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Parapneumonic pleural effusion

Parapneumonic pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid between layers of the tissue lining the lung and the chest cavity, which develops when a person has pneumonia.


Pneumonia, most commonly from bacteria, causes parapneumonic pleural effusion.


Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the pneumonia.

If the person has shortness of breath, a needle might be used to drain the fluid. If better drainage of the fluid is needed, a drain tube can be inserted.

Outlook (Prognosis)

This condition improves when the pneumonia improves.

Possible Complications

Empyema is a possible complication. It requires the placement of a chest tube, and possibly surgery.

Update Date 8/25/2014

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