All content below is taken in its entirety from the CDC MMRV (Measles, Mumps, Rubell and Varicella) Vaccine Information Statement (VIS): http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mmrv.html
CDC review information for MMRV VIS:
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella (chickenpox) can be serious diseases:
Rubella (German Measles)
These diseases can spread from person to person through the air. Varicella can also be spread through contact with fluid from chickenpox blisters.
Before vaccines, these diseases were very common in the United States.
MMRV vaccine may be given to children from 1 through 12 years of age to protect them from these four diseases.
Two doses of MMRV vaccine are recommended:
These are recommended ages. But children can get the second dose up through 12 years as long as it is at least 3 months after the first dose.
Children may also get these vaccines as 2 separate shots: MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) and varicella vaccines.
1 Shot (MMRV) or 2 Shots (MMR & Varicella)?
Your doctor can give you more information, including the Vaccine Information Statements for MMR and Varicella vaccines.
Anyone 13 or older who needs protection from these diseases should get MMR and varicella vaccines as separate shots.
MMRV may be given at the same time as other vaccines.
Children should not get MMRV vaccine if they:
Check with your doctor if the child:
Children who are moderately or severely ill at the time the shot is scheduled should usually wait until they recover before getting MMRV vaccine. Children who are only mildly ill may usually get the vaccine.
Ask your doctor for more information.
A vaccine, like any medicine, is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. The risk of MMRV vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is extremely small.
Getting MMRV vaccine is much safer than getting measles, mumps, rubella, or chickenpox.
Most children who get MMRV vaccine do not have any problems with it.
If these problems happen, it is usually within 5-12 days after the first dose. They happen less often after the second dose.
Severe problems (very rare)
Several severe problems have been reported following MMR vaccine, and might also happen after MMRV. These include severe allergic reactions (fewer than 4 per million), and problems such as:
Because these problems occur so rarely, we can't be sure whether they are caused by the vaccine or not.
What should I look for?
Signs of a severe allergic reaction can include hives, swelling of the face and throat, difficulty breathing, a fast heartbeat, dizziness, and weakness. These would start a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
What should I do?
VAERS is only for reporting reactions. They do not give medical advice.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) is a federal program that was created to compensate people who may have been injured by certain vaccines.
Persons who believe they may have been injured by a vaccine can learn about the program and about filing a claim by calling 1-800-338-2382 or visiting the VICP website.
Vaccine information statement: MMRV vaccine (measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mmrv.pdf. Accessed March 5, 2014.
Updated by: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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