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Guide to Collections Relating to the History of Artificial Internal Organs


International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation (ICAOT)/International Center for Medical Technologies (ICMT), Baylor College of Medicine


8937 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106


(216) 229-1800

Fax Number


Contact Person

Joanne Elser, Director, Publications and Information


Access and Services

Currently the ICAOT collection is on permanent loan to International Center for Medical Technologies (ICMT), a subsidiary of the ICAOT.

ICMT Headquarters is located at:
6410 Fannin, Suite 450, Houston, Texas 77030
Tel: (713) 798-6317 Fax (713) 798-8439
Contact person: Julia Glueck, Executive Director


The ICAOT and ICMT operate and maintain an information and education center for education of the professional and lay public in the historical development, current state of the art, and future development of artificial organs and organ transplantation during the last twenty years.



ICAOT Artifact Collection, predominantly 20th century

Collection ID


More than 2,000 artifacts

Biographical Note

The ICAOT is located in Cleveland, Ohio in recognition of the city's pioneering role in the development of artificial organ technology and operated under the trusteeship of the International Society for Artificial Organs. The ICMT, a subsidiary of the International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation, displays artifacts from the ICAOT collection in exhibits located at the George Bush Heart Center and Cullen Pavilion of Memorial Hermann Hospital in Houston, Texas.

Collection Description

The ICAOT collection focuses on cardiovascular prostheses, oxygenators, artificial kidneys, among other related artifacts in the history of artificial organ developments. Artifacts have been grouped under the following subheadings:

  • Artificial Blood
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Blood Pump, Finger
  • Blood Pumps, Piston
  • Blood Pumps, Roller
  • Blood Transfusion
  • Bloodletting
  • Heart, Artificial (Total Heart)
  • Heart, Artificial Assist Devices
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis
  • Hemofiltration
  • Hemoperfusion
  • Implants, Plastic, etc.
  • Kidney, Artificial (Hemodialysis)
  • Organs Preservation
  • Oxygenators, Capillary
  • Oxygenators, Centrifugal
  • Oxygenators, Bubble
  • Oxygenators, Rotary Disc
  • Oxygenators, Membrane
  • Oxygenators, Spiral
  • Oxygenators, Hollow Fiber
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Miscellananeous
  • Video Tapes

Finding Aid

An inventory listing is available from the ICAOT head office in Cleveland.



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