Bone-marrow transplants are performed for:
- deficiencies in red blood cells (aplastic anemia) and white blood cells (leukemia or lymphoma)
- aggressive cancer treatments (chemotherapy or radiation therapy)
- inherited (genetic) diseases (such as thalassemia)
- immune-system disorders (such as congenital neutropenia and severe-combined immunodeficiency syndrome)
Update Date 3/4/2013
Updated by: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Blackman, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.