Facial trauma is any injury of the face and upper jaw bone (maxilla).
Blunt or penetrating trauma can cause injury to the area of the face that includes the upper jaw, lower jaw, cheek, nose, or forehead. Common causes of injury to the face include:
The doctor will perform a physical exam, which may show:
The following may suggest bone fractures:
A CT scan of the head may be done.
Patients who cannot function normally or who have significant deformity will need surgery.
The goal of treatment is to:
Treatment should be immediate, as long as the person is stable and there are no neck fractures or life-threatening injuries.
Patients generally do very well with proper treatment. You will probably look different than you did before your injury. You may need to have more surgery 6 - 12 months later.
General complications include, but are not limited to:
Go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911) if you have a severe injury to your face.
Wear seat belts and use protective head gear when appropriate. Avoid violent confrontations with other people.
Maxillofacial injury; Midface trauma; Facial injury; LeFort injuries
Updated by: Alan Lipkin, MD, Otolaryngologist, private practice, Denver, CO. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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