Cocaine is a white powder. It can be snorted up the nose or mixed with water and injected with a needle. Cocaine can also be made into small white rocks, called crack. Crack is smoked in a small glass pipe.
Cocaine speeds up your whole body. You may feel full of energy, happy, and excited. But then your mood can change. You can become angry, nervous, and afraid that someone's out to get you. You might do things that make no sense. After the "high" of the cocaine wears off, you can "crash" and feel tired and sad for days. You also get a strong craving to take the drug again to try to feel better.
No matter how cocaine is taken, it is dangerous. Some of the most common serious problems include heart attack and stroke. You are also at risk for HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, from sharing needles or having unsafe sex. Cocaine is more dangerous when combined with other drugs or alcohol.
It is easy to lose control over cocaine use and become addicted. Then, even if you get treatment, it can be hard to stay off the drug. People who stopped using cocaine can still feel strong cravings for the drug, sometimes even years later.
NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Signs of Cocaine Abuse and Addiction (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
Treatments and Therapies
- Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Available in Spanish
- What Is Substance Abuse Treatment? A Booklet for Families (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) - PDF
- Cocaine (Drug Enforcement Administration)
Statistics and Research
- Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions for Smoked Substances: 1992 to 2007 (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- Trends in the Prevalence of Marijuana, Cocaine, and Other Illegal Drug Use (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Serotonin 5-HT2 receptor interactions with dopamine function: implications for therapeutics...
- Article: Cocaine-induced psychotic disorders: presentation, mechanism, and management.
- Article: Nonatherosclerotic causes of acute coronary syndrome: recognition and management.
- Cocaine -- see more articles
- What You Need to Know about Drugs: Cocaine and Crack (Nemours Foundation)