Introduction to Health Services Research : A Self-Study Course
Module 2: Brief History of Health Services Research (Page 5 of 40)
Health Care Struggles and Conflicts
Politics and Economics - A Class Struggle
Health care has been a contentious issue throughout history. Access to services and the quality of health care often are influenced by struggles between various classes and organized interests in society. (Note the working conditions and age of the boys in the image).
American ideology emphasizes individual responsibility while many European countries and former socialist states have adopted social welfare policies for health and medical care.
The political climate and economic health of an era influence the types of health services provided as well as the research questions studied.
Health Insurance Coverage
The history of insurance coverage for medical care (Starr, 1982 and Rosen, 1993) reveals the conflicts among government, business, physicians, unions, and social reformers.
In the late 19th Century and early 20th Century, amidst political and labor unrest, the German and English governments adopted medical insurance as a way to secure the allegiance of the working class.
View Key Projects and Milestones in Health Services Research.
- Discuss why the political climate and economic health of an era influence the types of health services provided as well as the research questions studied.
- Why did the concept of "insurance" arise in Germany and England before it arose in the United States?