Lung gallium scan is a type of nuclear scan that uses radioactive gallium to identify swelling (inflammation) in the lungs.
During the test, you lie on a table that moves underneath a scanner called a gamma camera. The camera detects the radiation produced by the gallium. Images display on a computer screen.
During the scan, it is important that you keep still to get a clear image. The technician can help make you comfortable before the scan begins. The test will take about 30 - 60 minutes.
You must sign an informed consent form. Several hours to 1 day before the scan, you will get an injection of gallium at the place where the testing will be done.
Just before the scan, remove jewelry, dentures, or other metal objects that can affect the scan. Take off the clothing on the upper half of your body and put on a hospital gown.
The injection of gallium will sting, and the puncture site may hurt for several hours or days when touched.
The scan is painless. However, you must stay still. This may cause discomfort for some patients.
This test is most often done when you have signs of inflammation in the lungs, most often when your doctor thinks you may have a sarcoidosis or a certain type of pneumonia.
The lungs should appear of normal size and texture, and should take up very little gallium.
Other conditions under which the test may be performed:
There is some risk to children or unborn babies. Because a pregnant or nursing woman may pass on radiation, special precautions will be made.
For women who are not pregnant or nursing and for men, there is very little risk from the radiation in gallium, because the amount is very small. There are increased risks if you are exposed to radiation (such as x-rays, and scans) many times. Discuss any concerns you have about radiation with the health care provider who recommends the test.
Usually the health care provider will recommend this scan based on the results of a chest x-ray. Small defects may not be visible on the scan.
Gallium 67 lung scan; Lung scan; Gallium scan - lung; Scan - lung
Weinberger SE. Sarcoidosis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 95.
Crothers K, Morris A, Huang L. Pulmonary complications of human immunodeficiency virus infection. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus CV, Martin TR,et al, eds. Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 80.
Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.
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