OverviewResearch has shown that preparatory interventions are effective in reducing some signs of distress in children, such as crying or resisting the procedure. This led to other findings suggesting that with preparation children report less pain and exhibit less physiologic signs of distress.
Update Date 5/15/2012
Updated by: Jennifer K. Mannheim, ARNP, Medical Staff, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Seattle Children's Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.