Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) that happens during pregnancy. Usually there are no symptoms. But gestational diabetes may:
You can see how well you are doing by testing your glucose level at home. Your doctor may ask you to check your blood sugar once or more each day.
The most common way to check is by pricking your finger for a drop of blood. Then, the blood drop is placed in a monitor (testing machine). If the monitor gives you a number that is too high or too low, you will need to get your blood sugar stable.
Your health care providers will follow your blood sugar levels with you. Make sure you know what blood sugar level should be.
Your health care provider will closely check both you and your baby throughout the pregnancy. This will include:
Women with gestational diabetes should be watched closely after giving birth. They should also continue to get checked at doctor's appointments for signs of diabetes.
High blood sugar (glucose) levels often go back to normal after delivery. Still, many women with gestational diabetes develop diabetes within 5 to 10 years after giving birth. The risk is greater in obese women.
Call your health care provider for the following diabetes-related problems:
Landon MB, Catalano PM, Gabbe SG. Diabetes mellitus complicating pregnancy. In: Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, et al, eds. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2012:chap 39.
Updated by: Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.
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