Hypomagnesemia is a condition in which the amount of magnesium in the blood is lower than normal.
Hypomagnesemia can be caused by:
Common symptoms include:
Your health care provider will do a physical exam to help determine the cause of your symptoms.
Tests that may be ordered include an
Blood and urine tests that may be done include:
Treatment depends on the type of hypomagnesemia and may include:
The outcome depends on the condition that is causing the problem.
Hypomagnesemia can be a life-threatening emergency. Call your health care provider right away if you have symptoms of this condition.
Treating the condition that is causing hypomagnesemia can help. If you play sports, drink fluids such as sports drinks, which contain electrolytes. Drinking only water while you are active can lead to hypomagnesemia.
Low blood magnesium; Magnesium - low
Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorous. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 121.
Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
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