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Question: Can you tell me how to cite MedlinePlus pages?

Answer:

If you are citing MedlinePlus because you are linking to the site or using data from our XML files or Web service, please indicate that the information or links are from MedlinePlus.gov.

If you are citing an individual page on MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine recommends the citation style below, based upon Citing Medicine. This style, like many other citation styles, requires that for online references you include the date you used the information. In the following examples, replace the date after the word Cited with the latest date you saw the information online.

Homepage

MedlinePlus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [updated 2005 Aug 12; cited 2005 Aug 11]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/.

Health Topic page

Begin by citing the MedlinePlus homepage, then add information about the topic being cited:

MedlinePlus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [updated 2005 Aug 12]. Heart attack; [updated 2005 Jul 19; reviewed 2005 May 4; cited 2005 Aug 12]; [about 2 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heartattack.html

Dictionary

Begin by citing the dictionary, then add information about the term being cited:

Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary [Internet]. [Springfield (MA)]: Merriam-Webster, Incorporated; ©2003. Phagocytosis; ©2003 [cited 2005 Aug 12]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www2.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/mwmednlm&book=Medical&va=phagocytosis.

Drug Information

Begin by citing the AHFS Consumer Medication Information database, then add information about the drug being cited:

AHFS Consumer Medication Information [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc.; ©2008. Protriptyline; [revised 2007 Aug 1; reviewed 2007 Aug 1; cited 2008 Oct 2]; [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a604025.html

Encyclopedia

Begin by citing the A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, then add information about the entry being cited:

A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia [Internet]. Atlanta (GA): A.D.A.M., Inc.; ©2005. Nail abnormalities; [updated 2005 Apr 30; cited 2005 Aug 12]; [about 4 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003247.htm

Herb and Supplement Information

Begin by citing Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version, then add information about the entry being cited:

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version [Internet]. Stockton (CA): Therapeutic Research Faculty; ©1995-    . Clove; [reviewed 2010 Aug 5; cited 2010 Sep 30]; [about 4 p.]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/251.html

MedlinePlus Magazine

Use the type of citation for the version you read, whether print or online:

  • Online article, no author identified The volume, issue, and page numbers are found at the bottom of the article.

    Skin health and skin diseases: care for conditions from acne to wrinkles. NIH MedlinePlus: the magazine [Internet]. 2008 Fall [cited 2013 Feb 9];3(4):22-5. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/fall08/articles/fall08pg22-25.html

  • Online article, author identified The volume, issue, and page numbers are found at the bottom of the article.

    Conuel T. Finding answers in a beauty shop. NIH MedlinePlus: the magazine [Internet]. 2012 Fall [cited 2013 Feb 9]; 7(3):24-26. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/fall12/articles/fall12pg24-26.html

  • Print article, no author identified

    Skin health and skin diseases: care for conditions from acne to wrinkles. NIH MedlinePlus: the magazine. 2008 Fall;3(4):22-5.

  • Print article, author identified

    Conuel T. Finding answers in a beauty shop. NIH MedlinePlus: the magazine. 2012 Fall; 7(3):24-26.

News Articles

News articles are provided by HealthDay.

  • Signed article Begin with the author and title of the news item, then add information about the news organization/provider:

    Dallas, M.W. Light Exercise Might Reduce Risk of Kidney Stones [Internet] HealthDay; 2013 Dec 13 [cited 2013 Dec 15]. Available from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_143419.html.

  • Unsigned article Begin by citing the news organization/provider, then add information about the news item being cited:

    HealthDay [Internet]. HealthDay; ©2013. You Might See Better in Your Eye Doctor's Office; 2013 Nov 21 [cited 2013 Nov 22]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_142758.html.

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