Unified Medical Language System® (UMLS®)
2012AB Braden Scale Source Information
The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk® was developed by Barbara Braden and Nancy Bergstrom. The Braden Scale included in the Metathesaurus is extracted from LOINC® and may not be a complete representation of the original source.
The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk is a clinically validated tool that allows nurses and other health care providers to reliably score a patient/client's level of risk for developing pressure ulcers. It measures functional capabilities of the patient that contribute to either higher intensity and duration of pressure or lower tissue tolerance for pressure. Lower levels of functioning indicate higher levels of risk for pressure ulcer development.
The Braden Scale is a summated rating scale made up of six subscales scored from 1-4 (1 for low level of functioning and 4 for the highest level or no impairment). Total scores range from 6-23 (one subscale is scored with values of 1-3, only). The subscales measure functional capabilities of the patient that contribute to either higher intensity and duration of pressure, or lower tissue tolerance for pressure. A lower Braden Scale Score indicates lower levels of functioning and, therefore, higher levels of risk for pressure ulcer development.
The Metathesaurus representation of the Braden Scale is extracted from the LOINC release files and includes the six subscales as well as observations for total score and the skin assessment panel.
The Braden Scale is used by nurses and other health care providers.
Metathesaurus Update Frequency
The Braden Scale is updated in each Metathesaurus release as part of LOINC.
- Bergstrom N, Braden BJ. Predictive validity of the Braden Scale among Black and White subjects. Nurs Res. 2002 Nov-Dec;51(6):398-403. Cited in: PubMed; PMID 12464760.
- Prevention Plus [Internet]. Omaha (NE): Prevention Plus; c2000, 2001. The Braden Scale; [cited 2008 Sep 29]. Available from: http://www.bradenscale.com/bradenscale.htm
- VandenBosch T, Montoye C, Satwicz M, Durkee-Leonard K, Boylan-Lewis B. Predictive validity of the Braden Scale and nurse perception in identifying pressure ulcer risk. Appl Nurs Res. 1996 May;9(2):80-6. Cited in: PubMed; PMID 8871435.