U.S. National Institutes of Health

Exhibition Collection

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Women have always been healers. To join the ranks of professional physicians, women had to overcome obstacles and fight to practice medicine. Explore the lives of a selection of America’s remarkable women physicians.

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, a White female in a collared blouse posing for her portrait.
The title page from Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler’s 1883 book.
A sketch of Dr. Rebecca J. Cole.
A newspaper illustration of a female dissecting the leg of person laid face-down on a table.
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte, a White female in a collared dress posing for her portrait.
Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte, the second from left, standing with a large gathering of people in front of a tent outdoors.
Dr. Gerty Cori, a White female holding up a test tube, and her husband Carl Cori in the laboratory at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, 1947.
Dr. Mary Walker, a White female in a skirt, pants, and jacket standing next to a chair for her portrait.
Dr. Helen Taussig, a White female leaning over to tend to a curly haired child seated in a wheelchair.
Dr. Antonia Novello, a White female in military uniform swearing in with one hand raised and one on a bible, in front of 4 people.
Dr. Helen Octavia Dickens, an African American female posing on a staircase bannister for her portrait.
Dr. Katherine A. Flores, a White female, center, in a red dress, posing with a group of women.
Dr. Alice Hamilton, a White female, in a jacket with her glasses hanging from a pocket, posing for her portrait.
Dr. Marilyn Hughes Gaston, an African American female in military uniform inspecting a bare foot.
Dr. Lori Arviso Alvord, a female prepared for surgery wearing a cap, gown, and face mask.
Dr. Mary Corinna Putnam Jacobi, a White female in a long dress posing for her portrait.
Dr. Helen Rodriguez-Trias, a Latina female (on the right) facing a crowd of mothers.
Dr. Virginia Apgar, a White female in a lab coat and glasses using a stethoscope to listen to a infant’s heart.
Dr. Mary Steichen Calderone, a White female in a long coat traveling with a suitcase and briefcase.
Dr. Elizabeth Karlin, a female with curly hair, posing with her arms folded in front of her for her portrait.
Dr. Dorothy Ferebee, center, an African American female in light-colored attire posing with the Mississippi Health Project staff, 1937.
Dr. Martha May Eliot, center, a White female, posing outdoors in front of a globe with delegates to the first World Health Assembly, in front of the United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, 1948.
Dr. Matilda Arabella Evans, an African American female in scrubs in the operating room of Taylor Lane Hospital, the hospital she founded in 1901.
Dr. Esther M. Sternberg, a smiling White female seated outdoors posing for her portrait.
Dr. Edith Irby Jones, an African American female, in a suit, standing in the center of a hallway of the University of Arkansas Medical School, 1949.
Dr. Frances K. Conley, a White female in a lab coat and badge posing for her portrait.
Dr. Joan Y. Reede, an African American female, center, posing with two females.
Dr. Linda Dairiki Shortliffe, a Japanese American female, in scrubs and a cap posing inside a surgery room.
Dr. Maude Elizabeth Seymour Abbott, a White female with dark hair dressed in a graduation robe.
Dr. Jill Nina Afrin, a White female with cropped hair, smiling at the camera.
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