The Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection consists of personal papers and organizational records documenting predominantly American medical practitioners, biomedical scientists, health policy planners, and medical societies from about 1850 to the present. Formats vary and may include electronic files, oral histories, diaries, lecture notes, pharmacopoeias, herbals, treatises, dissertations and audiovisuals. Strengths of the collection include public health and health policy, mental health, child development, and molecular biology. Significant collections include personal papers of former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, and the papers of Nobel Prize-winning scientists, particularly those connected with NIH. Also included are the internal records of NLM and other organizations relating to medical librarianship and medical informatics. The collections have four distinct areas of emphasis: Archives and Modern Manuscripts Collection, Bound and Folio Manuscripts, Oral History Collections, and Medical Librarianship and Informatics.
While we selectively collect the papers of significant NIH scientists and some institutional records, most permanent records of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and its Institutes are found in the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).