Ostomy care - urostomy
Urostomy pouches are special bags that are used to collect urine after bladder surgery.
Instead of going to your bladder, urine will go outside of your abdomen. The part that sticks outside your abdomen is called the stoma.
After a urostomy, your urine will go through your stoma into a special bag called a urostomy pouch.
Caring for your stoma and the skin around it is very important to prevent infection of your skin and kidneys.
Your stoma is made from the part of your small intestine called the ileum. Your ureter is attached to a small piece of your ileum and pulled through the skin of your abdomen.
A stoma is very delicate. A healthy stoma is pinkish-red and moist. Your stoma should stick out slightly from your skin. It is normal to see a little mucous. Spots of blood or a small amount of bleeding from your stoma is normal.
You should never stick anything into your stoma, unless your doctor tells you to.
Your stoma has no nerve endings, so you will not be able to feel when something touches it. You also will not feel if it is cut or scraped. But you will see a yellow or white line on the stoma if it is scraped.
After surgery, the skin around your stoma should look like it did before surgery. The best way to protect your skin is by:
To care for you skin in this area:
Be sure to treat any skin redness or skin changes right away, when the problem is minor. Do not allow the problem area to become larger or more irritated before asking your health care provider about it.
The skin around your stoma can become sensitive to the supplies you use, such as the skin barrier, tape, adhesive, or the pouch itself. This could happen slowly over time and not occur for weeks, months, or even years after using a product.
If you have hair on your skin around your stoma, removing it may help the pouch to more securely stay in place.
Call your doctor or nurse if you notice any of these changes in your stoma or the skin around it.
If your stoma:
If the skin around your stoma:
Also call if you:
Nettina SM. Renal and urinary disorders. In: Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010;chap 21.
Lyon CC. Stoma care. In: Lebwohl MG, Heymann WR, Berth-Jones J, Coulson I, eds. Treatment of Skin Disease Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. 4thrd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2013:chap 2225.
Maidl L, Ohland J. Care of Stomas. Fischer JE, ed. Mastery of Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007:chap 132.
Updated by: Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, Georgia. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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