Unified Medical Language System® (UMLS®)
2012AB Minimum Data Set, 3.0 Source Information
The Institute of Gerontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan produces the Minimum Data Set (MDS). The MDS included in the Metathesaurus is extracted from LOINC® and may not be a complete representation of the original source.
MDS is a standardized assessment used in the United States to evaluate nursing home residents' functional capability and clinical status with the goal of focusing treatment plans. MDS is required to be completed for residents in certified Medicare and Medicaid facilities.
MDS is a standardized, comprehensive instrument that includes an extensive list of assessments such as demographics, fractures, falls, behavior/depression, cognitive status, medications, incontinence, infections, nutrition, dehydration, and activities of nursing home residents.
The Metathesaurus representation of MDS is extracted from LOINC and includes terminology representing the 'questions' aspect of the source.
As of 2010AA, the content of MDS is divided between two Metathesaurus sources: Minimum Data Set, 2.0 (LNC_MDS20) and Minimum Data Set, 3.0 (LNC_MDS30). The former source LNC_MDS has been deleted from the Metathesaurus.
LNC_MDS30 includes content that was previously assigned to LOINC (SAB=“LNC ” ), as well as new and updated content.
MDS is used by health care professionals and clinical managers.
Metathesaurus Update Frequency
Minimum Data Set, 3.0 (LNC_MDS30) is updated in each Metathesaurus release as part of LOINC.
- Fries, Brant E. New Opportunities for Research in Cognitive Aging: The National Nursing Home Resident Assessment Instrument [Internet]. Gainesville (FL): American Psychological Association, Division 20; [August 2008]. Available from: http://apadiv20.phhp.ufl.edu/fries.htm
- Minimum Data Sets 2.0 [Internet]. Baltimore (MD): Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. MDS Applicability; [modified 2012 Feb 27; cited 2012 Nov 26]. Available from: http://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Computer-Data-and-Systems/MinimumDataSets20/MDSApplicability.html
- Tuttle MS, Weida T, White T, Harvell J. Washington (DC): Department of Health and Human Services (US); [2007 April 23]. Standardizing the MDS with LOINC® and Vocabulary Matches; [cited 2008 Oct 09]. Available from: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2007/MDS-LOINC.htm