September 28, 2006 [posted]
MEDLINE® Turns 35!
october 2006 marks the 35th anniversary of MEDLINE (MEDLARS®
Online). How far have we come in 35 years? Let's open the two time capsules comparing MEDLINE and what was happening in 1971 with events today:
MEDLINE Time Capsule
(Fiscal Year 2005 Statistics:
October 2004-September 2005)
- 236 indexed journals; grew to 1,222 journals by September 1972
- 147,000 total citations for MEDLARS since January 1, 1969; grew to 490,000 by September 1972
- 22 users
- 70,000 searches/year by June 1972
- Operated on an IBM 360/50 mainframe computer
- Available via dial-up telecommunications
- 4,928 indexed journals
- 606,000 citations indexed; 13,476,222 total citations
- 77 million PubMed®
- 754 million PubMed searches
- PubMed/MEDLINE runs on 20 Dell PowerEdge 1850 servers, 2 CPU 8Gb RAM, with the Linux operating system in 64 bit mode
- Available via the Internet World Wide Web
Current Events Time Capsule
- NASA Mariner 1 arrived at Mars - the first spacecraft to orbit the Red Planet.
- Chemistry Nobel Prize awarded to Gerhard Herzberg, Canada for "for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals."
- Physiology or Medicine Nobel Prize awarded to Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. of the United States "for his discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones."
- In November Intel publicly introduced the world's first single chip microprocessor.
- The 26th Amendment lowered the United States voting age from 21 to 18.
- Walt Disney World opened October 1 in Orlando, Florida.
- "All in the Family" debuts in 1971 on CBS.
- National Book Award for fiction presented to Saul Bellow for Mr. Sammler's Planet.
- The French Connection won the Best Picture Academy Award.
- #1 song according to Billboard Magazine: Joy to the World (Three Dog Night).
- March 10 - NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter enters Mars orbit.
- Leading astronomers declared that Pluto is no longer a planet under historic new guidelines that downsize the solar system from nine planets to eight.
- A U.S. advisory panel recommended that 11- and 12-year-old girls be routinely vaccinated against the human papillomavirus virus that causes cervical cancer.
- A drug-resistant bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, became the most common identifiable cause of skin infections treated in emergency rooms, accounting for 59 percent of such ER cases in 11 major U.S. cities.
- April - More than 1,000 cases of the mumps reported in Iowa and seven surrounding states in the largest outbreak of the disease in the U.S. in more than 20 years.
- July: Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest opens - as of September 2006 the film made over $414 million dollars in the U.S.
- As of September, the current number one song is "SexyBack" (Justin Timberlake).
MEDLINE® Turns 35. NLM Tech Bull. 2006 Sep-Oct;(352):e4.