A short philtrum is a shorter than normal distance between the upper lip and the nose.
The philtrum is the groove that runs from the top of the lip to the nose.
The length of the philtrum is passed down from parents to their children through genes. This groove is shortened in people with certain conditions.
There is usually no home care needed for a short philtrum. However, if this is only one symptom of another disorder, follow your doctor's instructions on how to care for the condition.
Call your health care provider if you notice a short philtrum on your child.
An infant with a short philtrum may have other symptoms and signs that, when taken together, define a specific syndrome or condition. The doctor will diagnose that condition based on a family history, medical history, and physical exam.
Medical history questions may include:
Tests to diagnose a short philtrum:
If your health care provider diagnosed a short philtrum, you may want to note that diagnosis in your personal medical record.
Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 1997-2013, A.D.A.M., Inc. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions.