Pain - heel
Heel pain is most often the result of overuse. Rarely, it may be caused by an injury.
Your heel may become tender or swollen from:
Conditions that may cause heel pain include:
The following steps may help relieve your heel pain:
Your doctor may recommend other treatments, depending on the cause of your heel pain.
Call your doctor if your heel pain does not get better after 2 - 3 weeks of home treatment. Also call if:
Your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your medical history and symptoms, such as:
Your doctor may order a foot x-ray. You may need to see a physical therapist to learn exercises to stretch and strengthen your foot. Your doctor may recommend a night splint to help stretch your foot. Surgery may be recommended in some cases.
Maintaining flexible and strong muscles in your calves, ankles, and feet can help prevent some types of heel pain. Always stretch and warm-up before exercising.
Wear comfortable, properly fitting shoes with good arch support and cushioning. Make sure there is enough room for your toes.
Pain - heel
Murphy GA. Disorders of tendons and fascia and adolescent and adult pes planus. In: Canale ST, Beaty JH, eds. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2012:chap 82.
McGee DL. Podiatric procedures. In: Roberts JR, Hedges JR, eds. Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2013:chap 51.
Updated by: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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