All content below is taken in its entirety from the CDC Td Vaccine Information Statement (VIS): http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/td.html
CDC review information for Td VIS:
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
Tetanus and diphtheria are very serious diseases. They are rare in the United States today, but people who do become infected often have severe complications. Td vaccine is used to protect adolescents and adults from both of these diseases.
Both tetanus and diphtheria are infections caused by bacteria. Diphtheria spreads from person to person through coughing or sneezing. Tetanus-causing bacteria enter the body through cuts, scratches, or wounds.
TETANUS (Lockjaw) causes painful muscle tightening and stiffness, usually all over the body.
DIPHTHERIA can cause a thick coating to form in the back of the throat.
Before vaccines, the United States saw as many as 200,000 cases a year of diphtheria and hundreds of cases of tetanus. Since vaccination began, cases of both diseases have dropped by about 99%.
Td vaccine can protect adolescents and adults from tetanus and diphtheria. Td is usually given as a booster dose every 10 years but it can also be given earlier after a severe and dirty wound or burn.
Your doctor can give you more information.
Td may safely be given at the same time as other vaccines.
If you ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of any tetanus or diphtheria containing vaccine, OR if you have a severe allergy to any part of this vaccine, you should not get Td. Tell your doctor if you have any severe allergies.
Talk to your doctor if you:
With a vaccine, like any medicine, there is a chance of side effects. These are usually mild and go away on their own.
Serious side effects are also possible, but are very rare.
Most people who get Td vaccine do not have any problems with it.
Mild problems following Td
(Did not interfere with activities)
Moderate problems following Td
(Interfered with activities, but did not require medical attention)
Severe problems following Td
(Unable to perform usual activities; required medical attention)
Problems that could happen after any vaccine:
The safety of vaccines is always being monitored. For more information, visit: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/
What should I look for?
Signs of a severe allergic reaction can include hives, swelling of the face and throat, difficulty breathing, a fast heartbeat, dizziness, and weakness. These would usually start a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
What should I do?
VAERS is only for reporting reactions. They do not give medical advice.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) is a federal program that was created to compensate people who may have been injured by certain vaccines.
Persons who believe they may have been injured by a vaccine can learn about the program and about filing a claim by calling 1-800-338-2382 or visiting the VICP website.
Vaccine information statement: Td (tetanus and diphtheria) vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/td.pdf. Accessed March 5, 2014.
Updated by: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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