In a class of diseases known as autoimmune disorders, the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. Some of these diseases are similar to each other such as arthritis and inflammation of arteries in the tissues. People who developed these disorders were previously said to have "connective tissue" or "collagen vascular" disease. We now have names for many of many specific conditions such as:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Polyarteritis nodosa
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
When a specific disease cannot be diagnosed, more general terms may be used. These include as undifferentiated systemic rheumatic (connective tissue) diseases or overlap syndromes.
Bennett R. Overlap syndromes. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Harris ED Jr, et al, eds. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 86.
Mosca M, Tani C, Bornbardieri S. Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (UCTD): a new frontier for rheumatology. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2007;21(6):1011-1023. PMID: 18068858 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18068858.
Update Date 1/20/2015
Updated by: Gordon A. Starkebaum, MD, professor of medicine, division of rheumatology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.