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Guide to Collections Relating to the History of Artificial Internal Organs


Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine


183 Euston Road, London, England NW1 2BE, United Kingdom


+44 (0)207 611 7244

Fax Number

+44 (0)207 611 8369


Contact Person

David Pearson, Librarian


Access and Services

Photocopying; photography; written, e-mail, and fax enquiries. Hours: 9:45 to 5:15 Monday, Wednesday, Friday; 9:45 to 7:15 Tuesday and Thursday; 9:45 to 1:00 Saturday. Closed Sunday and Bank Holiday weekends. New readers will need to show evidence of identity and proof of permanent address.


Founded c.1895 on the collections of Sir Henry Wellcome (1853-1936) and formally opened to the public in 1949, the Library exists to support researchers with an interest in the history of medicine and science and allied subjects. Internationally, the Library is one of the leading resources in its field. Collecting policy is broadly interpreted, and the Library includes material of value as much to social and cultural historians as to those with a purely medical interest. Material relating to the history of humankind in its broadest sense is well represented. Ca. 600,000 volumes, including ca. 66,000 pre-1851 printed books; extensive collection of archives (ca. 450 collections) and manuscripts, including over 11,000 Oriental manuscripts in 43 languages; collection of over 100,000 prints, drawings, photographs, films, and paintings.



Manuscript and Archive Collections, to present day

Collection ID


Biographical Note

Manuscript and archive collections include papers of eminent historical figures and the records of numerous organizations and bodies involved in medical science and health-care.

Collection Description

Personal papers in this collection related to the history of artificial organs include:

  • Lewis, Sir Thomas, FRCP,FRS (1881-1945) - Physiologist and cardiologist - Correspondence and papers relating to cardiology and the development of 'clinical research' 1910-1945; papers,
  • Grant, Ronald Thompson, OBE,FRCP,FRS (b.1892) - Physician - Case records on vascular diseases of the heart, 1919-1921; GC/15 1 box;
  • Medawar, Sir Peter Brian, FRS,OM (1915-1987) - Medical Scientist; Nobel Laureate - Papers relating to career, scientific research, and his writings on the philosophy of science; also biographical material collected by the late Dr Robert Reid. PP/PBM 43 boxes List Index

Finding Aid

Possible Box listings available.



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