Testicle pain is discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain can spread into the lower abdomen.
The testicles are very sensitive. Even a minor injury can cause pain. Abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain in some conditions.
Common causes of testicle pain include:
Mild pain may be caused by fluid collection in the scrotum, such as:
Non-urgent causes of testicle pain, such as minor injuries and fluid collection, can often be treated with home care. The following steps may reduce discomfort and swelling:
Preventive measures to take:
Sudden, severe testicle pain, however, needs immediate medical care.
Call your health care provider immediately or go to an emergency room if:
Also call your health care provider right away if:
Your health care provider will do an exam of your groin, testicles, and abdomen. Your health care provider will ask you questions about the pain such as:
The following tests may be performed:
Pain - testicle
Trojian TH, Lishnak TS, Heiman D. Epididymitis and Orchitis: An Overview. Am Fam Physician. April 2009; 79(7).
Wampler SM, Llanes M. Common scrotal and testicular problems. Prim Care. 2010;37:613-626.
Montgomery JS. Bloom DA. The diagnosis and management of scrotal masses. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:235-244.
Barthold JS. Abnormalities of the testis and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 132.
Updated by: Scott Miller, MD, Urologist in private practice in Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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