, et al. Falls in the elderly: a prospective study of risk factors and risk profiles. Am J Epidemiol 1996;143:1129-36. . View abstract.
  1114. Dhesi JK, Bearne LM, Moniz C, et al. Neuromuscular and psychomotor function in elderly subjects who fall and the relationship with vitamin D status. J Bone Miner Res 2002;17:891-7. . View abstract.
  1115. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Willett WC, et al. Effect of Vitamin D on falls: a meta-analysis. JAMA 2004;291:1999-2006.. View abstract.
  1116. Kenny AM, Biskup B, Robbins B, et al. Effects of vitamin D supplementation on strength, physical function, and health perception in older, community-dwelling men. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003;51:1762-7. View abstract.
  1117. Frier BM, Scott RD. Osteomalacia and arthropathy associated with prolonged abuse of purgatives. Br J Clin Pract 1977;31:17-9. View abstract.
  1118. Sojka J, Wastney M, Abrams S, et al. Magnesium kinetics in adolescent girls determined using stable isotopes: effects of high and low calcium intake. Am J Physiol 1997;273:R710-5.. View abstract.
  1119. Spence LA, Lipscomb ER, Cadogan J, et al. The effect of soy protein and soy isoflavones on calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women: a randomized crossover study. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:916-22. View abstract.
  1120. Johnell O, Gullberg B, Kanis JA. Risk factors for hip fracture in European women: the MEDOS Study. Mediterranean Osteoporosis Study. J Bone Miner Res 1995;10:1802-15.. View abstract.
  1121. Sakhaee K, Bhuket T, Adams-Huet B, et al. Meta-analysis of calcium bioavailability: A comparison of calcium citrate with calcium carbonate. Am J Ther 1999;6:313-21.. View abstract.
  1122. NIH Consensus Development Panel on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy. Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. JAMA 2001;285:785-95. View abstract.
  1123. Bar-Or D, Yoel G. Calcium and calciferol antagonize effect of verapamil in atrial fibrillation. Br Med J 1981;282:1585-6. View abstract.
  1124. Pletz MW, Petzold P, Allen A, et al. Effect of calcium carbonate on bioavailability of orally administered gemifloxacin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2003;47:2158-60.. View abstract.
  1125. Levi F, Pasche C, Lucchini F, La Vecchia C. Selected micronutrients and colorectal cancer: a case-control study from the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. Eur J Cancer 2000;36:2115-9. View abstract.
  1126. Eastwood GL. Pharmacologic prevention of colonic neoplasms. Effects of calcium, vitamins, omega fatty acids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Dig Dis 1996;14:119-28.. View abstract.
  1127. Kahela P, Anttila M, Tikkanen R, Sundquist H. Effect of food, food constituents and fluid volume on the bioavailability of sotalol. Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh) 1979;44:7-12.. View abstract.
  1128. Heaney RP, Weaver CM. Effect of psyllium on absorption of co-ingested calcium. J Am Geriatr Soc 1995;43:261-3.. View abstract.
  1129. Jarvinen R, Knekt P, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A. Prospective study on milk products, calcium and cancers of the colon and rectum. Eur J Clin Nutr 2001;55:1000-7. View abstract.
  1130. Ebeling PR, Wark JD, Yeung S, et al. Effects of calcium and calcitriol on bone mass over three years in men with primary osteoporosis- A prospective cross-over study. Bone 2000;27:54S.
  1131. Scopacasa F, Wishart JM, Need AG, et al. The effects of divided dose calcium on bone resorption in early postmenopausal women. Bone 2000;27:45S.
  1132. Miller GD, Jarvis JK, McBean LD. The importance of meeting calcium needs with foods. J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:168S-85S. View abstract.
  1133. Anderson JJ. Calcium requirements during adolescence to maximize bone health. J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:186S-91S. View abstract.
  1134. Heaney RP. Calcium needs of the elderly to reduce fracture risk. J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:192S-197S.. View abstract.
  1135. Jackson KA, Savaiano DA. Lactose maldigestion, calcium intake and osteoporosis in African-, Asian-, and Hispanic-Americans. J Am Coll Nutr 2001;20:198S-207S.. View abstract.
  1136. Bohmer H, Muller H, Resch KL. Calcium supplementation with calcium-rich mineral waters: a systematic review and meta-analysis of its bioavailability. Osteoporos Int 2000;11:938-43.. View abstract.
  1137. Fujita T, Ohgitani S, Nomura M. Fall of blood ionized calcium on watching a provocative TV program and its prevention by active absorbable algal calcium (AAA Ca). J Bone Miner Metab 1999;17:131-6.. View abstract.
  1138. Bauman WA, Shaw S, Jayatilleke E, et al. Increased intake of calcium reverses vitamin B12 malabsorption induced by metformin. Diabetes Care 2000;23:1227-31. View abstract.
  1139. Pattanaungkul S, Riggs BL, Yergey AL, et al. Relationship of intestinal calcium absorption to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] levels in young versus elderly women: evidence for age-related intestinal resistance to 1,25(OH)2D action. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:4023-7.. View abstract.
  1140. Heller HJ, Greer LG, Haynes SD, et al. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic comparison of two calcium supplements in postmenopausal women. J Clin Pharmacol 2000;40:1237-44.. View abstract.
  1141. Bendich A. Calcium supplementation and iron status of females. Nutrition 2001;17:46-51.. View abstract.
  1142. Lin YC, Lyle RM, McCabe LD, et al. Dairy calcium is related to changes in body composition during a two-year exercise intervention in young women. J Am Coll Nutr 2000;19:754-60.. View abstract.
  1143. Niromanesh S, Laghaii S, Mosavi-Jarrahi A. Supplementary calcium in prevention of pre-eclampsia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2001;74:17-21.. View abstract.
  1144. Ebeling PR, Wark JD, Yeung S, et al. Effects of calcitriol or calcium on bone mineral density, bone turnover, and fractures in men with primary osteoporosis: a two-year randomized, double blind, double placebo study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001;86:4098-103.. View abstract.
  1145. Zemel MB. Regulation of adiposity and obesity risk by dietary calcium: mechanisms and implications. J Am Coll Nutr 2002;21:146S-51S. View abstract.
  1146. Heaney RP, Davies KM, Barger-Lux MJ. Calcium and weight: clinical studies. J Am Coll Nutr 2002;21:152S-5S. View abstract.
  1147. Roughead ZK, Zito CA, Hunt JR. Initial uptake and absorption of nonheme iron and absorption of heme iron in humans are unaffected by the addition of calcium as cheese to a meal with high iron bioavailability. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:419-25.. View abstract.
  1148. Heaney RP, Nordin BE. Calcium effects on phosphorus absorption: implications for the prevention and co-therapy of osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr 2002;21:239-44.. View abstract.
  1149. Terry P, Baron JA, Bergkvist L, et al. Dietary calcium and vitamin D intake and risk of colorectal cancer: a prospective cohort study in women. Nutr Cancer 2002;43:39-46.. View abstract.
  1150. Chapuy MC, Pamphile R, Paris E, et al. Combined calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation in elderly women: confirmation of reversal of secondary hyperparathyroidism and hip fracture risk: the Decalyos II study. Osteoporos Int 2002;13:257-64.. View abstract.
  1151. McCarron DA, Reusser ME. Are low intakes of calcium and potassium important causes of cardiovascular disease? Am J Hypertens 2001;14:206S-12S.. View abstract.
  1152. Krall EA, Wehler C, Garcia RI, et al. Calcium and vitamin D supplements reduce tooth loss in the elderly. Am J Med 2001;111:452-6.. View abstract.
  1153. Sacks FM, Willett WC, Smith A, et al. Effect on blood pressure of potassium, calcium, and magnesium in women with low habitual intake. Hypertension 1998;31:131-8. View abstract.
  1154. Bonithon-Kopp C, Kronborg O, Giacosa A, et al. Calcium and fibre supplementation in prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence: a randomised intervention trial. European Cancer Prevention Organisation Study Group. Lancet 2000;356:1300-6. View abstract.
  1155. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999. Available at: http://books.nap.edu/books/0309063507/html/index.html.
  1156. Hallberg L. Does calcium interfere with iron absorption? Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:3-4. View abstract.
  1157. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002. Available at: www.nap.edu/books/0309072794/html/.
  1158. Dawson-Hughes B, Harris SS, Krall EA, Dallal GE. Effect of withdrawal of calcium and vitamin D supplements on bone mass in elderly men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72:745-50. View abstract.
  1159. Jorde R, Bonaa KH. Calcium from dairy products, vitamin D intake, and blood pressure: the Tromso study. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:1530-5. View abstract.
  1160. Wolf RL, Cauley JA, Baker CE, et al. Factors associated with calcium absorption efficiency in pre- and perimenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72:466-71. View abstract.
  1161. Castelo-Branco C, Pons F, Vicente JJ, et al. Preventing postmenopausal bone loss with ossein-hydroxyapatite compounds. Results of a two-year, prospective trial. J Reprod Med 1999;44:601-5. View abstract.
  1162. Vanpee D, Delgrange E, Gillet JB, Donckier J. Ingestion of antacid tablets (Rennie) and acute confusion. J Emerg Med 2000;19:169-71. View abstract.
  1163. Bendich A. The potential for dietary supplements to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms. J Am Coll Nutrition 2000;19:3-12. View abstract.
  1164. Carey CF, Lee HH, Woeltje KF (eds). Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics. 29th ed. New York, NY: Lippincott-Raven, 1998.
  1165. Heaney RP. Lead in calcium supplements. Cause for alarm or celebration? JAMA 2000;284:1432-3. View abstract.
  1166. Ross EA, Szabo NJ, Tebbett IR. Lead content of calcium supplements. JAMA 2000;284:1425-29. View abstract.
  1167. Minne HW, Pfeifer M, Begerow B, et al. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces falls in elderly women via improvement of body sway and normalization of blood pressure: a prospective, randomized, and double-blind study. Abstracts World Congress on Osteoporosis 2000.
  1168. Guillemant J, Le HT, Accarie C, et al. Mineral water as a source of dietary calcium: acute effects on parathyroid function and bone resorption in young men. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:999-1002. View abstract.
  1169. Singh N, Singh PN, Hershman JM. Effect of calcium carbonate on the absorption of levothyroxine. JAMA 2000;283:2822-5. View abstract.
  1170. Moser LR, Smythe MA, Tisdale JE. The use of calcium salts in the prevention and management of verapamil-induced hypotension. Ann Pharmacother 2000;34:622-9. View abstract.
  1171. Spencer H, Kramer L, Norris C, Osis D. Effect of small doses of aluminum-containing antacids on calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr 1982;36:32-40. View abstract.
  1172. Heaton KW, Lever JV, Barnard RE. Osteomalacia associated with cholestyramine therapy for post-ileectomy diarrhea. Gastroenterology 1972;62:642-6. View abstract.
  1173. Compston JE, Thompson RP. Intestinal absorption of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and osteomalacia in primary biliary cirrhosis. Lancet 1977;1:721-4. View abstract.
  1174. Compston JE, Horton LW. Oral 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in treatment of osteomalacia associated with ileal resection and cholestyramine therapy. Gastroenterology 1978;74:900-2. View abstract.
  1175. Schneyer CR. Calcium carbonate and reduction of levothyroxine efficacy. JAMA 1998;279:750. View abstract.
  1176. Butner LE, Fulco PP, Feldman G, et al. Calcium carbonate-induced hypothyroidism. Ann Intern Med 2000:132:595. View abstract.
  1177. Chan JM, Giovannucci E, Andersson SO, et al. Dairy products, calcium, phosphorous, vitamin D, and risk of prostate cancer. Cancer Causes Control 1998;9:559-66. View abstract.
  1178. Zittermann A, Bock P, Drummer C, et al. Lactose does not enhance calcium bioavailability in lactose-tolerant, healthy adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:931-6. View abstract.
  1179. Cueto-Manzano AM, Konel S, Freemont AJ, et al. Effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and calcium carbonate on bone loss associated with long-term renal transplantation. Am J Kidney Dis 2000;35:227-36. View abstract.
  1180. Iso H, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, et al. Prospective study of calcium, potassium, and magnesium intake and risk of stroke in women. Stroke 1999;30:1772-9. View abstract.
  1181. Spencer H, Fuller H, Norris C, Williams D. Effect of magnesium on the intestinal absorption of calcium in man. J Am Coll Nutr 1994;15:485-92. View abstract.
  1182. Becker GL. The case against mineral oil. Am J Digestive Dis 1952;19:344-8. View abstract.
  1183. Reid IR, Ibbertson HK. Calcium supplements in the prevention of steroid-induced osteoporosis. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;44:287-90. View abstract.
  1184. Need AG, Philcox JC, Hartley TF, et al. Calcium metabolism and osteoporosis in corticosteroid-treated postmenopausal women. Aust N Z J Med 1986;16:341-6. View abstract.
  1185. Gennari C. Differential effect of glucocorticoids on calcium absorption and bone mass. Br J Rheumatol 1993;32:11-4. View abstract.
  1186. Lems WF, Jacobs JW, Netelenbos JC, et al. [Pharmacological prevention of osteoporosis in patients on corticosteroid medication]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1998;142:1904-8. View abstract.
  1187. Reid DM, Kennedy NS, Smith MA, et al. Total body calcium in rheumatoid arthritis: Effects of disease activity and corticosteroid treatment. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982;285:330-2. View abstract.
  1188. Lems WF, Van Veen GJ, Gerrits MI, et al. Effect of low-dose prednisolone (with calcium and calcitriol supplementation) on calcium and bone metabolism in healthy volunteers. Br J Rheumatol 1998;37:27-33. View abstract.
  1189. Knodel LC, Talbert RL. Adverse effects of hypolipidaemic drugs. Med Toxicol 1987;2:10-32. View abstract.
  1190. Murry JJ, Healy MD. Drug-mineral interactions: a new responsibility for the hospital dietician. J Am Diet Assoc 1991;91:66-73. View abstract.
  1191. Spencer H, Menaham L. Adverse effects of aluminum-containing antacids on mineral metabolism. Gastroenterology 1979;76:603-6. View abstract.
  1192. Roberts DH, Knox FG. Renal phosphate handling and calcium nephrolithiasis: role of dietary phosphate and phosphate leak. Semin Nephrol 1990;10:24-30. View abstract.
  1193. Raman L, Rajalakshmi K, Krishnamachari KAVR, et al. Effect of calcium supplementation to undernourished mothers during pregnancy on the bone density of the neonates. Am J Clin Nutr 1978; 31:466-9. View abstract.
  1194. Koo WK, Walters JC, Esterlitz J, et al. Maternal calcium supplementation and fetal bone mineralization. Obstet Gynecol 1999;94:577-82. View abstract.
  1195. Cholst IN, Steinberg SF, Tropper PJ, et al. The influence of hypermagnesemia on serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels in human subjects. New Engl J Med 1984;310:1221-5. View abstract.
  1196. Rasmussen HS, Cintin C, Aurup P, et al. The effect of intravenous magnesium therapy on serum and urine levels of potassium, calcium and sodium in patients with ischemic heart disease, with and without acute myocardial infarction. Arch Int Med 1988;148:1801-5. View abstract.
  1197. Ross DS. Monitoring L-thyroxine therapy: lessons from the effects of L-thyroxine on bone density (editorial). Am J Med 1991;91:1-4. View abstract.
  1198. Greenspan SL, Greenspan FS, Resnick NM, et al. Skeletal integrity in premenopausal and postmenopausal women receiving long-term L-thyroxine therapy. Am J Med 1991;91:5-14. View abstract.
  1199. Stall GM, Harris S, Sokoll LJ, Dawson-Hughes B. Accelerated bone loss in hypothyroid patients overtreated with L-thyroxine. Ann Int Med 1990;113:265-9. View abstract.
  1200. Paul TL, Kerrigan J, Kelly AM, et al. Long-term L-thyroxine therapy is associated with decreased hip bone density in premenopausal women. JAMA 1988;259:3137-41. View abstract.
  1201. Coindre JM, David JP, Riviere L, et al. Bone loss in hypothyroidism with hormone replacement: A histomorphometric study. Arch Int Med 1986;146:48-53. View abstract.
  1202. Perry HM. Thyroid replacement and osteoporosis (editorial). Arch Int Med 1986;146:41-2. View abstract.
  1203. Gough H, Goggin T, Bissessar A, et al. A comparative study of the relative influence of different anticonvulsant drugs, UV exposure and diet on vitamin D and calcium metabolism in out-patients with epilepsy. Quart J Med 1986;59:569-77. View abstract.
  1204. Hoogwerf BJ, Hibbard DM, Hunninghake DB. Effects of long-term cholestyramine administration on vitamin D and parathormone levels in middle-aged men with hypercholesterolaemia. J Lab Clin Med 1992;119:407-11. View abstract.
  1205. Heaney RP, Rafferty K. Carbonated beverages and urinary calcium excretion. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:343-7. View abstract.
  1206. Rapuri PB, Gallagher JC, Kinyamu HK, Ryschon KL. Caffeine intake increases the rate of bone loss in elderly women and interacts with vitamin D receptor genotypes. Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:694-700. View abstract.
  1207. Thys-Jacobs S. Micronutrients and the premenstrual syndrome: The case for calcium. J Am Coll Nutr 2000;19:220-7. View abstract.
  1208. Bryant RJ, Cadogan J, Weaver CM. The new dietary reference intakes for calcium: implications for osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr 1999;18:406S-412S. View abstract.
  1209. Mackerras D, Lumley T. First- and second-year effects in trials of calcium supplementation on the loss of bone density in postmenopausal women. Bone 1997;21:527-33. View abstract.
  1210. Kanis JA. The use of calcium in the management of osteoporosis. Bone 1999;24:279-90. View abstract.
  1211. Deal C. Can calcium and vitamin D supplementation adequately treat most patients with osteoporosis? Cleve Clin J Med 2000;67:696-8. View abstract.
  1212. Nieves JW, Komar L, Cosman F, Lindsay R. Calcium potentiates the effect of estrogen and calcitonin on bone mass: review and analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:18-24. View abstract.
  1213. McGarry KA, Kiel DP. Postmenopausal osteoporosis. Strategies for preventing bone loss, avoiding fracture. Postgrad Med 2000;108:79-82,85-88, 91. View abstract.
  1214. Chiu KM. Efficacy of calcium supplements on bone mass in postmenopausal women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1999;54:M275-80. View abstract.
  1215. Heaney RP. Calcium, dairy products and osteoporosis. J Am Coll Nutr 2000;19:83S-99S. View abstract.
  1216. Hammar M, Larsson L, Tegler L. Calcium treatment of leg cramps in pregnancy. Effect on clinical symptoms and total serum and ionized serum calcium concentrations. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1981;60:345-7. View abstract.
  1217. Bell L, Halstenson CE, Halstenson CJ, et al. Cholesterol-lowering effects of calcium carbonate in patients with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia. Arch Intern Med 1992;152:2441-4. View abstract.
  1218. Ushiroyama T, Okamura S, Ikeda A, et al. Efficacy of ipriflavone and 1 alpha vitamin D therapy for the cessation of vertebral bone loss. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1995;48:283-8. View abstract.
  1219. La Vecchia C, Braga C, Negri E et al. Intake of selected micronutrients and risk of colorectal cancer. Int J Cancer 1997;73:525-30. View abstract.
  1220. Penland JG, Johnson PE. Dietary calcium and manganese effects on menstrual cycle symptoms. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:1417-23. View abstract.
  1221. Strause L, Saltman P, Smith KT, et al. Spinal bone loss in postmenopausal women supplemented with calcium and trace minerals. J Nutr 1994;124:1060-4. View abstract.
  1222. Friedman PA, Bushinsky DA. Diuretic effects on calcium metabolism. Semin Nephrol 1999;19:551-6. View abstract.
  1223. Kalkwarf HJ, Harrast SD. Effects of calcium supplementation and lactation on iron status. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:1244-9. View abstract.
  1224. Sokoll LJ, Dawson-Hughes B. Calcium supplementation and plasma ferritin concentrations in premenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;56:1045-8. View abstract.
  1225. Minihane AM, Fairweather-Tait SJ. Effect of calcium supplementation on daily nonheme-iron absorption and long-term iron status. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:96-102. View abstract.
  1226. Krall EA, Dawson-Hughes B. Smoking increases bone loss and decreases intestinal calcium absorption. J Bone Miner Res 1999;14:215-20. View abstract.
  1227. Saunders D, Sillery J, Chapman R. Effect of calcium carbonate and aluminum hydroxide on human intestinal function. Dig Dis Sci 1988;33:409-13. View abstract.
  1228. Clemens JD, Feinstein AR. Calcium carbonate and constipation: a historical review of medical mythopoeia. Gastroenterology 1977;72:957-61. View abstract.
  1229. Maton PN, Burton ME. Antacids revisited: a review of their clinical pharmacology and recommended therapeutic use. Drugs 1999;57:855-70. View abstract.
  1230. Heaney RP, Dowell MS, Barger-Lux MJ. Absorption of calcium as the carbonate and citrate salts, with some observations on method. Osteoporos Int 1999;9:19-23. View abstract.
  1231. Talbot JR, Guardo P, Seccia S, etal. Calcium bioavailability and parathyroid hormone acute changes after oral intake of dairy and nondairy products in healthy volunteers. Osteoporos Int 1999;10:137-42. View abstract.
  1232. Fujita T, Ohue T, Fujii Y, et al. Effect of calcium supplementation on bone density and parathyroid function in elderly subjects. Miner Electrolyte Metab 1995;21:229-31. View abstract.
  1233. Fujita T, Ohue T, Fujii Y, et al. Heated oyster shell-seaweed calcium (AAA Ca) on osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue Int 1996;58:226-30. View abstract.
  1234. Heller HJ, Stewart A, Haynes S, Pak CY. Pharmacokinetics of calcium absorption from two commercial calcium supplements. J Clin Pharmacol 1999;39:1151-4. View abstract.
  1235. Celotti F, Bignamini A. Dietary calcium and mineral/vitamin supplementation: a controversial problem. J Int Med Res 1999;27:1-14. View abstract.
  1236. Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F, et al. Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in the elderly women. N Engl J Med 1992;327:1637-42. View abstract.
  1237. Dawson-Hughes B, Harris SS, Krall EA, Dallal GE. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone density in men and women 65 years of age or older. N Engl J Med 1997;337:670-6. View abstract.
  1238. Power ML, Heaney RP, Kalkwarf HJ, et al. The role of calcium in health and disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999;181:1560-9. View abstract.
  1239. Crowther CA, Hiller JE, Pridmore B, et al. Calcium supplementation in nulliparous women for the prevention of pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia and preterm birth: an Australian randomized trial. FRACOG and the ACT Study Group. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;39:12-8. View abstract.
  1240. Recommendations for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. American College of Rheumatology Task Force on Osteoporosis Guidelines. Arthritis Rheum 1996;39:1791-801. View abstract.
  1241. Adachi JD, Bensen WG, Bianchi F, et al. Vitamin D and calcium in the prevention of corticosteroid induced osteoporosis: a 3 year followup. J Rheumatol 1996;23:995-1000. View abstract.
  1242. Adachi JD, Ioannidis G. Calcium and vitamin D therapy in corticosteroid-induced bone loss: what is the evidence? Calcif Tissue Int 1999;65:332-6. View abstract.
  1243. Rudnicki M, Hojsted J, Petersen LJ, et al. Oral calcium effectively reduces parathyroid hormone levels in hemodialysis patients: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Nephron 1993;65:369-74. View abstract.
  1244. Tsukamoto Y, Moriya R, Nagaba Y, et al. Effect of administering calcium carbonate to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in nondialyzed patients with chronic renal failure. Am J Kidney Dis 1995;25:879-86. View abstract.
  1245. Barsotti G, Cupisti A, Morelli E, et al. Secondary hyperparathyroidism in severe chronic renal failure is corrected by very-low dietary phosphate intake and calcium carbonate supplementation. Nephron 1998;79:137-41. View abstract.
  1246. Steinbach G, Lupton J, Reddy BS, et al. Effect of calcium supplementation on rectal epithelial hyperproliferation in intestinal bypass subjects. Gastroenterology 1994;106:1162-7. View abstract.
  1247. Thys-Jacobs S, Ceccarelli S, Bierman A, et al. Calcium supplementation in premenstrual syndrome: a randomized crossover trial. J Gen Intern Med 1989;4:183-9. View abstract.
  1248. Alvir JM, Thys-Jacobs S. Premenstrual and menstrual symptom clusters and response to calcium treatment. Psychopharmacol Bull 1991;27:145-8. View abstract.
  1249. Thys-Jacobs S, Starkey P, Bernstein D, Tian J. Calcium carbonate and the premenstrual syndrome: effects on premenstrual and menstrual symptoms. Premenstrual Syndrome Study Group. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998;179:444-52. View abstract.
  1250. Griffith LE, Guyatt GH, Cook RJ, et al. The influence of dietary and nondietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Hypertens 1999;12:84-92. View abstract.
  1251. Kawano Y, Yoshimi H, Matsuoka H, et al. Calcium supplementation in patients with essential hypertension: assessment by office, home and ambulatory blood pressure. J Hypertens 1998;16:1693-9. View abstract.
  1252. Bucher HC, Cook RJ, Guyatt GH, et al. Effects of dietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 1996;275:1016-22. View abstract.
  1253. Allender PS, Cutler JA, Follmann D, et al. Dietary calcium and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:825-31. View abstract.
  1254. Valimaki MJ, Kinnunen K, Volin L, et al. A prospective study of bone loss and turnover after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: effect of calcium supplementation with or without calcitonin. Bone Marrow Transplant 1999;23:355-61. View abstract.
  1255. Hernandez-Avila M, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Hernandez-Avila JE, et al. Dietary calcium supplements to lower blood lead levels in lactating women: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Epidemiology 2003;14:206-12.. View abstract.
  1256. White E, Shannon JS, Patterson RE. Relationship between vitamin and calcium supplement use and colon cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1997;6:769-74. View abstract.
  1257. Buckley LM, Leib ES, Cartularo KS, et al. Calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation prevents bone loss in the spine secondary to low-dose corticosteroids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 1996;125:961-8. View abstract.
  1258. Roberts HJ. Potential toxicity due to dolomite and bonemeal. South Med J 1983;76:556-9. View abstract.
  1259. Whiting SJ. Safety of some calcium supplements questioned. Nutr Rev 1994;52:95-7. View abstract.
  1260. Gallagher JC, Riggs BL, DeLuca. Effect of estrogen on calcium absorption and serum vitamin D metabolites in postmenopausal osteoporosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1980;51:1359-64. View abstract.
  1261. Baron JA, Tosteson TD, Wargovich MJ, et al. Calcium supplementation and rectal mucosal proliferation: a randomized controlled trial. J Natl Cancer Inst 1995;87:1303-7. View abstract.
  1262. Gupta SK, Gupta RC, Seth AK, Gupta A. Reversal of fluorosis in children. Acta Paediatr Jpn 1996;38:513-9. View abstract.
  1263. Kalkwarf HJ, Specker BL, Bianchi DC, et al. The effect of calcium supplementation on bone density during lactation and after weaning. N Engl J Med 1997;337:523-8. View abstract.
  1264. Ricci TA, Chowdhury HA, Heymsfield SB, et al. Calcium supplementation suppresses bone turnover during weight reduction in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 1998;13:1045-50. View abstract.
  1265. Dwyer JH, Dwyer KM, Scribner RA, et al. Dietary calcium, calcium supplementation, and blood pressure in African American adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:648-55. View abstract.
  1266. Bernstein CN, Seeger LL, Anton PA, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium supplementation for decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1996;10:777-86. View abstract.
  1267. Devine A, Dick IM, Heal SJ, et al. A 4-year follow-up study of the effects of calcium supplementation on bone density in elderly postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 1997;7:23-8. View abstract.
  1268. Dawson-Hughes B, Harris SS, Krall EA, Dallal GE. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone density in men and women 65 years of age or older. N Engl J Med 1997;337:670-6. View abstract.
  1269. Riggs BL, O'Fallon WM, Muhs J, et al. Long-term effects of calcium supplementation on serum parathyroid hormone level, bone turnover, and bone loss in elderly women. J Bone Miner Res 1998;13:168-74. View abstract.
  1270. Baeksgaard L, Andersen KP, Hyldstrup L. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation increases spinal BMD in healthy, postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 1998;8:255-60. View abstract.
  1271. Storm D, Eslin R, Porter ES, et al. Calcium supplementation prevents seasonal bone loss and changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover in elderly New England women: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998;83:3817-25. View abstract.
  1272. Weinberger MH, Wagner UL, Fineberg NS. The blood pressure effects of calcium supplementation in humans of known sodium responsiveness. Am J Hypertens 1993;6:799-805. View abstract.
  1273. Petersen LJ, Rudnicki M, Hojsted J. Long-term oral calcium supplementation reduces diastolic blood pressure in end stage renal disease. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Int J Artif Organs 1994;17:37-40. View abstract.
  1274. Yamamoto ME, Applegate WB. Klag MJ, et al. Lack of blood pressure effect with calcium and magnesium supplementation in adults with high-normal blood pressure. Results from phase I of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP). Trials of Hypertension Prev (TOHP) Collab Res Group. Ann Epidemiol 1995;5:96-107. View abstract.
  1275. Purwar M, Kulkarni H, Motghare V, Dhole S. Calcium supplementation and prevention of pregnancy induced hypertension. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 1996;22:425-30. View abstract.
  1276. Whelton PK, Kumanyika SK, Cook NR, et al. Efficacy of nonpharmacologic interventions in adults with high-normal blood pressure: results from phase 1 of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP). Trials of Hypertension Prev (TOHP) Collab Res Group. Am J Clin Nutr 1997;65:652S-60S. View abstract.
  1277. Levine RJ, Hauth JC, Curet LB, et al. Trial of calcium to prevent preeclampsia. N Engl J Med 1997;337:69-76. View abstract.
  1278. Baron JA, Beach M, Mandel JS, et al. Calcium supplements for the prevention of colorectal adenomas. Calcium Polyp Prev Study Group. N Engl J Med 1999;340:101-7. View abstract.
  1279. Shils M, Olson A, Shike M. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lea and Febiger, 1994.
  1280. Sato Y, Kuno H, Kaji M, et al. Effect of ipriflavone on bone in elderly hemiplegic stroke patients with hypovitaminosis D. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1999;78:457-63. View abstract.
  1281. Young DS. Effects of Drugs on Clinical Laboratory Tests 4th ed. Washington: AACC Press, 1995.
  1282. Franklyn AJ, Bettenridge J, Daykin J, et al. Long-term thyroxine treatment and bone mineral density. Lancet 1992;340:9-13. View abstract.
  1283. Schneider DL, Barrett-Connor EL, Morton DJ. Thyroid hormone use and bone mineral density in elderly men. Arch Intern Med 1995;155:2005-7. View abstract.
  1284. Kung AWC, Pun KK. Bone mineral density in premenopausal women receiving long-term physiological doses of levothyroxine. JAMA 1991;265:2688-91. View abstract.
  1285. McKevoy GK, ed. AHFS Drug Information. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 1998.
Show more references
Show fewer references
Last reviewed - 06/19/2012




Page last updated: 08 September 2014