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Skeleton of a boy sitting on the 'D' of 'Dream', from Francesco Bertinatti, Elementi di anatomia fisiologica applicata alle belle arti figurative (Turin, 1837-39).  Artist: Mecco Leone. Lithograph
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An imaginary dissection scene of antiquity: Attended by students, Hippocrates stands before a cadaver undergoing dissection outdoors on a pile of rocks underneath a natural rock formation in the shape of an arch. From Floriano Caldani, Tabulae anatomical ligamentorum corporus humani... (Venice, 1803). Copperplate engraving. Artist: Cajetano Bosa

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Tabulae anatomical ligamentorum corporus humani...

Venice, 1803. Copperplate engraving. National Library of Medicine.

Floriano Caldani

Cajetano Bosa

The dissection of a body in an arcadian or classical setting, sometimes attended by muses or iconic medical figures such as Hippocrates, was a favorite subject for the anatomical frontispieces in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

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