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National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR)

Correlates, Conditions, Care and Consequences
   
Correlates - Risk and protective factors are measured by health statistics. These factors may not be the direct cause of health conditions but they do shape the health of a population and the people who constitute it. The Gateway to Data and Statistics provides a dynamic list of websites which have statistical reports on health Correlates.

Conditions - Health or illness is measured by tracing the health Conditions that affect individuals. These include the causes of their death and circumstances of their birth. They also include instances of reduced capacity—morbidity—that shapes how people can and do live. The Gateway to Data and Statistics provides a list of websites that have statistical results reporting on Health Conditions. Medline Plus also has a list of links to sites with statistical results on health conditions..

Care - Physicians, hospitals and other health providers care for people with adverse health conditions and also work to prevent health problems, control infectious diseases and reduce risks and promote protective factors. The Gateway to Data and Statistics provides a dynamic list of websites with statistical data on Care.

Consequences - Health conditions and care have important consequences for people and for society as a whole. They draw upon economic resources—hence cost is a major indicator. More importantly they are a key determinant of the quality of life. The chart shows that Consequences have an important impact on the correlates that shape health conditions. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services provide data on National Health Expenditures. CMS' Health Care Financing Review also reports on the economic consequences of health and health care.