The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The first sign of a problem with the uterus may be bleeding between periods or after sex. Causes can include hormones, thyroid problems, fibroids, polyps, cancer, infection, or pregnancy.
Treatment depends on the cause. Sometimes birth control pills treat hormonal imbalances. If a thyroid problem is the cause, treating it may also stop the bleeding. If you have cancer or hyperplasia, an overgrowth of normal cells in the uterus, you may need surgery.
With two other uterine problems, tissue that normally lines the uterus grows where it is not supposed to. In endometriosis, it grows outside the uterus. In adenomyosis, it grows in the uterus's outside walls. Pain medicine may help. Other treatments include hormones and surgery.
- FDA OKs 'Containment' Bag for Certain Uterine Surgeries (04/07/2016, HealthDay)
- Surgeons Perform First U.S. Uterus Transplant (02/26/2016, HealthDay)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- Hysterosalpingography (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) Available in Spanish
- Hysteroscopy (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Pelvic Exam (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Sonohysterography (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) Available in Spanish
- Ultrasound -- Pelvis (Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology) Available in Spanish
- Adenomyosis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Cervicitis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Double Uterus (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Endometrial Hyperplasia (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)
- Uterine Polyps (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Genetics Home Reference: Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Müllerian aplasia and hyperandrogenism (National Library of Medicine)
Health Check Tools
- Irregular Menstrual Periods (DSHI Systems)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Uterine Diseases (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Urgent embolization of hemorrhagic choriocarcinoma liver metastases--case report and review...
- Article: Expression of PAX2 and PTEN Correlates to Therapy Response in...
- Article: Anti-adhesion therapy following operative hysteroscopy for treatment of female subfertility.
- Uterine Diseases -- see more articles