Computer reconstruction of bite mark, 2003
Computer reconstruction of bite mark, 2003
This CT section of a gunshot wound shows bone and bullet fragments in the wound track (see arrow). There is outward beveling at the exit wound of the skull, 2003
This right anterior view of a three-dimensional CT reconstruction of the bony skull with bullet wounds shows the hole of the exit wound through the right-sided temporal entrance wound, 2003
Classical CT scout view, 2003
This MRI cross section shows the wound track through the brain stem and the cerebellum (see arrow), 2003
Skeletal reconstruction, 2003
Classical CT scout view, 2003
Classical CT scout view, 2003
This projectional overview is obtained in the CT scanner for planning the range of cross-sectional scanning. Note the small bullet fragments in the area of the entrance wound (arrow), and the projectile located on the left.
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern
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Virtopsy: the virtual autopsy

Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when used with 3-D imaging technology, create vivid images of the interior of the human body. Dr. Richard Dirnhoter and Dr. Michael Thali and thier team of specialists at the University of Bern's Institute of Forensic Medicine, Switzerland are using these new imaging technologies to develop "Virtopsy"—a bloodless and minimally invasive "virtual autopsy" procedure to examine bodies for causes of death.

Virtopsy detects internal bleeding, bullet paths, and hidden fractures hard to find in a traditional autopsy. The MSCT and MRI aid in picturing fracture patterns, bone and missile fragmentation, brain contusion, 3-D bullet localization, gas embolism, and blood aspiration to the lung.

Unlike traditional autopsy, Virtopsy does not destroy human tissue. It can be used when religious beliefs prohibit, or families object to, the cutting open of the body. The developers of Virtopsy do not envision the procedure as a replacement for traditional autopsy but as a tool to be used in cases where dissection of the body is not feasible or where forensic evidence is particularly hard to visualize.