Bone-marrow transplants are performed for:
- deficiencies in red blood cells (aplastic anemia) and white blood cells (leukemia or lymphoma)
- aggressive cancer treatments (chemotherapy or radiation therapy)
- inherited (genetic) diseases (such as thalassemia)
- immune-system disorders (such as congenital neutropenia and severe-combined immunodeficiency syndrome)
Update Date 3/28/2014
Updated by: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.