Endocervical culture is a laboratory test that helps identify infection in the female genital tract.
During a vaginal examination, the health care provider uses a swab to take samples of mucus and cells from the endocervix. This is the area around the opening of the uterus. The samples are sent to a lab. There, they are placed in a special dish (culture). They are then watched to see if bacteria, virus, or fungus grow. Further tests may be done to identify the specific organism and determine the best treatment.
In the two days before the procedure:
You will feel some pressure from the speculum. This is an instrument inserted into the vagina to hold the area open so that the health care provider can view the cervix and collect the samples. There may be a slight cramping when the swab touches the cervix.
Organisms that are usually present in the vagina are there in the expected amounts.
Abnormal results indicate the presence of an infection in the genital tract or urinary tract in women, such as:
Vaginal culture; Female genital tract culture; Culture - cervix
Craft AC, Woods GL. Specimen collection and handling for diagnosis of infectious diseases. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 63.
Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower and upper genital tracts: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections, endometritis, and salpingitis. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 56th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 23.
Updated by: Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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