CHAPTER 27		INDEXING PRINCIPLES FOR CATEGORY F 
	(PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY) 
 

27.1		Category F in four trees is devoted to the fields of psychology and  
psychiatry. 
 
F1 contains headings relating to normal behavior and behavior mechanisms. 
 
F2 contains headings relating to normal mental or physiological processes. 
 
F3 contains headings relating to behavioral, personality and mental disorders -  
all within the province of psychiatry. 
 
F4 contains headings relating to the various diagnostic and therapeutic  
techniques in psychology and psychiatry, the various specialties in the two  
fields, and various services rendered by both. 
 

27.2		Except for a few terms in these categories serving as both  
disciplines or specialties and qualifying parameters, most terms in Category F  
are IM.  Suggestions and restrictions on individual terms appear in the  
Annotated MeSH.     
 

27.3		The Allowed Qualifiers designated for these trees are: 
 
F1-F2 list: 
/classification		/physiology 
/drug effects		/radiation effects 
 
F3 list: 
/blood			/ethnology		/physiopathilogy 
/cerebrospinal fluid	/etiology		/prevention&control 
/chemically induced	/genetics		/psychology 
/classification		/history		/radiography 
/complications		/immunology		/radionuclide imaging 
/diagnosis			/metabolism		/rehabilitation 
/diet therapy		/microbiology	/surgery 
/drug therapy		/mortality		/therapy 
/economics			/nursing		/ultrasonography 
/enzymology			/parasitology	/urine 
/epidemiology		/pathology		/virology 
 
F4 list: 
/classification		/legislation &	/standards 
/economics			 jurisprudence	/statistics & 
/education			/manpower		numerical data 
/history			/organization &	/trends 
/instrumentation		 administration 
 

27.4		The arrays above represent a general assignment of subheadings for  
these trees.  Qualifiers allowed with individual main headings within these  
trees have been adjusted to reflect combinations that are logical and useful.   
Always check the AQ field of a term to determine which subheadings are  
permitted. 
 
For example, although PARENT-CHILD RELATIONS is in Category F1, the F1  
subheadings /classification, /drug effects, /physiology, and /radiation effects  
are unlikely.  The only subheading in the AQ field for this term is /ethnology. 
 

27.5		The subheading /physiology, available for use with the behavioral  
and mental processes in Categories F1 and F2, is especially useful for articles  
on the physiology of the brain or other organs in relation to a psychological  
process or on the physiological mechanisms or repercussions of mental and  
behavioral processes. 
 
Muscle contraction during motor activity. 
 MUSCLE CONTRACTION /* physiol 
 MOTOR ACTIVITY /* physiol 
 
The effect of thinking on blood pressure. 
 BLOOD PRESSURE /*physiol 
 THINKING /*physiol 
 
The effect of stomach function on feeding behavior. 
 STOMACH /* physiol 
 FEEDING BEHAVIOR /* physiol 
 
/physiology is even more useful with headings common to both Category F and  
Category G, with terms in the past thought of as more Category G than F.  For  
example, SLEEP, HEARING, VISION, REACTION TIME, REFLEX and DOMINANCE, CEREBRAL  
can be correctly paired when applicable with /physiology. 
 

27.6		The subheading /education is available with selected terms in  
Categories F2 and F4 but according to the MeSH definition, it is restricted to  
"education, training programs and courses in various fields and disciplines."   
This means that although the combination  PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL /education is  
possible, GAME THEORY /education is wrong, and indeed, no subheadings are  
permitted with the latter term. 
 

27.7		Many terms in Categories F1 and F2 may be used with humans and  
animals, but many are restricted to only humans and only animals.  MeSH has been  
annotated for specific headings to advise the indexer and searcher "human &  
animal," "human only," "animal only." 
 

27.8		It is stated in 27.2 that most terms in Category F are indexed IM.   
Category F4, however, contains many terms which fall into two groups: 
-terms which are only specialty concepts 
-terms which can be either a specialty (IM) or a coordinate (NIM). 
 

27.9		ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, CHILD PSYCHIATRY and GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY are  
specialties only; they cannot be used as a substitute for MENTAL DISORDERS (IM)   
and the appropriate check tags ADOLESCENCE (NIM), CHILD (NIM) and AGED (NIM). 
 
Mental disorders in children, adolescents, and the aged. 
*MENTAL DISORDERS 
CHILD (check tag) 
ADOLESCENCE (check tag) 
AGED (check tag) 
HUMAN (check tag) 
 
Training in adolescent psychiatry. 
PSYCHIATRY, ADOLESCENT /* educ 
 
The availability of child psychiatrists in the United States. 
PSYCHIATRY, CHILD /* man 
UNITED STATES 
 
Standards for geriatric psychiatry. 
PSYCHIATRY, GERIATRIC / *stand 
 

27.10	CHILD PSYCHOLOGY refers to the field of child	 psychology as a  
discipline or specialty among the psychologies or to the child psychologists,  
but it may be used also for the way a normal child thinks or looks at the world  
or at life, i.e., the psychology of the normal child. 
Problem solving in children. 
*PROBLEM SOLVING 
*CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 
CHILD (check tag) 
HUMAN (check tag) 
 
Do not use CHILD PSYCHOLOGY as a routine NIM coordinate for the psychological  
aspects of diseases in children, mental or physical. 
 
Psychological aspects of gastritis in children. 
GASTRITIS /* psychol 
CHILD (check tag) 
HUMAN (check tag) 
(not CHILD PSYCHOLOGY) 
 
The personality of the asthmatic child. 
*PERSONALITY 
ASTHMA /* psychol 
CHILD (check tag) 
HUMAN (check tag) 
(not CHILD PSYCHOLOGY) 
 

27.11	Following the indexing approach and examples under       CHILD PSYCHOLOGY  
above in 27.10, ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY  will similarly refer to the specialty or  
to the way a normal adolescent thinks or to adolescent thought  processes in  
general.  It will not be used as an NIM coordinate when the subheading  
/psychology and the check tag ADOLESCENCE are in order. 
 

27.12	Among the three terms PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE (F4), PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIC  
DISORDERS (F3) and PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY (F2, F4), the first is the field and the  
specialty, the second is the patient with psychosomatic or psychogenic diseases  
and the third is both a discipline and an NIM parameter. 
 
Do not use PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY either as a substitute for /physiology with Category  
F1 and F2 terms or routinely in addition to it.  When /physiology is used with a  
psychological term, the usual coordinate will be an organ term with the  
subheading /physiology, a physiological process (see 27.5 above), or a Category  
C or F3 term with the subheading /psychology. 
 
The status of psychosomatic medicine. 
*PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE  
 
Training in psychogenic disorders. 
PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE /* educ 
 
Chemotherapy of psychogenic diseases. 
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIC DISORDERS /* drug ther 
 
The psychophysiology of tuberculosis. 
TUBERCULOSIS /* psychol 
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 
 
The psychophysiology of depression. 
DEPRESSION /* psychol 
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 
 
Gastric function during dreaming. 
STOMACH /* physiol 
DREAMS /*physiol 
(Do not add PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY) 
 
The effect of exertion on conditioning. 
EXERTION /* physiol 
CONDITIONING /* physiol 
(Do not add PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY) 
 

27.13	PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY is used for general articles only in  the field or  
specialty of psychopharmacology.  It is not to be used as a substitute for  
PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS (D15) or for the effect of drugs on psychological (mental or  
behavioral) processes. 
 
The effect of chlorpromazine on serial learning. 
CHLORPROMAZINE /* pharmacol 
SERIAL LEARNING / * drug eff 
(Do not add PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY) 
 
Trends in psychopharmacology. 
PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY/* trends 
 

27.14	PSYCHOPATHOLOGY is interpreted to be a specialty (as in The American  
Psychopathological Association) or to mean the psychology of mental disorders  
and abnormal psychology. It must not be used, however, as a synonym for MENTAL  
DISORDERS.  An article entitled "Psychopathology associated with brain tumors"  
will probably turn out to be on mental disorders or a specific mental disorder  
in persons with brain tumors. 
 
A history of the American Psychopathological Association. 
*PSYCHOPATHOLOGY 
SOCIETIES, MEDICAL /* hist 
UNITED STATES 
 
The psychopathology of depression. 
DEPRESSION /* psychol 
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY (if no specific disorder is discussed)   
 
Psychotherapy of psychopathology. 
MENTAL DISORDERS /* ther 
*PSYCHOTHERAPY 
 

27.15	ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY is used for articles on the field or specialty of  
ethnopsychology and for articles on the psychology of ethnic groups, races or  
other cohesive groups of people in general. 
 
Index the psychology of a specific ethnic group or race in MeSH under the  
heading for the group, with the subheading /psychology (IM) and a geographic  
term (NIM).  Index the psychology of a specific ethnic group NOT in MeSH under  
ETHNIC GROUPS / psychology (IM), the country of origin with the subheading  
/ethnology (NIM) and the pertinent geographic term (NIM).  See 36.8. 
 
Training in ethnopsychology for cultural anthropologists. 
ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY /* educ 
ANTHROPOLOGY, CULTURAL /* educ 
 
The ethnopsychology of schizophrenics. 
		SCHIZOPHRENIA /* ethnol 
*SCHIZOPHRENIC PSYCHOLOGY 
ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY   
 
The ethnopsychology of Peruvian Indians. 
INDIANS, SOUTH AMERICAN /*psychol 
PERU 
 
The ethnopsychology of Swedish Americans. 
ETHNIC GROUPS /* psychol 
UNITED STATES 
SWEDEN / ethnol 
 

27.16	Index general articles on behavior in animals under BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL.   
Index articles on a specific type of behavior in animals under the specific MeSH  
term, and do not add BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL. 
 
The effect of deprenyl on the behavior of rats. 
DEPRENYL /* pharmacol 
BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL /* drug eff 
RATS (check tag) 
ANIMAL (check tag) 
 
Grooming behavior in dogs. 
*GROOMING 
DOGS /*psychol 
ANIMAL (check tag) 
 

27.17	Category F4 contains several terms in the area of  mental health services.   
In addition to these terms, Categories M and N contain many related terms such  
as HOMELESS PERSONS, SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT CENTERS, GROUP HOMES, and  
HOSPITALS, PSYCHIATRIC.