CHAPTER 27 INDEXING PRINCIPLES FOR CATEGORY F (PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY) 27.1 Category F in four trees is devoted to the fields of psychology and psychiatry. F1 contains headings relating to normal behavior and behavior mechanisms. F2 contains headings relating to normal mental or physiological processes. F3 contains headings relating to behavioral, personality and mental disorders - all within the province of psychiatry. F4 contains headings relating to the various diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in psychology and psychiatry, the various specialties in the two fields, and various services rendered by both. 27.2 Except for a few terms in these categories serving as both disciplines or specialties and qualifying parameters, most terms in Category F are IM. Suggestions and restrictions on individual terms appear in the Annotated MeSH. 27.3 The Allowed Qualifiers designated for these trees are: F1-F2 list: /classification /physiology /drug effects /radiation effects F3 list: /blood /ethnology /physiopathilogy /cerebrospinal fluid /etiology /prevention&control /chemically induced /genetics /psychology /classification /history /radiography /complications /immunology /radionuclide imaging /diagnosis /metabolism /rehabilitation /diet therapy /microbiology /surgery /drug therapy /mortality /therapy /economics /nursing /ultrasonography /enzymology /parasitology /urine /epidemiology /pathology /virology F4 list: /classification /legislation & /standards /economics jurisprudence /statistics & /education /manpower numerical data /history /organization & /trends /instrumentation administration 27.4 The arrays above represent a general assignment of subheadings for these trees. Qualifiers allowed with individual main headings within these trees have been adjusted to reflect combinations that are logical and useful. Always check the AQ field of a term to determine which subheadings are permitted. For example, although PARENT-CHILD RELATIONS is in Category F1, the F1 subheadings /classification, /drug effects, /physiology, and /radiation effects are unlikely. The only subheading in the AQ field for this term is /ethnology. 27.5 The subheading /physiology, available for use with the behavioral and mental processes in Categories F1 and F2, is especially useful for articles on the physiology of the brain or other organs in relation to a psychological process or on the physiological mechanisms or repercussions of mental and behavioral processes. Muscle contraction during motor activity. MUSCLE CONTRACTION /* physiol MOTOR ACTIVITY /* physiol The effect of thinking on blood pressure. BLOOD PRESSURE /*physiol THINKING /*physiol The effect of stomach function on feeding behavior. STOMACH /* physiol FEEDING BEHAVIOR /* physiol /physiology is even more useful with headings common to both Category F and Category G, with terms in the past thought of as more Category G than F. For example, SLEEP, HEARING, VISION, REACTION TIME, REFLEX and DOMINANCE, CEREBRAL can be correctly paired when applicable with /physiology. 27.6 The subheading /education is available with selected terms in Categories F2 and F4 but according to the MeSH definition, it is restricted to "education, training programs and courses in various fields and disciplines." This means that although the combination PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL /education is possible, GAME THEORY /education is wrong, and indeed, no subheadings are permitted with the latter term. 27.7 Many terms in Categories F1 and F2 may be used with humans and animals, but many are restricted to only humans and only animals. MeSH has been annotated for specific headings to advise the indexer and searcher "human & animal," "human only," "animal only." 27.8 It is stated in 27.2 that most terms in Category F are indexed IM. Category F4, however, contains many terms which fall into two groups: -terms which are only specialty concepts -terms which can be either a specialty (IM) or a coordinate (NIM). 27.9 ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, CHILD PSYCHIATRY and GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY are specialties only; they cannot be used as a substitute for MENTAL DISORDERS (IM) and the appropriate check tags ADOLESCENCE (NIM), CHILD (NIM) and AGED (NIM). Mental disorders in children, adolescents, and the aged. *MENTAL DISORDERS CHILD (check tag) ADOLESCENCE (check tag) AGED (check tag) HUMAN (check tag) Training in adolescent psychiatry. PSYCHIATRY, ADOLESCENT /* educ The availability of child psychiatrists in the United States. PSYCHIATRY, CHILD /* man UNITED STATES Standards for geriatric psychiatry. PSYCHIATRY, GERIATRIC / *stand 27.10 CHILD PSYCHOLOGY refers to the field of child psychology as a discipline or specialty among the psychologies or to the child psychologists, but it may be used also for the way a normal child thinks or looks at the world or at life, i.e., the psychology of the normal child. Problem solving in children. *PROBLEM SOLVING *CHILD PSYCHOLOGY CHILD (check tag) HUMAN (check tag) Do not use CHILD PSYCHOLOGY as a routine NIM coordinate for the psychological aspects of diseases in children, mental or physical. Psychological aspects of gastritis in children. GASTRITIS /* psychol CHILD (check tag) HUMAN (check tag) (not CHILD PSYCHOLOGY) The personality of the asthmatic child. *PERSONALITY ASTHMA /* psychol CHILD (check tag) HUMAN (check tag) (not CHILD PSYCHOLOGY) 27.11 Following the indexing approach and examples under CHILD PSYCHOLOGY above in 27.10, ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY will similarly refer to the specialty or to the way a normal adolescent thinks or to adolescent thought processes in general. It will not be used as an NIM coordinate when the subheading /psychology and the check tag ADOLESCENCE are in order. 27.12 Among the three terms PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE (F4), PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIC DISORDERS (F3) and PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY (F2, F4), the first is the field and the specialty, the second is the patient with psychosomatic or psychogenic diseases and the third is both a discipline and an NIM parameter. Do not use PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY either as a substitute for /physiology with Category F1 and F2 terms or routinely in addition to it. When /physiology is used with a psychological term, the usual coordinate will be an organ term with the subheading /physiology, a physiological process (see 27.5 above), or a Category C or F3 term with the subheading /psychology. The status of psychosomatic medicine. *PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE Training in psychogenic disorders. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE /* educ Chemotherapy of psychogenic diseases. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIC DISORDERS /* drug ther The psychophysiology of tuberculosis. TUBERCULOSIS /* psychol PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY The psychophysiology of depression. DEPRESSION /* psychol PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY Gastric function during dreaming. STOMACH /* physiol DREAMS /*physiol (Do not add PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY) The effect of exertion on conditioning. EXERTION /* physiol CONDITIONING /* physiol (Do not add PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY) 27.13 PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY is used for general articles only in the field or specialty of psychopharmacology. It is not to be used as a substitute for PSYCHOTROPIC DRUGS (D15) or for the effect of drugs on psychological (mental or behavioral) processes. The effect of chlorpromazine on serial learning. CHLORPROMAZINE /* pharmacol SERIAL LEARNING / * drug eff (Do not add PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY) Trends in psychopharmacology. PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY/* trends 27.14 PSYCHOPATHOLOGY is interpreted to be a specialty (as in The American Psychopathological Association) or to mean the psychology of mental disorders and abnormal psychology. It must not be used, however, as a synonym for MENTAL DISORDERS. An article entitled "Psychopathology associated with brain tumors" will probably turn out to be on mental disorders or a specific mental disorder in persons with brain tumors. A history of the American Psychopathological Association. *PSYCHOPATHOLOGY SOCIETIES, MEDICAL /* hist UNITED STATES The psychopathology of depression. DEPRESSION /* psychol PSYCHOPATHOLOGY (if no specific disorder is discussed) Psychotherapy of psychopathology. MENTAL DISORDERS /* ther *PSYCHOTHERAPY 27.15 ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY is used for articles on the field or specialty of ethnopsychology and for articles on the psychology of ethnic groups, races or other cohesive groups of people in general. Index the psychology of a specific ethnic group or race in MeSH under the heading for the group, with the subheading /psychology (IM) and a geographic term (NIM). Index the psychology of a specific ethnic group NOT in MeSH under ETHNIC GROUPS / psychology (IM), the country of origin with the subheading /ethnology (NIM) and the pertinent geographic term (NIM). See 36.8. Training in ethnopsychology for cultural anthropologists. ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY /* educ ANTHROPOLOGY, CULTURAL /* educ The ethnopsychology of schizophrenics. SCHIZOPHRENIA /* ethnol *SCHIZOPHRENIC PSYCHOLOGY ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY The ethnopsychology of Peruvian Indians. INDIANS, SOUTH AMERICAN /*psychol PERU The ethnopsychology of Swedish Americans. ETHNIC GROUPS /* psychol UNITED STATES SWEDEN / ethnol 27.16 Index general articles on behavior in animals under BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL. Index articles on a specific type of behavior in animals under the specific MeSH term, and do not add BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL. The effect of deprenyl on the behavior of rats. DEPRENYL /* pharmacol BEHAVIOR, ANIMAL /* drug eff RATS (check tag) ANIMAL (check tag) Grooming behavior in dogs. *GROOMING DOGS /*psychol ANIMAL (check tag) 27.17 Category F4 contains several terms in the area of mental health services. In addition to these terms, Categories M and N contain many related terms such as HOMELESS PERSONS, SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT CENTERS, GROUP HOMES, and HOSPITALS, PSYCHIATRIC.