You have a condition called endometriosis. Symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- Problems getting pregnant
Having this condition can interfere with your social and work life.
No one knows what causes endometriosis. There is also no cure. However, there are different ways to treat the symptoms. These treatments can also help relieve menstrual pain.
Learning how to manage your symptoms can make it easier to live with endometriosis.
Medicines to treat endometriosis
Your doctor may prescribe different types of hormone therapy. These may be birth control pills or injections. Be sure to follow your doctor's directions for taking these medicines. Do not stop taking them without talking with your doctor. Be sure to tell your doctor about any side effects.
Over-the-counter pain relievers can reduce the pain of endometriosis. These include:
- Ibuprofen (Advil)
- Naproxen (Aleve)
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
If the pain is worse during your periods, try starting these medicines 1 to 2 days before your period begins.
Ask your doctor about other medicines to relieve your pain.
Apply a hot water bottle or heating pad to your lower stomach. This can get blood flowing and relax your muscles. Warm baths also may help relieve pain.
Lie down and rest. Place a pillow under your knees when lying on your back. If you prefer to lie on your side, pull your knees up toward your chest. These positions help take the pressure off your back.
Get regular exercise. Exercise helps improve blood flow. It also triggers your body's natural painkillers, called endorphins.
Eat a balanced, healthy diet. Maintaining a healthy weight will help improve your overall health. Eating plenty of fiber can help keep you regular so you don't have to strain during bowel movements.
Techniques that also offer ways to relax and may help relieve pain include:
- Muscle relaxation
- Deep breathing
Some women find that acupuncture helps ease painful periods. Some studies show it also helps with chronic pain.
If self care for pain doesn't help, talk with your doctor about other treatment options.
When to call the doctor
Call your doctor right away if you have severe pelvic pain.
Call your provider for an appointment if:
- You have pain during or after sex
- Your periods become more painful
- You have blood in your urine or pain when you urinate
- You have blood in your stool, painful bowel movements, or a change in your bowel movements
- You are unable to become pregnant after trying for 1 year
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Update Date 3/18/2014
Updated by: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.