Leucine aminopeptidase is a type of protein called an enzyme. It is normally found in liver cells and cells of the small intestine. This test is used measure how much of this protein appears in your urine.
Your blood can also be checked for this protein.
A 24-hour urine sample is needed.
Label the container with your name, the date, the time of completion, and return it as instructed.
For an infant, thoroughly wash the area where urine exits the body.
This procedure may take more than one try. An active infant can move the bag, so that the urine leaks into o the diaper.
Check the infant often and change the bag after the infant has urinated into it.
Drain the urine from the bag into the container given to you by your health care provider. Deliver the sample to the laboratory or your health care provider as soon as possible.
Your health care provider will tell you, if needed, to stop taking drugs that may interfere with the test.
Your health care provider may tell you to stop taking any medicines that could affect the test. Drugs that can affect the results of this test include estrogen and progesterone. Never stop taking any medicine without first talking to your doctor.
The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Your doctor may order this test to see if there is liver damage. It may also be done to check for certain tumors.
This test is only rarely done. Other tests (such as gamma glutamyl transpeptidase) are as accurate and are more easily available.
Normal values range from 2 - 18 units per 24 hours.
Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
The examples above show the common measurements for results for these tests. Some laboratories use different measurements or may test different specimens.
Increased levels of leucine aminopeptidase can be seen in several conditions:
There is no real risk.
Berk P, Korenblatt K. Approach to the patient with jaundice or abnormal liver test results. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 149.
Pratt DS. Liver chemistry and function tests. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 73.
Updated by: George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
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