You can keep your blood glucose close to your target range if you:
Make healthy food choices and are active every day
Stay at a healthy weight
Take your medicine if needed
Check your blood glucose
All of the above
Teens with diabetes can eat sugar, sweets, and desserts.
Carbs that have a lot of fiber are:
White bread and white rice
Whole grain foods and fresh fruits and vegetables
Sweetened fruit drinks
Sweets and desserts
If you have diabetes, you should:
Get 60 minutes of physical activity every day
Get 20 minutes of physical activity every week
Limit your physical activity
Try to reach 10,000 steps a day
Both a and d
A type of fat that can be healthy for your heart comes from:
Nuts and avocado
You can get enough physical activity by just:
Watching TV and playing video games
Going for a walk on the weekend
Swimming at the beach in the summer
Being active every day in a way you enjoy
Teens with diabetes should not eat at fast food restaurants.
Teens get type 2 diabetes because:
They have certain genes
They are overweight
They have a family member who has diabetes
They are American Indian, Alaska Native, African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian American, or Pacific Islander
All of the above
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose (sugar) levels are too high. Glucose comes from the food you eat. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy. But having too much glucose in your blood isn't healthy.
There are three main types of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed. If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to get insulin from shots or a pump everyday. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still makes some insulin but cells cannot use it very well. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need to take insulin or pills to help your body use its glucose better. Gestational diabetes is another type of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy.
The best way to keep your blood glucose close to your target range is to make healthy food choices, be active everyday, and stay at a healthy weight. You may also need to take medicines (including insulin) and check your blood glucose.
Small amounts of foods that contain sugar can be part of a healthy meal plan. Desserts such as cakes, pies, cookies, and ice cream contain a lot of fat as well as sugar. If you choose to eat any of these sweet foods, just have a small amount at the end of a healthy meal. Talk to your healthcare team about how sweet foods can fit into your meal plan.
Some carbs are better for you than others. Choose fiber-rich carbs like whole grain foods and fresh fruits and vegetables. Choose carbs like white bread and white rice, sweetened fruit drinks, and sugary desserts less often. If you eat too many carbs at one time, your blood glucose may get too high.
Being active is an important part of a healthy lifestyle—whether your have diabetes or not. It can give you more energy and help you focus in school. If you haven't been very active in the past, start slowly. Don't get upset if you can't do a lot, or if you get out of breath at first. Pick something you like—riding a bike, roller blading, or dancing. Slowly work up to at least 60 minutes every day. You might find it fun to count your steps with a pedometer (step counter). Add a few more steps each day—try to reach 10,000 steps a day.
Some types of fats are better for you than others. Choose heart-healthy fats like a ¼ cup of nuts or one slice of avocado. Fats like chicken skin, whole milk, and butter are not heart-healthy fats. When you drink milk, pick low-fat or nonfat milk. Remember that all fats have lots of calories, so you need to limit your portion sizes.
It's important to be active every day! Physical activity can make you feel better if you are in a bad mood or stressed out. It also helps your body use blood glucose for energy. You don't have to play a sport or go to a gym. Ask your family members and friends to do something fun with you—take a walk after dinner instead of watching TV and playing video games, or put on a CD and dance.
You can eat at fast-food restaurants, just not every day. When you do, don't "super-size" it. Choose a simple hamburger rather than a burger covered with sauce, cheese, and bacon. Add a baked potato with a small serving of sour cream or a small serving of fries. Choose a small salad with low-calorie dressing. Meals that are healthy for teens with diabetes are great for everyone—you, your family, and your friends.
There are many reasons why teens get type 2 diabetes. Being overweight puts you at risk for type 2 diabetes. Having a family member with diabetes means that certain family genes increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Some racial groups also have a greater chance of getting type 2 diabetes—American Indians, Alaska Natives, African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders. Genes also appear to interact with things like viruses and toxins in the environment to cause type 1 diabetes.