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Skeleton of a boy sitting on the 'D' of 'Dream', from Francesco Bertinatti, Elementi di anatomia fisiologica applicata alle belle arti figurative (Turin, 1837-39).  Artist: Mecco Leone. Lithograph
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Figure with head bent forward, posed to show the musculature of the arms. From Jacques Gamelin, Nouveau recueil d’ostéologie et de myologie (Toulouse, 1779). Etching.

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Nouveau recueil d’ostéologie et de myologie

Toulouse, 1779. Etching. National Library of Medicine

Jacques Gamelin

A preoccupation with musculature was characteristic of much of art anatomy: here the striations of the muscles are emphasized to show their twisting, rope-like quality. The elevation of form over content, lends the illustration a feeling of high abstraction.

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