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Gallbladder surgery is done to treat gallbladder disease. Gallbladder disease is commonly caused by the formation of gallstones in the gallbladder (cholelithiasis). Gallstones can affect different locations.
- Obstruction of the cystic duct leading to severe abdominal pain (biliary colic).
- Infection or inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis).
- Blockage of the biliary ducts leading to the duodenum (biliary obstruction).
In each case, the gallbladder is often removed (cholecystectomy).
Update Date 7/30/2014
Updated by: John A. Daller, MD, PhD, Department of Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Services, Little Rock, AR. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.