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Skeleton of a boy sitting on the 'D' of 'Dream', from Francesco Bertinatti, Elementi di anatomia fisiologica applicata alle belle arti figurative (Turin, 1837-39).  Artist: Mecco Leone. Lithograph
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Naked man draped over a table, with the top of his head sawed off, revealing a cross-section of his brain. Cropped, from Charles Estienne & √Čtienne de la Rivi√®re, La dissection des parties du corps humain... (Paris, 1546). Woodcut.

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La dissection des parties du corps humain...

Paris, 1546. Woodcut. National Library of Medicine.

Charles Estienne
(1504-ca. 1564)

Étienne de la Rivière
(d. 1569)

Draped over a table, an anatomical figure displays a cross-section of his brain while touching a frame that holds captions. In the background, spectators observe from atop a fanciful parapet. To cut costs, Estienne took some of his illustrations from non-anatomical books, replacing a section of the woodblock with an insert that depicted the body's interior. In this figure, the boundary of the insert is seen in a square around the head.

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