Your health care provider can prescribe medicines to help you quit tobacco use. These medicines do not contain nicotine. They work in a different way than nicotine patches, gums, sprays or lozenges. They are not habit-forming.
These medicines can:
Like other treatments, these medicines work best when they are part of a program that includes:
Bupropion is a pill that may cut down your craving for tobacco.
Bupropion is also used for people with depression. It will help with quitting tobacco even if you do not have problems with depression. It is not fully clear how bupropion helps with tobacco cravings.
Bupropion should not be used for people who:
How to take it:
Side effects of this medicine may include:
Varenicline (Chantix) helps with the craving for nicotine and withdrawal symptoms. It works in the brain to reduce the physical effects of nicotine. This means that even if you start smoking again after quitting, you will not get as much pleasure from it when you are taking this drug.
How to take it:
Most people tolerate varenicline well. Side effects are not common, but can include the following if they do occur:
NOTE: Use of this medicine is linked to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
The following medicines may be helpful in quitting smoking when other treatments have not worked. The benefits are less consistent, so they are considered "second-line" treatment.
Smoking cessation - medications; Smokeless tobacco - medications; Medications for stopping tobacco
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Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
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