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NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine, Trusted Health Information from the National Institutes of Health

Feature:
Skin Cancer

Quiz: Test Your Skin Cancer IQ

1. Skin Cancer Is

  1. the most common form of cancer in the United States
  2. the second most common form of cancer in the United States
  3. the rarest form of cancer in the United States

2. There are

  1. three main types of skin cancer
  2. two main types of skin cancer
  3. four main types of skin cancer

3. The most dangerous form of skin cancer is

  1. melanoma
  2. squamous cell carcinoma
  3. basal cell carcinoma

4. The most common type of skin cancer is

  1. melanoma
  2. squamous cell carcinoma
  3. basal cell carcinoma

5. Men tend to develop melanoma more often

  1. on the toes
  2. on the arms and legs
  3. on the trunk.

6. The most common sign of skin cancer is

  1. a change on the skin
  2. hives
  3. itching

7. If the cancer hasn't spread, the first choice for therapy is usually

  1. immunotherapy
  2. radiation therapy
  3. surgery

8. Someday, cancer vaccines might be used to

  1. prevent melanoma
  2. prevent polio
  3. treat melanoma
Swimmers
  1. A is the correct answer. Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the U.S. It occurs in more than a million people each year, including many older people.
  2. A is the correct answer. There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. They can develop from the uncontrolled growth of three different types of skin cells: basal cells, squamous cells, and melanocytes, respectively.
  3. A is the correct answer. The most dangerous form of skin cancer is melanoma. It is the most serious and most aggressive (fastest growing) of the three main skin cancers. If identified early, it is almost totally curable.
  4. C is the correct answer. 90% of skin cancer in the United States is basal cell carcinoma.
  5. C is the correct answer. Men tend to develop melanoma more often on the trunk (the area from the shoulders to the hips) or the head and neck. Women more often develop melanoma on the extremities (arms and legs).
  6. A is the correct answer. The most common sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin. This may be a new growth, a sore that doesn't heal, or a change in an old growth. Not all skin cancers look the same. Sometimes skin cancer is painful, but usually it is not.
  7. C is the correct answer. Surgery to remove the suspicious area of skin is usually the first step in skin cancer treatment and may have already occurred in the process of diagnosis. However, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be recommended first if the cancer has already metastasized at the time of diagnosis.
  8. C is the correct answer. Cancer vaccines are similar to traditional vaccines, like those that prevent polio, but cancer vaccines are given as treatment to a person who already has cancer, rather than preventatively given before the onset of disease. These vaccines work by stimulating the body's immune system to fight against melanoma.

Summer 2013 Issue: Volume 8 Number 2 Page 10