Clostridium Difficile InfectionsAlso called: C. diff. infections, Clostridium enterocolitis, pseudomembranous colitis
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Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis. Symptoms include
- Watery diarrhea (at least three bowel movements per day for two or more days)
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain or tenderness
You might get C. difficile disease if you have an illness that requires prolonged use of antibiotics. Increasingly, the disease can also be spread in the hospital. The elderly are also at risk. Treatment is with antibiotics.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- C. difficile Infection (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Clostridium difficile Infection (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- FAQs about Clostridium Difficile (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Treating and Preventing C-diff Infections: A Review of the Research for Adults and Their Caregivers (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) Available in Spanish
- Recent Hospitalization Might Raise Blood Infection Risk, Study Says (06/03/2015, HealthDay)
- Fecal Transplant Helps Fight Off Dangerous Gut Infection (05/04/2015, HealthDay)
- Clostridium difficile and C. difficile Toxin Testing (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer Stopping C. Difficile Infections (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Information about the Current Strain of Clostridium difficile (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- JAMA Patient Page: Clostridium Difficile Colitis (American Medical Association) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Pseudomembranous colitis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Clostridium difficile Infections (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Update on antimicrobial resistance in Clostridium difficile.
- Article: Characteristics and Antibiotic Use Associated With Short-Term Risk of Clostridium...
- Article: Administration of spores of nontoxigenic Clostridium difficile strain M3 for...
- Clostridium Difficile Infections -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Clostridium difficile (American Academy of Pediatrics)
- Clostridium difficile: A Cause of Diarrhea in Children (American Medical Association) - PDF
- Stool Test: C. Difficile Toxin (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Available in Spanish
- Special Concerns for Seniors: Clostridium difficile (Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics)