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National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR)

Public Health
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Public health records are maintained to track the incidence and prevalence of conditions, risks and health consequences.

These records often focus on surveillance of risks or communicable conditions. They facilitate concerted public action to protect and enhance population health.

As such, public health authorities fashion standard reporting mechanisms that are often independent of medical records.

For example:
  • They establish survey protocols,
  • Define reportable disease conditions that should be reported to meet case definitions and
  • Track disease registrys of afflicted populations.
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