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Feature:
Breathing Easier

Asthma and Health Disparities

Children on playground
  • Among racial groups, persons of multiple races (14.1%), black (11.2%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (9.4%) ancestries had higher asthma prevalence compared with white persons (7.7%) or persons of Asian background (5.2%).
  • Black persons had higher hospitalization rates and death rates due to asthma than white persons.
  • Among Hispanic groups, asthma prevalence was higher among persons of Puerto Rican (16.1%) than Mexican (5.4%) descent
  • Asthma prevalence was higher for groups with lower incomes.
  • 11.2% of persons with incomes less than 100% of the poverty level had asthma, compared to 8.5% of persons with incomes 100%-250% of the poverty level.
  • In 2012, the NHLBI joined several other NIH Institutes and other Federal agencies to implement a Coordinated Federal Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Asthma Disparities. The Action Plan presents a framework to maximize the use of existing federal resources to address the major public health challenge of asthma disparities during the next three to five years.
  • According to recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, African-American children are about twice as likely as Caucasian children to have asthma.

Age-Adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2010

Non-Hispanic
Black
Non-Hispanic
White
Non-Hispanic Black/
Non-Hispanic White
Ratio
16.1 8.2 2.0
Read More "Breathing Easier" Articles

Breathing Easier / What is Asthma? / Asthma and Schools / Asthma and Health Disparities / Tips to Help Parents Manage Their Child's Asthma Every Day

Fall 2013 Issue: Volume 8 Number 3 Page 15