If you take a lot of different medicines, you may find it hard to keep them straight. You may forget to take your medicine, take the wrong dose, or take them at the wrong time.
Learn some tips to make taking all of your medicines easier.
Create an Organizing System that Works for You
Create an organizing system to help you decrease mistakes with your medicine. Here are some suggestions.
USE A PILL ORGANIZER
You can buy a pill organizer at the drug store or online. There are many kinds. Ask the pharmacist to help you pick out an organizer that will work best for you.
Things to think about when choosing a pill organizer:
- The number of days, such as 7, 14, or 28-day size.
- The number of compartments for each day, such as 1, 2, 3, or 4 compartments.
- For example, if you take medicine 4 times each day, you can use a 7-day pill organizer with 4 compartments for each day (morning, noon, evening, and bedtime). Fill the pill organizer to last 7 days. Some pill organizers let you snap out one day's worth of pills. You can carry this with you if you are out all day. You can also use a different 7-day pill organizer for the 4 times of the day. Label each one with the time of day.
USE AN AUTOMATIC PILL DISPENSER
You can buy an automatic pill dispenser online. These dispensers:
- Hold 7 to 28 days worth of pills.
- Dispense pills automatically up to 4 times per day.
- Have a blinking light and an audio alarm to remind you to take your pills.
- Run on batteries. Change the batteries regularly.
- Need to be filled with your medicine. You can fill it yourself, or have a trusted friend, relative, or pharmacist fill the dispenser.
- Do not allow you to take the medicine out. This can be a problem if you are going out.
USE COLOR MARKS ON YOUR MEDICINE BOTTLES
Use a color marker to label your medicines by the time of day that you take them. For example:
- Put a green mark on bottles of medicines that you take at breakfast.
- Put a red mark on bottles of medicines that you take at lunch.
- Put a blue mark on bottles of medicines that you take at dinner.
- Put an orange mark on bottles of medicines that you take at bedtime.
CREATE A MEDICINE RECORD
List the medicine, what time you take it, and leave a place to check off when you take each medicine.
Know Your Medicines
Put on the list any prescription medicines, over-the-counter drugs, and vitamins, herbs, and supplements that you take. Include the:
- Name of the medicine
- Description of what it does
- Times of day you take it
- Side effects
Use a Regular Doctor and Pharmacist
Bring the list and your medicines in their bottles to your doctor appointments and when you go to the pharmacy.
- When you know your doctor and your pharmacist, you will find it easier to talk to them. You want good communication about your medicines.
- Review your drug list with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Ask if there are any problems with taking any of your medicines together.
- Know what to do if you miss your dose. Most of the time, you move on and take the next dose when it is due. DO NOT take a double dose. Check with your doctor or pharmacist.
When to Call the Doctor
Call the doctor when you are:
- Not sure what to do if you missed or forgot your medicine.
- Having trouble remembering to take your medicine.
- Having trouble taking a lot of medicine. Your doctor may be able to cut back on some of your medicine.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 20 Tips to Help Prevent Medical Errors: Patient Fact Sheet. Last reviewed: September 2011. http://www.ahrq.gov/patients-consumers/care-planning/errors/20tips/index.htm.Accessed October 27, 2014.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Your Medicine: Be Smart. Be Safe. (with wallet card). Updated April 2011. http://archive.ahrq.gov/patients-consumers/diagnosis-treatment/treatments/safemeds/yourmeds.html.Accessed October 27, 2014.
Institute for Safe Medication Practices. Keep Track of Your Medicine. http://www.consumermedsafety.org/tools-and-resources/medication-safety-tools-and-resources/taking-your-medicine-safely/keep-track-of-your-medicine.Accessed October 27, 2014.
Update Date 10/27/2014
Updated by: Laura J. Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.