Noninfectious cystitis is irritation of the bladder that is not caused by a urinary tract infection.
Noninfectious cystitis is most common in women of childbearing years. The exact cause is often unknown. However, it has been associated with the use of:
Certain foods, such as tomatoes, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, chocolate, and alcohol can cause bladder symptoms.
Other symptoms may include:
A urinalysis may show red blood cells (RBCs) and some white blood cells (WBCs) in the urine. The urine may be examined under a microscope to look for cancerous cells.
A urine culture (clean catch) is done to look for a bacterial infection.
A cystoscopy (use of lighted instrument to look inside the bladder) may be done if you have:
The goal of treatment is to manage your symptoms.
Treatment may include:
Surgery is rarely performed unless a person has:
Your doctor or nurse may also recommend the following self-care steps:
Although cystitis is uncomfortable, the symptoms most often get better over time.
Call your doctor or nurse if:
Avoid using products that with irritants such as scented bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, tampons, and spermicidal jellies.
If you need to use these items, try to find those that do not cause you irritation.
Abacterial cystitis; Radiation cystitis; Chemical cystitis; Urethral syndrome - acute; Bladder pain syndrome; Painful bladder disease complex; Interstitial cystitis
Hanno PM. Painful bladder syndrome (interstitial cystitis) and related disorders.In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 12.
Carter C, Stallworth J, Holleman R. Urinary tract disorders. In: Rakel RE, ed. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 40.
Updated by: Sovrin M. Shah, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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