The kidneys filter the blood and help remove waste and extra fluid from the body. The kidneys also help control the body's chemical balance.
The kidneys are part of the urinary system, which also includes the ureters, bladder, and urethra.
Bladder control can be affected by muscle changes and changes in the reproductive system.
Aging Changes and Their Effects on the Kidneys and Bladder
As you age, your kidneys and bladder change. This can affect their functions.
Changes in the kidneys:
As the kidneys age, these events occur:
Changes in the bladder:
In a healthy aging person, kidney function remains normal. Illness, medications, and other conditions, though, can affect the ability of the kidneys to function properly.
Aging increases the risk of kidney and bladder problems such as:
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider right away if you have any of the following:
As You Grow Older, You Will Have Other Changes, Including:
Cohan ME, Pikna JK, Duecy E. Urinary incontinence. In: Duthie EH, Katz PR, Malone ML, eds. Practice of Geriatrics. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2007:chap 16.
Minaker KL. Common clinical sequaelae of aging. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 24.
Patel SR, Wiggins J. Renal and electrolyte disorders. In: Duthie EH, Katz PR, Malone ML, eds. Practice of Geriatrics. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2007:chap 44.
Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
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