Photomicrograph of left posterior stigma of maggot, 1935
Fig. 15. These are the lungs of a female child, born dead the night of July 5-6 in a local maternity hospital, which showed all signs of full maturity (carried to term). The drawing was made on July 7 under humid cool weather conditions of 12-15 degrees R. [Celsius]. The birth of the child was uncommonly difficult. The occipital bone shattered and the extraction of the dead child had to be effected with a forceps. Both lungs, in particular the right one, and the heart, were densely covered with dotted with petechial sugillations [capillary ecchymosis]. One can see these especially clearly in the illustration, if one turns the drawing slightly away from the light, meaning one does not let full daylight fall on the drawing. After a tight constriction of the right bronchus, the left lung was inflated and shows, according to the illustration, the usual cinnabar red intense coloration that usually occurs in such situations, while on the other hand, the spongy loose configuration, the emphysmatic loosening of the inflated lung, cannot be rendered in this drawing in a fully naturalistic way. Nevertheless, the illustration of the preparation is instructive because one can see, apart from the sugillations, arranged next to each other the uniform, not mottled, brown-reddish color of the stillborn lung, and the cinnabar-red, not mottled, color of the inflated lung.
Fig. 16. The left lung of a child that had undoubtedly lived. The brightly red edges and the bluish marbling characterize the once-living lung.
Fig. 17. The right lung a newborn boy who died to hours after birth, from congenital weakness. Drawn on the third day after death at 15 degrees R. in July. The marble-like spots are here colored differently than those in the lung pictured in Fig. 16, but no less accurately--not bluish-red, but a deeper-red than appears in the rest of the lung tissue.
Fig. 18. The left lung of a child who was born alive but murdered though injuries to the head, whose case is described in the text on p. 86 (case #455). Both lungs had filled the chest cavity, were bright red, with distinctively blue mottling, and were completely filled with fluid even to their smallest parts. When making an incision into the tissue, one could perceive a crinkling sound as well as much bloody froth, meaning the lungs had fully breathed.
I have deliberately depicted, in figs. 16-18, three different lungs, which in their basic coloration vary noticeably, although in all three cases breath was completely and undoubtedly established. It should indeed be repeated here as already noted, in the text on page 767, that the depicted colors in no way exhaust all the colors that appear in nature and could not be exhausted in 20 or 30 illustrations.
--Johann Ludwig Casper, Atlas zum Handbuch der gertichtlichen Medicin [Atlas to the Manual of Legal Medicine] (4th ed., Berlin, 1864) [chromolithograph]
University of Glasgow