Fusion of the ear bones is the joining of the bones of the inner ear. These are the incus, malleus, and stapes bones.
Related topics include:
Fusion may be caused by:
Fusion of the bones leads to hearing loss, because the bones are not moving and vibrating in reaction to sound waves.
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House JW, Cunningham CD III. Otosclerosis. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. eds. Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 144.
O'Handley JG, Tobin EJ, Shah AR. Otorhinolaryngology. In: Rakel RE, ed. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 19.
Updated by: Ashutosh Kacker, MD, BS, Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Attending Otolaryngologist, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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