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United States Drug Resources


The American Pharmacists Association (APhA), the national professional society of pharmacists, is the first established and largest professional association of pharmacists in the United States. APhA provides information, education, and advocacy to empower its members to improve medication use and advance patient care.

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) is a national, membership, professional association that represents pharmacists who practice in hospitals, health maintenance organizations, long-term care facilities, home care, and other components of healthcare systems.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provides background and regulatory information about treatments (drugs, biologics, medical devices), food and cosmetics, and radiological health.


DailyMed® sponsored jointly by NLM and FDA contains FDA package inserts or drug labels for human and animal drugs and other products. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration; 2005- .

Drugs@FDA provides official information about FDA approved generic and brand name drugs, including prescription and over the counter (OTC) human drugs and therapeutics currently approved for use in the United States.

Drugs and Supplements. Rochester (MN): Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 1998-2013. (use Natural Standard drug and herbal information).

EMBASE indexes over 25 million article citations spanning 1947 – date, from over 7,600 biomedical journals and has specific Drug and Disease search features. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1988- . Subscription required.

Epocrates is an online and mobile app database of drug and drug interaction information. San Mateo (CA): Athenahealth; 1998-. Some free content is available but comprehensive information requires subscription.

Facts & Comparisons® eAnswers. St. Louis: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2009- . Subscription required.

FDALabel: Full-Text Search of Drug Labeling. Rockville (MD): U.S. Food and Drug Administration; 2005- .

International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) covers articles from over 800 pharmaceutical and health care journals from 1970-date. Philadelphia: Thomson Reuters; 1978- . Subscription required. Available from various vendors such as DIALOG, EBSCOhost, ProQuest and OVID.

Lexi-Comp Online with AHFS. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 1978- . Subscription required. Some print versions available on various drug topics. Mobile apps available.

Micromedex includes drug content from a number of sources such as Martindale’s, Index Nominum, PDR, DISEASEDEX, DRUGDEX, DrugPoints. Ann Arbor(MI): Trueven Health Analytics; 2013- . Subscription required. Mobile apps available.

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Drug Information Portal provides a gateway to current and accurate drug information from NLM and other key government agencies. More than 12,000 drugs are available for searching. This includes searching two other highly used NLM databases: DailyMed and MedlinePlus Drugs & Supplements. Mobile apps are also available for the NLM Drug Portal, DailyMed, MedlinePlus Drug Information and LactMed.

PubMed from the National Library of Medicine comprises more than 23 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE (1946 to date), life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central an open access archive (1809-date), and from publisher websites. Bethesda: National Library of Medicine; 1997-.

SCOPUS covers over 20,500 journals in the areas of health and life sciences, physical and social sciences and humanities. Subscription required. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2006- .

Web of Science covers over 12,000 biomedical and science journals. Philadelphia: Thomson Reuters; 2006- . Subscription required.

Other Resources

AHFS Drug Information. Bethesda (MD): Published by authority of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists; 1989- . Annual.

Conn HF, Rakel Re, editors. Conn's Current Therapy. Philadelphia: Saunders; 1984- . Annual.

Drug Facts and Comparisons. St. Louis: Facts and Comparisons; 1982- . Annual.

Drug Information Handbook: a comprehensive resource for all clinicians and healthcare professionals. Hudson (OH): Lexi-Comp; Washington(DC): American Pharmacists Association; 1993/1994- . Annual.

Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS) Falls Church (VA): American Institute of Homeopathy; 1874- . Physicians' Desk Reference: PDR. Oradell, NJ: Medical Economics Co.; 1974- . Annual. Some free content available at

The United States Pharmacopeia. Rockville (MD): United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc.; 1820-. Annual. Also available online. Subscription Required.

Wilson CO. American Drug Index. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott; 1956- . Annual.

Wirfs MJ, editor. The APRN’s Complete Guide to Prescribing Drug Therapy. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2017.

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