Veterinary medicine is the science that specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease or injury in animals.
The field of veterinary medicine correlates with broader disease prevention and control, particularly diseases that are transmissible between animals and humans or affecting human welfare (American Veterinary Medical Association
The Library's collecting emphasis is on veterinary medicine as it relates to human health, biomedical research, and advances in biomedicine. The Library collects works on comparative medicine and comparative pathology, zoonoses, veterinary pharmacology, veterinary clinical sciences, primatology, and laboratory animal science and welfare.
Because of the Library's interest in research at the cellular, molecular and biochemical level and its potential application to humans and human health, the Library also collects animal research literature in such fields as immunology, microbiology, parasitology and toxicology.
NLM collects major publications that are likely to be widely used in U.S. veterinary practice on the health care of any species including exotic animals. NLM also collects works on veterinary medicine as a health profession and the history of veterinary medicine.
NLM generally excludes works concerned with animal breeding and training, animal husbandry, pets, recreational and show animals, dietary management, production efficiency, or ecology except when these topics expressly relate to human health or laboratory animal science.